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2017 October 8
Asahel Killed by Abner's Spear; Joab Blows the Trumpet to Stop the Pursuit
Master of Otto van Moerdrecht (fl., c. 1420-1430)
International Gothic Style; Early Netherlandish or Flemish Primitives Artists
Museum Meermanno, The Hague, South Holland, Netherlands
Image Source: Meermanno
[ I will again be working through the Scriptures from Genesis to Revelation. I will be adding links, resources, images, and the like, upgrading the former work-through which began with the 2013-10-12 posting which can be found, along with the full Genesis to Revelation postings, in the Archive Page. Postings will be at midnight Eastern Time, as I am able. However, no chapters will be skipped, even though a posting may be late. And all postings will be housed in the Archive Page. ]
Explanation: 2 Samuel 2 records three major events: David becomes king of Judah; Ishbosheth becomes king of Israel; and the two kingdoms go to war against one another.
After Saul's death, David asked the LORD if he should go to any of the cities of Judah (his tribe). The LORD sent him to Hebron. The men of Judah came to him there and anointed him king of Judah. And David sent words of appreciation to the men of Jabeshgilead for treating the body of Saul with respect. He promised to do them good for this; and he informed them that he had been anointed as king of Judah (1-7).
But his attempt at conciliation was thwarted by Abner who set up Saul's son Ishbosheth as king of Israel. David reigned over Judah seven years and six months; and Ishbosheth reigned over Israel for two years (8-11).
War broke out between Judah and Israel -- apparently in the second year of Ishbosheth's reign, which some chronologists think was his last year, while others think he reigned as long in Israel as David did in Judah. The war began when Abner (Israel's general) confronted the troops of Joab (the commander of Judah's troops). They first tried to settle the conflict by a proxy battle in which twelve men from each side fought one another. However, each man killed his opponent. A full battle then broke out; and the forces of Judah began to prevail (12-17).
Asahel, Joab's brother, who was a swift runner, chased Israel's general, Abner. Abner tried to persuade him to properly arm himself. But Asahel continued the chase; and Abner killed him by driving the back end of his spear through his body (18-23).
Joab and his other brother Abishai continued to pursue Abner. Finally, Abner gained high ground; and, from the top of a hill, he called on Joab to cease the hostility. Joab agreed and withdrew (24-28).
Abner and his men walked all night and returned to their territory. Likewise, Joab and his men returned to David. Of David's men only Asahel and nineteen others perished. But of Abner's men, three hundred sixty died. Asahel was buried with his fathers. And Joab and his men returned to David in Hebron at daybreak (29-32).
[ Sermons: William W Goligher. William Still. Various. ]
[ Illustration: Today's image depicts the death of Asahel and the end of the battle in which he died. ]
PLEASE NOTE: Use the resources on this and other sites thoughtfully, particularly the commentaries and encyclopedias. I have attempted to list conservative, scholarly resources. However, some providers use liberal or liberal-influenced commentaries such as the Cambridge Bible for Schools and Colleges (in Bible Hub). Such commentaries are undoubtedly included by the provider for the wealth of useful information and comments which they provide. By consulting several commentaries, it should be fairly easy to sort out the wheat from the chaff. If, however, you would like personal assistance, write to me at AD LIB ARTS EMAIL.
[ THEMATICALLY AND CHRONOLOGICALLY RELATED SCRIPTURES: 2 Samuel 2:
 1 Samuel 23:9-10; 2 Samuel 22:20; 2 Samuel 23:1; 2 Samuel 23:4.
 Numbers 13:22; Genesis 13:18; Genesis 23:2; Joshua 14:15; Numbers 13:23; Joshua 21:10-11; Joshua 20:7; 2 Samuel 5:5.
 1 Samuel 25:42-43.
 2 Samuel 5:4; 1 Samuel 10:1; 1 Samuel 10:24; 1 Samuel 11:15; 1 Samuel 30:26-31; Judges 21:9-12.
 1 Chronicles 9:36; 1 Samuel 14:51; 1 Samuel 26:14-16; Acts 13:21; 1 Chronicles 8:33; 1 Chronicles 9:39; 2 Samuel 4:4; Judges 6:32; Judges 8:35; 2 Samuel 11:21; Genesis 32:2; Joshua 21:38; 2 Samuel 17:24.
 1 Chronicles 2:16; 1 Chronicles 11:6; 2 Samuel 5:8; 1 Samuel 22:1; 1 Samuel 26:6-9.
 2 Samuel 2:30-31.
 1 Samuel 26:7; 2 Samuel 3:27; 2 Samuel 4:6; 2 Samuel 20:10.
 2 Samuel 3:1.
-- From Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers ]
[ CHRONOLOGY: GENERAL. Patriarchs (Traditional). Judges # 1. Judges # 2. Kings # 1. Kings # 2. Prophets # 1. Prophets # 2. NT # 1. NT # 2. NT # 3. ]
[ MAPS: Maps # 1. Maps # 2. Maps # 3. Maps # 4. Maps # 5. ]
[ COMMENTARIES, ETC: GENERAL: Bible Study Tools; Bible Hub: Study Light; Blue Letter Bible // PSALMS: Monergism: Precept Austin: The Treasury of David; John Gill; John Calvin - Volumes 1, 2, 3, 4, 5]
[ MUSIC: GENERAL: The Cyber Hymnal // PSALMS: Genevan Psalter (Instrumental). VARIOUS ARTISTS: Micha'el Ben David. Sons of Korah. Fernando Ortega. Janet Isaac Morrison. Music of the Bible Revealed - Suzanne Haik-Vantoura. Dr. David Erb. Gregorian Chants. ]
HARMONY OF THE LAW
HEBREW AND GREEK INTERLINEAR BIBLES
2 Samuel Detailed Outline
2 Samuel 2
Note: In the Hebrew Bible 1 Samuel and 2 Samuel are one book. Also, 1 Kings and 2 Kings are one book.
Samuel and Kings reveal Israel's history from Samuel to the beginning of the Babylonian Captivity.
1 and 2 Chronicles, originally one book, trace the history of God's people from creation to the end of the Babylonian Captivity.
David's Reign as God's Chosen Dynastic King (2 Samuel 1:1 - 24:25) - 1010 - 971 B.C. Israel
A. Phase 1: As King Over Judah (2 Samuel 1:1 - 4:12) - 1010 - 1003? B.C. Judah
1 And it came to pass after this, that David enquired of the LORD, saying, Shall I go up into any of the cities of Judah? And the LORD said unto him, Go up. And David said, whither shall I go up? And he said, Unto Hebron.
2 So David went up thither, and his two wives also, Ahinoam the Jezreelitess, and Abigail Nabal's wife the Carmelite.
3 And his men that were with him did David bring up, every man with his household: and they dwelt in the cities of Hebron.
4 And the men of Judah came, and there they anointed David king over the house of Judah. And they told David, saying, That the men of Jabeshgilead were they that buried Saul.
5 And David sent messengers unto the men of Jabeshgilead, and said unto them, Blessed be ye of the LORD, that ye have shewed this kindness unto your lord, even unto Saul, and have buried him.
6 And now the LORD shew kindness and truth unto you: and I also will requite you this kindness, because ye have done this thing.
7 Therefore now let your hands be strengthened, and be ye valiant [as sons of valor]: for your master Saul is dead, and also the house of Judah have anointed me king over them.
8 But Abner the son of Ner, captain of Saul's host, took Ishbosheth the son of Saul, and bought him over to Mahanaim;
9 And made him king over Gilead, and over the Ashurites, and over Jezreel, and over Ephraim, and over Benjamin, and over all Israel.
10 Ishbosheth Saul's son was forty years old when he began to reign over Israel, and reigned two years. But the house of Judah followed [they were after] David.
11 And the time [the number of the days] that David was king in Hebron over the house of Judah was seven years and six months.
12 And Abner the son of Ner, and the servants of Ishbosheth the son of Saul, went out from Mahanaim to Gibeon.
13 And Joab the son of Zeruiah, and the servants of David, went out, and met together by the pool of Gibeon: and they sat down, the one on the one side of the pool, and the other on the other side of the pool.
14 And Abner said to Joab, Let the young men now arise, and play before us. And Joab said, Let them arise.
15 Then there arose and went over by number twelve of Benjamin, which pertained to Ishbosheth the son of Saul, and twelve of the servants of David.
16 And they caught every one his fellow by the head, and thrust his sword in his fellow's side; so they fell down together: wherefore that place was called Helkathhazzurim, which is in Gibeon.
17 And there was a very sore [severe unto excess] battle that day; and Abner was beaten, and the men of Israel, before the servants of David.
18 And there were three sons of Zeruiah there, Joab, and Abishai, and Asahel: and Asahel was as light of foot as a wild roe [the gazelles which are in a field].
19 And Asahel pursued after Abner; and in going he turned not to the right hand nor to the left from following Abner.
20 Then Abner looked behind him, and said, Art thou Asahel? And he answered, I am.
21 And Abner said to him, Turn thee aside to thy right hand or to thy left, and lay thee hold on one of the young men, and take thee his armour. But Asahel would not turn aside from following of him.
22 And Abner said again to Asahel, Turn thee aside from following me: wherefore should I smite thee to the ground? how then should I hold up my face to Joab thy brother?
23 Howbeit he refused to turn aside: wherefore Abner with the hinder end of the spear smote him under the fifth rib, that the spear came out behind him; and he fell down there, and died in the same place: and it came to pass, that as many as came to the place where Asahel fell down and died stood still.
24 Joab also and Abishai pursued after Abner: and the sun went down when they were come to the hill of Ammah, that lieth before Giah by the way of the wilderness of Gibeon.
25 And the children of Benjamin gathered themselves together after Abner, and became one troop, and stood on the top of an hill.
26 Then Abner called to Joab, and said, Shall the sword devour for ever? knowest thou not that it will be bitterness in the latter end? how long shall it be then, ere thou bid the people return from following their brethren?
27 And Joab said, As God liveth, unless thou hadst spoken, surely then in the morning the people had gone up every one from following his brother.
28 So Joab blew a trumpet, and all the people stood still, and pursued after Israel no more, neither fought they any more.
29 And Abner and his men walked all that night through the plain, and passed over Jordan, and went through all Bithron, and they came to Mahanaim.
30 And Joab returned from following Abner: and when he had gathered all the people together, there lacked of David's servants nineteen men and Asahel.
31 But the servants of David had smitten of Benjamin, and of Abner's men, so that three hundred and threescore men died.
32 And they took up Asahel, and buried him in the sepulchre of his father, which was in Bethlehem. And Joab and his men went all night, and they came to Hebron at break of day.
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