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2018 August 7
Psalm 94

Silence (1799-1801)
John Henry Fuseli (1741-1825)
Romanticism Style; Sturm und Drang Movement
Kunsthaus Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland
Image Source: Web Gallery of Art

     [ Illustration: Today's painting, titled "Silence," is a condition into which the Psalmist almost slipped permanently (v. 17) -- i.e., the silence of death, ]


[ I will again be working through the Scriptures from Genesis to Revelation. I will be adding links, resources, images, and the like, upgrading the former work-through which began with the 2013-10-12 posting which can be found, along with the full Genesis to Revelation postings, in the Archive Page. Postings will be at midnight Eastern Time, as I am able. However, no chapters will be skipped, even though a posting may be late. And all postings will be housed in the Archive Page. ]

     Explanation: In Psalm 94, the Psalmist asks for God's just vengeance upon the wicked. The author and occasion are not mentioned.
     The Psalmist asks God to reveal himself in vengeance and justice against the proud who triumph in wickedness, speaking impudent things, and boasting (1-4).
     They break God's people in pieces. They slay the widow, the stranger, and the fatherless; and they think that God will not see it and will disregard it (5-7).
     The wicked are brutes and fools; and the Psalmist calls them to understand and be wise. He says that the LORD who formed the ear will hear; and he who formed the eye will see. He chastises the heathen; and he will also correct these persecutors of his people. He teaches man knowledge; and he knows that the thoughts of man are vanity (8-11).
     By contrast, the Psalmist notes that the man whom the LORD disciplines is blessed because he teaches him out of his law thereby giving him rest from the days of trouble while a pit is dug for the wicked (12-13).
     The LORD will not forsake his people, nor will he abandon his heritage. He will bring justice to those who are righteous and upright (14-15).
     The LORD (or perhaps the Psalmist, speaking as the leader of his people) asks who will rise up against the wicked and stand against the evildoers. The implicit answer is "The LORD" (16).
     Then, personalizing the matter, the Psalmist says that if the LORD had not been his helper his soul would soon have dwelt in the land of silence (the grave). But, when he thought that his foot was slipping, the LORD held him up. The LORD consoled him when his cares were great (17-19).
     Then, addressing the LORD again, he asks, rhetorically, if wicked rulers who enact injustice into law can be allied with him. He notes that they band together against the life of the righteous and condemn the innocent. But the LORD is his stronghold and his refuge. The LORD will cause the iniquity of the wicked to wipe them out (20-23).

     [ Sermons: J Ligon Duncan III. Various. ]

Bible Chronologies -- Genesis to Revelation

[Traditional Patriarchal Chronology. Judges Period Chronology 1. Judges Period Chronology 2. Kings of Judah and Israel #1. Kings of Judah and Israel #2].

[Post Exile Chronology 1. Post Exile Chronology 2. Post Exile Chronology 3.]

[Prophets Chronology 1. Prophets Chronology 2. Prophets Chronology 3. Prophets Chronology 4.]

[Intertestamental Period Chronology 1. Intertestamental Period Chronology 2. Intertestamental Period Chronology 3.
Intertestamental Period Chronology 4. Intertestamental Period Chronology 5.]

[New Testament Chronology 1. New Testament Chronology 2. New Testament Chronology 3. New Testament Chronology 4. New Testament Chronology 5.]


PLEASE NOTE: Use the resources on this and other sites thoughtfully, particularly the commentaries and encyclopedias. I have attempted to list conservative, scholarly resources. However, some providers use liberal or liberal-influenced commentaries such as the Cambridge Bible for Schools and Colleges (in Bible Hub). Such commentaries are undoubtedly included by the provider for the wealth of useful information and comments which they provide. By consulting several commentaries, it should be fairly easy to sort out the wheat from the chaff. If, however, you would like personal assistance, write to me at AD LIB ARTS EMAIL.

          [ THEMATICALLY AND CHRONOLOGICALLY RELATED SCRIPTURES: Psalm 94: KINGSHIP AND COVENANT PSALMS: Psalm 2. Psalm 18. Psalm 20. Psalm 21. Psalm 24. Psalm 29. Psalm 45. Psalm 47. Psalm 50. Psalm 72. Psalm 81. Psalm 89. Psalm 93. Psalm 95. Psalm 96. Psalm 97. Psalm 98. Psalm 99. Psalm 100. Psalm 101. Psalm 132. Psalm 144. ]
[5] Isaiah 3:15.
[6] Exodus 22:21.
[11] 1 Corinthians 3:20.
[12-13] Psalm 9:15.
[15] Psalm 58:11; Exodus 23:2; 2 Samuel 2:10; Psalm 49:13; 1 Samuel 12:14; 1 Kings 14:8.
[16] 2 Samuel 23:11; Psalm 2:2.
[17] Psalm 31:17.
[19] Job 4:13; Job 20:2; Isaiah 66:11; Jeremiah 16:7.
[20] Psalm 57:1; Psalm 91:3; Proverbs 10:3.
[21] Psalm 35:15.
     -- From Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers ]

          [ CHRONOLOGY: GENERAL. Patriarchs (Traditional). Judges # 1. Judges # 2. Kings # 1. Kings # 2. Prophets # 1. Prophets # 2. NT # 1. NT # 2. NT # 3. ]

          [ MAPS: Maps # 1. Maps # 2. Maps # 3. Maps # 4. Maps # 5. ]

          [ COMMENTARIES, ETC: GENERAL: Bible Study Tools; Bible Hub: Study Light; Blue Letter Bible // PSALMS: Monergism: Precept Austin: The Treasury of David; John Gill; John Calvin - Volumes 1, 2, 3, 4, 5]

          [ MUSIC: GENERAL: The Cyber Hymnal // PSALMS: Psalm 94 - #1. Psalm 94 - #2. Psalm 94 - #3. Psalm 94 - #4. Psalm 94 - #5. Genevan Psalter (Instrumental). VARIOUS ARTISTS: Micha'el Ben David. Sons of Korah. Fernando Ortega. Janet Isaac Morrison. Music of the Bible Revealed - Suzanne Haik-Vantoura. Dr. David Erb. Gregorian Chants. ]


John Calvin - CCEL | Analytical Chart - BLB


Gospel Harmony - Summary | The Harmony of the Gospels - Augustine | Gospel Harmony Chart - Online Bible

Greek Harmony of the Gospels - Robertson - (Downloadable PDF) | Gospel Harmony in English - Robertson - (Downloadable PDF)


Hebrew and Greek Interlinear Download - Scripture 4 All

Bible Hub Interlinear Hebrew and Greek Bible

Bible Hub Hebrew Interlinear | Scripture 4 All Hebrew Interlinear

Mounce Interlinear | Bible Hub Greek Interlinear | Scripture 4 All Greek Interlinear Bible

Psalm Detailed Outline


Deliverance from Sinners and from Sin

Nearly all the Psalms (except Psalm 90) were written during the 612 year period
from the time of David around 1016 B. C. to the close of the Canon in about 404 B. C.
Psalm 90, according to its superscription, was written by Moses; this may have been around 1406 B. C.

PSALMS 90-106.
1406 - 539 B.C. Israel
God's Greatness Among the Nations

Psalm 94
The LORD judges the wicked but disciplines and delivers the righteous.

Map 1: Bible Nations | Map 2: Empire of David and Solomon Map 3: Kingdoms of Judah and Israel | Post Exile Chronology.

1 O LORD God, to whom vengeance belongeth;
O God, to whom vengeance belongeth,
shew thyself.
Lift up thyself,
thou judge of the earth:
render a reward to the proud.

how long [until when]
shall the wicked,
how long [until when]
shall the wicked triumph?
4 How long shall they utter and speak hard things?
and all the workers of iniquity boast themselves?
5 They break in pieces thy people, O LORD,
and afflict thine heritage.
6 They slay the widow and the stranger,
and murder the fatherless.
7 Yet they say,
The LORD shall not see,
neither shall the God of Jacob regard it.

8 Understand, ye brutish among the people:
and ye fools,
when will ye be wise?
9 He that planted the ear,
shall he not hear?
he that formed the eye,
shall he not see [scrutinize]?
10 He that chastiseth the heathen,
shall not he correct?
he that teacheth man knowledge,
shall not he know?
11 The LORD knoweth the thoughts of man,
that they are vanity.

12 Blessed is the man whom thou chastenest, O LORD,
and teachest him out of thy law;
13 That thou mayest give him rest from the days of adversity,
until the pit be digged for the wicked.

14 For the LORD will not cast off his people,
neither will he forsake his inheritance.
15 But judgment shall return unto righteousness:
and all the upright in heart shall follow it.

16 Who will rise up for me against the evildoers?
or who will stand up for me against the workers of iniquity?

17 Unless the LORD had been my help,
my soul had almost dwelt in silence.
18 When I said, My foot slippeth;
thy mercy, O LORD, held me up.
19 In the multitude of my thoughts within me
thy comforts delight my soul.

20 Shall the throne of iniquity have fellowship with thee,
which frameth mischief by a law?
21 They gather themselves together
against the soul of the righteous,
and condemn the innocent blood.
22 But the LORD is my defence;
and my God is the rock of my refuge.
23 And he shall bring upon them their own iniquity,
and shall cut them off in their own wickedness;
yea, the LORD our God shall cut them off.

* NOTE: On Opening and Closing Comments in the Psalms.
[Some commentators take the Psalm in Habakkuk 3 to be a standard model for the Psalms.
Habakkuk's Psalm begins with the name of the composer (Habakkuk) and a musical notation ("upon Shigionoth").
It closes with a dedication or a "send to" notice ("To the chief singer on my stringed instruments").
I have arranged similar material, where it is found in the Psalter, in accord with the model in Habakkuk.]

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