Daily Arts Web Nucleus


Discover the Arts! Each day a different image from the Literary, Performing, or Visual Arts representing a portion of Scripture
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2014 January 18

Image 1: Aaron Offering a Sacrifice (15th-century)
Workshop of the Master of the Echevinage de Rouen (fl. c. 1455 - 1485)
Late Gothic Style
Image Housed at the Free Library of Philadelphia
Image Source: U C Berkeley Bancroft Library / Digital Scriptorium


Image 2: Fire from Heaven (or Angels) - (2007)
Keith Ian Fahy (Contemporary Artist - 2014)
Photo Graphics Art Style
Personal Collection?
Image Source: Panoramio

     Explanation: Leviticus 9 gives the final details of the inauguration of the Tabernacle service. After seven days of consecration (see chapter 8), on the 8th day, Moses called Aaron and his sons (Nadab, Abihu, Eleazar, and Ithamar) to offer various sacrifices, in accord with earlier directions. For themselves, they were to offer a young calf for a sin offering and a ram for a burnt offering. For the people they were to offer a young goat for a sin offering and a yearling calf and a yearling lamb for a burnt offering. For a peace offering they were to offer a young bull (or yearling ox) and a ram. In addition they were to offer a food offering. When these were brought to the door of the Tabernacle, Moses said that they would see the glory of the LORD and told Aaron to proceed with the offerings (1-7). Aaron began with the sin offering for himself, processing it in accord with the previous instructions (8-11). Aaron then offered the burnt offering, also in accord with the prior instructions (12-14). Next came the people's offerings, beginning with the goat for the sin offering, and followed by the burnt offering and the food offering (15-17). Aaron then offered the young bull (or yearling ox) and the ram for a peace offering, in accord with prior instructions (18-21). When he was finished, Aaron came down from the platform surrounding the altar (Exodus 27:4-8) and lifted his hand and blessed the people, possibly using the words of the formula given by the LORD in Numbers 6:22-27 -- "22 And the LORD spake unto Moses, saying, 23 Speak unto Aaron and unto his sons, saying, On this wise you shall bless the children of Israel, saying unto them, 24 The LORD bless you, and keep you: 25 The LORD make his face shine upon you, and be gracious unto you: 26 The LORD lift up his countenance upon you, and give you peace. 27 And they shall put my name upon the children of Israel; and I will bless them." After the blessing, Moses and Aaron came out of the Tabernacle (the first time Aaron had been out of the Tabernacle for almost eight days) and blessed the people. Then the glory of the LORD appeared, and the LORD consumed the offering with fire; and the people shouted (quite possibly for joy) and fell on their faces - see also Judges 6:21; Judges 13:19-23; 2 Chronicles 7:1; and 1 Kings 18:38 (22-24).

Leviticus 9

     1 And it came to pass on the eighth day, that Moses called Aaron and his sons, and the elders of Israel; 2 And he said unto Aaron, Take thee a young calf for a sin offering, and a ram for a burnt offering, without blemish, and offer them before the LORD. 3 And unto the children of Israel thou shalt speak, saying, Take ye a kid of the goats for a sin offering; and a calf and a lamb, both of the first year, without blemish, for a burnt offering; 4 Also a bullock and a ram for peace offerings, to sacrifice before the LORD; and a meat offering mingled with oil: for to day the LORD will appear unto you. 5 And they brought that which Moses commanded before the tabernacle of the congregation: and all the congregation drew near and stood before the LORD. 6 And Moses said, This is the thing which the LORD commanded that ye should do: and the glory of the LORD shall appear unto you. 7 And Moses said unto Aaron, Go unto the altar, and offer thy sin offering, and thy burnt offering, and make an atonement for thyself, and for the people: and offer the offering of the people, and make an atonement for them; as the LORD commanded.
     8 Aaron therefore went unto the altar, and slew the calf of the sin offering, which was for himself. 9 And the sons of Aaron brought the blood unto him: and he dipped his finger in the blood, and put it upon the horns of the altar, and poured out the blood at the bottom of the altar: 10 But the fat, and the kidneys, and the caul above the liver of the sin offering, he burnt upon the altar; as the LORD commanded Moses. 11 And the flesh and the hide he burnt with fire without the camp.
     12 And he slew the burnt offering; and Aaron's sons presented unto him the blood, which he sprinkled round about upon the altar. 13 And they presented the burnt offering unto him, with the pieces thereof, and the head: and he burnt them upon the altar. 14 And he did wash the inwards and the legs, and burnt them upon the burnt offering on the altar.
     15 And he brought the people's offering, and took the goat, which was the sin offering for the people, and slew it, and offered it for sin, as the first. 16 And he brought the burnt offering, and offered it according to the manner. 17 And he brought the meat offering, and took an handful thereof, and burnt it upon the altar, beside the burnt sacrifice of the morning.
     18 He slew also the bullock and the ram for a sacrifice of peace offerings, which was for the people: and Aaron's sons presented unto him the blood, which he sprinkled upon the altar round about, 19 And the fat of the bullock and of the ram, the rump, and that which covereth the inwards, and the kidneys, and the caul above the liver: 20 And they put the fat upon the breasts, and he burnt the fat upon the altar: 21 And the breasts and the right shoulder Aaron waved for a wave offering before the LORD; as Moses commanded.
     22 And Aaron lifted up his hand toward the people, and blessed them, and came down from offering of the sin offering, and the burnt offering, and peace offerings. 23 And Moses and Aaron went into the tabernacle of the congregation, and came out, and blessed the people: and the glory of the LORD appeared unto all the people. 24 And there came a fire out from before the LORD, and consumed upon the altar the burnt offering and the fat: which when all the people saw, they shouted, and fell on their faces.

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