Daily Arts Web Nucleus


Discover the Arts! Each day a different image from the Literary, Performing, or Visual Arts representing a portion of Scripture
plus an explanation with links

2018 February 4

Image 1: Battle Between the Gonzaga and the Bonacolsi (1494)
Domenico Morone (c. 1442 - 1518)
Renaissance Style
Palazzo Ducale, Mantua, Italy
Image Credit: Web Gallery of Art


Image 2: The Rakoczi March (sketch) - (1899)
Simon Hollosy (1857-1918)
Naturalism or Realism Style
Magyar Nemzeti Galeria, Budapest, Hungary
Image Credit: Web Gallery of Art


Image 3: Cardinal Mazarin's Last Sickness (1830)
Paul Delaroche (1797-1856)
Academic Style; History Painting
Wallace Collection, London, England, United Kingdom
Image Credit: Web Gallery of Art

     [ Illustration: describes the wicked reign and horrific death of Jehoram, King of Judah. The account features murder, revolt, and fatal sickness. These are illustrated above. The first painting depicts the murder of various officials by Luigi Gonzaga after Gonzaga, motivated by rivalry, murdered their leader. In the way that Gonzaga expanded his murders, his actions are similar to the fratricide committed by Jehoram which then extended to the murder of many of the princes of Judah. The second painting, The Rakoczi March, depicts a war for independence, which was the motivating force in the revolts of Edom and Libnah against Jehoram. The third painting depicts the death of a wealthy and powerful man who, like Jehoram, died unloved by his people. ]


[ I will again be working through the Scriptures from Genesis to Revelation. I will be adding links, resources, images, and the like, upgrading the former work-through which began with the 2013-10-12 posting which can be found, along with the full Genesis to Revelation postings, in the Archive Page. Postings will be at midnight Eastern Time, as I am able. However, no chapters will be skipped, even though a posting may be late. And all postings will be housed in the Archive Page. ]

     Explanation: 2 Chronicles 21 describes the wicked reign and horrific death of Jehoram, King of Judah. The account features murder, revolt, and fatal sickness.

[Traditional Patriarchal Timeline. Judges. Judges Period Chronology. Kings of Judah and Israel #1. Kings of Judah and Israel #2].

     Jehoram (848-841 B.C.) took the throne of Judah after his father Jehoshaphat (870-848 B.C.) died. To protect his throne, he killed all six of his brothers, not content with the fact that his father had made him king instead of them. Jehoram also killed many of the princes of the land. He came to the throne at the age of thirty two and reigned for eight years. He was married to the daughter of Ahab (874-853 B.C.), King of Israel; and he lived in the ways of Ahab. But the LORD would not destroy Judah because of his promise to David (1010-970 B.C.) to give a light to him and his sons perpetually (1-7).
     The Edomites revolted from him and surrounded him on the battlefield. He broke free; but the Edomites continued in revolt from then on. Libnah also successfully revolted. These things happened because he forsook the LORD God of his fathers (8-10).
     He made high places for idol worship and lured Judah into worshiping there. A letter came to him from Elijah, telling him that for his idolatry and murder the LORD was going to send a great plague upon him, his people, his children, his wives, and his possessions. And his bowels would fall out because of his sickness day by day (11-15).
     Also, the LORD stirred up the Philistines and the Arabians against Jehoram; and they carried away his possessions, his wives, and all of his sons, except his youngest, Jehoahaz (16-17).
     Afterward, the LORD struck him in his bowels with an incurable disease which lasted for two years, until his bowels fell out and he died. Keil & Delitzsch offer the following opinion about this disease: "Trusen … holds this disease to have been a violent dysentery (diarrhoea), 'being an inflammation of the nervous tissue (Nervenhaut) of the whole great intestine, which causes the overlying mucous membrane to decay and peel off, which then falls out often in tube-shape, so that the intestines appear to fall from the body.' " (Johann C. F. Keil & Franz Delitzsch, Keil & Delitzsch Commentary on the Old Testament). He died unloved; his funeral was without the usual burning ceremony; and, although he was buried in the city of David (the Zion portion of Jerusalem), he was not buried in the sepulchers of the kings which were located in Jerusalem (18-20).
     Leading up to this time are the events of 2 Kings 1 - 7. In summary, these are the following: Elijah denounces Ahaziah; Elijah is taken to heaven; Elisha succeeds Elijah; Moab Rebels against Israel; Elisha multiplies the widow's oil; Elisha prophesies that the Shunammite woman will have a child; Elisha raises the son of the Shunammite from the dead; Elisha removes the poison from the stew; Elisha heals Naaman of leprosy; Gehazi is punished for his greed; Elisha recovers an ax head by making it float; Elisha captures the army of the king of Syria; Ben-Hadad of Syria besieges Samaria; the LORD scatters the Syrians and saves Samaria. These incidents are illustrated and described more fully in the following DAWN pages: 2 Kings 1, 2 Kings 2, 2 Kings 3, 2 Kings 4, 2 Kings 5, 2 Kings 6, 2 Kings 7.

     [ Sermons: George McDearmon. Various. ]


PLEASE NOTE: Use the resources on this and other sites thoughtfully, particularly the commentaries and encyclopedias. I have attempted to list conservative, scholarly resources. However, some providers use liberal or liberal-influenced commentaries such as the Cambridge Bible for Schools and Colleges (in Bible Hub). Such commentaries are undoubtedly included by the provider for the wealth of useful information and comments which they provide. By consulting several commentaries, it should be fairly easy to sort out the wheat from the chaff. If, however, you would like personal assistance, write to me at AD LIB ARTS EMAIL.

          [ THEMATICALLY AND CHRONOLOGICALLY RELATED SCRIPTURES: 2 Chronicles 21: 2 Kings 8:16-24; 1 Kings 22:50; 2 Kings 6:8-23; 2 Kings 8:3-6; 2 Kings 1; 2 Kings 2; 2 Kings 3; 2 Kings 4; 2 Kings 5; 2 Kings 6; 2 Kings 7].
     [1] 1 Kings 22:50.
     [2] 1 Chronicles 3:6; 1 Chronicles 3:8; 2 Chronicles 12:1; 2 Chronicles 12:6; 2 Chronicles 21:4; 2 Chronicles 28:19; 2 Chronicles 28:27.
     [3] 2 Chronicles 11:23; Genesis 24:53; Deuteronomy 21:15-17; 1 Chronicles 28:5; 2 Chronicles 11:22; 2 Chronicles 36:1.
     [4] Exodus 1:8; 1 Samuel 24:20; 2 Chronicles 1:1; 2 Chronicles 1:12; Judges 9:5; 2 Chronicles 22:10.
     [5] 2 Kings 8:17.
     [6] 2 Kings 8:18.
     [7] Isaiah 55:3; Joshua 9:6; 1 Samuel 11:1-2; Genesis 15:16;Exodus 24:8; 1 Kings 8:19.
     [8] 2 Kings 8:20; 1 Kings 22:47; 2 Chronicles 20:35.
     [9] 2 Kings 8:21.
     [10] 2 Chronicles 5:9; 2 Chronicles 25:11-15; 2 Kings 8:22; Amos 1:9.
     [11] 2 Chronicles 17:6; Hosea 2:5; Hosea 2:8; Hosea 2:13; Hosea 2:16-17; Hosea 2:19 1 Chronicles 5:25; Deuteronomy 13:6; Deuteronomy 13:11.
     [12] 2 Kings 2:15; 2 Kings 3:11.
     [13] 1 Chronicles 5:25.
     [15] Deuteronomy 28:59; Proverbs 18:14; 1 Samuel 1:3; Isaiah 29:1.
     [16] Isaiah 13:17; Jeremiah 51:11; Haggai 1:14; 1 Chronicles 5:26;Ezra 1:1; 2 Chronicles 26:7; 2 Chronicles 17:11; Jeremiah 25:20; Joel 3:4-6; 2 Kings 8:23-24.
     [17] Exodus 14:16; 1 Chronicles 11:18; 2 Samuel 23:16; 2 Chronicles 12:9; 2 Chronicles 22:1; 2 Chronicles 34:32;Deuteronomy 21:17; 2 Chronicles 22:1; 2 Chronicles 22:6.
     [18] 2 Chronicles 36:16.
     [19] Deuteronomy 29:21; 2 Chronicles 16:14; Jeremiah 22:19.
     [20] Jeremiah 22:18-19; 2 Chronicles 24:25; 2 Chronicles 26:23; 2 Kings 8:17.
     -- From Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers ]

          [ CHRONOLOGY: GENERAL. Patriarchs (Traditional). Judges # 1. Judges # 2. Kings # 1. Kings # 2. Prophets # 1. Prophets # 2. NT # 1. NT # 2. NT # 3. ]

          [ MAPS: Maps # 1. Maps # 2. Maps # 3. Maps # 4. Maps # 5. ]

          [ COMMENTARIES, ETC: GENERAL: Bible Study Tools; Bible Hub: Study Light; Blue Letter Bible // PSALMS: Monergism: Precept Austin: The Treasury of David; John Gill; John Calvin - Volumes 1, 2, 3, 4, 5]

          [ MUSIC: GENERAL: The Cyber Hymnal // PSALMS: Genevan Psalter (Instrumental). VARIOUS ARTISTS: Micha'el Ben David. Sons of Korah. Fernando Ortega. Janet Isaac Morrison. Music of the Bible Revealed - Suzanne Haik-Vantoura. Dr. David Erb. Gregorian Chants. ]


John Calvin - CCEL | Analytical Chart - BLB


Gospel Harmony - Summary | The Harmony of the Gospels - Augustine | Gospel Harmony Chart - Online Bible

Greek Harmony of the Gospels - Robertson - (Downloadable PDF) | Gospel Harmony in English - Robertson - (Downloadable PDF)


Hebrew and Greek Interlinear Download - Scripture 4 All

Bible Hub Interlinear Hebrew and Greek Bible

Bible Hub Hebrew Interlinear | Scripture 4 All Hebrew Interlinear

Mounce Interlinear | Bible Hub Greek Interlinear | Scripture 4 All Greek Interlinear Bible

2 Chronicles Detailed Outline

2 Chronicles 21

Notes: In the Hebrew Bible 1 & 2 Chronicles are one Book. The author may have been Ezra.

2. The Kings: The Kings from the Tribes of Benjamin and Judah (1 Chronicles 10:1 - 2 Chronicles 36:14)

B. From the Tribe of Judah (1 Chronicles 11:1 - 2 Chronicles 36:14)

6. Jehoshaphat of Judah (2 Chronicles 17:1 - 21:3) - {873-848}

Map 1: Bible Nations | Map 2: Empire of David and Solomon Map 3: Kingdoms of Judah and Israel | Time Line

     1 Now Jehoshaphat slept with his fathers, and was buried with his fathers in the city of David. And Jehoram his son reigned in his stead. 2 And he had brethren the sons of Jehoshaphat, Azariah, and Jehiel, and Zechariah, and Azariah, and Michael, and Shephatiah: all these were the sons of Jehoshaphat king of Israel. 3 And their father gave them great gifts of silver, and of gold, and of precious things, with fenced cities in Judah: but the kingdom gave he to Jehoram; because he was the firstborn.

7. Jehoram of Judah (2 Chronicles 21:4-20) - {853-841}

4 Now when Jehoram was risen up to the kingdom of his father, he strengthened himself, and slew all his brethren with the sword, and divers also of the princes of Israel. 5 Jehoram was thirty and two years old when he began to reign, and he reigned eight years in Jerusalem. 6 And he walked in the way of the kings of Israel, like as did the house of Ahab: for he had the daughter of Ahab to wife: and he wrought that which was evil in the eyes of the LORD. 7 Howbeit the LORD would not destroy the house of David, because of the covenant that he had made with David, and as he promised to give a light to him and to his sons for ever [all of the days].
     8 In his days the Edomites revolted from under the dominion of Judah, and made themselves a king [and they are causing to reign over them a king]. 9 Then Jehoram went forth with his princes, and all his chariots with him: and he rose up [and he is rising] by night, and smote the Edomites which compassed him in, and the captains of the chariots. 10 So the Edomites revolted from under the hand of Judah unto this day. The same time also did Libnah revolt from under his hand; because he had forsaken the LORD God of his fathers.
     11 Moreover he made high places in the mountains of Judah, and caused the inhabitants of Jerusalem to commit fornication, and compelled Judah thereto. 12 And there came a writing to him from Elijah the prophet, saying, Thus saith the LORD God of David thy father, Because thou hast not walked in the ways of Jehoshaphat thy father, nor in the ways of Asa king of Judah, 13 But hast walked in the way of the kings of Israel, and hast made Judah and the inhabitants of Jerusalem to go a whoring, like to the whoredoms of the house of Ahab, and also hast slain thy brethren of thy father's house, which were better than thyself: 14 Behold, with a great plague will the LORD smite thy people, and thy children, and thy wives, and all thy goods: 15 And thou shalt have great sickness by disease of thy bowels, until thy bowels fall out by reason of the sickness day by day.
     16 Moreover the LORD stirred up against Jehoram the spirit of the Philistines, and of the Arabians, that were near [upon the hand of] the Ethiopians: 17 And they came up into Judah, and brake into it, and carried away all the substance that was found in the king's house, and his sons also, and his wives; so that there was never a son left him, save Jehoahaz, the youngest of his sons.
     18 And after all this the LORD smote him in his bowels with an incurable disease [with disease for which there is nothing of healing ]. 19 And it came to pass, that in process of time [to days from days], after the end [and a time to come of the end] of two years, his bowels fell out by reason of his sickness: so he died of sore diseases. And his people made no burning for him, like the burning of his fathers. 20 Thirty and two years old [A son of thirty and two] was he when he began to reign, and he reigned in Jerusalem eight years, and departed without being desired. Howbeit they buried him in the city of David, but not in the sepulchres of the kings.

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