Daily Arts Web Nucleus


Discover the Arts! Each day a different image from the Literary, Performing, or Visual Arts representing a portion of Scripture
plus an explanation with links

2014 October 24

Image 1: Portrait of Marechale Lannes, Duchesse de Montebello with Her Children (1814)
Marguerite Gerard (1761-1837)
Romanticism Style; Troubadour Sub-Style
Private Collection
Image Credit: Web Gallery of Art


Image 2: The Family of Niccolo d'Este (1474-1479)
Italian Miniaturist (fl. Late 15th Century)
Renaissance Style
Biblioteca Nazionale Centrale di Roma, Rome, Italy
Image Credit: Web Gallery of Art

     Explanation: 2 Chronicles 11 describes how Rehoboam consolidated his power and increased the size of his family. The first painting is of a highly favored wife, suggestive of Rehoboam's favorite wife, Maachah. The second painting suggests another aspect of Rehoboam's family life -- multiple wives and concubines and multiple children. [Traditional Patriarchal Timeline. Judges Period Chronology. Kings of Judah and Israel #1. Kings of Judah and Israel #2]. [Chronologically and Thematically Related Scriptures: 1 Kings 12:20-33; 1 Kings 13; 1 Kings 14:1-21].
     After Jeroboam's rebellion, Rehoboam (who was now King of Judah) gathered an army out of the tribes of Judah and Benjamin and prepared to fight to bring the Kingdom of Israel back to himself. But God sent Shemaiah, a prophet, to command them to return home because the division of the kingdom was from the LORD. So they obeyed and returned home (1-4). Afterward, Rehoboam fortified 15 cities as a defense against the Northern Kingdom (Israel) and others (5-12). Many priests and Levites gathered to Rehoboam, because Jeroboam had put them out of their office and ordained pagan priests for idolatrous worship. Among other idols, Jeroboam erected golden calves and claimed that these gods brought the people out of Egypt (1 Kings 12:20-33). An unnamed prophet rebuked Jeroboam while he and others were worshiping one of these calves in Bethel; and the LORD withered the hand of Jeroboam when he lifted it against the prophet; and He split the altar apart (1 Kings 13:1-10). But the prophet who spoke against Jeroboam died for staying in the land overnight, when the LORD told him to depart immediately (1 Kings 13:11-32). In the face of these signs from the LORD, and, repelled by this kind of evil by Jeroboam and his followers, the priests and Levites left their towns and possessions and came to Rehoboam in Jerusalem to sacrifice to the LORD in the Temple. Others who sought the LORD came also. These refugees strengthened Rehoboam; and for three years they walked in the ways of David and Solomon (13-17). And Rehoboam took 18 wives and 60 concubines. His favorite wife was Maachah the daughter of Absalom. And he prepared their son Abijah (sometimes called Abijam) to be king after he died; and Abijah succeeded him (18-23). However, a son of Jeroboam (who, like Rehoboam's son, was called Abijah) died prematurely, but peacefully, 1 Kings 14:1-18), unlike the rest of Jeroboam's family, many of whom died horrible deaths. A different son (Nadab) succeeded Jeroboam.

2 Chronicles 11

     1 And when Rehoboam was come to Jerusalem, he gathered of the house of Judah and Benjamin an hundred and fourscore thousand chosen men, which were warriors, to fight against Israel, that he might bring the kingdom again to Rehoboam. 2 But the word of the LORD came to Shemaiah the man of God, saying, 3 Speak unto Rehoboam the son of Solomon, king of Judah, and to all Israel in Judah and Benjamin, saying, 4 Thus saith the LORD, Ye shall not go up, nor fight against your brethren: return every man to his house: for this thing is done of me. And they obeyed the words of the LORD, and returned from going against Jeroboam.
     5 And Rehoboam dwelt in Jerusalem, and built cities for defence in Judah. 6 He built even Bethlehem, and Etam, and Tekoa, 7 And Bethzur, and Shoco, and Adullam, 8 And Gath, and Mareshah, and Ziph, 9 And Adoraim, and Lachish, and Azekah, 10 And Zorah, and Aijalon, and Hebron, which are in Judah and in Benjamin fenced cities. 11 And he fortified the strong holds, and put captains in them, and store of victual, and of oil and wine. 12 And in every several city he put shields and spears, and made them exceeding strong, having Judah and Benjamin on his side.
     13 And the priests and the Levites that were in all Israel resorted to him out of all their coasts. 14 For the Levites left their suburbs and their possession, and came to Judah and Jerusalem: for Jeroboam and his sons had cast them off from executing the priest's office unto the LORD: 15 And he ordained him priests for the high places, and for the devils, and for the calves which he had made. 16 And after them out of all the tribes of Israel such as set their hearts to seek the LORD God of Israel came to Jerusalem, to sacrifice unto the LORD God of their fathers. 17 So they strengthened the kingdom of Judah, and made Rehoboam the son of Solomon strong, three years: for three years they walked in the way of David and Solomon.
     18 And Rehoboam took him Mahalath the daughter of Jerimoth the son of David to wife, and Abihail the daughter of Eliab the son of Jesse; 19 Which bare him children; Jeush, and Shamariah, and Zaham. 20 And after her he took Maachah the daughter of Absalom; which bare him Abijah, and Attai, and Ziza, and Shelomith. 21 And Rehoboam loved Maachah the daughter of Absalom above all his wives and his concubines: (for he took eighteen wives, and threescore concubines; and begat twenty and eight sons, and threescore daughters.) 22 And Rehoboam made Abijah the son of Maachah the chief, to be ruler among his brethren: for he thought to make him king. 23 And he dealt wisely, and dispersed of all his children throughout all the countries of Judah and Benjamin, unto every fenced city: and he gave them victual in abundance. And he desired many wives.

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