Daily Arts Web Nucleus


Discover the Arts! Each day a different image from the Literary, Performing, or Visual Arts representing a portion of Scripture
plus an explanation with links

2015 November 14

Fountain of Job Valley of Hinnom (1838-1839)
Art by David Roberts (1796-1864), and Lithography by Louis Haghe (1806-1885)
Orientalism Style of Academic Art
Contained in the Books The Holy Land, Syria, Idumea, Arabia, Egypt and Nubia (1842-1846), and Egypt and Nubia (1846-1849)
Image Source: OldBookArt.com

     Explanation: In Jeremiah 19, after the LORD gave Jeremiah the lesson of the potter, showing him his absolute power over the nations, he told Jeremiah to take a potter's earthen bottle and go with the ancients of the people and the ancients of the priests to the valley of the son of Hinnom, also called Tophet (1-2). In that place the LORD told him to warn them that he would bring such evil upon them that "whosoever hears, his ears shall tingle" (3). The LORD said that the evil was coming because they forsook him, they estranged the place (by polluting it), they burned incense to other gods, they filled the place with innocent blood, they built altars to Baal, and they sacrificed their sons to Baal -- none of which the LORD commanded, nor did it come to his mind (4-5). Therefore, said the LORD, after his judgments came upon them, the name of the valley would be changed from Tophet and Hinnom to the Valley of Slaughter (6). Moreover, he would make void the counsel of the rulers, and give them over to death, and make the city desolate, and cause them to become cannibals of their own children (7-9). After Jeremiah delivered this message, the LORD told him to break the bottle and tell the people that they, like the bottle, would be irreparably broken; and they would be buried in Tophet till there was no place left for burial; and the city of Jerusalem will be similarly defiled because they have worshipped the hosts of heaven (10-13). Then Jeremiah came from Tophet into the court of the Temple and warned the people that the LORD was going to bring all the evil he pronounced against them because they hardened their necks and would not listen to him (14-15).
     Today's painting depicts the Valley of Hinnom (Tophet), which is featured prominently in today's chapter.

          [ THEMATICALLY AND CHRONOLOGICALLY RELATED SCRIPTURES: Jeremiah 18. Jeremiah 19. Jeremiah 20. ]

          [ CHRONOLOGY: GENERAL. Patriarchs (Traditional). Judges # 1. Judges # 2. Kings # 1. Kings # 2. Prophets # 1. Prophets # 2. NT # 1. NT # 2. NT # 3. ]

          [ MAPS: Maps # 1. Maps # 2. Maps # 3. Maps # 4. Maps # 5. ]

          [ COMMENTARIES, ETC: GENERAL: Bible Study Tools; Bible Hub: Study Light; Blue Letter Bible // PSALMS: Monergism: Precept Austin: The Treasury of David; John Gill; John Calvin - Volumes 1, 2, 3, 4, 5]

          [ MUSIC: GENERAL: The Cyber Hymnal // PSALMS: Genevan Psalter (Instrumental). VARIOUS ARTISTS: Micha'el Ben David. Sons of Korah. Fernando Ortega. Janet Isaac Morrison. Music of the Bible Revealed - Suzanne Haik-Vantoura. Dr. David Erb. Gregorian Chants. ]

Jeremiah 19

1. Prophecies for Judah + Jerusalem's Fall & the Aftermath
(1:1 - 45:5) - 627 - 560 B.C., Israel
A. Jeremiah's Call (1)
B. Prophecies and Events in Judah and Jerusalem (2-45)
1). Until the Fall of Jerusalem (2-39)

          i). The LORD's Ninth Word:
          Israel is Destined for Destruction and Plunder (18:1 - 20:18)
          (1). The Pottery Images (18:1 - 19:15)
          a]. The LORD will Shape Israel's Destiny
          as the Potter Shapes Clay (18:1-23)
          b]. The LORD Will Smash the Nation
          Like a Clay Jar (19:1-15)
          (2). The Plunder Image:
          The Nation Will be Plundered for Violating the Sabbath


b]. The LORD Will Smash the Nation Like a Clay Jar (19:1-15)

     1 Thus saith the LORD, Go and get a potter's earthen bottle, and take of the ancients of the people, and of the ancients of the priests; 2 And go forth unto the valley of the son of Hinnom, which is by the entry of the east gate, and proclaim there the words that I shall tell thee, 3 And say, Hear ye the word of the LORD, O kings of Judah, and inhabitants of Jerusalem; Thus saith the LORD of hosts, the God of Israel; Behold, I will bring evil upon this place, the which whosoever heareth, his ears shall tingle. 4 Because they have forsaken me, and have estranged this place, and have burned incense in it unto other gods, whom neither they nor their fathers have known, nor the kings of Judah, and have filled this place with the blood of innocents; 5 They have built also the high places of Baal, to burn their sons with fire for burnt offerings unto Baal, which I commanded not, nor spake it, neither came it into my mind: 6 Therefore, behold, the days come, saith the LORD, that this place shall no more be called Tophet, nor The valley of the son of Hinnom, but The valley of slaughter. 7 And I will make void the counsel of Judah and Jerusalem in this place; and I will cause them to fall by the sword before their enemies, and by the hands of them that seek their lives: and their carcases will I give to be meat for the fowls of the heaven, and for the beasts of the earth. 8 And I will make this city desolate, and an hissing; every one that passeth thereby shall be astonished and hiss because of all the plagues thereof. 9 And I will cause them to eat the flesh of their sons and the flesh of their daughters, and they shall eat every one the flesh of his friend in the siege and straitness, wherewith their enemies, and they that seek their lives, shall straiten them.
     10 Then shalt thou break the bottle in the sight of the men that go with thee, 11 And shalt say unto them, Thus saith the LORD of hosts; Even so will I break this people and this city, as one breaketh a potter's vessel, that cannot be made whole again: and they shall bury them in Tophet, till there be no place to bury. 12 Thus will I do unto this place, saith the LORD, and to the inhabitants thereof, and even make this city as Tophet: 13 And the houses of Jerusalem, and the houses of the kings of Judah, shall be defiled as the place of Tophet, because of all the houses upon whose roofs they have burned incense unto all the host of heaven, and have poured out drink offerings unto other gods.
     14 Then came Jeremiah from Tophet, whither the LORD had sent him to prophesy; and he stood in the court of the LORD'S house; and said to all the people, 15 Thus saith the LORD of hosts, the God of Israel; Behold, I will bring upon this city and upon all her towns all the evil that I have pronounced against it, because they have hardened their necks, that they might not hear my words.

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