Daily Arts Web Nucleus


Discover the Arts! Each day a different image from the Literary, Performing, or Visual Arts representing a portion of Scripture
plus an explanation with links

2016 March 18

Excavated Mansions of Petra (1839)
Art by David Roberts (1796-1864), and Lithography by Louis Haghe (1806-1885)
Orientalism Style of Academic Art
Contained in the Books The Holy Land, Syria, Idumea, Arabia, Egypt and Nubia (1842-1846), and Egypt and Nubia (1846-1849)
Image Source: OldBookArt.com

     Explanation: The doom of Edom for their pride and their oppression of God's people is the theme of Obadiah [compare Jeremiah 49]. But God's people will come into blessing, "and the kingdom shall be the LORD'S." In the words of Adam Clarke, "The Babylonians accordingly subdued the Edomites, and expelled them from Arabia Petraea, of which they never afterwards recovered possession." Various commentators have identified the "saviors" mentioned in verse 21 as Zerubbabel, Ezra, Nehemiah, the Maccabees, and (spiritually) the apostles and the Messiah himself. As the outline below shows, the basic message of Obadiah is that Edom will be judged and Zion will be blessed. Specifically, says Obadiah, Edom will be utterly destroyed and Zion will be completely delivered. [Sermons: John Blanchard. Terry Johnson. David Legge. ].
     Summary Paraphrase: Obadiah had a vision and said that Adonai Yahweh spoke concerning Edom. Obadiah then said that "we" (perhaps he and the other prophets) heard a rumor (or report) about Edom, and an ambassador went to the heathen telling them to arise and go against Edom in battle (v. 1). Then Yahweh, addressing Edom, said that he made them small and despised among the heathen (v. 2) even though their pride made them think they were invincible (v. 3). He told them that no matter how high they exalt themselves they will be brought down (v. 4). Robbers or grape gatherers would leave something (v. 5), but Esau (another name for Edom) will be thoroughly searched (v. 6), his confederates will turn against him (v. 6), his wise men will be destroyed (v. 8), his mighty men will be dismayed (v. 9 a), everyone in his mountain will be slaughtered (v. 9 b), and he will be shamed and cut-off for ever because of his violence (v 10). The LORD reminds Edom that they were one of those who came into Jerusalem along with the other heathen when they took captives and took spoil (v. 11). They watched what happened to Jerusalem, became a stranger to them, rejoiced at their destruction, and spoke proudly against them (v. 12). They entered their gates, looked at their calamity, and took their possessions (v. 13). They cut off those who tried to escape from Jerusalem and handed them over to their enemies (v. 14). Then the LORD said that the day of the LORD is near for all the heathen, and Edom will be repaid in kind for all the things they have done to Jerusalem (v. 15). Edom drank on God's holy mountain, so they will be swallowed down and disappear (v. 16).
     Zion will be delivered, will be holy, and will retain its possessions (v. 17). Israel will devour Edom like fire devours stubble (v. 18). The Jews who dwell in the southern part of Judah will dwell in Edom and many other areas (v.19). The captive Israelites will return and take over various areas (v. 20). Saviors will come to mount Zion and Judge Edom, and the kingdom shall be the LORD'S (21).
     Today's image depicts the ruins of Edom, the country which the LORD said he would judge.

          [ THEMATICALLY AND CHRONOLOGICALLY RELATED SCRIPTURES: As noted by Dr. Thomas L. Constable, Obadiah is variously dated in the following reigns:
1. Rehoboam (930-913 B.C.; 1 Kings 14:25-26; 2 Chronicles 12:2-9)
2. Jehoram (853-841 B.C.; 2 Kings 8:20-22; 2 Chronicles 21:8-10; 2 Chronicles 21:16-17; cf. Amos 1:6)
3. Amaziah (796-767; 2 Kings 14:13-14; 2 Chronicles 25:23-24)
4. Ahaz (732-715 B.C.; 2 Chronicles 28:16-18)
5. Jehoiakim (609-598 B.C.; 2 Kings 24:1-4; 2 Chronicles 36:6-7)
6. Jehoiachin (598-597 B.C.; 2 Kings 24:10-16; 2 Chronicles 36:10)
7. Zedekiah (597-586 B.C.; 2 Kings 25:3-7; 2 Chronicles 36:15-20; cf. Lamentations 4:21-22; Psalm 137:7) ]

          [ CHRONOLOGY: GENERAL. Patriarchs (Traditional). Judges # 1. Judges # 2. Kings # 1. Kings # 2. Prophets # 1. Prophets # 2. NT # 1. NT # 2. NT # 3. ]

          [ MAPS: Maps # 1. Maps # 2. Maps # 3. Maps # 4. Maps # 5. ]

          [ COMMENTARIES, ETC: GENERAL: Bible Study Tools; Bible Hub: Study Light; Blue Letter Bible // PSALMS: Monergism: Precept Austin: The Treasury of David; John Gill; John Calvin - Volumes 1, 2, 3, 4, 5]

          [ MUSIC: GENERAL: The Cyber Hymnal // PSALMS: Genevan Psalter (Instrumental). VARIOUS ARTISTS: Micha'el Ben David. Sons of Korah. Fernando Ortega. Janet Isaac Morrison. Music of the Bible Revealed - Suzanne Haik-Vantoura. Dr. David Erb. Gregorian Chants. ]


1. The Utter Destruction of Edom (1:1-16) - 587 B. C., Israel
2. The Complete Deliverance of Zion (1:17-21) - 587 B. C., Israel

1. The Utter Destruction of Edom (1:1-16) - 587 B. C., Israel

a. The Judgments Which Will Come Upon Edom (1:1-10b)

      1 The vision of Obadiah. Thus saith the Lord GOD concerning Edom; We have heard a rumour from the LORD, and an ambassador is sent among the heathen, Arise ye, and let us rise up against her in battle. 2 Behold, I have made thee small among the heathen: thou art greatly despised. 3 The pride of thine heart hath deceived thee, thou that dwellest in the clefts of the rock, whose habitation is high; that saith in his heart, Who shall bring me down to the ground? 4 Though thou exalt thyself as the eagle, and though thou set thy nest among the stars, thence will I bring thee down, saith the LORD.
      5 If thieves came to thee, if robbers by night, (how art thou cut off!) would they not have stolen till they had enough? if the grapegatherers came to thee, would they not leave some grapes? 6 How are the things of Esau searched out! how are his hidden things sought up! 7 All the men of thy confederacy have brought thee even to the border: the men that were at peace with thee have deceived thee, and prevailed against thee; they that eat thy bread have laid a wound under thee: there is none understanding in him.
      8 Shall I not in that day, saith the LORD, even destroy the wise men out of Edom, and understanding out of the mount of Esau? 9 And thy mighty men, O Teman, shall be dismayed, to the end that every one of the mount of Esau may be cut off by slaughter.
      10 For thy violence against thy brother Jacob shame shall cover thee, and thou shalt be cut off for ever.

b. The Reasons for the Judgments on Edom (1:10a-16)

11 In the day that thou stoodest on the other side, in the day that the strangers carried away captive his forces, and foreigners entered into his gates, and cast lots upon Jerusalem, even thou wast as one of them. 12 But thou shouldest not have looked on the day of thy brother in the day that he became a stranger; neither shouldest thou have rejoiced over the children of Judah in the day of their destruction; neither shouldest thou have spoken proudly in the day of distress.
      13 Thou shouldest not have entered into the gate of my people in the day of their calamity; yea, thou shouldest not have looked on their affliction in the day of their calamity, nor have laid hands on their substance in the day of their calamity; 14 Neither shouldest thou have stood in the crossway, to cut off those of his that did escape; neither shouldest thou have delivered up those of his that did remain in the day of distress. 15 For the day of the LORD is near upon all the heathen: as thou hast done, it shall be done unto thee: thy reward shall return upon thine own head. 16 For as ye have drunk upon my holy mountain, so shall all the heathen drink continually, yea, they shall drink, and they shall swallow down, and they shall be as though they had not been.

2. The Complete Deliverance of Zion (1:17-21) - 587 B. C., Israel

a. Results for Israel (1:17)

     17 But upon mount Zion shall be deliverance, and there shall be holiness; and the house of Jacob shall possess their possessions.

b. Results for Edom and Others (1:18-21a)

     18 And the house of Jacob shall be a fire, and the house of Joseph a flame, and the house of Esau for stubble, and they shall kindle in them, and devour them; and there shall not be any remaining of the house of Esau; for the LORD hath spoken it.
     19 And they of the south shall possess the mount of Esau; and they of the plain the Philistines: and they shall possess the fields of Ephraim, and the fields of Samaria: and Benjamin shall possess Gilead. 20 And the captivity of this host of the children of Israel shall possess that of the Canaanites, even unto Zarephath; and the captivity of Jerusalem, which is in Sepharad, shall possess the cities of the south. 21 And saviours shall come up on mount Zion to judge the mount of Esau;

c. Results for the LORD (1:21b)

     and the kingdom shall be the LORD'S.

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