Daily Arts Web Nucleus
Discover the Arts!
Each day a different image from the Literary, Performing, or Visual Arts representing a portion of Scripture
plus an explanation with links
2016 May 17
Parable of the Workers in the Vineyard (1769)
Johann Christian Brand (1722-1795)
Akademie der Bbildenden Kunste, Vienna, Austria
Image Source: Web Gallery of Art
Explanation: In Matthew 20 Told the Parable of the Laborers in the Vineyard. In this parable the master of the vineyard hires laborers throughout the day and pays them the same wage at the end of the day. Those who worked all day objected that the latecomers received the same wages they did. The master of the vineyard said that he gave the complainers their agreed upon wages, and that he was free to give any wage he wished to the others since his money was his to do with as he saw fit. The parable is a commentary on the narrative of the rich young ruler in the previous chapter -- particularly the phrase in 19:30 "But many that are first shall be last; and the last shall be first." The phrase is repeated in 20:16; and it is the point of the Parable of the Laborers in the Vineyard. The point in both cases is that God gives the Kingdom and eternal life to whomever he wishes (1-16).
Then, for a third time in Matthew's Gospel, Jesus foretold his death and resurrection. (17-19). Afterward, the mother of James and John, the sons of Zebedee, came to Jesus and asked for favorable placement for her sons when Jesus came into his kingdom. He replied that a person's place in the Kingdom was not his to give. It was foreordained by his Father. And he replied that the one who would be the greatest of all must be the servant of all (20-28).
When we examine all three elements just mentioned, (the narrative of the rich young ruler, the Parable of the Laborers in the Vineyard, and the narrative of the mother of James and John), we see that Jesus is teaching that God, not man, controls who gets into heaven and what their rewards are. In the concluding incident in the chapter, Jesus healed two blind men as he passed through Jericho on his way to Jerusalem (29-34).
[Sermons: Sinclair B Ferguson. Terry Johnson. Eric Alexander. Dominic Smart. Various. ].
[Illustration: Today's painting depicts the opening parable of today's chapter. ]
[THEMATICALLY AND CHRONOLOGICALLY RELATED SCRIPTURES: Mark 10:32-45. Luke 18:31-34. Mark 10:46-52. Luke 18:35-43. ]
[ CHRONOLOGY: GENERAL. Patriarchs (Traditional). Judges # 1. Judges # 2. Kings # 1. Kings # 2. Prophets # 1. Prophets # 2. NT # 1. NT # 2. NT # 3. ]
[ MAPS: Maps # 1. Maps # 2. Maps # 3. Maps # 4. Maps # 5. ]
[ COMMENTARIES, ETC: GENERAL: Bible Study Tools; Bible Hub: Study Light; Blue Letter Bible // PSALMS: Monergism: Precept Austin: The Treasury of David; John Gill; John Calvin - Volumes 1, 2, 3, 4, 5]
[ MUSIC: GENERAL: The Cyber Hymnal // PSALMS: Genevan Psalter (Instrumental). VARIOUS ARTISTS: Micha'el Ben David. Sons of Korah. Fernando Ortega. Janet Isaac Morrison. Music of the Bible Revealed - Suzanne Haik-Vantoura. Dr. David Erb. Gregorian Chants. ]
2. The Manifestation of King Jesus and His Kingdom (Mt 4:12 - Mt 25:46) - 29 - 33 A.D. Israel
E. He Expanded his Teachings and His Influence - (Continued) - (Matthew (12 - 25)
1 For the kingdom of heaven is like unto a man that is an householder, which went out early in the morning to hire labourers into his vineyard.
2 And when he had agreed with the labourers for a penny a day, he sent them into his vineyard.
3 And he went out about the third hour, and saw others standing idle in the marketplace,
4 And said unto them; Go ye also into the vineyard, and whatsoever is right I will give you. And they went their way.
5 Again he went out about the sixth and ninth hour, and did likewise.
6 And about the eleventh hour he went out, and found others standing idle, and saith unto them, Why stand ye here all the day idle?
7 They say unto him, Because no man hath hired us. He saith unto them, Go ye also into the vineyard; and whatsoever is right, that shall ye receive.
8 So when even was come, the lord of the vineyard saith unto his steward, Call the labourers, and give them their hire, beginning from the last unto the first.
9 And when they came that were hired about the eleventh hour, they received every man a penny.
10 But when the first came, they supposed that they should have received more; and they likewise received every man a penny.
11 And when they had received it, they murmured against the goodman of the house,
12 Saying, These last have wrought but one hour, and thou hast made them equal unto us, which have borne the burden and heat of the day.
13 But he answered one of them, and said, Friend, I do thee no wrong: didst not thou agree with me for a penny?
14 Take that thine is, and go thy way: I will give unto this last, even as unto thee.
15 Is it not lawful for me to do what I will with mine own? Is thine eye evil, because I am good?
16 So the last shall be first, and the first last: for many be called, but few chosen.
17 And Jesus going up to Jerusalem took the twelve disciples apart in the way, and said unto them,
18 Behold, we go up to Jerusalem; and the Son of man shall be betrayed unto the chief priests and unto the scribes, and they shall condemn him to death,
19 And shall deliver him to the Gentiles to mock, and to scourge, and to crucify him: and the third day he shall rise again.
20 Then came to him the mother of Zebedee's children with her sons, worshipping him, and desiring a certain thing of him.
21 And he said unto her, What wilt thou? She saith unto him, Grant that these my two sons may sit, the one on thy right hand, and the other on the left, in thy kingdom.
22 But Jesus answered and said, Ye know not what ye ask. Are ye able to drink of the cup that I shall drink of, and to be baptized with the baptism that I am baptized with? They say unto him, We are able.
23 And he saith unto them, Ye shall drink indeed of my cup, and be baptized with the baptism that I am baptized with: but to sit on my right hand, and on my left, is not mine to give, but it shall be given to them for whom it is prepared of my Father.
24 And when the ten heard it, they were moved with indignation against the two brethren.
25 But Jesus called them unto him, and said, Ye know that the princes of the Gentiles exercise dominion over them, and they that are great exercise authority upon them.
26 But it shall not be so among you: but whosoever will be great among you, let him be your minister;
27 And whosoever will be chief among you, let him be your servant:
28 Even as the Son of man came not to be ministered unto, but to minister, and to give his life a ransom for many.
29 And as they departed from Jericho, a great multitude followed him.
30 And, behold, two blind men sitting by the way side, when they heard that Jesus passed by, cried out, saying, Have mercy on us, O Lord, thou Son of David.
31 And the multitude rebuked them, because they should hold their peace: but they cried the more, saying, Have mercy on us, O Lord, thou Son of David.
32 And Jesus stood still, and called them, and said, What will ye that I shall do unto you?
33 They say unto him, Lord, that our eyes may be opened.
34 So Jesus had compassion on them, and touched their eyes: and immediately their eyes received sight, and they followed him.
ADDITIONAL AD LIB MATERIAL: Prose, Poetry, Writers, Visual Artists, Music, DAWN, and ILLUMINATION. ILLUMINATION features a compact, Illuminated Bible. DAWN, the page you are presently visiting, features a new image and explanation daily.
Please Email Comments and Questions To
AD LIB ARTS EMAIL
copyright 2016, Scott Souza