Daily Arts Web Nucleus


Discover the Arts! Each day a different image from the Literary, Performing, or Visual Arts representing a portion of Scripture
plus an explanation with links

2016 June 21

God the Father with Saints Catherine of Siena and Mary Magdalen (1509)
Fra Bartolomeo (1472-1517)
High Renaissance Style
Museo Nazionale di Palazzo Mansi, Lucca, Italy
Image Source: Web Gallery of Art

     Explanation: In Luke 11 Jesus' disciples asked him to teach them to pray as John taught his disciples. In response, Jesus taught them the form and the manner of prayer. In terms of the form, Jesus gave them the Lord's Prayer, as it has come to be called. This is a guide to a well rounded prayer, not a rigid form. The prayer addresses God with respect and asks that his Kingdom might come. It asks for our daily bread, reflecting the words of Agur the son of Jakeh in Proverbs 30:7-9, and informing the words of Paul in 1 Timothy 6:8. It asks for forgiveness and requires us to be forgiving. And it asks for deliverance from temptation. As for the manner of prayer, Jesus teaches us to be persistent and to endure until we receive the greatest gift of all, the Holy Spirit (1-13).
     Later, when Jesus cast out a demon, some said that he did so by the power of Beelzebub, the prince of demons. Others pressed him to give them a sign, ironically passing by the sign he had just given them of delivering a man from demonic power. In reply, Jesus pointed out that their argument against him was absurd. It was wrong about the nature of power and about the source of power. By nature, power that is divided against itself is self-destructive. Hence, if Beelzebub (Satan) is divided against himself, his kingdom will fall. Furthermore, if Satan is the source of exorcism, then Satan must be the power source not only for Jesus, but also for their sons who practiced exorcism. Implicitly, this argument condemned their sons, not just Jesus. Also, he warned them that those who were delivered from unclean spirits must be on their guard lest the spirit returns and brings others with him, making his last condition worse than the first (14-26).
     When a woman in the crowd heard these sayings, she raised her voice and blessed the mother of Jesus. But Jesus replied, "Yea rather, blessed are they that hear the word of God, and keep it". Jesus said a similar thing in Luke 8:21 -- "And he answered and said unto them, 'My mother and my brethren are these which hear the word of God, and do it.'" The point in both cases is that no external blessing, such as being a relative of Jesus, is nearly as important as the blessings which come from hearing and obeying the word of God (27-28).
     As crowds increased around him, and people came seeking a sign, Jesus said that the only sign they would receive would be the sign of the prophet Jonah who escaped the belly of the fish to preach repentance to the people of Nineveh. They repented; and they will rise up to testify against the people of this generation who do not repent. Likewise, the queen of the south, who came to hear the wisdom of Solomon, will testify against this generation. By contrast, Jesus is greater than Jonah and greater that Solomon, but they do not listen to him (29-32). Jesus then told his disciples to be like those who put a lamp where it can be seen so that they can give light (understanding) to others and to themselves (33-36). After hearing these things, a Pharisee asked Jesus to dine with him. But he marvelled that Jesus and his disciples did not ceremonially wash their hands before eating. Jesus told him that the Pharisees were clean outwardly, but inwardly they were filled with greed, wickedness, injustice, and lovelessness toward God. Likewise he told the lawyers that they greatly burdened others with their rules, but did not obey them. Also, they had the same murdering, persecuting spirit toward the prophets that their fathers had. And they deprived themselves and others of knowledge. Afterwards the Scribes and the Pharisees tried to provoke him to say something they could use against him (37-54).
     [Sermons: John Macarthur. William Shishko. Various. ].
     [Illustration: Today's painting shows prayer being offered to God the Father, as in the Lord's Prayer at the beginning of today's chapter. ]


          [THEMATICALLY AND CHRONOLOGICALLY RELATED SCRIPTURES: Luke 11:1-13: Matthew 6:5-14. Luke 11:14-23: Matthew 12:22-37; Mark 3:19-30. Luke 11:24-36: Matthew 12:38-45. Luke 11:37-54. ]

          [ CHRONOLOGY: GENERAL. Patriarchs (Traditional). Judges # 1. Judges # 2. Kings # 1. Kings # 2. Prophets # 1. Prophets # 2. NT # 1. NT # 2. NT # 3. ]

          [ MAPS: Maps # 1. Maps # 2. Maps # 3. Maps # 4. Maps # 5. ]

          [ COMMENTARIES, ETC: GENERAL: Bible Study Tools; Bible Hub: Study Light; Blue Letter Bible // PSALMS: Monergism: Precept Austin: The Treasury of David; John Gill; John Calvin - Volumes 1, 2, 3, 4, 5]

          [ MUSIC: GENERAL: The Cyber Hymnal // PSALMS: Genevan Psalter (Instrumental). VARIOUS ARTISTS: Micha'el Ben David. Sons of Korah. Fernando Ortega. Janet Isaac Morrison. Music of the Bible Revealed - Suzanne Haik-Vantoura. Dr. David Erb. Gregorian Chants. ]


Gospel Harmony - Summary. | The Harmony of the Gospels - Augustine. | Gospel Harmony Chart - Online Bible. |

Greek Harmony of the Gospels - Robertson - (Downloadable PDF). | Gospel Harmony in English - Robertson - (Downloadable PDF).

*** For Additional word studies use one of the Greek Interlinear Bibles below. ***

Mounce Interlinear. Bible Hub Greek Interlinear. Scripture 4 All Greek Interlinear Bible.

Luke 11

3. Ministry Phase 2: Between Galilee & Jerusalem (Lk 9:51 - Lk 19:28) - (Continued) - 29 - 33 A.D. Israel

     1 And it came to pass, that, as he was praying in a certain place, when he ceased, one of his disciples said unto him, Lord, teach us to pray, as John also taught his disciples. 2 And he said unto them, When ye pray, say, Our Father which art in heaven, Hallowed be thy name. Thy kingdom come. Thy will be done, as in heaven, so in earth. 3 Give us day by day our daily bread. 4 And forgive us our sins; for we also forgive every one that is indebted to us. And lead us not into temptation; but deliver us from evil.
     5 And he said unto them, Which of you shall have a friend, and shall go unto him at midnight, and say unto him, Friend, lend me three loaves; 6 For a friend of mine in his journey is come to me, and I have nothing to set before him? 7 And he from within shall answer and say, Trouble me not: the door is now shut, and my children are with me in bed; I cannot rise and give thee. 8 I say unto you, Though he will not rise and give him, because he is his friend, yet because of his importunity he will rise and give him as many as he needeth. 9 And I say unto you, Ask, and it shall be given you; seek, and ye shall find; knock, and it shall be opened unto you. 10 For every one that asketh receiveth; and he that seeketh findeth; and to him that knocketh it shall be opened. 11 If a son shall ask bread of any of you that is a father, will he give him a stone? or if he ask a fish, will he for a fish give him a serpent? 12 Or if he shall ask an egg, will he offer him a scorpion? 13 If ye then, being evil, know how to give good gifts unto your children: how much more shall your heavenly Father give the Holy Spirit to them that ask him?
     14 And he was casting out a devil, and it was dumb. And it came to pass, when the devil was gone out, the dumb spake; and the people wondered. 15 But some of them said, He casteth out devils through Beelzebub the chief of the devils. 16 And others, tempting him, sought of him a sign from heaven. 17 But he, knowing their thoughts, said unto them, Every kingdom divided against itself is brought to desolation; and a house divided against a house falleth. 18 If Satan also be divided against himself, how shall his kingdom stand? because ye say that I cast out devils through Beelzebub. 19 And if I by Beelzebub cast out devils, by whom do your sons cast them out? therefore shall they be your judges. 20 But if I with the finger of God cast out devils, no doubt the kingdom of God is come upon you. 21 When a strong man armed keepeth his palace, his goods are in peace: 22 But when a stronger than he shall come upon him, and overcome him, he taketh from him all his armour wherein he trusted, and divideth his spoils. 23 He that is not with me is against me: and he that gathereth not with me scattereth.
     24 When the unclean spirit is gone out of a man, he walketh through dry places, seeking rest; and finding none, he saith, I will return unto my house whence I came out. 25 And when he cometh, he findeth it swept and garnished. 26 Then goeth he, and taketh to him seven other spirits more wicked than himself; and they enter in, and dwell there: and the last state of that man is worse than the first.
     27 And it came to pass, as he spake these things, a certain woman of the company lifted up her voice, and said unto him, Blessed is the womb that bare thee, and the paps which thou hast sucked. 28 But he said, Yea rather, Blessed are they that hear the word of God, and keep it.
     29 And when the people were gathered thick together, he began to say, This is an evil generation: they seek a sign; and there shall no sign be given it, but the sign of Jonas the prophet. 30 For as Jonas was a sign unto the Ninevites, so shall also the Son of man be to this generation. 31 The queen of the south shall rise up in the judgment with the men of this generation, and condemn them: for she came from the utmost parts of the earth to hear the wisdom of Solomon; and, behold, a greater than Solomon is here. 32 The men of Nineve shall rise up in the judgment with this generation, and shall condemn it: for they repented at the preaching of Jonas; and, behold, a greater than Jonas is here.
     33 No man, when he hath lighted a candle, putteth it in a secret place, neither under a bushel, but on a candlestick, that they which come in may see the light. 34 The light of the body is the eye: therefore when thine eye is single, thy whole body also is full of light; but when thine eye is evil, thy body also is full of darkness. 35 Take heed therefore that the light which is in thee be not darkness. 36 If thy whole body therefore be full of light, having no part dark, the whole shall be full of light, as when the bright shining of a candle doth give thee light.
     37 And as he spake, a certain Pharisee besought him to dine with him: and he went in, and sat down to meat. 38 And when the Pharisee saw it, he marvelled that he had not first washed before dinner. 39 And the Lord said unto him, Now do ye Pharisees make clean the outside of the cup and the platter; but your inward part is full of ravening and wickedness. 40 Ye fools, did not he that made that which is without make that which is within also? 41 But rather give alms of such things as ye have; and, behold, all things are clean unto you. 42 But woe unto you, Pharisees! for ye tithe mint and rue and all manner of herbs, and pass over judgment and the love of God: these ought ye to have done, and not to leave the other undone. 43 Woe unto you, Pharisees! for ye love the uppermost seats in the synagogues, and greetings in the markets. 44 Woe unto you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! for ye are as graves which appear not, and the men that walk over them are not aware of them.
     45 Then answered one of the lawyers, and said unto him, Master, thus saying thou reproachest us also. 46 And he said, Woe unto you also, ye lawyers! for ye lade men with burdens grievous to be borne, and ye yourselves touch not the burdens with one of your fingers. 47 Woe unto you! for ye build the sepulchres of the prophets, and your fathers killed them. 48 Truly ye bear witness that ye allow the deeds of your fathers: for they indeed killed them, and ye build their sepulchres. 49 Therefore also said the wisdom of God, I will send them prophets and apostles, and some of them they shall slay and persecute: 50 That the blood of all the prophets, which was shed from the foundation of the world, may be required of this generation; 51 From the blood of Abel unto the blood of Zacharias, which perished between the altar and the temple: verily I say unto you, It shall be required of this generation. 52 Woe unto you, lawyers! for ye have taken away the key of knowledge: ye entered not in yourselves, and them that were entering in ye hindered.
     53 And as he said these things unto them, the scribes and the Pharisees began to urge him vehemently, and to provoke him to speak of many things: 54 Laying wait for him, and seeking to catch something out of his mouth, that they might accuse him.

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