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Each day a different image from the Literary, Performing, or Visual Arts representing a portion of Scripture
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2016 July 12
Christ and the Woman Taken in Adultery (1527-1529)
Lorenzo Lotto (c. 1480 - 1556/57))
High Renaissance Style
Musee du Louvre, Paris, France
Image Source: Web Gallery of Art
Explanation: In John 8 Jesus presided over an impromptu trial of a woman taken in adultery. The penalty for this was death by stoning, and her accusers demanded that Jesus issue a judgment against her. He stooped and wrote on the ground while the accusers made their demands. Finally, he arose and told them that he who was without sin among them should be the first to cast a stone at her. He again stopped and continued to write on the ground. His statement was deeply ironic, because no one but him was without sin. So, by that criterion, Jesus should have been the first one to cast a stone at her. One by one, the accusers left beginning at the eldest and finishing with the youngest. When Jesus and the woman were alone, Jesus stood up and asked her if anyone had condemned her. She said that no one had. Jesus said, "Neither do I condemn thee: go, and sin no more.". By making this statement, he acknowledged two things, first, that she had sinned, second, that he forgave her even though he had the right to stone her. This account is not in the earliest manuscripts, but it is true to Jesus' methods and teachings and has the ring of truth. It also fits with the constant efforts which the Jewish authorities were making to entrap Jesus in one dilemma after another (1-11).
Also, in this chapter, Jesus gave his famous 'Light of the World' discourse. He was at the treasury of the Temple when he said that he was the light of the world, the one who gave the light of life. The Pharisees challenged his words, saying that his words could not be true since he bore testimony to himself. Jesus said that his words were true because he knew where he came from and where he was going. He also cited the law of Moses which said that the testimony of two was true; and he noted that he and his Father agreed in their testimony about him. He warned them that he was returning to heaven, from whence he came; and, in order to follow him there, they must believe his words, otherwise they would die in their sins. He told them that they would learn the truth about him after they crucified him. Many who heard him believed him (12-30). Jesus then addressed those who believed the words he had just spoken. He told them that they must continue in his teachings in order to be his disciples. They would then know the truth; and the truth would make them free. They objected that they were children of Abraham and had always free. But Jesus informed them that they were slaves of sin and that his words had no place in them and they were among those who were trying to kill him (31-38). He told them that they were murderers and unbelievers because they were of their father the devil, not children of Abraham. When they accused him of being born of fornication, he challenged them to present evidence that he was guilty of any sin. He told them that they did not listen to God because they were not of God (39-47). They then accused him of being a Samaritan and having a devil. He denied these charges and stated that his purpose was to glorify his Father; and he said that anyone who kept his word would never see death. They again accused him of having a demon. They asked him if he thought he was greater than Abraham and the prophets, all of whom died. He said that it was not he himself, but God, his Father, who gave him this glory (by which he was able to give eternal life to those who believed in him). He also told them that Abraham had rejoiced to see his day. They said that this was impossible since he was less than fifty years old. But Jesus said, "Verily, verily, I say unto you, Before Abraham was, I am." This was a clear claim to deity (Exodus 3:14). The Jews therefore took up stones to stone him; but he hid himself and left the Temple (48-59).
[Sermons: John Macarthur. Hugh Palmer. J V Fesko. Various. ]
[Illustration: Today's painting depicts the Lord, a woman taken in adultery, and her accusers. this is the first incident in today's chapter. ]
[THEMATICALLY AND CHRONOLOGICALLY RELATED SCRIPTURES:
John 8:1-11: Deuteronomy 22:22; Deuteronomy 17:7.
John 8:12-59: John 4:13-14; John 7:37-39; John 6:35; Exodus 3:14; Deuteronomy 32:39; Revelation 1:8. ]
[ CHRONOLOGY: GENERAL. Patriarchs (Traditional). Judges # 1. Judges # 2. Kings # 1. Kings # 2. Prophets # 1. Prophets # 2. NT # 1. NT # 2. NT # 3. ]
[ MAPS: Maps # 1. Maps # 2. Maps # 3. Maps # 4. Maps # 5. ]
[ COMMENTARIES, ETC: GENERAL: Bible Study Tools; Bible Hub: Study Light; Blue Letter Bible // PSALMS: Monergism: Precept Austin: The Treasury of David; John Gill; John Calvin - Volumes 1, 2, 3, 4, 5]
[ MUSIC: GENERAL: The Cyber Hymnal // PSALMS: Genevan Psalter (Instrumental). VARIOUS ARTISTS: Micha'el Ben David. Sons of Korah. Fernando Ortega. Janet Isaac Morrison. Music of the Bible Revealed - Suzanne Haik-Vantoura. Dr. David Erb. Gregorian Chants. ]
*** For Additional word studies use one of the Greek Interlinear Bibles below. ***
2. His Salvation Manifested to the World (Jn 1:29 - Jn 12:50) - (Continued) - 29 - 33 A.D. Israel
1 Jesus went unto the mount of Olives.
2 And early in the morning he came again into the temple, and all the people came unto him; and he sat down, and taught them.
3 And the scribes and Pharisees brought unto him a woman taken in adultery; and when they had set her in the midst,
4 They say unto him, Master, this woman was taken in adultery, in the very act.
5 Now Moses in the law commanded us, that such should be stoned: but what sayest thou?
6 This they said, tempting him, that they might have to accuse him. But Jesus stooped down, and with his finger wrote on the ground, as though he heard them not.
7 So when they continued asking him, he lifted up himself, and said unto them, He that is without sin among you, let him first cast a stone at her.
8 And again he stooped down, and wrote on the ground.
9 And they which heard it, being convicted by their own conscience, went out one by one, beginning at the eldest, even unto the last: and Jesus was left alone, and the woman standing in the midst.
10 When Jesus had lifted up himself, and saw none but the woman, he said unto her, Woman, where are those thine accusers? hath no man condemned thee?
11 She said, No man, Lord. And Jesus said unto her, Neither do I condemn thee: go, and sin no more.
12 Then spake Jesus again unto them, saying, I am the light of the world: he that followeth me shall not walk in darkness, but shall have the light of life.
13 The Pharisees therefore said unto him, Thou bearest record of thyself; thy record is not true.
14 Jesus answered and said unto them, Though I bear record of myself, yet my record is true: for I know whence I came, and whither I go; but ye cannot tell whence I come, and whither I go.
15 Ye judge after the flesh; I judge no man.
16 And yet if I judge, my judgment is true: for I am not alone, but I and the Father that sent me.
17 It is also written in your law, that the testimony of two men is true.
18 I am one that bear witness of myself, and the Father that sent me beareth witness of me.
19 Then said they unto him, Where is thy Father? Jesus answered, Ye neither know me, nor my Father: if ye had known me, ye should have known my Father also.
20 These words spake Jesus in the treasury, as he taught in the temple: and no man laid hands on him; for his hour was not yet come.
21 Then said Jesus again unto them, I go my way, and ye shall seek me, and shall die in your sins: whither I go, ye cannot come.
22 Then said the Jews, Will he kill himself? because he saith, Whither I go, ye cannot come.
23 And he said unto them, Ye are from beneath; I am from above: ye are of this world; I am not of this world.
24 I said therefore unto you, that ye shall die in your sins: for if ye believe not that I am he, ye shall die in your sins.
25 Then said they unto him, Who art thou? And Jesus saith unto them, Even the same that I said unto you from the beginning.
26 I have many things to say and to judge of you: but he that sent me is true; and I speak to the world those things which I have heard of him.
27 They understood not that he spake to them of the Father.
28 Then said Jesus unto them, When ye have lifted up the Son of man, then shall ye know that I am he, and that I do nothing of myself; but as my Father hath taught me, I speak these things.
29 And he that sent me is with me: the Father hath not left me alone; for I do always those things that please him.
30 As he spake these words, many believed on him.
31 Then said Jesus to those Jews which believed on him, If ye continue in my word, then are ye my disciples indeed;
32 And ye shall know the truth, and the truth shall make you free.
33 They answered him, We be Abraham's seed, and were never in bondage to any man: how sayest thou, Ye shall be made free?
34 Jesus answered them, Verily, verily, I say unto you, Whosoever committeth sin is the servant of sin.
35 And the servant abideth not in the house for ever: but the Son abideth ever.
36 If the Son therefore shall make you free, ye shall be free indeed.
37 I know that ye are Abraham's seed; but ye seek to kill me, because my word hath no place in you.
38 I speak that which I have seen with my Father: and ye do that which ye have seen with your father.
39 They answered and said unto him, Abraham is our father. Jesus saith unto them, If ye were Abraham's children, ye would do the works of Abraham.
40 But now ye seek to kill me, a man that hath told you the truth, which I have heard of God: this did not Abraham.
41 Ye do the deeds of your father. Then said they to him, We be not born of fornication; we have one Father, even God.
42 Jesus said unto them, If God were your Father, ye would love me: for I proceeded forth and came from God; neither came I of myself, but he sent me.
43 Why do ye not understand my speech? even because ye cannot hear my word.
44 Ye are of your father the devil, and the lusts of your father ye will do. He was a murderer from the beginning, and abode not in the truth, because there is no truth in him. When he speaketh a lie, he speaketh of his own: for he is a liar, and the father of it.
45 And because I tell you the truth, ye believe me not.
46 Which of you convinceth me of sin? And if I say the truth, why do ye not believe me?
47 He that is of God heareth God's words: ye therefore hear them not, because ye are not of God.
48 Then answered the Jews, and said unto him, Say we not well that thou art a Samaritan, and hast a devil?
49 Jesus answered, I have not a devil; but I honour my Father, and ye do dishonour me.
50 And I seek not mine own glory: there is one that seeketh and judgeth.
51 Verily, verily, I say unto you, If a man keep my saying, he shall never see death.
52 Then said the Jews unto him, Now we know that thou hast a devil. Abraham is dead, and the prophets; and thou sayest, If a man keep my saying, he shall never taste of death.
53 Art thou greater than our father Abraham, which is dead? and the prophets are dead: whom makest thou thyself?
54 Jesus answered, If I honour myself, my honour is nothing: it is my Father that honoureth me; of whom ye say, that he is your God:
55 Yet ye have not known him; but I know him: and if I should say, I know him not, I shall be a liar like unto you: but I know him, and keep his saying.
56 Your father Abraham rejoiced to see my day: and he saw it, and was glad.
57 Then said the Jews unto him, Thou art not yet fifty years old, and hast thou seen Abraham?
58 Jesus said unto them, Verily, verily, I say unto you, Before Abraham was, I am.
59 Then took they up stones to cast at him: but Jesus hid himself, and went out of the temple, going through the midst of them, and so passed by.
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