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Each day a different image from the Literary, Performing, or Visual Arts representing a portion of Scripture
plus an explanation with links
2016 July 22
Ecce Homo (1891)
Antonio Ciseri (1821-1891)
Galleria dell'Arte Moderna, Palazzo Pitti, Florence, Italy
Image Source: Wikimedia
Explanation: John 18 tells us that Jesus and his disciples went to a garden (the Garden of Gethsemane) after he finished talking to and praying for his disciples in the upper room at the feast of the Passover. John does not tell us about the night of agony which he spent there in prayer. Rather he tells us about his power. When his enemies came to arrest him, Jesus asked them whom they sought. They said, "Jesus of Nazareth." He said, "I am he," or more literally, "I, I am." This was the name which Jehovah gave to Moses when he revealed himself to him. And, like Moses, the soldiers and their company fell on their faces before him. Jesus again asked them whom they sought. They gave the same answer. Jesus also answered with the same words and told them to let his disciples go. At that point, Peter, emboldened, possibly, by Jesus' display of power, took a sword and struck off the ear of a servant of the High Priest. But Jesus ordered him to desist (1-11).
They took Jesus to Annas, the father-in-law of Caiaphas, the High Priest (12-14). Peter and another disciple (probably John) followed Jesus and the others. They were admitted into the court of the High Priest. A servant girl asked Peter if he was a servant of Jesus. Peter said no (15-18). Annas questioned Jesus about his disciples and his teachings. Jesus told him that he had spoken openly about his teachings. A servant struck him for this answer. But Jesus told him to bear witness to anything he had said that was wrong and asked him why he struck him. Annas then sent Jesus to Caiaphas (19-24).
Peter, was then questioned twice about being a disciple of Jesus. He denied it twice. Immediately a rooster crowed (25-27). Jesus was then taken to Pilate. Pilate initially refused to hear his case (28-32). But Pilate examined Jesus asking him about the nature of his kingdom and about the nature of truth. Pilate found no fault in him. He gave the Jews the option of releasing Jesus or the robber Barabbas to them. They chose Barabbas (33-40).
[Sermons: Sinclair B Ferguson 1. Sinclair B Ferguson 2. Various. ]
[Illustration: As recorded in today's chapter, today's image shows a key moment in the trial of Jesus, where Pilate tried to persuade the Jewish authorities to release Jesus. ]
[THEMATICALLY AND CHRONOLOGICALLY RELATED SCRIPTURES:
John 18:1: Matthew 26:30, 36-46; Mark 14:26, 32-42; Luke 22:39-46.
John 18:2-12: Matthew 26:47-56; Mark 14:43-52; Luke 22:47-53.
John 18:13-27: Matthew 26:57 - 27:1; Mark 14:53 - 15:1; Luke 22:54-71.
John 18:28-38: Matthew 27:2, 11-14; Mark 15:1-5; Luke 23:1-5; Luke 23:6-12.
John 18:39-40: Matthew 27:15-25; Mark 15:6-14; Luke 23:13-24. ]
[ CHRONOLOGY: GENERAL. Patriarchs (Traditional). Judges # 1. Judges # 2. Kings # 1. Kings # 2. Prophets # 1. Prophets # 2. NT # 1. NT # 2. NT # 3. ]
[ MAPS: Maps # 1. Maps # 2. Maps # 3. Maps # 4. Maps # 5. ]
[ COMMENTARIES, ETC: GENERAL: Bible Study Tools; Bible Hub: Study Light; Blue Letter Bible // PSALMS: Monergism: Precept Austin: The Treasury of David; John Gill; John Calvin - Volumes 1, 2, 3, 4, 5]
[ MUSIC: GENERAL: The Cyber Hymnal // PSALMS: Genevan Psalter (Instrumental). VARIOUS ARTISTS: Micha'el Ben David. Sons of Korah. Fernando Ortega. Janet Isaac Morrison. Music of the Bible Revealed - Suzanne Haik-Vantoura. Dr. David Erb. Gregorian Chants. ]
*** For Additional word studies use one of the Greek Interlinear Bibles below. ***
4. His Salvation Accomplished, & Applied (Jn 18:1 - Jn 21:25) - 33 A.D. Israel
1 When Jesus had spoken these words, he went forth with his disciples over the brook Cedron, where was a garden, into the which he entered, and his disciples.
2 And Judas also, which betrayed him, knew the place: for Jesus ofttimes resorted thither with his disciples.
3 Judas then, having received a band of men and officers from the chief priests and Pharisees, cometh thither with lanterns and torches and weapons.
4 Jesus therefore, knowing all things that should come upon him, went forth, and said unto them, Whom seek ye?
5 They answered him, Jesus of Nazareth. Jesus saith unto them, I am he. And Judas also, which betrayed him, stood with them.
6 As soon then as he had said unto them, I am he, they went backward, and fell to the ground.
7 Then asked he them again, Whom seek ye? And they said, Jesus of Nazareth.
8 Jesus answered, I have told you that I am he: if therefore ye seek me, let these go their way:
9 That the saying might be fulfilled, which he spake, Of them which thou gavest me have I lost none.
10 Then Simon Peter having a sword drew it, and smote the high priest's servant, and cut off his right ear. The servant's name was Malchus.
11 Then said Jesus unto Peter, Put up thy sword into the sheath: the cup which my Father hath given me, shall I not drink it?
12 Then the band and the captain and officers of the Jews took Jesus, and bound him,
13 And led him away to Annas first; for he was father in law to Caiaphas, which was the high priest that same year.
14 Now Caiaphas was he, which gave counsel to the Jews, that it was expedient that one man should die for the people.
15 And Simon Peter followed Jesus, and so did another disciple: that disciple was known unto the high priest, and went in with Jesus into the palace of the high priest.
16 But Peter stood at the door without. Then went out that other disciple, which was known unto the high priest, and spake unto her that kept the door, and brought in Peter.
17 Then saith the damsel that kept the door unto Peter, Art not thou also one of this man's disciples? He saith, I am not.
18 And the servants and officers stood there, who had made a fire of coals; for it was cold: and they warmed themselves: and Peter stood with them, and warmed himself.
19 The high priest then asked Jesus of his disciples, and of his doctrine.
20 Jesus answered him, I spake openly to the world; I ever taught in the synagogue, and in the temple, whither the Jews always resort; and in secret have I said nothing.
21 Why askest thou me? ask them which heard me, what I have said unto them: behold, they know what I said.
22 And when he had thus spoken, one of the officers which stood by struck Jesus with the palm of his hand, saying, Answerest thou the high priest so?
23 Jesus answered him, If I have spoken evil, bear witness of the evil: but if well, why smitest thou me?
24 Now Annas had sent him bound unto Caiaphas the high priest.
25 And Simon Peter stood and warmed himself. They said therefore unto him, Art not thou also one of his disciples? He denied it, and said, I am not.
26 One of the servants of the high priest, being his kinsman whose ear Peter cut off, saith, Did not I see thee in the garden with him?
27 Peter then denied again: and immediately the cock crew.
28 Then led they Jesus from Caiaphas unto the hall of judgment: and it was early; and they themselves went not into the judgment hall, lest they should be defiled; but that they might eat the passover.
29 Pilate then went out unto them, and said, What accusation bring ye against this man?
30 They answered and said unto him, If he were not a malefactor, we would not have delivered him up unto thee.
31 Then said Pilate unto them, Take ye him, and judge him according to your law. The Jews therefore said unto him, It is not lawful for us to put any man to death:
32 That the saying of Jesus might be fulfilled, which he spake, signifying what death he should die.
33 Then Pilate entered into the judgment hall again, and called Jesus, and said unto him, Art thou the King of the Jews?
34 Jesus answered him, Sayest thou this thing of thyself, or did others tell it thee of me?
35 Pilate answered, Am I a Jew? Thine own nation and the chief priests have delivered thee unto me: what hast thou done?
36 Jesus answered, My kingdom is not of this world: if my kingdom were of this world, then would my servants fight, that I should not be delivered to the Jews: but now is my kingdom not from hence.
37 Pilate therefore said unto him, Art thou a king then? Jesus answered, Thou sayest that I am a king. To this end was I born, and for this cause came I into the world, that I should bear witness unto the truth. Every one that is of the truth heareth my voice.
38 Pilate saith unto him, What is truth? And when he had said this, he went out again unto the Jews, and saith unto them, I find in him no fault at all.
39 But ye have a custom, that I should release unto you one at the passover: will ye therefore that I release unto you the King of the Jews?
40 Then cried they all again, saying, Not this man, but Barabbas. Now Barabbas was a robber.
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