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2016 September 19
Portrait of Eva Butler with Dove (1850s)
Alexander Munro (1825-1871)
Image Source: Web Gallery of Art
Explanation: In 1 Corinthians 12, Paul discusses spiritual gifts. He begins by saying that the Holy Spirit has delivered them from idolatry (discussed in chapter 10) and has enabled them to claim Jesus as their Lord (1-3).
Diversity. One Spirit gives many diverse gifts. Services vary, and activities vary, but one God empowers them all. Each gift is for the common good. These gifts include wisdom, knowledge, faith, healing, miracles, prophecy, discernment of spirits, tongues, and interpretations of tongues. It is one Spirit who gives each (4-11).
Unity. We are like a body with many parts. We are one body, regardless of ethnicity or condition of life. We all drink of one Spirit (12-13). Every part of a body is necessary -- foot or hand, ear or eye, and the like. A lesser part should not feel that it is not a part of the body. If every part were the same, there would be no body, just a single part. And each part is necessary (14-20). A great part of the body should not feel that it has no need of a lesser part. Each part is indispensable. Therefore, there should be no division, and everyone should have the same care for one another. If one member suffers, all suffer. If one member is honored, all rejoice (21-26). We are the body of Christ and we are individual members of it (27).
Paul points out that there is a hierarchy of gifts: apostles, prophets, teachers, miracle workers, healers, administrators, and tongues speakers. Not everyone has the same gifts. Within that hierarchy, we should earnestly desire the best gifts, but there is an even more excellent way -- love, which is discussed in the next chapter (28-31).
[Sermons: D A Carson. Various. ]
[Illustration: Today's image combines some symbols which relate to the themes in today's chapter. The first is a dove, a constant symbol of the Holy Spirit. In today's chapter, the Holy Spirit is the giver of the gifts which are discussed in the chapter. Also, the child exhibits a gentleness which is the opposite of the divisive spirit which Paul criticizes. ]
[THEMATICALLY AND CHRONOLOGICALLY RELATED SCRIPTURES:
1 Corinthians 12:1-3: Galatians 4:8-11; Ephesians 2:11-22; 1 Thessalonians 1:2-10.
1 Corinthians 12:4-11: Romans 12:3-8; Ephesians 4:1-10.
1 Corinthians 12:12-13: Galatians 3:26-29; Ephesians 2:11-22; Colossians 3:5-11.
1 Corinthians 12:14-26: Romans 11:17-24; 2 Corinthians 1:3-11; 2 Corinthians 4:7-12.
1 Corinthians 12:27-31: Romans 12:3-8; 1 Corinthians 12:4-11; Ephesians 4:11-16. ]
NOTE: The parallels above are based in a very small part on my own research but principally on the following sources:
Fred O Francis and J. Paul Sampley, Pauline Parallels, Second Edition. (Minneapolis, Minnesota: Fortress Press, 1984).
Most of the material on Hebrews is from an online article titled Pauline parallels in Hebrews taken from Charles H. Welch and Stuart Allen Welch, Perfection Or Perdition? An Exposition Of The Epistle To The Hebrews, (London: Berean Publishing Trust, 1973). ]
[ CHRONOLOGY: GENERAL. Patriarchs (Traditional). Judges # 1. Judges # 2. Kings # 1. Kings # 2. Prophets # 1. Prophets # 2. NT # 1. NT # 2. NT # 3. ]
[ MAPS: Maps # 1. Maps # 2. Maps # 3. Maps # 4. Maps # 5. ]
[ COMMENTARIES, ETC: GENERAL: Bible Study Tools; Bible Hub: Study Light; Blue Letter Bible // PSALMS: Monergism: Precept Austin: The Treasury of David; John Gill; John Calvin - Volumes 1, 2, 3, 4, 5]
[ MUSIC: GENERAL: The Cyber Hymnal // PSALMS: Genevan Psalter (Instrumental). VARIOUS ARTISTS: Micha'el Ben David. Sons of Korah. Fernando Ortega. Janet Isaac Morrison. Music of the Bible Revealed - Suzanne Haik-Vantoura. Dr. David Erb. Gregorian Chants. ]
*** For Additional word studies use one of the Greek Interlinear Bibles below. ***
1 Corinthians 12
1. Issues Affecting the Corinthian's Unity (1 Corinthians 1:1 - 1 Corinthians 15:58) - 54 A.D. Philippi
1 Now concerning spiritual gifts, brethren, I would not have you ignorant.
2 Ye know that ye were Gentiles, carried away unto these dumb idols, even as ye were led.
3 Wherefore I give you to understand, that no man speaking by the Spirit of God calleth Jesus accursed: and that no man can say that Jesus is the Lord, but by the Holy Ghost.
4 Now there are diversities of gifts, but the same Spirit.
5 And there are differences of administrations, but the same Lord.
6 And there are diversities of operations, but it is the same God which worketh all in all.
7 But the manifestation of the Spirit is given to every man to profit withal.
8 For to one is given by the Spirit the word of wisdom; to another the word of knowledge by the same Spirit;
9 To another faith by the same Spirit; to another the gifts of healing by the same Spirit;
10 To another the working of miracles; to another prophecy; to another discerning of spirits; to another divers kinds of tongues; to another the interpretation of tongues:
11 But all these worketh that one and the selfsame Spirit, dividing to every man severally as he will.
12 For as the body is one, and hath many members, and all the members of that one body, being many, are one body: so also is Christ.
13 For by one Spirit are we all baptized into one body, whether we be Jews or Gentiles, whether we be bond or free; and have been all made to drink into one Spirit.
14 For the body is not one member, but many.
15 If the foot shall say, Because I am not the hand, I am not of the body; is it therefore not of the body?
16 And if the ear shall say, Because I am not the eye, I am not of the body; is it therefore not of the body?
17 If the whole body were an eye, where were the hearing? If the whole were hearing, where were the smelling?
18 But now hath God set the members every one of them in the body, as it hath pleased him.
19 And if they were all one member, where were the body?
20 But now are they many members, yet but one body.
21 And the eye cannot [is not empowered to] say unto the hand, I have no need of thee: nor again the head to the feet, I have no need of you.
22 Nay, much more those members of the body, which seem to be more feeble, are necessary:
23 And those members of the body, which we think to be less honourable, upon these we bestow more abundant honour; and our uncomely parts have more abundant comeliness.
24 For our comely parts have no need: but God hath tempered the body together, having given more abundant honour to that part which lacked:
25 That there should be no schism in the body; but that the members should have the same care one for another.
26 And whether one member suffer, all the members suffer with it; or one member be honoured, all the members rejoice with it.
27 Now ye are the body of Christ, and members in particular.
28 And God hath set some in the church, first apostles, secondarily prophets, thirdly teachers, after that miracles, then gifts of healings, helps, governments, diversities of tongues.
29 Are all apostles? are all prophets? are all teachers? are all workers of miracles?
30 Have all the gifts of healing? do all speak with tongues? do all interpret?
31 But covet earnestly the best gifts: and yet shew I unto you a more excellent way.
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