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Discover the Arts! Each day a different image from the Literary, Performing, or Visual Arts representing a portion of Scripture
plus an explanation with links

2016 September 22

The Last Judgement (1853)
John Martin (1789-1854)
Romanticism Style
Tate Britain, Millbank, City of Westminster, London, England, United Kingdom
Image Source: Wikimedia

     Explanation: In 1 Corinthians 15, Paul begins by warning his readers against departing from the Gospel which Paul preached to them (1-2). Specifically, he reminds them that Christ died for our sins in accord with the Scriptures. He was buried, he arose, he was seen by Cephas (Peter), then by the twelve, then by over five hundred brethren at once, then by James, then by all the apostles, and finally by Paul who was the least of the Apostles. But it was by the grace of God that Paul was an Apostles, and by the grace of God he labored more than all of them (3-11).
     Paul then corrects those among them who say that there is no resurrection of the dead. He tells them that if the dead do not rise, then Christ did not rise, and the preaching of the eyewitnesses of the resurrection is vain, and the faith of the Corinthians is vain. Furthermore, these eyewitnesses would be liars. And if their faith is in vain, then they are dead in their sins. And those who have died have perished. And if we have hope in Christ only in this life, we are of all men most miserable. (12-19).
     But Christ has risen from the dead, and he is the firstfruits of those who died. Death came by man (Adam), and resurrection came by man (Christ). When Christ subdues all of his enemies, he will destroy death, and he will put himself under the authority of the Father so that God may be all in all (20-28).
     Why do some bother to be baptized for the dead, if the dead do not rise? And why do the Apostles stand in jeopardy every hour? Otherwise, we may as well live in sensuality. But, to think this way is to be deceived. Keeping bad company ruins one's morals. Wake up from such drunken stupor, and quit sinning. Some turn to such things because they do not know God. This is shameful (29-34).
     Some will ask what the resurrected are like when they come from the grave. It is a foolish question. The body is like a seed. The plant which grows from the seed depends on the kind of seed. Also, among living creatures, each one differs according to its kind -- humans, animals, birds, and fish, for example. Also, heavenly bodies and earthly bodies differ from one another -- the sun, the moon, and the stars differ (35-41).
     So it is with the resurrection of the dead. The body which is sown into the grave is perishable, the body which is raised out of the grave is imperishable. It changes from dishonor to glory, from weakness to power, and from natural to spiritual. Adam was a living being, but the last Adam (Christ) is a life-giving spirit. And so, we are transformed from an image made of dust to the image of the heavenly (42-49).
     Flesh and blood will not inherit the kingdom of God. And the perishable does not inherit the imperishable. Not everyone will die. Some will be changed in an instant without dying at the last day when the dead are raised. When this happens, death will be swallowed up. Death will lose its victory. It will lose its sting, which is sin, for which the law brings death. This victory will be ours through our Lord Jesus Christ (50-57).
     Therefore, we should be steadfast, immovable, always abounding in the work of the Lord, knowing that our labor in the Lord is not in vain, as it would be if there was no resurrection (58).
     [Sermons: D A Carson. Jerry Bridges. Voddie Baucham. Various. ]
     [Illustration: Today's painting depicts the Last Day, when, as Paul says in today's chapter, the saints will be resurrected in their glorified, spiritual bodies. ]


          [THEMATICALLY AND CHRONOLOGICALLY RELATED SCRIPTURES: 1 Corinthians 15:1-11: Romans 1:1-17; Romans 11:33-36; Ephesians 4:1-10; Philippians 2:1-11; Colossians 1:15-20; 1 Thessalonians 1:2-10; Romans 5:6-11; Romans 6:1-10; 2 Corinthians 5:14-21; 2 Corinthians 10:7-12; Galatians 1:15-24; Galatians 2:1-10; Ephesians 2:1-10; Ephesians 3:1-13; Philippians 2:1-11; Colossians 2:8-15. 1 Corinthians 15:12-19: Romans 5:1-5; Romans 6:1-10; 2 Corinthians 5:14-21; Ephesians 2:1-10; Philippians 3:17-21; Colossians 2:8-15; 1 Thessalonians 4:13-18. 1 Corinthians 15:20-28: Romans 5:12-21; 2 Corinthians 10:1-6; Ephesians 1:3-23; Philippians 3:17-21; Colossians 1:15-20; 1 Thessalonians 4:13-18; 2 Thessalonians 2:1-12. 1 Corinthians 15:29-34: 2 Corinthians 4:7-12: 2 Corinthians 6:1-10; 2 Corinthians 11:21b-29; Philippians 1:19-26; Colossians 1:24 - 2:3; 1 Thessalonians 3:1-5. 1 Corinthians 15:35-41: Romans 8:18-25; 2 Corinthians 4:16 - 5:5; Philippians 3:17-21. 1 Corinthians 15:42-50: Romans 5:12-21; Galatians 6:7-10; Philippians 3:17-20; Colossians 1:15-20. 1 Corinthians 15:51-58: 2 Corinthians 4:16 - 5:5; Ephesians 4:17-24; Colossians 3:1-4; Colossians 3:5-11; 1 Thessalonians 4:13-18. ]
     NOTE: The parallels above are based in a very small part on my own research but principally on the following sources:
     Fred O Francis and J. Paul Sampley, Pauline Parallels, Second Edition. (Minneapolis, Minnesota: Fortress Press, 1984).
     Most of the material on Hebrews is from an online article titled Pauline parallels in Hebrews taken from Charles H. Welch and Stuart Allen Welch, Perfection Or Perdition? An Exposition Of The Epistle To The Hebrews, (London: Berean Publishing Trust, 1973). ]

          [ CHRONOLOGY: GENERAL. Patriarchs (Traditional). Judges # 1. Judges # 2. Kings # 1. Kings # 2. Prophets # 1. Prophets # 2. NT # 1. NT # 2. NT # 3. ]

          [ MAPS: Maps # 1. Maps # 2. Maps # 3. Maps # 4. Maps # 5. ]

          [ COMMENTARIES, ETC: GENERAL: Bible Study Tools; Bible Hub: Study Light; Blue Letter Bible // PSALMS: Monergism: Precept Austin: The Treasury of David; John Gill; John Calvin - Volumes 1, 2, 3, 4, 5]

          [ MUSIC: GENERAL: The Cyber Hymnal // PSALMS: Genevan Psalter (Instrumental). VARIOUS ARTISTS: Micha'el Ben David. Sons of Korah. Fernando Ortega. Janet Isaac Morrison. Music of the Bible Revealed - Suzanne Haik-Vantoura. Dr. David Erb. Gregorian Chants. ]


Gospel Harmony - Summary. | The Harmony of the Gospels - Augustine. | Gospel Harmony Chart - Online Bible. |

Greek Harmony of the Gospels - Robertson - (Downloadable PDF). | Gospel Harmony in English - Robertson - (Downloadable PDF).

*** For Additional word studies use one of the Greek Interlinear Bibles below. ***

Mounce Interlinear. Bible Hub Greek Interlinear. Scripture 4 All Greek Interlinear Bible.

1 Corinthians 15

1. Issues Affecting the Corinthian's Unity (1 Corinthians 1:1 - 1 Corinthians 15:58) - 54 A.D. Philippi

     1 Moreover, brethren, I declare unto you the gospel which I preached unto you, which also ye have received, and wherein ye stand; 2 By which also ye are saved, if ye keep in memory what I preached unto you, unless ye have believed in vain.
     3 For I delivered unto you first of all that which I also received, how that Christ died for our sins according to the scriptures; 4 And that he was buried, and that he rose again the third day according to the scriptures: 5 And that he was seen of Cephas, then of the twelve: 6 After that, he was seen of above five hundred brethren at once; of whom the greater part remain unto this present, but some are fallen asleep. 7 After that, he was seen of James; then of all the apostles. 8 And last of all he was seen of me also, as of one born out of due time. 9 For I am the least of the apostles, that am not meet to be called an apostle, because I persecuted the church of God. 10 But by the grace of God I am what I am: and his grace which was bestowed upon me was not in vain; but I laboured more abundantly than they all: yet not I, but the grace of God which was with me. 11 Therefore whether it were I or they, so we preach, and so ye believed.
     12 Now if Christ be preached that he rose from the dead, how say some among you that there is no resurrection of the dead? 13 But if there be no resurrection of the dead, then is Christ not risen: 14 And if Christ be not risen, then is our preaching vain, and your faith is also vain. 15 Yea, and we are found false witnesses of God; because we have testified of God that he raised up Christ: whom he raised not up, if so be that the dead rise not. 16 For if the dead rise not, then is not Christ raised: 17 And if Christ be not raised, your faith is vain; ye are yet in your sins. 18 Then they also which are fallen asleep in Christ are perished. 19 If in this life only we have hope in Christ, we are of all men most miserable.
     20 But now is Christ risen from the dead, and become the firstfruits of them that slept. 21 For since by man came death, by man came also the resurrection of the dead. 22 For as in Adam all die, even so in Christ shall all be made alive. 23 But every man in his own order: Christ the firstfruits; afterward they that are Christ's at his coming. 24 Then cometh the end, when he shall have delivered up the kingdom to God, even the Father; when he shall have put down all rule and all authority and power. 25 For he must reign, till he hath put all enemies under his feet. 26 The last enemy that shall be destroyed is death. 27 For he hath put all things under his feet. But when he saith all things are put under him, it is manifest that he is excepted, which did put all things under him. 28 And when all things shall be subdued unto him, then shall the Son also himself be subject unto him that put all things under him, that God may be all in all.
     29 Else what shall they do which are baptized for the dead, if the dead rise not at all? why are they then baptized for the dead? 30 And why stand we in jeopardy every hour? 31 I protest by your rejoicing which I have in Christ Jesus our Lord, I die daily. 32 If after the manner of men I have fought with beasts at Ephesus, what advantageth it me, if the dead rise not? let us eat and drink; for to morrow we die. 33 Be not deceived: evil communications corrupt good manners. 34 Awake to righteousness, and sin not; for some have not the knowledge of God: I speak this to your shame.
     35 But some man will say, How are the dead raised up? and with what body do they come? 36 Thou fool, that which thou sowest is not quickened, except it die: 37 And that which thou sowest, thou sowest not that body that shall be, but bare grain, it may chance of wheat, or of some other grain: 38 But God giveth it a body as it hath pleased him, and to every seed his own body. 39 All flesh is not the same flesh: but there is one kind of flesh of men, another flesh of beasts, another of fishes, and another of birds. 40 There are also celestial bodies, and bodies terrestrial: but the glory of the celestial is one, and the glory of the terrestrial is another. 41 There is one glory of the sun, and another glory of the moon, and another glory of the stars: for one star differeth from another star in glory.
     42 So also is the resurrection of the dead. It is sown in corruption; it is raised in incorruption: 43 It is sown in dishonour; it is raised in glory: it is sown in weakness; it is raised in power: 44 It is sown a natural body; it is raised a spiritual body. There is a natural body, and there is a spiritual body. 45 And so it is written, The first man Adam was made a living soul; the last Adam was made a quickening spirit. 46 Howbeit that was not first which is spiritual, but that which is natural; and afterward that which is spiritual. 47 The first man is of the earth, earthy: the second man is the Lord from heaven. 48 As is the earthy, such are they also that are earthy: and as is the heavenly, such are they also that are heavenly. 49 And as we have borne the image of the earthy, we shall also bear the image of the heavenly.
     50 Now this I say, brethren, that flesh and blood cannot [is not empowered to] inherit the kingdom of God; neither doth corruption inherit incorruption. 51 Behold, I shew you a mystery; We shall not all sleep, but we shall all be changed, 52 In a moment, in the twinkling of an eye, at the last trump: for the trumpet shall sound, and the dead shall be raised incorruptible, and we shall be changed. 53 For this corruptible must put on incorruption, and this mortal must put on immortality. 54 So when this corruptible shall have put on incorruption, and this mortal shall have put on immortality, then shall be brought to pass the saying that is written, Death is swallowed up in victory. 55 O death, where is thy sting? O grave, where is thy victory? 56 The sting of death is sin; and the strength of sin is the law. 57 But thanks be to God, which giveth us the victory through our Lord Jesus Christ.
     58 Therefore, my beloved brethren, be ye stedfast, unmoveable, always abounding in the work of the Lord, forasmuch as ye know that your labour is not in vain in the Lord.

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