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2016 September 25
Triumphal Procession with Musicians (1649)
Salomon de Bray (1597-1664)
Dutch Golden Age Baroque Style
Huis ten Bosch, The Hague, Netherlands
Image Source: Web Gallery of Art
Explanation: In 2 Corinthians 2, Paul told the Corinthians that he had determined that he would not come to them in heaviness again. He did not want to cause distress or to be distressed. The intent of his previous letter was to convey his love to them (1-4).
He asks them to forgive and comfort the one whom they had previously disciplined so that he would not be swallowed up with overmuch sorrow. He also forgives the person. And he does not want Satan to have an advantage over anyone (5-11).
He went from Troas to Macedonia seeking Titus because his spirit was not at rest during his ministry in Troas (12-13).
But he thanks God for the triumphs he gives and for enabling him to spread the knowledge of God everywhere. For some, the gospel comes as a life-giving force; for others, it comes as a harbinger of death. But Paul and his companions speak the gospel sincerely, as God has commissioned them, not as peddlers of God's word (14-17).
[Sermons: James E Bordwine. Cornelius Van Til. Various. ]
[Illustration: Today's painting symbolizes the God's triumphal procession, mentioned in the latter part of today's chapter. This is a triumph of which we are always a participant (v. 14). ]
[THEMATICALLY AND CHRONOLOGICALLY RELATED SCRIPTURES:
2 Corinthians 1:23 - 2:4: Romans 15:22-29; 1 Corinthians 4:14-21; 1 Corinthians 16:1-4; 1 Corinthians 16:5-9; 2 Corinthians 1:15-22; 2 Corinthians 9:1-5; 2 Corinthians 12:14 - 13:10; 1 Thessalonians 2:17-20; Philemon 1:21-22; Galatians 5:1-12; Philippians 1:27-30.
2 Corinthians 2:5-11: Romans 16:17-20a; 1 Corinthians 5:1-5; Galatians 6:1-6; 2 Thessalonians 3:14-15; Philemon 1:15-20.
2 Corinthians 2:12-13: Colossians 4:2-4.
2 Corinthians 2:14-17: Romans 12:1-2; 1 Corinthians 9:15-18; Philippians 4:10-20; 1 Thessalonians 2:1-8. ]
NOTE: The parallels above are based in a very small part on my own research but principally on the following sources:
Fred O Francis and J. Paul Sampley, Pauline Parallels, Second Edition. (Minneapolis, Minnesota: Fortress Press, 1984).
Most of the material on Hebrews is from an online article titled Pauline parallels in Hebrews taken from Charles H. Welch and Stuart Allen Welch, Perfection Or Perdition? An Exposition Of The Epistle To The Hebrews, (London: Berean Publishing Trust, 1973). ]
[ CHRONOLOGY: GENERAL. Patriarchs (Traditional). Judges # 1. Judges # 2. Kings # 1. Kings # 2. Prophets # 1. Prophets # 2. NT # 1. NT # 2. NT # 3. ]
[ MAPS: Maps # 1. Maps # 2. Maps # 3. Maps # 4. Maps # 5. ]
[ COMMENTARIES, ETC: GENERAL: Bible Study Tools; Bible Hub: Study Light; Blue Letter Bible // PSALMS: Monergism: Precept Austin: The Treasury of David; John Gill; John Calvin - Volumes 1, 2, 3, 4, 5]
[ MUSIC: GENERAL: The Cyber Hymnal // PSALMS: Genevan Psalter (Instrumental). VARIOUS ARTISTS: Micha'el Ben David. Sons of Korah. Fernando Ortega. Janet Isaac Morrison. Music of the Bible Revealed - Suzanne Haik-Vantoura. Dr. David Erb. Gregorian Chants. ]
*** For Additional word studies use one of the Greek Interlinear Bibles below. ***
2 Corinthians 2
1. Paul's Struggles Among the Corinthians (2 Corinthians 1:1 - 2 Corinthians 3:18) - 55 A.D. Philippi
1 But I determined this with myself, that I would not come again to you in heaviness.
2 For if I make you sorry, who is he then that maketh me glad, but the same which is made sorry by me?
3 And I wrote this same unto you, lest, when I came, I should have sorrow from them of whom I ought to rejoice; having confidence in you all, that my joy is the joy of you all.
4 For out of much affliction and anguish of heart I wrote unto you with many tears; not that ye should be grieved, but that ye might know the love which I have more abundantly unto you.
5 But if any have caused grief, he hath not grieved me, but in part: that I may not overcharge you all.
6 Sufficient to such a man is this punishment, which was inflicted of many.
7 So that contrariwise ye ought rather to forgive him, and comfort him, lest perhaps such a one should be swallowed up with overmuch sorrow.
8 Wherefore I beseech you that ye would confirm your love toward him.
9 For to this end also did I write, that I might know the proof of you, whether ye be obedient in all things.
10 To whom ye forgive any thing, I forgive also: for if I forgave any thing, to whom I forgave it, for your sakes forgave I it in the person of Christ;
11 Lest Satan should get an advantage of us: for we are not ignorant of his devices.
12 Furthermore, when I came to Troas to preach Christ's gospel, and a door was opened unto me of the Lord,
13 I had no rest in my spirit, because I found not Titus my brother: but taking my leave of them, I went from thence into Macedonia.
14 Now thanks be unto God, which always causeth us to triumph in Christ, and maketh manifest the savour of his knowledge by us in every place.
15 For we are unto God a sweet savour of Christ, in them that are saved, and in them that perish:
16 To the one we are the savour of death unto death; and to the other the savour of life unto life. And who is sufficient for these things?
17 For we are not as many, which corrupt the word of God: but as of sincerity, but as of God, in the sight of God speak we in Christ.
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