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Discover the Arts! Each day a different image from the Literary, Performing, or Visual Arts representing a portion of Scripture
plus an explanation with links

2016 October 29

The School of Athens (1509)
Raphael (1483-1520)
High Renaissance Style
Palazzi Pontifici, Stanza della Segnatura [Raphael Rooms], Vatican, Vatican City, Rome, Italy
Image Source: Wikimedia

     Explanation: In 1 Thessalonians 3, Paul explains that he was so anxious to know about the spiritual state of the Thessalonians that he sent a vital member of his ministry team, Timothy, to establish and exhort them and to persuade them not to be discouraged by Paul's afflictions, since God appointed such things for him and his fellow-ministers. This left him alone in Athens. If Silas was with him, as some speculate, then Paul was alone comparatively, rather than absolutely, because he was without a vital team member (1-5).
     But Timothy brought a good report about the faith and love which the Thessalonians had. He was thankful for them and longed to come to them personally to strengthen their faith (6-10).
     He prays that God will make this trip possible and that he would cause them to increase and abound in love so that they might be established in blamelessness and holiness until the Lord comes back with all of his saints (11-13).
     [Sermons: Steve Lewis. Maurice Roberts. Various. ]
     [Illustration: Today's painting depicts philosophers from many periods of history gathered in Athens to teach, to study, and to dispute. Athens was noted for such things. But Paul, who was situated there, made no mention of these speculative concerns. In today's chapter, Paul brings his readers attention to Christ and no one else. His concern is to keep his readers focused, not on speculation, but on revelation of the historical facts of Jesus Christ's life, death, resurrection, and ascension. ]


          [THEMATICALLY AND CHRONOLOGICALLY RELATED SCRIPTURES: 1 Thessalonians 3:1-5: Romans 8:31-39; 1 Corinthians 4:8-13; 1 Corinthians 16:10-12; 2 Corinthians 1:3-11; 2 Corinthians 4:7-12; 2 Corinthians 6:1-10; 2 Corinthians 7:5-13a; 2 Corinthians 11:21b-29; Philippians 2:19-24; Philippians 4:10-20; 2 Thessalonians 1:3-12. 1 Thessalonians 3:6-10: 2 Corinthians 1:3-11; 2 Corinthians 7:5-13a; Philemon 1:4-7. 1 Thessalonians 3:11-13: 1 Thessalonians 5:23-24; 2 Thessalonians 2:16-17; 2 Thessalonians 3:16; Romans 12:1-2; 1 Corinthians 1:4-9; Philippians 4:4-7; Colossians 1:21-23. ]
     NOTE: The parallels above are based in a very small part on my own research but principally on the following sources:
     Fred O Francis and J. Paul Sampley, Pauline Parallels, Second Edition. (Minneapolis, Minnesota: Fortress Press, 1984).
     Most of the material on Hebrews is from an online article titled Pauline parallels in Hebrews taken from Charles H. Welch and Stuart Allen Welch, Perfection Or Perdition? An Exposition Of The Epistle To The Hebrews, (London: Berean Publishing Trust, 1973). ]

          [ CHRONOLOGY: GENERAL. Patriarchs (Traditional). Judges # 1. Judges # 2. Kings # 1. Kings # 2. Prophets # 1. Prophets # 2. NT # 1. NT # 2. NT # 3. ]

          [ MAPS: Maps # 1. Maps # 2. Maps # 3. Maps # 4. Maps # 5. ]

          [ COMMENTARIES, ETC: GENERAL: Bible Study Tools; Bible Hub: Study Light; Blue Letter Bible // PSALMS: Monergism: Precept Austin: The Treasury of David; John Gill; John Calvin - Volumes 1, 2, 3, 4, 5]

          [ MUSIC: GENERAL: The Cyber Hymnal // PSALMS: Genevan Psalter (Instrumental). VARIOUS ARTISTS: Micha'el Ben David. Sons of Korah. Fernando Ortega. Janet Isaac Morrison. Music of the Bible Revealed - Suzanne Haik-Vantoura. Dr. David Erb. Gregorian Chants. ]


Gospel Harmony - Summary. | The Harmony of the Gospels - Augustine. | Gospel Harmony Chart - Online Bible. |

Greek Harmony of the Gospels - Robertson - (Downloadable PDF). | Gospel Harmony in English - Robertson - (Downloadable PDF).

*** For Additional word studies use one of the Greek Interlinear Bibles below. ***

Mounce Interlinear. Bible Hub Greek Interlinear. Scripture 4 All Greek Interlinear Bible.

Book Outline:

1. Continual Trials: Mutual Ministry & Witness by Paul & His Readers (1 Thessalonians 1:1 - 1 Thessalonians 4:12) - 51 A.D. Athens

1 Thessalonians 3

     1 Wherefore when we could no longer forbear, we thought it good to be left at Athens alone; 2 And sent Timotheus, our brother, and minister of God, and our fellowlabourer in the gospel of Christ, to establish you, and to comfort you concerning your faith: 3 That no man should be moved by these afflictions: for yourselves know that we are appointed thereunto. 4 For verily, when we were with you, we told you before that we should suffer tribulation; even as it came to pass, and ye know. 5 For this cause, when I could no longer forbear, I sent to know your faith, lest by some means the tempter have tempted you, and our labour be in vain.
     6 But now when Timotheus came from you unto us, and brought us good tidings of your faith and charity, and that ye have good remembrance of us always, desiring greatly to see us, as we also to see you: 7 Therefore, brethren, we were comforted over you in all our affliction and distress by your faith: 8 For now we live, if ye stand fast in the Lord. 9 For what thanks can we render to God again for you, for all the joy wherewith we joy for your sakes before our God; 10 Night and day praying exceedingly that we might see your face, and might perfect that which is lacking in your faith?
     11 Now God himself and our Father, and our Lord Jesus Christ, direct our way unto you. 12 And the Lord make you to increase and abound in love one toward another, and toward all men, even as we do toward you: 13 To the end he may stablish your hearts unblameable in holiness before God, even our Father, at the coming of our Lord Jesus Christ with all his saints.

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