Daily Arts Web Nucleus


Discover the Arts! Each day a different image from the Literary, Performing, or Visual Arts representing a portion of Scripture
plus an explanation with links

2016 October 31

The Last Judgment Polyptych (1446-1952)
Rogier van der Weyden (1399 or 1400 - 1464)
Early Netherlandish Style
Musee de l'Hotel Dieu, Beaune, France
Image Source: Web Gallery of Art

     Explanation: In 1 Thessalonians 5, Paul concludes his epistle with a variety of instructions and exhortations. He reminds his readers that the day of the Lord will come like a thief in the night bringing sudden destruction to those who have a false sense of peace and safety. His readers are children of the light and they should therefore watch and be sober. They should be armed with their spiritual armor -- faith, love, and the hope of salvation. God has not appointed us to wrath but to obtain salvation by our Lord Jesus Christ, who died for us that we should live with him. We should comfort and edify one another (1-11).
     He tells them to very highly esteem those who are over them and to be at peace among themselves. He instructs them to warn those who are unruly, to comfort those who are feebleminded (weak-spirited, fainthearted), to support the weak, and to be patient toward all. They should not render evil for evil. They should follow the good. They should rejoice evermore, pray without ceasing, give thanks in everything, quench not the Spirit, despise not prophesy, test everything, hold fast to the good, and abstain from all appearance of evil. God will sanctify them and preserve them till the coming of the Lord Jesus Christ. God is faithful and will do it (12-28).
     [Sermons: Iain H Murray. Sinclair B Ferguson. Various. ]
     [Illustration: Today's painting illustrates the judgment theme in the first part of today's chapter. ]


          [THEMATICALLY AND CHRONOLOGICALLY RELATED SCRIPTURES: 1 Thessalonians 5:1-11: Romans 13:11-14; 1 Corinthians 16:13-14; Ephesians 6:10-17; Colossians 4:2-4; 2 Thessalonians 2:13-15; Romans 8:28-30; Romans 9:19-29; Romans 14:5-12; 1 Corinthians 7:25-31; 2 Corinthians 10:1-6; Ephesians 1:3-23; Ephesians 5:3-14; Philippians 2:14-18; 2 Thessalonians 2:1-12. 1 Thessalonians 5:12-22: Romans 12:9-21; 1 Corinthians 13:4-7; 2 Corinthians 13:11-13; Ephesians 4:25-32; Philippians 2:1-11; Philippians 4:4-9; Colossians 3:12-17; 1 Thessalonians 4:9-12; 1 Corinthians 14:1-5; 1 Corinthians 16:15-18; Galatians 6:1-6; Ephesians 5:15-20; 2 Thessalonians 3:6-13; 2 Thessalonians 3:14-15; Philemon 1:15-20. 1 Thessalonians 5:23-24: 1 Thessalonians 3:11-13; 2 Thessalonians 2:16-17; 2 Thessalonians 3:16; 1 Corinthians 1:4-9. 1 Thessalonians 5:25: Romans 15:30-33; Ephesians 6:18-20; Colossians 4:2-4; 2 Thessalonians 3:1-5. 1 Thessalonians 5:26: Romans 16:3-16; Romans 16:21-23; 1 Corinthians 16:19-20; 2 Corinthians 13:11-13; Philippians 4:21-22; Colossians 4:10-15. 1 Thessalonians 5:27: 1 Corinthians 14:37-40; Colossians 4:16-18a; 2 Thessalonians 3:14-15; Philemon 1:21-22. 1 Thessalonians 5:28: Romans 16:20b; 1 Corinthians 16:23-24; 2 Corinthians 13:14; Galatians 6:18; Ephesians 6:23-24; Philippians 4:23; Colossians 4:18b; 2 Thessalonians 3:18; Philemon 1:25. ]
     NOTE: The parallels above are based in a very small part on my own research but principally on the following sources:
     Fred O Francis and J. Paul Sampley, Pauline Parallels, Second Edition. (Minneapolis, Minnesota: Fortress Press, 1984).
     Most of the material on Hebrews is from an online article titled Pauline parallels in Hebrews taken from Charles H. Welch and Stuart Allen Welch, Perfection Or Perdition? An Exposition Of The Epistle To The Hebrews, (London: Berean Publishing Trust, 1973). ]

          [ CHRONOLOGY: GENERAL. Patriarchs (Traditional). Judges # 1. Judges # 2. Kings # 1. Kings # 2. Prophets # 1. Prophets # 2. NT # 1. NT # 2. NT # 3. ]

          [ MAPS: Maps # 1. Maps # 2. Maps # 3. Maps # 4. Maps # 5. ]

          [ COMMENTARIES, ETC: GENERAL: Bible Study Tools; Bible Hub: Study Light; Blue Letter Bible // PSALMS: Monergism: Precept Austin: The Treasury of David; John Gill; John Calvin - Volumes 1, 2, 3, 4, 5]

          [ MUSIC: GENERAL: The Cyber Hymnal // PSALMS: Genevan Psalter (Instrumental). VARIOUS ARTISTS: Micha'el Ben David. Sons of Korah. Fernando Ortega. Janet Isaac Morrison. Music of the Bible Revealed - Suzanne Haik-Vantoura. Dr. David Erb. Gregorian Chants. ]


Gospel Harmony - Summary. | The Harmony of the Gospels - Augustine. | Gospel Harmony Chart - Online Bible. |

Greek Harmony of the Gospels - Robertson - (Downloadable PDF). | Gospel Harmony in English - Robertson - (Downloadable PDF).

*** For Additional word studies use one of the Greek Interlinear Bibles below. ***

Mounce Interlinear. Bible Hub Greek Interlinear. Scripture 4 All Greek Interlinear Bible.

Book Outline:

1. Continual Trials: Mutual Ministry & Witness by Paul & His Readers (1 Thessalonians 1:1 - 1 Thessalonians 4:12) - 51 A.D. Athens
2. Coming Relief: The Lord's Return (1 Thessalonians 4:13 - 1 Thessalonians 5:11) - 51 A.D. Athens
3. Constant Obedience: The Present Expression of Hope (1 Thessalonians 5:12 - 1 Thessalonians 5:28) - 51 A.D. Athens

1 Thessalonians 5

2. Coming Relief: The Lord's Return (1 Thessalonians 4:13 - 1 Thessalonians 5:11) - 51 A.D. Athens

     1 But of the times and the seasons, brethren, ye have no need that I write unto you. 2 For yourselves know perfectly that the day of the Lord so cometh as a thief in the night. 3 For when they shall say, peace and safety; then sudden destruction cometh upon them, as travail upon a woman with child; and they shall not escape. 4 But ye, brethren, are not in darkness, that that day should overtake you as a thief. 5 Ye are all the children of light, and the children of the day: we are not of the night, nor of darkness. 6 Therefore let us not sleep, as do others; but let us watch and be sober. 7 For they that sleep sleep in the night; and they that be drunken are drunken in the night. 8 But let us, who are of the day, be sober, putting on the breastplate of faith and love; and for an helmet, the hope of salvation. 9 For God hath not appointed us to wrath, but to obtain salvation by our Lord Jesus Christ, 10 Who died for us, that, whether we wake or sleep, we should live together with him. 11 Wherefore comfort yourselves together, and edify one another, even as also ye do.

3. Constant Obedience: The Present Expression of Hope (1 Thessalonians 5:12 - 1 Thessalonians 5:28) - 51 A.D. Athens

     12 And we beseech you, brethren, to know them which labour among you, and are over you in the Lord, and admonish you; 13 And to esteem them very highly in love for their work's sake. And be at peace among yourselves. 14 Now we exhort you, brethren, warn them that are unruly, comfort the feebleminded, support the weak, be patient toward all men. 15 See that none render evil for evil unto any man but ever follow that which is good, both among yourselves, and to all men. 16 Rejoice evermore. 17 Pray without ceasing. 18 In every thing give thanks: for this is the will of God in Christ Jesus concerning you. 19 quench not the Spirit. 20 Despise not prophesyings. 21 Prove all things; hold fast that which is good. 22 Abstain from all appearance of evil.
     23 And the very God of peace sanctify you wholly; and I pray God your whole spirit and soul and body be preserved blameless unto the coming of our Lord Jesus Christ. 24 faithful is he that calleth you, who also will do it.
     25 Brethren, pray for us. 26 Greet all the brethren with an holy kiss. 27 I charge you by the Lord that this epistle be read unto all the holy brethren. 28 The grace of our Lord Jesus Christ be with you. Amen.

The first epistle to the Thessalonians was written from Athens.

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