Daily Arts Web Nucleus


Discover the Arts! Each day a different image from the Literary, Performing, or Visual Arts representing a portion of Scripture
plus an explanation with links

2016 November 8

Ill-Matched Couple: Young Widow and Old Man (1525-1530)
Lucas Cranach the Elder (c. 1472 - 1553)
German Renaissance Style
Musee des Beaux-Arts et d'Archeologie de Besancon, Besancon France
Image Source: Web Gallery of Art

     Explanation: In 1 Timothy 5, Paul says that, instead of rebuking others, Timothy should plead with them, treating older men as fathers, younger men as brothers, older women as mothers, and younger women as sisters, with all purity (1-2).
     The extended family should take care of widows. But the church should take care of widows who have no other support. If anyone does not care for his own he has denied the faith and is worse than an infidel (3-8).
     A widow should be at least sixty before the church begins to take care of her. She should have a reputation for being a follower of every good work. Younger widows tend to drift toward sins such as idleness, gossip, and departing from the faith. They should marry, or their immediate family should take care of them (9-16).
     Elders who rule well should be given a double honorarium, especially those who labor in the word and doctrine. Timothy should not hear a charge against an elder except from two or three witnesses. But, if someone persists in sin, they should be rebuked before all so that the others my stand in fear. Paul charges him to keep these rules impartially. Also, he must not be hasty to ordain anyone. He advises him to use a little wine to ease his stomach. And he notes that some men receive judgment in this life, but others are judged later. Likewise, good works follow the same pattern (17-25).
     [Sermons: John Calvin. J Ligon Duncan 1. J Ligon Duncan 2. Various. ]
     [Illustration: Today's painting shows a widow of the type that Paul describes in verse 11; she is wanton, that is, she has passions which draw her away from faith in Christ. ]


          [THEMATICALLY AND CHRONOLOGICALLY RELATED SCRIPTURES: 1 Timothy 5: 1 Peter 5:1-3; Acts 6:1; Deuteronomy 14:29; Deuteronomy 16:11; Deuteronomy 24:17, 19; 1 Corinthians 9:14; Galatians 6:6; 1 Thessalonians 5:12; Deuteronomy 25:4; Deuteronomy 17:6 Deuteronomy 19:15. ]

          [ CHRONOLOGY: GENERAL. Patriarchs (Traditional). Judges # 1. Judges # 2. Kings # 1. Kings # 2. Prophets # 1. Prophets # 2. NT # 1. NT # 2. NT # 3. ]

          [ MAPS: Maps # 1. Maps # 2. Maps # 3. Maps # 4. Maps # 5. ]

          [ COMMENTARIES, ETC: GENERAL: Bible Study Tools; Bible Hub: Study Light; Blue Letter Bible // PSALMS: Monergism: Precept Austin: The Treasury of David; John Gill; John Calvin - Volumes 1, 2, 3, 4, 5]

          [ MUSIC: GENERAL: The Cyber Hymnal // PSALMS: Genevan Psalter (Instrumental). VARIOUS ARTISTS: Micha'el Ben David. Sons of Korah. Fernando Ortega. Janet Isaac Morrison. Music of the Bible Revealed - Suzanne Haik-Vantoura. Dr. David Erb. Gregorian Chants. ]


Gospel Harmony - Summary. | The Harmony of the Gospels - Augustine. | Gospel Harmony Chart - Online Bible. |

Greek Harmony of the Gospels - Robertson - (Downloadable PDF). | Gospel Harmony in English - Robertson - (Downloadable PDF).

*** For Additional word studies use one of the Greek Interlinear Bibles below. ***

Mounce Interlinear. Bible Hub Greek Interlinear. Scripture 4 All Greek Interlinear Bible.

Book Outline:

1. Proper Church Doctrine & Government (1 Timothy 1:1 - 1 Timothy 4:16) - 62 A.D. Laodicea
2. Proper Personal Relationships in the Church (1 Timothy 5:1 - 1 Timothy 6:21) - 62 A.D. Laodicea

1 Timothy 5

2. Proper Personal Relationships in the Church (1 Timothy 5:1 - 1 Timothy 6:21) - 62 A.D. Laodicea

     1 Rebuke not an elder, but intreat him as a father; and the younger men as brethren; 2 The elder women as mothers; the younger as sisters, with all purity.
     3 Honour widows that are widows indeed. 4 But if any widow have children or nephews, let them learn first to shew piety at home, and to requite [respond, giving-back to] their parents: for that is good and acceptable before God. 5 Now she that is a widow indeed, and desolate, trusteth in God, and continueth in supplications and prayers night and day. 6 But she that liveth in pleasure is dead while she liveth. 7 And these things give in charge, that they may be blameless. 8 But if any provide not for his own, and specially for those of his own house, he hath denied the faith, and is worse than an infidel.
     9 Let not a widow be taken into the number under threescore years old, having been the wife of one man, 10 Well reported of for good works; if she have brought up children, if she have lodged strangers, if she have washed the saints' feet, if she have relieved the afflicted, if she have diligently followed every good work. 11 But the younger widows refuse: for when they they have begun to wax wanton against Christ, they will marry; 12 Having damnation, because they have cast off their first faith. 13 And withal they learn to be idle, wandering about from house to house; and not only idle, but tattlers also and busybodies, speaking things which they ought not. 14 I will therefore that the younger women marry, bear children, guide the house, give none occasion to the adversary to speak reproachfully. 15 For some are already turned aside after Satan. 16 If any man or woman that believeth have widows, let them relieve them, and let not the church be charged; that it may relieve them that are widows indeed.
     17 Let the elders that rule well be counted worthy worthy of double honour, especially they who labour in the word and doctrine. 18 For the scripture saith, Thou shalt not muzzle the ox that treadeth out the corn. And, The labourer is worthy of his reward. 19 Against an elder receive not an accusation, but before two or three witnesses. 20 Them that sin rebuke before all, that others also [may have] fear. 21 I charge thee before God, and the Lord Jesus Christ, and the elect angels, that thou observe these things without preferring one before another, doing nothing by partiality. 22 Lay hands suddenly on no man, neither be partaker of other men's sins: keep thyself pure. 23 Drink no longer water [Drink water no longer], but use a little wine for thy stomach's sake and thine often infirmities. 24 Some men's sins are open beforehand, going before to judgment; and some men they follow after. 25 Likewise also the good works of some are manifest beforehand; and they that are otherwise cannot be hid.

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