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Discover the Arts! Each day a different image from the Literary, Performing, or Visual Arts representing a portion of Scripture
plus an explanation with links

2016 November 13

The Sermon of St Stephen (1514)
Vittore Carpaccio (c. 1465 - 1525/1526)
Italian Renaissance Style; Venetian School
Musee du Louvre, Paris, France
Image Source: Web Gallery of Art

     Explanation: In 2 Timothy 4, Paul charges Timothy in the Presence of God and of Christ Jesus who will judge the living and the dead, to preach the word in season and out of season. He must reprove, rebuke, and exhort with all longsuffering and doctrine. For the time is coming when people will not endure sound doctrine because they want to listen to preaching which suits their own lusts. They will turn from the truth and listen to myths. Therefore, Timothy should be sober-minded, endure suffering, do the work of and evangelist, and fulfill his ministry (1-5).
     Paul is ready to depart from this life. He fought the good fight. A crown awaits him. The Lord, the righteous judge, will give it to him and to all who love his appearing (6-8).
     He asks Timothy to do his best to come to him soon because no one is with him except Luke. He asks him to bring Mark. He also asks Timothy to bring his cloak, his books, and especially the parchments. He mentions that Alexander the coppersmith did great harm to him, but the Lord will repay him for his evil. And Timothy also must beware of Alexander because he strongly opposes the gospel. No one stood with Paul during his first court case. But the Lord stood by him and helped him to fully proclaim the Gospel. He therefore expresses his confidence that the Lord will deliver him from every evil deed and keep him safe until he arrives in heaven (9-18).
     Paul sends personal greetings and news about some of his companions. He again urges Timothy to do his best to come before winter. He sends greetings from others. And he asks that the Lord and his grace will be with Timothy (19-22).
     [Sermons: John Calvin. William Still. Various. ]
     [Illustration: In today's painting, we see a key emphasis of today's chapter, preaching the truth. I have chosen the preaching of Stephen to illustrate this concept because Stephen's preaching, especially his sermon to his persecutors, is a clear summary of the New Testament message, especially Paul's message. ]



          [ CHRONOLOGY: GENERAL. Patriarchs (Traditional). Judges # 1. Judges # 2. Kings # 1. Kings # 2. Prophets # 1. Prophets # 2. NT # 1. NT # 2. NT # 3. ]

          [ MAPS: Maps # 1. Maps # 2. Maps # 3. Maps # 4. Maps # 5. ]

          [ COMMENTARIES, ETC: GENERAL: Bible Study Tools; Bible Hub: Study Light; Blue Letter Bible // PSALMS: Monergism: Precept Austin: The Treasury of David; John Gill; John Calvin - Volumes 1, 2, 3, 4, 5]

          [ MUSIC: GENERAL: The Cyber Hymnal // PSALMS: Genevan Psalter (Instrumental). VARIOUS ARTISTS: Micha'el Ben David. Sons of Korah. Fernando Ortega. Janet Isaac Morrison. Music of the Bible Revealed - Suzanne Haik-Vantoura. Dr. David Erb. Gregorian Chants. ]


Gospel Harmony - Summary. | The Harmony of the Gospels - Augustine. | Gospel Harmony Chart - Online Bible. |

Greek Harmony of the Gospels - Robertson - (Downloadable PDF). | Gospel Harmony in English - Robertson - (Downloadable PDF).

*** For Additional word studies use one of the Greek Interlinear Bibles below. ***

Mounce Interlinear. Bible Hub Greek Interlinear. Scripture 4 All Greek Interlinear Bible.

Book Outline:

1. Hold to the Faith (2 Timothy 1:1 - 2 Timothy 1:18) - 63 A.D. Rome
2. Teach Others to do the Same (2 Timothy 2:1 - 2 Timothy 4:22) - 63 A.D. Rome

2 Timothy 4

2. Teach Others to do the Same (2 Timothy 2:1 - 2 Timothy 4:22) - 63 A.D. Rome

     1 I charge thee therefore before God, and the Lord Jesus Christ, who shall judge the quick and the dead at his appearing and his kingdom; 2 Preach the word; be instant in season, out of season; reprove, rebuke, exhort with all longsuffering and doctrine. 3 For the time will come when they will not endure sound doctrine; but after their own lusts shall they heap to themselves teachers, having itching ears; 4 And they shall turn away their ears from the truth, and shall be turned unto fables. 5 But watch thou in all things, endure afflictions, do the work of an evangelist, make full proof of thy ministry.
     6 For I am now ready to be offered, and the time of my departure is at hand. 7 I have fought a good fight, I have finished my course, I have kept the faith: 8 Henceforth there is laid up for me a crown of righteousness, which the Lord, the righteous judge, shall give me at that day: and not to me only, but unto all them also that love his appearing.
     9 Do thy diligence to come shortly unto me: 10 For Demas hath forsaken me, having loved this present world, and is departed unto Thessalonica; Crescens to Galatia, Titus unto Dalmatia. 11 Only Luke is with me. Take Mark, and bring him with thee: for he is profitable to me for the ministry. 12 And Tychicus have I sent to Ephesus. 13 The that I left at Troas with Carpus, when thou comest, bring with thee, and the books, but especially the parchments. 14 Alexander the coppersmith did me much evil: the Lord reward him according to his works: 15 Of whom be thou ware also; for he hath greatly withstood our words. 16 At my first answer no man stood with me, but all men forsook me: I pray God that it may not be laid to their charge. 17 Notwithstanding the Lord stood with me, and strengthened me; that by me the preaching might be fully known, and that all the Gentiles might hear: and I was delivered out of the mouth of the lion. 18 And the Lord shall deliver me from every evil work, and will preserve me unto his heavenly kingdom: to whom be glory for ever and ever [into the ages of the ages]. Amen.
     19 Salute Prisca and Aquila, and the household of Onesiphorus. 20 Erastus abode at Corinth: but Trophimus have I left at Miletum sick. 21 Do thy diligence to come before winter. Eubulus greeteth thee, and Pudens, and Linus, and Claudia, and all the brethren.
     22 The Lord Jesus Christ be with thy spirit. Grace be with you. Amen.

The second epistle unto Timotheus, ordained the first bishop of the church of the Ephesians, was written from Rome, when Paul was brought before Nero the second time.

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