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Discover the Arts! Each day a different image from the Literary, Performing, or Visual Arts representing a portion of Scripture
plus an explanation with links

2016 November 26

Jews Praying in the Synagogue on Yom Kippur (1878)
Maurycy Gottlieb (1856-1879)
Realism Style
Tel Aviv Museum of Art, Tel Aviv, Israel
Image Source: Wikimedia

     Explanation: Hebrews 9 compares and contrasts the first covenant with the second covenant. The first covenant had ordinances for serving God, and it had a sanctuary. In the sanctuary were the Holy Place and the Most Holy Place. Each had furnishings (1-5).
     The priests served in the Holy Place, but the only the High priest served in the Most Holy Place where he brought blood which he offered first for himself and then for the unintentional sins of the people. By this the Holy Spirit indicated that the way into the Most Holy Place was not yet made manifest while the first Tabernacle stood. This is symbolic of the present age. The conscience of the worshiper could not be satisfied under such an arrangement. The Tabernacle regulations deal only with outward things such as food and drink, and regulations for the body. It was meant to exist only until the time of reformation (6-10).
     But when Christ appeared, he entered the Holy of Holies in the heavenly Tabernacle, not with the blood of bulls and goats, but with his own blood, thus securing eternal redemption. If the blood of goats and bulls sanctified the flesh of the worshiper in the first Tabernacle, how much more will the blood of Christ, who offered himself to God without blemish through the eternal Spirit, purify your conscience from dead works to serve the living God? (11-14).
     Therefore Christ is a mediator of a new covenant whereby those who are called may receive the promised eternal inheritance. His death redeems them from transgressions. A will comes into effect after the death of the one who made the will. Moses inaugurated the first covenant with blood, and he cleansed the furnishings with the sprinkled blood. Indeed, nearly everything is purified with blood, and without the shedding of blood there is no forgiveness of sins (15-22).
     The heavenly Tabernacle had to be purified by better sacrifices than those associated with the first Tabernacle. Christ entered into heaven's most holy place, to appear in the presence of God on our behalf. He did not need to offer himself repeatedly as the earthly high priest did. Otherwise he would have had to suffer repeatedly since the foundation of the world. By analogy, a man dies once and afterward faces the judgment. Likewise, Christ was offered by death once to bear the sins of many, that is to clear them in the judgment. So when he appears a second time, he will not need to deal with sin, rather he will come to save those who eagerly await him (23-28).
     [Sermons: Eric Alexander. Various. ]
     [Illustration: Today's painting depicts the day of atonement (Yom Kippur), a yearly occurrence in the Jewish system of worship. Today's chapter makes it clear that, in the Christian system of worship, Christ provided atonement once for all by sacrificing himself on the cross. ]


          [THEMATICALLY AND CHRONOLOGICALLY RELATED SCRIPTURES: Hebrews 9: Exodus 25:1-40; Exodus 26:36; Exodus 40:3; Numbers 17:10; Exodus 30:10; Leviticus 16:14; Numbers 14:36; Exodus 24:8. ]

          [ CHRONOLOGY: GENERAL. Patriarchs (Traditional). Judges # 1. Judges # 2. Kings # 1. Kings # 2. Prophets # 1. Prophets # 2. NT # 1. NT # 2. NT # 3. ]

          [ MAPS: Maps # 1. Maps # 2. Maps # 3. Maps # 4. Maps # 5. ]

          [ COMMENTARIES, ETC: GENERAL: Bible Study Tools; Bible Hub: Study Light; Blue Letter Bible // PSALMS: Monergism: Precept Austin: The Treasury of David; John Gill; John Calvin - Volumes 1, 2, 3, 4, 5]

          [ MUSIC: GENERAL: The Cyber Hymnal // PSALMS: Genevan Psalter (Instrumental). VARIOUS ARTISTS: Micha'el Ben David. Sons of Korah. Fernando Ortega. Janet Isaac Morrison. Music of the Bible Revealed - Suzanne Haik-Vantoura. Dr. David Erb. Gregorian Chants. ]


Gospel Harmony - Summary. | The Harmony of the Gospels - Augustine. | Gospel Harmony Chart - Online Bible. |

Greek Harmony of the Gospels - Robertson - (Downloadable PDF). | Gospel Harmony in English - Robertson - (Downloadable PDF).

*** For Additional word studies use one of the Greek Interlinear Bibles below. ***

Mounce Interlinear. Bible Hub Greek Interlinear. Scripture 4 All Greek Interlinear Bible.

Book Outline:

1. The Doctrine of Christ & its Implications (Hebrews 1:1 - Hebrews 10:39) - 60 A.D. Italy
2. The Exhortations to Believe Christ and to Obey Him (Hebrews 11:1 - Hebrews 13:25) - 60 A.D. Italy

Hebrews 9

1. The Doctrine of Christ & its Implications (Hebrews 1:1 - Hebrews 10:39) - 60 A.D. Italy

     1 Then verily the first covenant had also ordinances of divine service, and a worldly sanctuary. 2 For there was a tabernacle made; the first, wherein was the candlestick, and the table, and the shewbread; which is called the sanctuary. 3 And after the second veil, the tabernacle which is called the Holiest of all [Holy of Holies]; 4 Which had the golden censer, and the ark of the covenant overlaid round about with gold, wherein was the golden pot that had manna, and Aaron's rod that budded, and the tables of the covenant; 5 And over it the cherubims of glory shadowing the mercyseat; of which we cannot now speak particularly.
     6 Now when these things were thus ordained, the priests went always into the first tabernacle, accomplishing the service of God. 7 But into the second went the high priest alone once every year, not without blood, which he offered for himself, and for the errors of the people: 8 The Holy Ghost this signifying, that the way into the holiest of all was not yet made manifest, while as the first tabernacle was yet standing: 9 Which was a figure for the time then present, in which were offered both gifts and sacrifices, that could not make him that did the service perfect, as pertaining to the conscience; 10 Which stood only in meats and drinks, and divers washings, and carnal ordinances, imposed on them until the time of reformation.
     11 But Christ being come an high priest of good things to come, by a greater and more perfect tabernacle, not made with hands, that is to say, not of this building; 12 Neither by the blood of goats and calves, but by his own blood he entered in once into the holy place, having obtained eternal redemption for us. 13 For if the blood of bulls and of goats, and the ashes of an heifer sprinkling the unclean, sanctifieth to the purifying of the flesh: 14 How much more shall the blood of Christ, who through the eternal Spirit offered himself without spot to God, purge your conscience from dead works to serve the living God?
     15 And for this cause he is the mediator of the new testament, that by means of death, for the redemption of the transgressions that were under the first testament, they which are called might receive the promise of eternal inheritance. 16 For where a testament is, there must also of necessity be the death of the testator. 17 For a testament is of force after men are dead: otherwise it is of no strength at all while the testator liveth. 18 Whereupon neither the first testament was dedicated without blood. 19 For when Moses had spoken every precept to all the people according to the law, he took the blood of calves and of goats, with water, and scarlet wool, and hyssop, and sprinkled both the book, and all the people, 20 saying, This is the blood of the testament which God hath enjoined unto you. 21 Moreover he sprinkled with blood both the tabernacle, and all the vessels of the ministry. 22 And almost all things are by the law purged with blood; and without shedding of blood is no remission.
     23 It was therefore necessary that the patterns of things in the heavens should be purified with these; but the heavenly things themselves with better sacrifices than these. 24 For Christ is not entered into the holy places made with hands, which are the figures of the true; but into heaven itself, now to appear in the presence of God for us: 25 Nor yet that he should offer himself often, as the high priest entereth into the holy place every year with blood of others; 26 For then must he often have suffered since the foundation of the world: but now once in the end of the world hath he appeared to put away sin by the sacrifice of himself. 27 And as it is appointed unto men once to die, but after this the judgment: 28 So Christ was once offered to bear the sins of many; and unto them that look for him shall he appear the second time without sin unto salvation.

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