Daily Arts Web Nucleus


Discover the Arts! Each day a different image from the Literary, Performing, or Visual Arts representing a portion of Scripture
plus an explanation with links

2017 January 31

Image 1: Gate of the Metwaleys-Cairo (1838-1839)
Art by David Roberts (1796-1864), and Lithography by Louis Haghe (1806-1885)
Orientalism Style of Academic Art
Library of Congress, Washington, DC, USA
Contained in the Books The Holy Land, Syria, Idumea, Arabia, Egypt and Nubia (1842-1846), and Egypt and Nubia (1846-1849)
Image Source: Library of Congress


Image 2: Lot Fleeing Sodom (1810)
Benjamin West (1738-1820)
Neoclassical Style
The Detroit Institute of Arts, Detroit, Michigan, USA
Image Credit: Free Christ Images


Image 3: Lot and his Daughters (c. 1621)
Orazio Gentileschi (1563-1639)
Baroque Style
Museo Thyssen-Bornemisza, Madrid, Spain
Image Source: Web Gallery of Art


[ I will again be working through the Scriptures from Genesis to Revelation. I will be adding links, resources, images, and the like, upgrading the former work-through which began with the 2013-10-12 posting which can be found, along with the full Genesis to Revelation postings, in the Archive Page. Postings will be at midnight Eastern Time, as I am able. However, no days will be skipped, even though a posting may be late. And all postings will be housed in the Archive Page. ]

     Explanation: Genesis 19 records the destruction of Sodom and the events surrounding it. The chapter opens with two angels coming to Sodom. Lot greets them at the gate of the city, where he quite possibly sits as one of the elders/judges of Sodom (see v. 9, where there is an indirect reference to Lot being a judge). The visitors tell Lot that they intend to stay in the street all night. But Lot persuades them, with strong urgings, to stay with him in his house (1-3).
     But that night, the men of Sodom gather, young and old, from all over the city, and they try to extract Lot's visitors from his house to abuse them. Lot tries to dissuade them, even offering them his daughters. The crowd presses in upon Lot, but the visitors take Lot back into the house and smite the men of the city with blindness. Even so, the men of the city persist in trying to find the door (4-11).
     The angels then told Lot and his family to flee the destruction which they were about to bring on the city. But his son(s)-in-law refused to listen. In verse 8, Lot said that his daughters had not yet known a man, so the "son(s)-in-law" may be engaged to his daughters, having not yet consummated the marriage (12-14).
     In the morning, the angels removed Lot, his wife, and his two daughters from Sodom, sending them to a nearby city, Zoar (15-22).
     When Lot arrived in Zoar, the LORD rained down brimstone and fire upon Sodom, Gomorrah, and the surrounding plain. And Lot's wife, who looked back intently, perhaps lingering behind, was turned into a pillar of salt (23-26).
     That same morning, Abraham saw the smoke of the destruction (27-28). But the LORD delivered, Lot in response to Abraham's intercession (29).
     Lot was so frightened by the destruction that he went into the mountain, as the angels had wanted him to do; and he and his daughters lived in a cave (30). Later, Lot's daughters got Lot drunk on successive nights, and lay with him, without Lot being aware. As a result of the incest of Lot's daughters, they had sons whom they named Moab, the father of the Moabites, and Benammi, the father of the Ammonites (31-38).
     [ Sermons: J Ligon Duncan III. William Still. Various. ]
     [ Illustration: Today's images illustrate the main elements of today's chapter. Image 1 symbolizes the gates of Sodom. Gates were centers for commerce, fellowship, and judgment. Lot sat in the gate of Sodom, perhaps doing all three of these activities, especially, it would seem from verse 9, he served as a judge. Image 2. shows Lot and his family escaping from Sodom. Image 3 shows Lot in a drunken stupor with his incestuous daughters. ]


          [ THEMATICALLY AND CHRONOLOGICALLY RELATED SCRIPTURES: Genesis 19: 1] Genesis 18:2; Genesis 18:22; Genesis 11:27; Genesis 12:4; Genesis 13:5; Genesis 14:12; 2 Peter 2:7. [2] Luke 24:29. [3] Genesis 18:6. [5] Genesis 4:1; Judges 19:22. [8] Judges 19:24. [11] 2 Kings 6:18; Acts 13:11. [12] Genesis 7:1; Joshua 6:22; 2 Peter 2:9. [13] 1 Chronicles 21:15. [14] Numbers 16:21; Numbers 16:45; Revelation 18:4; Exodus 9:21. [16] 1 Samuel 2:9; 1 Chronicles 16:34; Psalm 25:10; Psalm 31:23; Psalm 32:10; Psalm 33:18; Psalm 34:22; Psalm 97:10; Psalm 145:20; Proverbs 2:8; Ephesians 2:4. [17] Genesis 19:26; Luke 17:32. [19] Genesis 6:8; Exodus 33:12; Luke 1:30; Acts 7:46. [24] Deuteronomy 29:23; Psalm 11:6; Isaiah 13:19; Jeremiah 20:16; Jeremiah 50:40; Ezekiel 16:50; Amos 4:11; Zephaniah 2:9; Luke 17:29; 2 Peter 2:6; Jude 7. [26] Genesis 19:17; Luke 17:32. [27] Genesis 18:22. [28] Revelation 18:9. [29] Genesis 8:1; Exodus 2:24; 1 Samuel 1:19; Psalm 105:42; Psalm 136:23. [32] Genesis 9:21; Proverbs 20:1; Ephesians 5:18. [37] Deuteronomy 2:9. [38] Deuteronomy 2:19. -- From the KJV Reference Bible ]

          [ CHRONOLOGY: GENERAL. Patriarchs (Traditional). Judges # 1. Judges # 2. Kings # 1. Kings # 2. Prophets # 1. Prophets # 2. NT # 1. NT # 2. NT # 3. ]

          [ MAPS: Maps # 1. Maps # 2. Maps # 3. Maps # 4. Maps # 5. ]

          [ COMMENTARIES, ETC: GENERAL: Bible Study Tools; Bible Hub: Study Light; Blue Letter Bible // PSALMS: Monergism: Precept Austin: The Treasury of David; John Gill; John Calvin - Volumes 1, 2, 3, 4, 5]

          [ MUSIC: GENERAL: The Cyber Hymnal // PSALMS: Genevan Psalter (Instrumental). VARIOUS ARTISTS: Micha'el Ben David. Sons of Korah. Fernando Ortega. Janet Isaac Morrison. Music of the Bible Revealed - Suzanne Haik-Vantoura. Dr. David Erb. Gregorian Chants. ]


John Calvin - CCEL | Analytical Chart - BLB


Gospel Harmony - Summary | The Harmony of the Gospels - Augustine | Gospel Harmony Chart - Online Bible

Greek Harmony of the Gospels - Robertson - (Downloadable PDF) | Gospel Harmony in English - Robertson - (Downloadable PDF)


Bible Hub Interlinear Hebrew and Greek Bible

Bible Hub Hebrew Interlinear | Scripture 4 All Hebrew Interlinear

Mounce Interlinear | Bible Hub Greek Interlinear | Scripture 4 All Greek Interlinear Bible

Pentateuch Detailed Outline:

Genesis Detailed Outline:

Genesis 19

7. Generations of Terah (Ge 11:27 - Ge 25:11) - 2296 - 1991 B.C. Canaan

("Now these are the generations of Terah" - Ge 11:27) - (An expansion of section 6)

Note: This generation centers on Terah rather than Abraham because all of Terah's descendants are important to Israel. The dates are from Terah's birth to Abraham's death.

     1 And there came two angels to Sodom at even; and Lot sat in the gate of Sodom: and Lot seeing them rose up to meet them; and he bowed himself with his face toward the ground; 2 And he said, behold now, my lords, turn in, I pray you, into your servant's house, and tarry all night, and wash your feet, and ye shall rise up early, and go on your ways. And they said, Nay; but we will abide in the street all night. 3 And he pressed upon them greatly; and they turned in unto him, and entered into his house; and he made them a feast, and did bake unleavened bread, and they did eat.
     4 But before they lay down, the men of the city, even the men of Sodom, compassed the house round, both old and young, all the people from every quarter: 5 And they called unto Lot, and said unto him, Where are the men which came in to thee this night? bring them out unto us, that we may know them. 6 And Lot went out at the door unto them, and shut the door after him, 7 And said, I pray you, brethren, do not so wickedly. 8 behold now, I have two daughters which have not known man; let me, I pray you, bring them out unto you, and do ye to them as is good in your eyes: only unto these men do nothing; for therefore came they under the shadow of my roof. 9 And they said, Stand. back And they said again, This one fellow came in to sojourn, and he will needs be a judge [to judge he will judge]: now will we deal worse with thee, than with them. And they pressed sore upon the man, even Lot, and came near to break the door. 10 But the men put forth their hand, and pulled Lot into the house to them, and shut to the door. 11 And they smote the men that were at the door of the house with blindness, both small and great: so that they wearied themselves to find the door.
     12 And the men said unto Lot, Hast thou here any besides? son in law, and thy sons, and thy daughters, and whatsoever thou hast in the city, bring them out of this place: 13 For we will destroy this place, because the cry of them is waxen great before the face of the LORD; and the LORD hath sent us to destroy it. 14 And Lot went out, and spake unto his sons in law, which married his daughters, and said, Up, get you out of this place; for the LORD will destroy this city. But he seemed as one that mocked unto his sons in law.
     15 And when the morning arose, then the angels hastened Lot, saying, Arise, take thy wife, and thy two daughters, which are here; lest thou be consumed in the iniquity of the city. 16 And while he lingered, the men laid hold upon his hand, and upon the hand of his wife, and upon the hand of his two daughters; the LORD being merciful unto him: and they brought him forth, and set him without the city. 17 And it came to pass, when they had brought them forth abroad, that he said, Escape for thy life; look not behind thee, neither stay thou in all the plain; escape to the mountain, lest thou be consumed. 18 And Lot said unto them, Oh, not so, my Lord: 19 behold now, thy servant hath found grace in thy sight, and thou hast magnified thy mercy, which thou hast shewed unto me in saving my life; and I cannot escape to the mountain, lest some evil take me, and I die: 20 behold now, this city is near to flee unto, and it is a little one: Oh, let me escape thither, (is it not a little one?) and my soul shall live. 21 And he said unto him, see, I have accepted thee concerning this thing also, that I will not overthrow this city, for the which thou hast spoken. 22 Haste thee, escape thither; for I cannot do any thing till thou be come thither. Therefore the name of the city was called Zoar.
     23 The sun was risen upon the earth when Lot entered into Zoar. 24 Then the LORD rained upon Sodom and upon Gomorrah brimstone and fire from the LORD out of heaven; 25 And he overthrew those cities, and all the plain, and all the inhabitants of the cities, and that which grew upon the ground. 26 But his wife looked back from behind him, and she became a pillar of salt.
     27 And Abraham gat up early in the morning to the place where he stood before the LORD: 28 And he looked toward [upon the face of Sodom and Gomorrah, and toward all the land of the plain, and beheld, and, lo, the smoke of the country went up as the smoke of a furnace.
     29 And it came to pass, when God destroyed the cities of the plain, that God remembered Abraham, and sent Lot out of the midst of the overthrow, when he overthrew the cities in the which Lot dwelt.
     30 And Lot went up out of Zoar, and dwelt in the mountain, and his two daughters with him; for he feared to dwell in Zoar: and he dwelt in a cave, he and his two daughters. 31 And the firstborn said unto the younger, Our father is old, and there is not a man in the earth to come in unto us after the manner of all the earth: 32 come, let us make our father drink wine, and we will lie with him, that we may preserve seed of our father. 33 And they made their father drink wine that night: and the firstborn went in, and lay with her father; and he perceived not when she lay down, nor when she arose.
     34 And it came to pass on the morrow, that the firstborn said unto the younger, behold, I lay yesternight with my father: let us make him drink wine this night also; and go thou in, and lie with him, that we may preserve seed of our father. 35 And they made their father drink wine that night also: and the younger arose, and lay with him; and he perceived not when she lay down, nor when she arose. 36 Thus were both the daughters of Lot with child by their father. 37 And the firstborn bare a son, and called his name Moab: the same is the father of the Moabites unto this day. 38 And the younger, she also bare a son, and called his name Benammi: the same is the father of the children of Ammon unto this day.

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