Daily Arts Web Nucleus
Discover the Arts!
Each day a different image from the Literary, Performing, or Visual Arts representing a portion of Scripture
plus an explanation with links
2017 February 19
Judah and Tamar (c. 1650-1660)
School of Rembrandt (1606-1669)
Dutch Golden Age Baroque Style
The Residenzgalerie, Salzburg, Austria
Image Source: Wikipedia
[ I will again be working through the Scriptures from Genesis to Revelation. I will be adding links, resources, images, and the like, upgrading the former work-through which began with the 2013-10-12 posting which can be found, along with the full Genesis to Revelation postings, in the Archive Page. Postings will be at midnight Eastern Time, as I am able. However, no days will be skipped, even though a posting may be late. And all postings will be housed in the Archive Page. ]
Explanation: Genesis 38 contains some critical developments in the life of Judah and his family, especially in reference to his daughter-in-law Tamar. The chapter opens at about the time when Joseph entered into slavery in Egypt (1). It was then that Joseph's brother, Judah, took a Canaanite wife (Shuah) and had three sons by her -- Er, Onan, and Shelah (2-5).
When Er, Judah's firstborn, came of age, Judah gave Tamar to him as a wife; but he was wicked, and the LORD slew him before he had a son. Judah then commanded his second son, Onan, to marry Tamar and raise up seed for his brother; but Onan refused to consummate the marriage, and the LORD slew him also. So Judah told Tamar to wait till his third son, Shelah, came of age, and he would give Shelah to her as a husband (6-11).
However, Judah did not keep his promise. So Tamar went to Timnath where Judah (whose wife Shuah was now dead) had gone to shear sheep and disguised herself as a prostitute. She persuaded Judah to lay with her, taking as a pledge of payment Judah's ring, bracelet, and staff; but before he could return with payment she returned to her house and again put on her mourning clothes (12-19). By a friend, Judah sent payment (a kid) to her where he had last seen her; but the man did not find her, and the men of the place said that no prostitute had been in the area (20-23).
Three months later, when it became apparent that Tamar was pregnant, they brought her forth to be burned, but she produced Judah's ring, bracelet, and staff -- proving that Judah was the father. Judah confessed his wrong in withholding his son Shelah from her and had no further relations with her (24-26). She gave Judah twin sons, Pharez and Zarah; and Pharez became an ancestor of David, and thus an ancestor of Christ (27-30).
[ Sermons: William Still. Josh Moody. Various. ]
[ Illustration: Today's painting depicts Judah making a proposition to Tamar, who was disguised as a prostitute. ]
[ THEMATICALLY AND CHRONOLOGICALLY RELATED SCRIPTURES: Genesis 38:  1 Chronicles 2:3.
 Numbers 26:19.
 Genesis 46:12.
 Deuteronomy 25:5; Matthew 22:24; Mark 12:19; Luke 20:28.
 Ruth 1:13.
 Joshua 15:10; Judges 14:1.
 Proverbs 7:12.
 Ezekiel 16:33.
 Judges 19:2; Leviticus 21:9.
 1 Samuel 24:17.
 Matthew 1:3. -- From the KJV Reference Bible ]
[ CHRONOLOGY: GENERAL. Patriarchs (Traditional). Judges # 1. Judges # 2. Kings # 1. Kings # 2. Prophets # 1. Prophets # 2. NT # 1. NT # 2. NT # 3. ]
[ MAPS: Maps # 1. Maps # 2. Maps # 3. Maps # 4. Maps # 5. ]
[ COMMENTARIES, ETC: GENERAL: Bible Study Tools; Bible Hub: Study Light; Blue Letter Bible // PSALMS: Monergism: Precept Austin: The Treasury of David; John Gill; John Calvin - Volumes 1, 2, 3, 4, 5]
[ MUSIC: GENERAL: The Cyber Hymnal // PSALMS: Genevan Psalter (Instrumental). VARIOUS ARTISTS: Micha'el Ben David. Sons of Korah. Fernando Ortega. Janet Isaac Morrison. Music of the Bible Revealed - Suzanne Haik-Vantoura. Dr. David Erb. Gregorian Chants. ]
HARMONY OF THE LAW
HEBREW AND GREEK INTERLINEAR BIBLES
Pentateuch Detailed Outline:
Genesis Detailed Outline:
12. Generations of Jacob (Ge 37:2 - Ex 6:13) - 1898 - 1446 B.C. Canaan & Egypt
("These are the generations of Jacob." - Ge 37:2) - (An expansion of section 9)
This is an expansion of the 9th section. It focuses on the sons of Jacob, particularly on Joseph and Judah.
One important emphasis is to show how the Israelites got into Egypt.
Also, near the end of the section, it traces how God raised up Moses to deliver Israel (Ex 1:1-6:13).
1 And it came to pass at that time, that Judah went down from his brethren, and turned in to a certain Adullamite, whose name was Hirah.
2 And Judah saw there a daughter of a certain Canaanite, whose name was Shuah; and he took her, and went in unto her.
3 And she conceived, and bare a son; and he called his name Er.
4 And she conceived again, and bare a son; and she called his name Onan.
5 And she yet again conceived, and bare a son; and called his name Shelah: and he was at Chezib, when she bare him.
6 And Judah took a wife for Er his firstborn, whose name was Tamar.
7 And Er, Judah's firstborn, was wicked in the sight of the LORD; and the LORD slew him.
8 And Judah said unto Onan, go in unto thy brother's wife, and marry her, and raise up seed to thy brother.
9 And Onan knew that the seed should not be his; and it came to pass, when he went in unto his brother's wife, that he spilled it on the ground, lest that he should give seed to his brother.
10 And the thing which he did displeased [spoiled the eye of the LORD]: wherefore he slew him also.
11 Then said Judah to Tamar his daughter in law, Remain a widow at thy father's house, till Shelah my son be grown: for he said, Lest peradventure he die also, as his brethren did. And Tamar went and dwelt in her father's house.
12 And in process of time the daughter of Shuah Judah's wife died; and Judah was comforted, and went up unto his sheepshearers to Timnath, he and his friend Hirah the Adullamite.
13 And it was told Tamar, saying, behold thy father in law goeth up to Timnath to shear his sheep.
14 And she put her widow's garments off from her, and covered her with a vail, and wrapped herself, and sat in an open place, which is by the way to Timnath; for she saw that Shelah was grown, and she was not given unto him to wife.
15 When Judah saw her, he thought her to be an harlot; because she had covered her face.
16 And he turned unto her by the way, and said, go to, I pray thee, let me come in unto thee; (for he knew not that she was his daughter in law .) And she said, What wilt thou give me, that thou mayest come in unto me?
17 And he said, I will send thee a kid [young goat] from the flock. And she said, Wilt thou give me a pledge, till thou send it?
18 And he said, What pledge shall I give thee? And she said, Thy signet, and thy bracelets, and thy staff that is in thine hand. And he gave it her, and came in unto her, and she conceived by him.
19 And she arose, and went away, and laid by her vail from her, and put on the garments of her widowhood.
20 And Judah sent the kid [young goat] by the hand of his friend the Adullamite, to receive his pledge from the woman's hand: but he found her not.
21 Then he asked the men of that place, saying, Where is the harlot, that was openly by the way side? And they said, There was no harlot in this place.
22 And he returned to Judah, and said, I cannot find her; and also the men of the place said, that there was no harlot in this place.
23 And Judah said, Let her take it to her, lest we be shamed: behold, I sent this kid, and thou hast not found her.
24 And it came to pass about three months after, that it was told Judah, saying, Tamar thy daughter in law hath played the harlot; and also, behold, she is with child by whoredom. And Judah said, bring her forth, and let her be burnt.
25 When she was brought forth, she sent to her father in law, saying, By the man, whose these are, am I with child: and she said, discern, I pray thee, whose are these, the signet, and bracelets, and staff.
26 And Judah acknowledged them, and said, She hath been more righteous than I; because that I gave her not to Shelah my son. And he knew her again no more.
27 And it came to pass in the time of her travail, that, behold, twins were in her womb.
28 And it came to pass, when she travailed, that the one put out his hand: and the midwife took and bound upon his hand a scarlet thread, saying, This came out first.
29 And it came to pass, as he drew back his hand, that, behold, his brother came out: and she said, How hast thou broken forth? this breach be upon thee: therefore his name was called Pharez.
30 And afterward came out his brother, that had the scarlet thread upon his hand: and his name was called Zarah.
ADDITIONAL AD LIB MATERIAL: Prose, Poetry, Writers, Visual Artists, Music, DAWN, and ILLUMINATION. ILLUMINATION features a compact, Illuminated Bible. DAWN, the page you are presently visiting, features a new image and explanation daily.
Please Email Comments and Questions To
AD LIB ARTS EMAIL
copyright 2016, Scott Souza