Daily Arts Web Nucleus


Discover the Arts! Each day a different image from the Literary, Performing, or Visual Arts representing a portion of Scripture
plus an explanation with links

2017 March 7

Moses's Journey into Egypt and the Circumcision of His Son Eliezer (c. 1482)
Pietro Perugino (c. 1446/1450 - 1523)
Italian Renaissance Style
Sistine Chapel, Vatican City, Rome, Italy
Image Source: Web Gallery of Art


[ I will again be working through the Scriptures from Genesis to Revelation. I will be adding links, resources, images, and the like, upgrading the former work-through which began with the 2013-10-12 posting which can be found, along with the full Genesis to Revelation postings, in the Archive Page. Postings will be at midnight Eastern Time, as I am able. However, no days will be skipped, even though a posting may be late. And all postings will be housed in the Archive Page. ]

     Explanation: In Exodus 4 Moses went to the Elders of Israel to announce that God was about to deliver the nation of Israel from Egypt. The charge which God gave to Moses was to go and be his instrument to deliver the people of Israel. We first read about this deliverance in chapter 3, and it continues here in Exodus 4.
     Moses told the LORD that the Israelites would not believe him when he said that the LORD had appeared to him. So the LORD gave him three signs with which to convince them -- the rod which turned to a snake and back, the hand which turned leprous and back, and the water that became blood (1-9).
     Moses then made another objection -- namely, that he was not eloquent, and he asked God to send someone else. This angered the LORD, but the LORD appointed Aaron to be his spokesman and to do the signs on behalf of Moses (10-17).
     So Moses obtained the permission of his father-in-law, Jethro to go to the children of Israel, and the LORD assured him that those who sought his life were dead. So Moses took his staff, which was now called "the staff of God," together with his wife and sons, and went toward Egypt (18-20).
     At that time, the LORD told Moses to show all the signs that he had put within his power to Pharaoh, warning him that Pharaoh would not listen, and telling him to warn Pharaoh that the LORD would kill his firstborn son if he refused to let Israel go (21-23).
     Along the way, the LORD sought to put Moses to death because he had not circumcised his son, perhaps because of opposition from his wife; so Zipporah performed the circumcision and threw the foreskin at Moses' feet, accusing him of being a bloody husband. It was probably at this time that Moses sent his wife back to her father (Exodus 18:2-4) until he brought the Israelites out into the wilderness (24-26).
     As the journey continued, Aaron met Moses in the wilderness, and Moses told him all that the LORD had said to him; they then went to the elders of Israel, told them the things God had said, and performed the signs God had given them, whereupon, the elders bowed their heads and worshiped the LORD (27-31).
     [ Sermons: Dominic Smart. James Philip. John Macarthur. Various. ]
     [ Illustration: Today's painting shows the key incidents in today's chapter. ]


PLEASE NOTE: Use the resources on this and other sites thoughtfully, particularly the commentaries and encyclopedias. I have attempted to list conservative, scholarly resources. However, some providers use liberal or liberal-influenced commentaries such as the Cambridge Bible for Schools and Colleges (in Bible Hub). Such commentaries are undoubtedly included by the provider for the wealth of useful information and comments which they provide. By consulting several commentaries, it should be fairly easy to sort out the wheat from the chaff. If, however, you would like personal assistance, write to me at AD LIB ARTS EMAIL.

          [ THEMATICALLY AND CHRONOLOGICALLY RELATED SCRIPTURES: Exodus 4: [12] Jeremiah 1:7; Matthew 10:19; Mark 13:11; Luke 12:11. [24] Genesis 17:14; Joshua 5:2. -- From the KJV Reference Bible ]

          [ CHRONOLOGY: GENERAL. Patriarchs (Traditional). Judges # 1. Judges # 2. Kings # 1. Kings # 2. Prophets # 1. Prophets # 2. NT # 1. NT # 2. NT # 3. ]

          [ MAPS: Maps # 1. Maps # 2. Maps # 3. Maps # 4. Maps # 5. ]

          [ COMMENTARIES, ETC: GENERAL: Bible Study Tools; Bible Hub: Study Light; Blue Letter Bible // PSALMS: Monergism: Precept Austin: The Treasury of David; John Gill; John Calvin - Volumes 1, 2, 3, 4, 5]

          [ MUSIC: GENERAL: The Cyber Hymnal // PSALMS: Genevan Psalter (Instrumental). VARIOUS ARTISTS: Micha'el Ben David. Sons of Korah. Fernando Ortega. Janet Isaac Morrison. Music of the Bible Revealed - Suzanne Haik-Vantoura. Dr. David Erb. Gregorian Chants. ]


John Calvin - CCEL | Analytical Chart - BLB


Gospel Harmony - Summary | The Harmony of the Gospels - Augustine | Gospel Harmony Chart - Online Bible

Greek Harmony of the Gospels - Robertson - (Downloadable PDF) | Gospel Harmony in English - Robertson - (Downloadable PDF)


Bible Hub Interlinear Hebrew and Greek Bible

Bible Hub Hebrew Interlinear | Scripture 4 All Hebrew Interlinear

Mounce Interlinear | Bible Hub Greek Interlinear | Scripture 4 All Greek Interlinear Bible

Pentateuch Detailed Outline:

Genesis Detailed Outline:

Exodus Detailed Outline:

Exodus 4

12. Generations of Jacob (Ge 37:2 - Ex 6:13) - 1898 - 1446 B.C. Canaan & Egypt

("These are the generations of Jacob." - Ge 37:2) - (An expansion of section 9)

This is an expansion of the 9th section. It focuses on the sons of Jacob, particularly on Joseph and Judah.
One important emphasis is to show how the Israelites got into Egypt.
Also, near the end of the section, it traces how God raised up Moses to deliver Israel (Ex 1:1-6:13).


1. Promised (Covenanted) Deliverance

A. 4th Generation: Covenant Deliverance From Egypt Begins [Ge 15:16] (Ex 1:1 - Ex 6:13) - 1876 - 1446 B.C. Egypt

1). Israel in Bondage in Egypt (Ex 1:1 - Ex 2:22) - 1876 - 1526 B.C. Egypt

2). God (Elohim = Mightiest) Empowers Moses (& Aaron) for Deliverance (Ex 2:1 - Ex 6:13) - 1526 - 1446 B.C. Egypt

(2). God (Angel of YHWH = IS, ETERNAL) Calls Moses in Midian (Ex 3:1 - Ex 4:17) - Egypt

(3). Moses' Journey To Egypt (Ex 4:18 - Ex 4:31) - Egypt

     1 And Moses answered and said, But, behold, they will not believe me, nor hearken unto my voice: for they will say, The LORD hath not appeared unto thee. 2 And the LORD said unto him, What is that in thine hand? And he said, A rod. 3 And he said, Cast it on the ground. And he cast it on the ground, and it became a serpent; and Moses fled from before it. 4 And the LORD said unto Moses, Put forth thine hand, and take it by the tail. And he put forth his hand, and caught it, and it became a rod in his hand: 5 That they may believe that the LORD God of their fathers, the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob, hath appeared unto thee. 6 And the LORD said furthermore unto him, Put now thine hand into thy bosom. And he put his hand into his bosom: and when he took it out, behold, his hand was leprous as snow. 7 And he said, Put thine hand into thy bosom again. And he put his hand into his bosom again; and plucked it out of his bosom, and, behold, it was turned again as his other flesh. 8 And it shall come to pass, if they will not believe thee, neither hearken to the voice of the first sign, that they will believe the voice of the latter sign. 9 And it shall come to pass, if they will not believe also these two signs, neither hearken unto thy voice, that thou shalt take of the water of the river, and pour it upon the dry land: and the water which thou takest out of the river shall become blood upon the dry land.
     10 And Moses said unto the LORD, O my Lord, I am not eloquent [a man of words], neither heretofore, nor since thou hast spoken [even from yesterday even from three [days ago] even since you speak] unto thy servant: but I am slow of speech, and of a slow tongue [heavy of mouth, and heavy of tongue I am]. 11 And the LORD said unto him, Who hath made man's mouth? or who maketh the dumb, or deaf, or the seeing, or the blind? have not I the LORD? 12 Now therefore go, and I will be with thy mouth, and teach thee what thou shalt say. 13 And he said, O my Lord, send, I pray thee, by the hand of him whom thou wilt send. 14 And the anger of the LORD was kindled against Moses, and he said, Is not Aaron the Levite thy brother? I know that he can speak well [speaking he speaks]. And also, behold, he cometh forth to meet thee: and when he seeth thee, he will be glad in his heart. 15 And thou shalt speak unto him, and put words in his mouth: and I will be with thy mouth, and with his mouth, and will teach you what ye shall do. 16 And he shall be thy spokesman unto the people: and he shall be, even he shall be to thee instead of a mouth, and thou shalt be to him instead of God. 17 And thou shalt take this rod in thine hand, wherewith thou shalt do signs.
     18 And Moses went and returned to Jethro his father in lawsaid unto him, Let me go, I pray thee, and return unto my brethren which are in Egypt, and see whether they be yet alive. And Jethro said to Moses, Go in peace. 19 And the LORD said unto Moses in Midian, Go, return into Egypt: for all the men are dead which sought thy life. 20 And Moses took his wife and his sons, and set them upon an ass, and he returned to the land of Egypt: and Moses took the rod of God in his hand.
     21 And the LORD said unto Moses, When thou goest to return into Egypt, see that thou do all those wonders before Pharaoh, which I have put in thine hand: but I will harden his heart, that he shall not let the people go. 22 And thou shalt say unto Pharaoh, Thus saith the LORD, Israel is my son, even my firstborn: 23 And I say unto thee, Let my son go, that he may serve me: and if thou refuse to let him go, behold, I will slay thy son, even thy firstborn.
     24 And it came to pass by the way in the inn, that the LORD met him, and sought to kill him. 25 Then Zipporah took a sharp stone , and cut off the foreskin of her son, and cast it at his feet, and said, Surely a bloody husband art thou to me. 26 So he let him go [slackened off]: then she said, A bloody husband thou art, because of the circumcision.
     27 And the LORD said to Aaron, Go into the wilderness to meet Moses. And he went, and met him in the mount of God, and kissed him. 28 And Moses told Aaron all the words of the LORD who had sent him, and all the signs which he had commanded him. 29 And Moses and Aaron went and gathered together all the elders of the children of Israel: 30 And Aaron spake all the words which the LORD had spoken unto Moses, and did the signs in the sight of the people. 31 And the people believed: and when they heard that the LORD had visited the children of Israel, and that he had looked upon their affliction, then they bowed their heads and worshipped.

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