Daily Arts Web Nucleus


Discover the Arts! Each day a different image from the Literary, Performing, or Visual Arts representing a portion of Scripture
plus an explanation with links

2017 March 9

Patriarch Levi (c. 1654)
Anonymous Russian Icon Painter (fl. 17th Century)
Russian Iconography Style with Byzantine and Novgorod Influences
John in Korovniki Church, Yaroslavl, Russia
Image Source: Wikipedia


[ I will again be working through the Scriptures from Genesis to Revelation. I will be adding links, resources, images, and the like, upgrading the former work-through which began with the 2013-10-12 posting which can be found, along with the full Genesis to Revelation postings, in the Archive Page. Postings will be at midnight Eastern Time, as I am able. However, no days will be skipped, even though a posting may be late. And all postings will be housed in the Archive Page. ]

     Explanation: Exodus 6 opens with a conversion between the LORD and Moses, continued from the previous chapter. In chapter 5 the people complained to Pharaoh about their circumstances; and being rebuffed, they then complained to Moses about making things worse for them; so Moses complained to the LORD about making matters worse; and here, in chapter 6, the LORD answers both Moses and the people, saying that he will now begin to act and will deal with Pharaoh and that Pharaoh will not merely let Israel go, he will drive them out with a strong hand (1).
     First, however, God reoriented Moses' mind about who he was and what he was going to do for Israel. He began by announcing himself as the LORD (Yahweh) -- the living, self-existing God, saying that he appeared to Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob as God Almighty, but not by the name (i.e., the primary name or primary relationship) of Yahweh (although they knew him by that name and prayed to him by that name -- Genesis 14:22; Genesis 21:33; Genesis 24:27; Genesis 25:21-22; Genesis 26:22; Genesis 26:25; Genesis 27:7; Genesis 28:13, 16, 21; Genesis 29:32-35; Genesis 49:18).
     Second, he said that he had promised to give Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob the land of Canaan. Third, he said that he knew of the groaning of Israel in their slavery and would deliver them with great power, taking them to be his people and him to be their God, and would bring them into the land which he promised to Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob. But when Moses told these things to the people they did not listen "because of their broken spirit and harsh slavery" (2-9). So the LORD told Moses to go to Pharaoh to demand the release of Israel; and when Moses objected that Pharaoh would not listen, the LORD reiterated the charge to Moses and Aaron (10-13).
     The next twelve verses are a skillfully executed amalgam of several literary devices: First is a caesura, in which the narrative breaks off after verse 13. Second, beginning with verse 14, is an inclusio consisting of 12 verses giving important pedigree information, particularly about the descendants of Levi. Third, is a bracketing, or parenthesis, or envelope structure where ideas and phrases just before the beginning of the inclusio are repeated right after the end of the inclusio. Fourth, the inclusio establishes the pedigree of Moses and Aaron, answering Moses' question "Who am I?" (from Exodus 3:11). And fifth, the 12 verses form the introduction to a 13th major division of the Pentateuch, running from Exodus 6:14 to Numbers 2:34 (The Generations of Levi) and focusing of the house of Levi, especially Moses, Aaron, the priesthood, the tabernacle servants, and the tabernacle service (14-25).
     In verses 26 and 27, as mentioned, the implicit answer to Moses' question "Who am I," (from Exodus 3:11), becomes explicit with the words "These are the Aaron and Moses to whom the LORD said ..." (26-27). In Exodus 6, verses 28-30, a second question arises from the lips of Moses, "How will Pharaoh listen to me?" The answer is given in 7:1 when the LORD says, "See, I have made you a god to Pharaoh: and Aaron your brother shall be your prophet" (28-30).
     [ Sermons: Dominic Smart. John Macarthur. Sinclair B Ferguson. Various. ]
     [ Illustration: Today's image was chosen to represent today's chapter because God begins a major focus on the house of Levi in this chapter. ]


PLEASE NOTE: Use the resources on this and other sites thoughtfully, particularly the commentaries and encyclopedias. I have attempted to list conservative, scholarly resources. However, some providers use liberal or liberal-influenced commentaries such as the Cambridge Bible for Schools and Colleges (in Bible Hub). Such commentaries are undoubtedly included by the provider for the wealth of useful information and comments which they provide. By consulting several commentaries, it should be fairly easy to sort out the wheat from the chaff. If, however, you would like personal assistance, write to me at AD LIB ARTS EMAIL.

          [ THEMATICALLY AND CHRONOLOGICALLY RELATED SCRIPTURES: Exodus 6: [3] Genesis 17:1; Genesis 35:11; Genesis 48:3. [7] Genesis 17:8; Exodus 29:45; Leviticus 26:12; Deuteronomy 29:13; Revelation 21:7. [23] 1 Chronicles 2:10; Matthew 1:4. -- From the KJV Reference Bible ]

          [ CHRONOLOGY: GENERAL. Patriarchs (Traditional). Judges # 1. Judges # 2. Kings # 1. Kings # 2. Prophets # 1. Prophets # 2. NT # 1. NT # 2. NT # 3. ]

          [ MAPS: Maps # 1. Maps # 2. Maps # 3. Maps # 4. Maps # 5. ]

          [ COMMENTARIES, ETC: GENERAL: Bible Study Tools; Bible Hub: Study Light; Blue Letter Bible // PSALMS: Monergism: Precept Austin: The Treasury of David; John Gill; John Calvin - Volumes 1, 2, 3, 4, 5]

          [ MUSIC: GENERAL: The Cyber Hymnal // PSALMS: Genevan Psalter (Instrumental). VARIOUS ARTISTS: Micha'el Ben David. Sons of Korah. Fernando Ortega. Janet Isaac Morrison. Music of the Bible Revealed - Suzanne Haik-Vantoura. Dr. David Erb. Gregorian Chants. ]


John Calvin - CCEL | Analytical Chart - BLB


Gospel Harmony - Summary | The Harmony of the Gospels - Augustine | Gospel Harmony Chart - Online Bible

Greek Harmony of the Gospels - Robertson - (Downloadable PDF) | Gospel Harmony in English - Robertson - (Downloadable PDF)


Bible Hub Interlinear Hebrew and Greek Bible

Bible Hub Hebrew Interlinear | Scripture 4 All Hebrew Interlinear

Mounce Interlinear | Bible Hub Greek Interlinear | Scripture 4 All Greek Interlinear Bible

Pentateuch Detailed Outline:

Genesis Detailed Outline:

Exodus Detailed Outline:

Exodus 6

12. Generations of Jacob (Ge 37:2 - Ex 6:13) - 1898 - 1446 B.C. Canaan & Egypt

("These are the generations of Jacob." - Ge 37:2) - (An expansion of section 9)

This is an expansion of the 9th section. It focuses on the sons of Jacob, particularly on Joseph and Judah.
One important emphasis is to show how the Israelites got into Egypt.
Also, near the end of the section, it traces how God raised up Moses to deliver Israel (Ex 1:1-6:13).


1. Promised (Covenanted) Deliverance [cf., Ge 15:16]

A. 4th Generation: Covenant Deliverance From Egypt Begins (Ex 1:1 - Ex 6:13) - 1876 - 1446 B.C. Egypt

     1 Then the LORD said unto Moses, Now shalt thou see what I will do to Pharaoh: for with a strong hand shall he let them go, and with a strong hand shall he drive them out of his land.
     2 And God spake unto Moses, and said unto him, I am the LORD: 3 And I appeared unto Abraham, unto Isaac, and unto Jacob, by the name of God Almighty, but by my name JEHOVAH was I not known to them. 4 And I have also established my covenant with them, to give them the land of Canaan, the land of their pilgrimage, wherein they were strangers. 5 And I have also heard the groaning of the children of Israel, whom the Egyptians keep in bondage; and I have remembered my covenant. 6 Wherefore say unto the children of Israel, I am the LORD, and I will bring you out from under the burdens of the Egyptians, and I will rid you out of their bondage, and I will redeem you with a stretched out arm, and with great judgments: 7 And I will take you to me for a people, and I will be to you a God: and ye shall know that I am the LORD your God, which bringeth you out from under the burdens of the Egyptians. 8 And I will bring you in unto the land, concerning the which I did swear to give it to Abraham, to Isaac, and to Jacob; and I will give it you for an heritage: I am the LORD. 9 And Moses spake so unto the children of Israel: but they hearkened not unto Moses for anguish of spirit, and for cruel bondage.
     10 And the LORD spake unto Moses, saying, 11 Go in, speak unto Pharaoh king of Egypt, that he let the children of Israel go out of his land. 12 And Moses spake before the LORD, saying, Behold, the children of Israel have not hearkened unto me; how then shall Pharaoh hear me, who am of uncircumcised lips? 13 And the LORD spake unto Moses and unto Aaron, and gave them a charge unto the children of Israel, and unto Pharaoh king of Egypt, to bring the children of Israel out of the land of Egypt.

{Pentateuch Outline: Section 13. Generations of Levi - Ex 6:14 - Nu 2:34) - 1446 - 1445 B.C. Egypt & Sinai}

B. 4th Generation: Covenant Deliverance From Egypt Completed: (Ex 6:14 - Ex 18:27) - 1446 B.C. Egypt to Sinai

     14 These be the heads of their fathers' houses: The sons of Reuben the firstborn of Israel; Hanoch, and Pallu, Hezron, and Carmi: these be the families of Reuben. 15 And the sons of Simeon; Jemuell, and Jamin, and Ohad, and Jachin, and Zohar, and Shaul the son of a Canaanitish woman: these are the families of Simeon. 16 And these are the names of the sons of Levi according to their generations; Gershon, and Kohath, and Merari: and the years of the life of Levi were an hundred thirty and seven years. 17 The sons of Gershon; Libni, and Shimi, according to their families. 18 And the sons of Kohath; Amram, and Izhar, and Hebron, and Uzziel: and the years of the life of Kohath were an hundred thirty and three years. 19 And the sons of Merari; Mahali and Mushi: these are the families of Levi according to their generations. 20 And Amram took him Jochebed his father's sister to wife; and she bare him Aaron and Moses: and the years of the life of Amram were an hundred and thirty and seven years. 21 And the sons of Izhar; Korah, and Nepheg, and Zichri. 22 And the sons of Uzziel; Mishael, and Elzaphan, and Zithri. 23 And Aaron took him Elisheba, daughter of Amminadab, sister of Naashon, to wife; and she bare him Nadab, and Abihu, Eleazar, and Ithamar. 24 And the sons of Korah; Assir, and Elkanah, and Abiasaph: these are the families of the Korhites. 25 And Eleazar Aaron's son took him one of the daughters of Putiel to wife; and she bare him Phinehas: these are the heads of the fathers of the Levites according to their families.
     26 These are that Aaron and Moses, to whom the LORD said, Bring out the children of Israel from the land of Egypt according to their armies. 27 These are they which spake to Pharaoh king of Egypt, to bring out the children of Israel from Egypt: these are that Moses and Aaron.
     28 And it came to pass on the day when the LORD spake unto Moses in the land of Egypt, 29 That the LORD spake unto Moses, saying, I am the LORD: speak thou unto Pharaoh king of Egypt all that I say unto thee. 30 And Moses said before the LORD, Behold, I am of uncircumcised lips, and how shall Pharaoh hearken unto me?

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