Daily Arts Web Nucleus


Discover the Arts! Each day a different image from the Literary, Performing, or Visual Arts representing a portion of Scripture
plus an explanation with links

2017 March 19

Gathering of the Manna (c. 1543)
Agnolo Bronzino (1503-1572)
Mannerism Style
Palazzo Vecchio, Florence, Italy
Image Source: Web Gallery of Art


[ I will again be working through the Scriptures from Genesis to Revelation. I will be adding links, resources, images, and the like, upgrading the former work-through which began with the 2013-10-12 posting which can be found, along with the full Genesis to Revelation postings, in the Archive Page. Postings will be at midnight Eastern Time, as I am able. However, no days will be skipped, even though a posting may be late. And all postings will be housed in the Archive Page. ]

     Explanation: In Exodus 16, God begins to feed Israel with manna. About May 15, 1446 B.C., a month after they left Egypt (April 15, 1446), Israel set out from their camp in Elim and went to the wilderness of Sin (or Zin). The book of Numbers contains a fuller list of Israel's stops, and Numbers 33:10 mentions an intermediate stop at the Red Sea, which John Gill places at 6 miles from Elim. The stop was probably close enough to Elim to be considered roughly the same region; and it was probably uneventful, and so not mentioned in the more compressed history here in Exodus. When they arrived at the Wilderness of Sin, they accused Moses and Aaron of leading them into a death trap where they would perish with hunger. This was a continuation of the doubts and complaints which they had from the inception of their journey. Apparently, they had left Egypt with enough food for a month, because it was exactly a month after they left Egypt and arrived in the Wilderness of Sin that they complained of hunger. Hunger had not been an issue in their previous complaints (1-3).
     The LORD answered this complaint by announcing that he was going to start supplying Manna to the people as a test of whether they would walk in his ways or not; he told them to gather what they needed daily and to gather twice as much before the Sabbath. And Moses told them that they would have meat in the evening and bread to the full in the morning; but he told them frankly that they had not grumbled against him and Aaron, but against the LORD (4-8). The LORD then told Moses and Aaron to bring the people near to the LORD; and he appeared in a cloud and told them through Moses that they would have food in the evening and be filled by morning (9-12).
     In the wilderness of Sin (or Zin), in 1446 B.C., as an act of grace and mercy, God then provided two kinds of food: quail and manna. In the evening, quail covered the camp. Apparently, they ate these until the morning. (About a year later, in 1445 B.C., in Kibrothhattaavah, as an act of judgment against Israel's continuing rebellion and lust, God again sent quail, but this time accompanied by a plague: Numbers 11:31-35). However, here in the wilderness of Sin (or Zin), God gave quail without judgment. Also, in the morning, when the dew had melted, the people saw a small, round, or flaky, or scale-like thing lying on the ground and called it a "What" -- a "whatness," or, in modern slang, a "whatzit," because they did not know what to call it. And Moses told them it was the bread that the LORD had provided, and told them to gather as much as they could eat, and told them to leave nothing till the morning. But some did not listen, and it bred worms and stank; and Moses was angry with them. They continued gathering it morning by morning, but when the sun grew hot it melted (13-21). On the sixth day, they gathered twice as much because the seventh day was a solemn rest to the LORD, and the Manna which was set aside for the Sabbath did not breed worms or stink as it did on the other days; and they were told that there would be none on the Sabbath (22-26). Contrary to what they were told, some people went to look for Manna on the Sabbath, but there was none; and the LORD again reminded them to gather extra on the sixth day and rest on the seventh day (27-30).
     Manna was described as being white like coriander seed and having a taste like wafers made with honey. In Numbers 11:7-8 it was also described as being like coriander seed, and the color was described as the color of bdellium and the taste like fresh oil. In Numbers 11, the effect of Manna (like oil) upon the palate, is set in contrast to the inward effect of Manna in the hearts of rebels who complained that Manna caused them to have a "dried soul" because they lacked variety in their diet. So, the taste may have particular reference to the pleasantness of its texture and the effect on the palate. It also may have reference to the taste after being prepared, while the Exodus passage may refer to the uncooked taste. Taken together, the Exodus and Numbers passages may imply that Manna, when prepared for eating, was like a moist, smooth-textured, honey-flavored cake or pastry. As for the appearance of Manna, it clearly is white (Exodus 16:31). It is compared, in Exodus, to coriander seed (Hebrew, "gad"), and, in Numbers to bdellium (Hebrew, "bedolach"). There is some debate about the proper translation for these two words, but coriander and bdellium are widely accepted translations. Both coriander (which is a seed) and bdellium (which is an aromatic myrrh-like resin) have a color range which varies from white (often amber, for the bdellium) to very dark brown or nearly black. Also, one variety of the coriander plant (Coriandrum sativum), has white petals (31).
     The LORD commanded that a jar of manna be placed before the LORD throughout their generations; and the people ate manna for forty years till they came to the border of Canaan (32-36).
     NOTE: The concept of God's provision, especially his daily provision, is strikingly presented in today's chapter. And it is a core, recurring concept throughout Scripture. For Jacob, Agur (quoted by Solomon), Jesus, and Paul, reliance solely on God was a fundamental aspiration.
     Jacob, in Genesis 28:10-22, experienced his "Jacob's Ladder" vision. In this vision, God confirmed that Jacob would be heir to the covenant which God made with Abraham and Isaac. The benefits were abundant, and their worth was immeasurable. In response, Jacob agreed, and he set forth some surprisingly modest requests. He asked for safety, food, clothing, and peace. He promised that God would be his God and that he would give a tenth of his gains to God. He recognized that a reliable supply of the basics of life was vital. Ironically, he did the opposite of Esau. Esau sold his birthright for food. Jacob sold himself to God for food (plus the other necessities mentioned). God was central to his desires.
     Agur, in Proverbs 30:7-9, asked God for three things, truth, necessary money, and food. He wanted God to provide these on a continuing basis. God was central to his desires.
     Jesus, in the Lord's Prayer (Matthew 6:9-13; Luke 11:2-4), tells us to ask for the same kinds of things that Agur asked for, particularly food, and deliverance from evil. God was central to his desires.
     Paul, in Philippians 4:12-13, said that Christ had taught him how to be content whether he was full or hungry, and in abundance or necessity. God was central to his desires.
     [ Sermons: Dominic Smart. James Philip. John G Reisinger. Various. ]
     [ Illustration: Today's painting depicts the descent of manna, as described in today's chapter. ]


PLEASE NOTE: Use the resources on this and other sites thoughtfully, particularly the commentaries and encyclopedias. I have attempted to list conservative, scholarly resources. However, some providers use liberal or liberal-influenced commentaries such as the Cambridge Bible for Schools and Colleges (in Bible Hub). Such commentaries are undoubtedly included by the provider for the wealth of useful information and comments which they provide. By consulting several commentaries, it should be fairly easy to sort out the wheat from the chaff. If, however, you would like personal assistance, write to me at AD LIB ARTS EMAIL.

          [ THEMATICALLY AND CHRONOLOGICALLY RELATED SCRIPTURES: Exodus 16: [15] John 6:32; 1 Corinthians 10:3. [18] 2 Corinthians 8:15. [29] Genesis 2:3. -- From the KJV Reference Bible ]

          [ CHRONOLOGY: GENERAL. Patriarchs (Traditional). Judges # 1. Judges # 2. Kings # 1. Kings # 2. Prophets # 1. Prophets # 2. NT # 1. NT # 2. NT # 3. ]

          [ MAPS: Maps # 1. Maps # 2. Maps # 3. Maps # 4. Maps # 5. ]

          [ COMMENTARIES, ETC: GENERAL: Bible Study Tools; Bible Hub: Study Light; Blue Letter Bible // PSALMS: Monergism: Precept Austin: The Treasury of David; John Gill; John Calvin - Volumes 1, 2, 3, 4, 5]

          [ MUSIC: GENERAL: The Cyber Hymnal // PSALMS: Genevan Psalter (Instrumental). VARIOUS ARTISTS: Micha'el Ben David. Sons of Korah. Fernando Ortega. Janet Isaac Morrison. Music of the Bible Revealed - Suzanne Haik-Vantoura. Dr. David Erb. Gregorian Chants. ]


John Calvin - CCEL | Analytical Chart - BLB


Gospel Harmony - Summary | The Harmony of the Gospels - Augustine | Gospel Harmony Chart - Online Bible

Greek Harmony of the Gospels - Robertson - (Downloadable PDF) | Gospel Harmony in English - Robertson - (Downloadable PDF)


Bible Hub Interlinear Hebrew and Greek Bible

Bible Hub Hebrew Interlinear | Scripture 4 All Hebrew Interlinear

Mounce Interlinear | Bible Hub Greek Interlinear | Scripture 4 All Greek Interlinear Bible

Pentateuch Detailed Outline:

Genesis Detailed Outline:

Exodus Detailed Outline:

Exodus 16


1. Promised (Covenanted) Deliverance [cf., Ge 15:16]

{Pentateuch Outline: Section 13. Generations of Levi - Ex 6:14 - Nu 2:34) - 1446 - 1445 B.C. Egypt & Sinai}

B. 4th Generation: Covenant Deliverance From Egypt Completed: (Ex 6:14 - Ex 18:27) - 1446 B.C. Egypt to Sinai

     1 And they took their journey from Elim, and all the congregation of the children of Israel came unto the wilderness of Sin, which is between Elim and Sinai, on the fifteenth day of the second month after their departing out of the land of Egypt. 2 And the whole congregation of the children of Israel murmured against Moses and Aaron in the wilderness: 3 And the children of Israel said unto them, Would to God we had died [O-that he-gave-us to-die] by the hand of the LORD in the land of Egypt, when we sat by the flesh pots, and when we did eat bread to the full; for ye have bought us forth into this wilderness, to kill this whole assembly with hunger. 4 Then said the LORD unto Moses, Behold, I will rain bread from heaven for you; and the people shall go out and gather a certain rate every day [a thing of a day in his day], that I may prove them, whether they will walk in my law, or no. 5 And it shall come to pass, that on the sixth day they shall prepare that which they bring in; and it shall be twice as much as they gather daily [day to day. 6 And Moses and Aaron said unto all the children of Israel, At even, then ye shall know that the LORD hath bought you out from the land of Egypt: 7 And in the morning, then ye shall see the glory of the LORD; for that he heareth murmurings against the LORD: and what are we, that ye murmur against us? 8 And Moses said, This shall be, when the LORD shall give you in the evening flesh to eat, and in the morning bread to the full; for that the LORD heareth your murmurings which ye murmur against him: and what are we? your murmurings are not against us, but against the LORD.
     9 And Moses spake unto Aaron, Say unto all the congregation of the children of Israel, Come near before the LORD: for he hath heard your murmurings. 10 And it came to pass, as Aaron spake unto the whole congregation of the children of Israel, that they looked toward the wilderness, and, behold, the glory of the LORD appeared in the cloud. 11 And the LORD spake unto Moses, saying, 12 I have heard the murmurings of the children of Israel: speak unto them, saying, At even ye shall eat flesh, and in the morning ye shall be filled with bread; and ye shall know that I am the LORD your God.
     13 And it came to pass, that at even the quails came up, and covered the camp: and in the morning the dew lay [was lying] round about the host. 14 And when the dew that lay was gone up, behold, upon the face of the wilderness there lay a small round thing, as small as the hoar frost on the ground. 15 And when the children of Israel saw it , they said one to another, It is manna: for they wist not what it was . And Moses said unto them, This is the bread which the LORD hath given you to eat. 16 This is the thing which the LORD hath commanded, Gather of it every man according to his eating, an omer for every man, according to the number of your persons; take ye every man for them which are in his tents. 17 And the children of Israel did so, and gathered, some more, some less. 18 And when they did mete it with an omer, he that gathered much had nothing over, and he that gathered little had no lack; they gathered every man according to his eating. 19 And Moses said, Let no man leave of it till the morning. 20 Notwithstanding they hearkened not unto Moses; but some of them left of it until the morning, and it bred worms, and stank: and Moses was wroth with them. 21 And they gathered it every morning [dawn by dawn], every man according to his eating: and when the sun waxed hot, it melted.
     22 And it came to pass, that on the sixth day they gathered twice as much bread, two omers for one man: and all the rulers of the congregation came and told Moses. 23 And he said unto them, This is that which the LORD hath said, To morrow is the rest of the holy sabbath unto the LORD: bake that which ye will bake to day, and seethe that ye will seethe; and that which remaineth over lay up for you to be kept until the morning. 24 And they laid it up till the morning, as Moses bade: and it did not stink, neither was there any worm therein. 25 And Moses said, Eat that to day; for to day is a sabbath unto the LORD: to day ye shall not find it in the field. 26 Six days ye shall gather it; but on the seventh day, which is the sabbath, in it there shall be none.
     27 And it came to pass, that there went out some of the people on the seventh day for to gather, and they found none. 28 And the LORD said unto Moses, How long refuse ye to keep my commandments and my laws? 29 See, for that the LORD hath given you the sabbath, therefore he giveth you on the sixth day the bread of two days; abide ye every man in his place, let no man go out of his place on the seventh day. 30 So the people rested on the seventh day.
     31 And the house of Israel called the name thereof Manna: and it was like coriander seed, white; and the taste of it was like wafers made with honey. 32 And Moses said, This is the thing which the LORD commandeth, Fill an omer of it to be kept for your generations; that they may see the bread wherewith I have fed you in the wilderness, when I bought you forth from the land of Egypt. 33 And Moses said unto Aaron, Take a pot, and put an omer full of manna therein, and lay it up before the LORD, to be kept for your generations. 34 As the LORD commanded Moses, so Aaron laid it up before the Testimony, to be kept. 35 And the children of Israel did eat manna forty years, until they came to a land inhabited; they did eat manna, until they came unto the borders of the land of Canaan. 36 Now an omer is the tenth part of an ephah.

Home | DAWN Archive

Tomorrow's Picture: TBA

     ADDITIONAL AD LIB MATERIAL: Prose, Poetry, Writers, Visual Artists, Music, DAWN, and ILLUMINATION. ILLUMINATION features a compact, Illuminated Bible. DAWN, the page you are presently visiting, features a new image and explanation daily.

Please Email Comments and Questions To

copyright 2017, Scott Souza