Daily Arts Web Nucleus


Discover the Arts! Each day a different image from the Literary, Performing, or Visual Arts representing a portion of Scripture
plus an explanation with links

2017 April 14

The Grain Sifters (1854)
Gustave Courbet (1819-1877)
Realist Style
Musee des Beaux-Arts de Nantes, Nantes, France
Image Source: Web Gallery of Art


[ I will again be working through the Scriptures from Genesis to Revelation. I will be adding links, resources, images, and the like, upgrading the former work-through which began with the 2013-10-12 posting which can be found, along with the full Genesis to Revelation postings, in the Archive Page. Postings will be at midnight Eastern Time, as I am able. However, no days will be skipped, even though a posting may be late. And all postings will be housed in the Archive Page. ]

     Explanation: Leviticus 2 contains instructions about the grain offerings otherwise known as food or meal offerings -- or "meat offerings" in the KJV. These usually accompanied the burnt offerings mentioned in the previous chapter. These were made from grain products, usually wheat, barley, or spelt. The chapter begins with a description of how to prepare the offering. It was to be anointed with oil and frankincense. The priest would take a handful and burn it completely as a memorial offering to the LORD. The rest belonged to the priests and was considered most holy (1-3). Leavening (such as yeast or honey) was to be avoided; and regulations were given for the presentation and preparation of the different varieties of the offering -- whether prepared in an oven, a pan (or plate), or a fryingpan. Some of it was to be burned as an offering to the LORD; the rest was for the priests and was most holy (4-11). When the food offering was from the firstfruits (or first of the crops) the offering should be seasoned with salt, as was the case with all offerings; and it should not be fried or baked like the other food offerings (12-13). Rather, the firstfruits offerings should be beaten or crushed to form groats and dried by the fire, then covered with oil and frankincense. Part was to be burned as an offering to the LORD (14-16).
     The McClintock & Strong Cyclopedia has this to say about the first-fruits offering: "The first-fruits to be offered are restricted by Jewish tradition to the seven chief productions of Palestine, viz. wheat, barley, grapes, figs, pomegranates, olives, and honey, mentioned in Deuteronomy 8:8 in praise of the land ... to which perhaps may be added dates ...; but the law appears to have contemplated produce of all sorts, and to have been so understood by Nehemiah (Deuteronomy 26:2; Nehemiah 10:35; Nehemiah 10:37). By the Talmudists they are divided into two classes:
     1. The actual produce of the soil, the raw material, such as corn, fruits, etc., ...
     2. Preparations of the produce, as oil, flour wine, etc., ..." From the Article titled "First-Fruit."
     [ Sermons: William Still. Stuart Olyott. Various. ]
     [ Illustration: Today's painting depicts grain, which is the harvest item which is the focus of Leviticus 2. Other harvest items are described elsewhere in Scripture, as mentioned above. ]


PLEASE NOTE: Use the resources on this and other sites thoughtfully, particularly the commentaries and encyclopedias. I have attempted to list conservative, scholarly resources. However, some providers use liberal or liberal-influenced commentaries such as the Cambridge Bible for Schools and Colleges (in Bible Hub). Such commentaries are undoubtedly included by the provider for the wealth of useful information and comments which they provide. By consulting several commentaries, it should be fairly easy to sort out the wheat from the chaff. If, however, you would like personal assistance, write to me at AD LIB ARTS EMAIL.

          [ THEMATICALLY AND CHRONOLOGICALLY RELATED SCRIPTURES: Leviticus 2: [1-16] Leviticus 6:14-18; Leviticus 7:12-13; Exodus 29:40; Leviticus 23:13; Numbers 15:7-12. -- From Personal Research ]

          [ CHRONOLOGY: GENERAL. Patriarchs (Traditional). Judges # 1. Judges # 2. Kings # 1. Kings # 2. Prophets # 1. Prophets # 2. NT # 1. NT # 2. NT # 3. ]

          [ MAPS: Maps # 1. Maps # 2. Maps # 3. Maps # 4. Maps # 5. ]

          [ COMMENTARIES, ETC: GENERAL: Bible Study Tools; Bible Hub: Study Light; Blue Letter Bible // PSALMS: Monergism: Precept Austin: The Treasury of David; John Gill; John Calvin - Volumes 1, 2, 3, 4, 5]

          [ MUSIC: GENERAL: The Cyber Hymnal // PSALMS: Genevan Psalter (Instrumental). VARIOUS ARTISTS: Micha'el Ben David. Sons of Korah. Fernando Ortega. Janet Isaac Morrison. Music of the Bible Revealed - Suzanne Haik-Vantoura. Dr. David Erb. Gregorian Chants. ]


John Calvin - CCEL | Analytical Chart - BLB


Gospel Harmony - Summary | The Harmony of the Gospels - Augustine | Gospel Harmony Chart - Online Bible

Greek Harmony of the Gospels - Robertson - (Downloadable PDF) | Gospel Harmony in English - Robertson - (Downloadable PDF)


Bible Hub Interlinear Hebrew and Greek Bible

Bible Hub Hebrew Interlinear | Scripture 4 All Hebrew Interlinear

Mounce Interlinear | Bible Hub Greek Interlinear | Scripture 4 All Greek Interlinear Bible

Pentateuch Detailed Outline:

Genesis Detailed Outline:

Exodus Detailed Outline:

Leviticus Detailed Outline

Old Testament Offerings Chart

Leviticus 2


1. Promised (Covenanted) Deliverance [cf., Ge 15:16] - (Ex 1:1 - Ex 18:27)

{Pentateuch Outline: Section 13. Generations of Levi - Ex 6:14 - Nu 2:34) - 1446 - 1445 B.C. Egypt & Sinai}

2. Promised (Covenanted) Instruction (Ex 19:1 - Nu 2:34) - 1446 - 1445 B.C. Sinai, which,
in Exodus = Instruction for the People in General (or "THE VISITS") (Ex 19:1 - Ex 40:38) - 1446 - 1445 B.C. Sinai

1. Laws for Tabernacle Service (Lv 1:1 - Lv 10:20) - 1445 B.C. Sinai

     1 And when any will offer a meat offering unto the LORD, his offering shall be of fine flour; and he shall pour oil upon it, and put frankincense thereon: 2 And he shall bring it to Aaron's sons the priests: and he shall take thereout his handful of the flour thereof, and of the oil thereof, with all the frankincense thereof; and the priest shall burn the memorial of it upon the altar, to be an offering made by fire, of a sweet savour unto the LORD: 3 And the remnant of the meat offering shall be Aaron's and his sons': it is a thing most holy [a holy of holies] of the offerings of the LORD made by fire.
     4 And if thou bring an oblation of a meat offering baken in the oven, it shall be unleavened cakes of fine flour mingled with oil, or unleavened wafers anointed with oil. 5 And if thy oblation be a meat offering baken in a pan, it shall be of fine flour unleavened, mingled with oil. 6 Thou shalt part it in pieces, and pour oil thereon: it is a meat offering. 7 And if thy oblation be a meat offering baken in the fryingpan, it shall be made of fine flour with oil. 8 And thou shalt bring the meat offering that is made of these things unto the LORD: and when it is presented unto the priest, he shall bring it unto the altar. 9 And the priest shall take from the meat offering a memorial thereof, and shall burn it upon the altar: it is an offering made by fire, of a sweet savour unto the LORD. 10 And that which is left of the meat offering shall be Aaron's and his sons': it is a thing most holy [holy of holies] of the offerings of the LORD made by fire [of the LORD's offerings made by fire].
     11 No meat offering, which ye shall bring unto the LORD, shall be made with leaven: for ye shall burn no leaven, nor any honey, in any offering of the LORD made by fire [of the LORD's offering made by fire]. 12 As for the oblation of the firstfruits, ye shall offer them unto the LORD: but they shall not be burnt on the altar for a sweet savour. 13 And every oblation of thy meat offering shalt thou season with salt; neither shalt thou suffer the salt of the covenant of thy God to be lacking from thy meat offering: with all thine offerings thou shalt offer salt.
     14 And if thou offer a meat offering of thy firstfruits unto the LORD, thou shalt offer for the meat offering of thy firstfruits green ears of corn dried by the fire, even corn beaten out of full ears. 15 And thou shalt put oil upon it, and lay frankincense thereon: it is a meat offering. 16 And the priest shall burn the memorial of it, part of the beaten corn thereof, and part of the oil thereof, with all the frankincense thereof: it is an offering made by fire unto the LORD.

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