Daily Arts Web Nucleus


Discover the Arts! Each day a different image from the Literary, Performing, or Visual Arts representing a portion of Scripture
plus an explanation with links

2017 May 4

Cow, Goats and Sheep in a Meadow (Second Half of 17th Century)
Willem Romeijn (c. 1624 - c. 1694)
Dutch Golden Age Baroque Style
Private Collection
Image Source: Wikipedia


[ I will again be working through the Scriptures from Genesis to Revelation. I will be adding links, resources, images, and the like, upgrading the former work-through which began with the 2013-10-12 posting which can be found, along with the full Genesis to Revelation postings, in the Archive Page. Postings will be at midnight Eastern Time, as I am able. However, no days will be skipped, even though a posting may be late. And all postings will be housed in the Archive Page. ]

     Explanation: Leviticus 22 describes how priests are to keep themselves and the tabernacle free from defilement. The LORD's first instruction was for the priests to abstain from eating the sacrificial items which were dedicated exclusively to the LORD, lest they profane the LORD's holy name. This prohibition had been spelled out explicitly, sacrifice by sacrifice, where it applied, in previous chapters. Here, these individual requirements were turned into a general rule (1-2).
     Another general rule was that any priest who had anything to do with the holy things while he was in a state of uncleanness would be cut off from the LORD's presence (3).
     Specifically, this applied to Aaron or any of his descendants who was a leper, or who had a genital discharge, or was defiled by touching someone or something dead, or had a nocturnal emission, or touched a creeping thing, or who touched an unclean person. If the person merely touched something unclean, he was unclean until the evening and must not eat any of the holy things until he bathed. He must not eat of anything which died of itself (4-9).
     No stranger, no sojourner who was staying with a priest, and no hired servant could eat of the holy things. But the slave of a priest could eat of the holy things, as could anyone born in his house. But a priest's daughter who was married to a stranger could not eat of the holy things, unless she was a widow, or divorced having no child; she could then eat of the holy things if she returned to her father's house. If someone ate of the holy thing without knowing it he would pay a twenty percent penalty. The priests are responsible for safeguarding the holy things in accord with these rules (10-16).
     Sacrifices for vows and freewill offerings will be wholly given to the LORD as burnt offerings; it must be offered willing; it must be an unblemished male of the bulls, sheep, or goats. This also applies to peace (or thank) offerings. No animals may be offered which are blind, disabled, or mutilated, or which have a discharge, an itch, or a scab. However, a bull or lamb which has a part which is too long or too short may be given for a freewill offering, but not for a vow. Animals with injured testicles may not be offered. No similarly blemished animals which were purchased from a foreigner may be offered (17-25).
     A newborn ox, sheep, or goat may be offered only after it is at least eight days old; but the Israelites were not allowed to kill an ox or sheep and her young in one day. A sacrifice of thanksgiving must be offered in an acceptable manner and must be eaten on the same day, leaving nothing till the morning (26-30).
     These commandments must be kept lest the person profane the holy name of the LORD who sanctified Israel and brought them out of the land of Egypt to be their God (31-33).
     [ Sermons: J Ligon Duncan III. Various. ]
     [ Illustration: The painting above depicts the three types of sacrificial animals which were suitable for vows and freewill offerings (Leviticus 22:19). ]


PLEASE NOTE: Use the resources on this and other sites thoughtfully, particularly the commentaries and encyclopedias. I have attempted to list conservative, scholarly resources. However, some providers use liberal or liberal-influenced commentaries such as the Cambridge Bible for Schools and Colleges (in Bible Hub). Such commentaries are undoubtedly included by the provider for the wealth of useful information and comments which they provide. By consulting several commentaries, it should be fairly easy to sort out the wheat from the chaff. If, however, you would like personal assistance, write to me at AD LIB ARTS EMAIL.

          [ THEMATICALLY AND CHRONOLOGICALLY RELATED SCRIPTURES: Leviticus 22: [2] Leviticus 7:20-21. [3] Leviticus 3:17; Leviticus 21:17; Leviticus 22:4; Leviticus 22:6; Leviticus 22:12; Leviticus 7:20-21; Leviticus 7:25; Leviticus 7:27; Leviticus 19:8; Leviticus 23:29. [4] Leviticus 13:3; Leviticus 15:2; Numbers 19:11-14; Leviticus 15:16. [5] Leviticus 11:24-44. Leviticus 13:45; Leviticus 15:5. [6] Leviticus 11:24-32. [7] Leviticus 17:15. [10] Leviticus 7:30; Exodus 21:6; Exodus 21:2. [11] Genesis 17:12-13. [12] Leviticus 21:7, 9. [13] Leviticus 18:16. [14] Leviticus 4:2; Leviticus 4:22; Leviticus 4:27; Leviticus 5:14-18. [19] Leviticus 1:3. [22-23] Leviticus 21:18. [27] Leviticus 17:3-6. [29] Leviticus 7:15-16. [33] Leviticus 11:45. -- From Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers ]

          [ CHRONOLOGY: GENERAL. Patriarchs (Traditional). Judges # 1. Judges # 2. Kings # 1. Kings # 2. Prophets # 1. Prophets # 2. NT # 1. NT # 2. NT # 3. ]

          [ MAPS: Maps # 1. Maps # 2. Maps # 3. Maps # 4. Maps # 5. ]

          [ COMMENTARIES, ETC: GENERAL: Bible Study Tools; Bible Hub: Study Light; Blue Letter Bible // PSALMS: Monergism: Precept Austin: The Treasury of David; John Gill; John Calvin - Volumes 1, 2, 3, 4, 5]

          [ MUSIC: GENERAL: The Cyber Hymnal // PSALMS: Genevan Psalter (Instrumental). VARIOUS ARTISTS: Micha'el Ben David. Sons of Korah. Fernando Ortega. Janet Isaac Morrison. Music of the Bible Revealed - Suzanne Haik-Vantoura. Dr. David Erb. Gregorian Chants. ]


John Calvin - CCEL | Analytical Chart - BLB


Gospel Harmony - Summary | The Harmony of the Gospels - Augustine | Gospel Harmony Chart - Online Bible

Greek Harmony of the Gospels - Robertson - (Downloadable PDF) | Gospel Harmony in English - Robertson - (Downloadable PDF)


Bible Hub Interlinear Hebrew and Greek Bible

Bible Hub Hebrew Interlinear | Scripture 4 All Hebrew Interlinear

Mounce Interlinear | Bible Hub Greek Interlinear | Scripture 4 All Greek Interlinear Bible

Pentateuch Detailed Outline:

Genesis Detailed Outline:

Exodus Detailed Outline:

Leviticus Detailed Outline

Old Testament Offerings Chart

Leviticus 22

{Pentateuch Outline: Section 13. Generations of Levi - Ex 6:14 - Nu 2:34) - 1446 - 1445 B.C. Egypt & Sinai}

2. Promised (Covenanted) Instruction (Ex 19:1 - Nu 2:34) - 1446 - 1445 B.C. Sinai, which,
in Exodus = Instruction for the People in General (or "THE VISITS") (Ex 19:1 - Ex 40:38) - 1446 - 1445 B.C. Sinai

1. Laws for Tabernacle Service (Lv 1:1 - Lv 10:20) - 1445 B.C. Sinai

2. Laws for the Covenant Community (Lv 11:1 - Lv 27:34) - 1445 B.C. Sinai

(NOTE: This section, (Laws for the Covenant Community), properly understood, gives a fairly complete infusion of the law into the mind and emotions of the Israelites. Many laws are repeated and have multiple implications. The net effect would be that anyone who was sensitive to the law and took it to heart would realize that violation of these laws would produce impurity, loathsomeness, punishment, and cursedness. This personalized and emotionalized the law. The positive benefits of the law did the same. Keeping it gave cleanness, atonement, acceptance, holiness, safety, rest, blessing, and consecration to God.)

     1 And the LORD spake unto Moses, saying, 2 Speak unto Aaron and to his sons, that they separate themselves from the holy things of the children of Israel, and that they profane not my holy name in those things which they hallow unto me: I am the LORD. 3 Say unto them, Whosoever he be of all your seed among your generations, that goeth unto the holy things, which the children of Israel hallow unto the LORD, having his uncleanness upon him, that soul shall be cut off from my presence: I am the LORD. 4 What man soever [A man, a man] of the seed of Aaron is a leper, or hath a running issue; he shall not eat of the holy things, until he be clean. And whoso toucheth any thing that is unclean by the dead, or a man whose seed [emmission of seed] goeth from him; 5 Or whosoever toucheth any creeping thing, whereby he may be made unclean, or a man of whom he may take uncleanness, whatsoever uncleanness he hath; 6 The soul which hath touched any such shall be unclean until even, and shall not eat of the holy things, unless he wash his flesh with water. 7 And when the sun is down, he shall be clean, and shall afterward eat of the holy things; because it is his food. 8 That which dieth of itself, or is torn with beasts, he shall not eat to defile himself therewith: I am the LORD. 9 They shall therefore keep mine ordinance, lest they bear sin for it, and die therefore, if they profane it: I the LORD do sanctify them.
     10 There shall no stranger eat of the holy thing: a sojourner of the priest, or an hired servant, shall not eat of the holy thing. 11 But if the priest buy any soul with his money, he shall eat of it, and he that is born in his house: they shall eat of his meat. 12 If the priest's daughter also be married unto a stranger [a man, an alien], she may not eat of an offering of the holy things. 13 But if the priest's daughter be a widow, or divorced, and have no child, and is returned unto her father's house, as in her youth, she shall eat of her father's meat: but there shall no stranger eat thereof. 14 And if a man eat of the holy thing unwittingly, then he shall put the fifth part thereof unto it, and shall give it unto the priest with the holy thing. 15 And they shall not profane the holy things of the children of Israel, which offer unto the LORD; 16 Or suffer them to bear the iniquity of trespass, when they eat their holy things: for I the LORD do sanctify them.
     17 And the LORD spake unto Moses, saying, 18 Speak unto Aaron, and to his sons, and unto all the children of Israel, and say unto them, Whatsoever he be [A man, a man] of the house of Israel, or of the strangers in Israel, that will offer his oblation for all his vows, and for all his freewill offerings, which they will offer unto the LORD for a burnt offering; 19 Ye shall offer at your own will a male without blemish, of the beeves, of the sheep, or of the goats. 20 But whatsoever hath a blemish, that shall ye not offer: for it shall not be acceptable for you. 21 And whosoever offereth a sacrifice of peace offerings unto the LORD to accomplish his vow, or a freewill offering in beeves or sheep, it shall be perfect to be accepted; there shall be no blemish therein. 22 Blind, or broken, or maimed, or having a wen, or scurvy, or scabbed, ye shall not offer these unto the LORD, nor make an offering by fire of them upon the altar unto the LORD. 23 Either a bullock or a lamb that hath any thing superfluous or lacking in his parts, that mayest thou offer for a freewill offering; but for a vow it shall not be accepted. 24 Ye shall not offer unto the LORD that which is bruised, or crushed, or broken, or cut; neither shall ye make any offering thereof in your land. 25 Neither from a stranger's [a son of a foreigner's] hand shall ye offer the bread of your God of any of these; because their corruption is in them, and blemishes be in them: they shall not be accepted for you.
     26 And the LORD spake unto Moses, saying, 27 When a bullock, or a sheep, or a goat, is bought forth, then it shall be seven days under the dam; and from the eighth day and thenceforth it shall be accepted for an offering made by fire unto the LORD. 28 And whether it be cow or ewe, ye shall not kill it and her young both in one day. 29 And when ye will offer a sacrifice of thanksgiving unto the LORD, offer it at your own will. 30 On the same day it shall be eaten up; ye shall leave none of it until the morrow: I am the LORD.
     31 Therefore shall ye keep my commandments, and do them: I am the LORD. 32 Neither shall ye profane my holy name; but I will be hallowed among the children of Israel: I am the LORD which hallow you, 33 That bought you out of the land of Egypt, to be your God: I am the LORD.

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