Daily Arts Web Nucleus


Discover the Arts! Each day a different image from the Literary, Performing, or Visual Arts representing a portion of Scripture
plus an explanation with links

2017 May 19

Procession of the True Cross in Piazza San Marco (1496)
Gentile Bellini (c. 1429 - 1507)
Renaissance Style; Venetian School
Gallerie dell'Accademia, Venice, Italy
Image Source: Web Gallery of Art


[ I will again be working through the Scriptures from Genesis to Revelation. I will be adding links, resources, images, and the like, upgrading the former work-through which began with the 2013-10-12 posting which can be found, along with the full Genesis to Revelation postings, in the Archive Page. Postings will be at midnight Eastern Time, as I am able. However, no days will be skipped, even though a posting may be late. And all postings will be housed in the Archive Page. ]

     Explanation: In Numbers 10, the LORD commanded Moses to make two silver trumpets for various uses. Whether these were made at this time, or later, is unclear. The trumpets were to be used for calling assemblies and as a call to begin a journey. Adam Clarke describes the various uses: "First, for calling the assembly to the door of the tabernacle, (3). Secondly, to summon the princes and captains of the thousands of Israel, (4). Thirdly, to make the eastern camps strike their tents, (5). Fourthly, to make those on the south do the like, (6). No alarm to be sounded when the congregation only is to be assembled, (7). The sons of Aaron alone shall sound these trumpets, it shall be a perpetual ordinance, (8). Fifthly, the trumpets are to be sounded in the time of war, (9). Sixthly, on festival occasions, (10)."
     Then the call went out to leave Sinai (1-10). The departure from Sinai began when the cloud that marked the LORD's presence lifted up from the Tabernacle -- specifically from the Tabernacle of the Testimony, which was the Holy of Holies where the ark with the tablets of the law (i.e., "the testimony") resided and where the LORD manifested his presence. The cloud went to the Wilderness of Paran; and the tribes followed it one by one in their proper ranks (11-28). As they began their journey, Moses asked his father in law, Hobab, to accompany them since he knew the territory, and since he would inherit the blessings that Israel was about tho inherit. Initially, Hobab refused, preferring to go back to his own country in Midian. Moses made a second attempt to persuade him. Whether Hobab acceded to the persuasion, we are not told. However his descendants are mentioned as living among the Israelites in the days of the Judges (Judges 1:16). From this we may infer one of two things: either that Hobab went with Moses or that his descendants came among the Israelites sometime between the departure from Sinai and the time of the Judges (29-32). When Israel departed, the ark went before them three days journey to find a resting place for them; and the cloud covered them with shade when they departed (33-34). "When the ark set forward, Moses said, Rise up, LORD, and let your enemies be scattered; and let them that hate you flee before you. And when it rested, he said, Return, O LORD, unto the many thousands of Israel" (35-36).
     [ Sermons: J Ligon Duncan III - 1. J Ligon Duncan III - 2. Various. ]
     [ Illustration: Today's painting depicts a procession which was both civil and religious. Likewise, when the Israelites left Sinai, they did so in an ordered procession which was both civil (military especially), and religious (resuming a journey to inherit the Promised Land, where they would worship and serve the LORD and bear witness to him to all other nations). ]


PLEASE NOTE: Use the resources on this and other sites thoughtfully, particularly the commentaries and encyclopedias. I have attempted to list conservative, scholarly resources. However, some providers use liberal or liberal-influenced commentaries such as the Cambridge Bible for Schools and Colleges (in Bible Hub). Such commentaries are undoubtedly included by the provider for the wealth of useful information and comments which they provide. By consulting several commentaries, it should be fairly easy to sort out the wheat from the chaff. If, however, you would like personal assistance, write to me at AD LIB ARTS EMAIL.

          [ THEMATICALLY AND CHRONOLOGICALLY RELATED SCRIPTURES: Numbers 10: [2] Joshua 6:5; Joshua 6:4, 6, 8, 13; Leviticus 25:9. [8] Numbers 31:6; 1 Chronicles 15:24; 2 Kings 11:14; 1 Chronicles 16:42; 2 Chronicles 5:12. [9] 2 Chronicles 13:12, 14. [10] 2 Chronicles 5:13; 2 Chronicles 29:27-28; Psalm 98:6; Leviticus 23:24. [11] Exodus 19:1. [12] Numbers 10:33; Deuteronomy 1:19. [17] Numbers 10:17. -- From Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers ]

          [ CHRONOLOGY: GENERAL. Patriarchs (Traditional). Judges # 1. Judges # 2. Kings # 1. Kings # 2. Prophets # 1. Prophets # 2. NT # 1. NT # 2. NT # 3. ]

          [ MAPS: Maps # 1. Maps # 2. Maps # 3. Maps # 4. Maps # 5. ]

          [ COMMENTARIES, ETC: GENERAL: Bible Study Tools; Bible Hub: Study Light; Blue Letter Bible // PSALMS: Monergism: Precept Austin: The Treasury of David; John Gill; John Calvin - Volumes 1, 2, 3, 4, 5]

          [ MUSIC: GENERAL: The Cyber Hymnal // PSALMS: Genevan Psalter (Instrumental). VARIOUS ARTISTS: Micha'el Ben David. Sons of Korah. Fernando Ortega. Janet Isaac Morrison. Music of the Bible Revealed - Suzanne Haik-Vantoura. Dr. David Erb. Gregorian Chants. ]


John Calvin - CCEL | Analytical Chart - BLB


Gospel Harmony - Summary | The Harmony of the Gospels - Augustine | Gospel Harmony Chart - Online Bible

Greek Harmony of the Gospels - Robertson - (Downloadable PDF) | Gospel Harmony in English - Robertson - (Downloadable PDF)


Bible Hub Interlinear Hebrew and Greek Bible

Bible Hub Hebrew Interlinear | Scripture 4 All Hebrew Interlinear

Mounce Interlinear | Bible Hub Greek Interlinear | Scripture 4 All Greek Interlinear Bible

Pentateuch Detailed Outline:

Genesis Detailed Outline:

Exodus Detailed Outline:

Leviticus Detailed Outline

     Old Testament Offerings Chart

Numbers Detailed Outline

Numbers 10


Note: "It is the only age in the Bible in which miracle is a daily fact of life."
(Richard Elliott Friedman, Commentary on the Torah, [San Francisco]: HarperSanFrancisco, 2001, 421)
True of Exodus through Deuteronomy and up to Joshua 5:12.

1. Preparations to Journey from Sinai (Nu 1:1 - Nu 10:10) 1445 B.C. Sinai

a. Instruction & Census to Authenticate Tribal Pedigrees (Nu 1:1 - Nu 2:34) 1445 B.C. Sinai

{Pentateuch Outline: 14. Generations of Aaron & Moses (Nu 3:1 - Dt 34:12) 1445 - 1406 B.C. Sinai}

b. Moses & Aaron Begin the Tabernacle Service (Nu 3:1 - Nu 10:10) 1446-1445 B.C. Sinai

9). The 2 Silver Trumpets (Nu 10:1 - Nu 10:10) - 1445 B.C. Sinai

     1 And the LORD spake unto Moses, saying, 2 Make thee two trumpets of silver; of a whole piece shalt thou make them: that thou mayest use them for the calling of the assembly, and for the journeying of the camps. 3 And when they shall blow with them, all the assembly shall assemble themselves to thee at the door of the tabernacle of the congregation. 4 And if they blow but with one trumpet, then the princes, which are heads of the thousands of Israel, shall gather themselves unto thee. 5 When ye blow an alarm, then the camps that lie on the east parts shall go forward. 6 When ye blow an alarm the second time, then the camps that lie on the south side shall take their journey: they shall blow an alarm for their journeys. 7 But when the congregation is to be gathered together, ye shall blow, but ye shall not sound an alarm. 8 And the sons of Aaron, the priests, shall blow with the trumpets; and they shall be to you for an ordinance for ever throughout your generations. 9 And if ye go to war in your land against the enemy that oppresseth you, then ye shall blow an alarm with the trumpets; and ye shall be remembered before the LORD your God, and ye shall be saved from your enemies. 10 Also in the day of your gladness, and in your solemn days, and in the beginnings of your months, ye shall blow with the trumpets over your burnt offerings, and over the sacrifices of your peace offerings; that they may be to you for a memorial before your God: I am the LORD your God.

2. Resumption of the Journeys [Israel Wanders in the Wilderness] (Nu 10:11 - Nu 36:13) 1445 - 1406 B.C. Sinai & Shittim
     {Moses & Aaron Lead the Wilderness Journeys}

a. 2nd Group of Journeys: Sinai to Kadesh Barnea (Nu 10:11 - Nu 14:45) 1445 B.C. Sinai

1). The Beginning of the Journey away from Mount Sinai (Nu 10:11 - Nu 10:36) 1445 B.C. Sinai

     11 And it came to pass on the twentieth day of the second month, in the second year, that the cloud was taken up from off the tabernacle of the testimony. 12 And the children of Israel took their journeys out of the wilderness of Sinai; and the cloud rested in the wilderness of Paran. 13 And they first took their journey according to the commandment of the LORD by the hand of Moses. 14 In the first place went the standard of the camp of the children of Judah according to their armies: and over his host was Nahshon the son of Amminadab. 15 And over the host of the tribe of the children of Issachar was Nethaneel the son of Zuar. 16 And over the host of the tribe of the children of Zebulun was Eliab the son of Helon.
     17 And the tabernacle was taken down; and the sons of Gershon and the sons of Merari set forward, bearing the tabernacle. 18 And the standard of the camp of Reuben set forward according to their armies: and over his host was Elizur the son of Shedeur. 19 And over the host of the tribe of the children of Simeon was Shelumiel the son of Zurishaddai. 20 And over the host of the tribe of the children of Gad was Eliasaph the son of Deuel. 21 And the Kohathites set forward, bearing the sanctuary: and the other did set up the tabernacle against they came. 22 And the standard of the camp of the children of Ephraim set forward according to their armies: and over his host was Elishama the son of Ammihud. 23 And over the host of the tribe of the children of Manasseh was Gamaliel the son of Pedahzur. 24 And over the host of the tribe of the children of Benjamin was Abidan the son of Gideoni.
     25 And the standard of the camp of the children of Dan set forward, which was the rereward of all the camps throughout their hosts: and over his host was Ahiezer the son of Ammishaddai. 26 And over the host of the tribe of the children of Asher was Pagiel the son of Ocran. 27 And over the host of the tribe of the children of Naphtali was Ahira the son of Enan. 28 Thus were the journeyings of the children of Israel according to their armies, when they set forward.
     29 And Moses said unto Hobab, the son of Raguel the Midianite, Moses' father in law, We are journeying unto the place of which the LORD said, I will give it you: come thou with us, and we will do thee good: for the LORD hath spoken good concerning Israel. 30 And he said unto him, I will not go; but I will depart to mine own land, and to my kindred. 31 And he said, Leave us not, I pray thee; forasmuch as thou knowest how we are to encamp in the wilderness, and thou mayest be to us instead of eyes. 32 And it shall be, if thou go with us, yea, it shall be, that what goodness the LORD shall do unto us, the same will we do unto thee.
     33 And they departed from the mount of the LORD three days' journey: and the ark of the covenant of the LORD went before them in the three days' journey, to search out a resting place for them. 34 And the cloud of the LORD was upon them by day, when they went out of the camp.
     35 And it came to pass, when the ark set forward, that Moses said, Rise up, LORD, and let thine enemies be scattered; and let them that hate thee flee before thee. 36 And when it rested, he said, Return, O LORD, unto the many thousands of Israel.

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