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Each day a different image from the Literary, Performing, or Visual Arts representing a portion of Scripture
plus an explanation with links
2017 August 17
Image 1: The Sacrifice of Gideon (c. 1728)
Francois Boucher (1703-1770)
Musee du Louvre, Paris, France
Image Credit: Athenaeum
Image 2: Gideon Thanks God for the Miracle of the Dew (c. 1550)
Maarten van Heemskerck (1498-1574)
Musee des Beaux-Arts de Strasbourg, Strasbourg, France
Image Credit: Mary's Rosaries
[ I will again be working through the Scriptures from Genesis to Revelation. I will be adding links, resources, images, and the like, upgrading the former work-through which began with the 2013-10-12 posting which can be found, along with the full Genesis to Revelation postings, in the Archive Page. Postings will be at midnight Eastern Time, as I am able. However, no chapters will be skipped, even though a posting may be late. And all postings will be housed in the Archive Page. ]
Explanation: Judges 6 begins a four chapter account of Gideon and his family. When Israel turned from the LORD, he delivered them into the hand of the Midianites who prevailed against them and drove them into hiding in the mountains, the caves, and the strong holds. They lost their domestic animals and became greatly impoverished as the Midianites, the Amalekites, and the children of the east (probably Ishmaelite Arabs) took over their pastures and filled their land. So they cried to the LORD for help (1-6).
And the LORD sent a prophet to them who rebuked them for worshiping false gods and turning from the LORD who delivered them from the Egyptians and all their oppressors (7-10).
And the Angel of the LORD came and sat under an oak tree and appeared to Gideon while he was secretly threshing wheat to hide it from the Midianites. The Angel called him a "mighty man of valor" and said that the LORD was with him. But Gideon asked how the LORD could be with them if all of this evil was befalling them. But the LORD assured him of victory over the Midianites. So Gideon asked for a sign; and he asked the Angel to wait till he could bring a sacrifice (11-18)..
Gideon prepared the sacrifice and laid it on a rock at the behest of the Angel. The Angel then touched the sacrifice with his staff, and it was consumed by flames from the rock. The Angel then vanished. At that point, Gideon realized that he had seen the Angel of the LORD face to face and feared for his life. Bit the LORD assured him that he would live. So Gideon built an altar there (19-24)..
That same night, the LORD told him to throw down the altar of Baal, cut down the nearby grove of idols, build an altar to the LORD, and use the wood of the grove to make a sacrifice to the LORD. Gideon then took ten servants and followed the instructions by night (25-27).
When the men of the city discovered these things the next morning, they wanted to kill Gideon; but his father told them to let Baal plead for himself if he was a god (28-32).
So the Midianites, the Amalekites, and the children of the east gathered against Israel. And Gideon gathered troops from Manasseh, Asher, Zebulun, and Naphtali (33-35).
Gideon then asked for a sign. He wanted a fleece to gather dew while the area around it was dry. the LORD granted the request. He then asked that the fleece be dry and the ground be wet. The LORD also granted this request (36-40).
So, with troops gathered and assurances given, the stage was set for the battle which is described in the next chapter.
[ Sermons: William Still. Stuart Olyott. Various. ]
[ Illustration: The paintings above illustrate the assurances of success which Gideon received from the LORD. ]
PLEASE NOTE: Use the resources on this and other sites thoughtfully, particularly the commentaries and encyclopedias. I have attempted to list conservative, scholarly resources. However, some providers use liberal or liberal-influenced commentaries such as the Cambridge Bible for Schools and Colleges (in Bible Hub). Such commentaries are undoubtedly included by the provider for the wealth of useful information and comments which they provide. By consulting several commentaries, it should be fairly easy to sort out the wheat from the chaff. If, however, you would like personal assistance, write to me at AD LIB ARTS EMAIL.
[ THEMATICALLY AND CHRONOLOGICALLY RELATED SCRIPTURES: Judges 6:
 Judges 2:11; Judges 3:12; Judges 4:1; Genesis 25:2; Numbers 31:32-39; 1 Kings 11:18; Exodus 3:1; Exodus 18:1; Numbers 25:1-18.
 Judges 3:10; Job 3:4; 1 Samuel 13:6; Hebrews 11:38.
 Psalm 83:12; Judges 3:13; Genesis 36:12; Genesis 25:6; Job 1:3; Judges 8:26.
 Zephaniah 2:5-6; Leviticus 26:16; Deuteronomy 28:30; Deuteronomy 28:51; Micah 6:15.
 Judges 7:12; Joel 2:2-11; Exodus 10:4-6.
 Judges 3:9; Judges 3:15; Judges 4:3; Psalm 107:13; Hosea 5:15.
 Judges 2:1-3; 2 Kings 17:36-38; Exodus 20:2; Psalm 44:1-2.
 Joshua 24:15; 1 Kings 21:26.
 Judges 6:8; Judges 2:1; Genesis 35:4; Joshua 18:23; Numbers 26:30; Joshua 17:2; Ruth 2:17; Exodus 9:20; 1 Samuel 23:1.
 Joshua 1:5; Luke 1:28; Judges 8:18; Judges 4:6; Judges 7:10; Judges 8:20.
 Deuteronomy 31:17; Psalm 78:12; Psalm 89:49; Psalm 13:1; 2 Chronicles 15:2.
 Genesis 18:13; Genesis 18:17; Genesis 18:20; Revelation 21:15; Revelation 22:6-7; Psalm 25:6; 1 Samuel 12:11.
 Exodus 4:1-13; 1 Samuel 9:21; Isaiah 6:5; Jeremiah 1:6-7; Exodus 18:21; 1 Samuel 10:19; 1 Samuel 18:14.
 Exodus 3:12; Joshua 1:5; Joshua 19; Joshua 1:8; Numbers 14:15.
 Genesis 6:8; Esther 5:8; Psalm 86:17; Isaiah 7:11; 1 Kings 13:15; Judges 13:15; Genesis 18:6.
 Genesis 19:3; 1 Samuel 28:24; Exodus 16:16; Judges 13:19.
 Exodus 20:22; Genesis 35:14; Exodus 30:9; 1 Kings 18:34.
 Genesis 32:10; Matthew 10:10; Leviticus 9:24; 1 Kings 18:24; 1 Chronicles 21:26; 2 Chronicles 7:1; Judges 13:20.
 Judges 13:22; Genesis 16:13; Genesis 32:30; Exodus 20:19; Deuteronomy 5:24-25; Exodus 33:20; Isaiah 6:5; Luke 5:8.
 Daniel 10:7-9; Daniel 10:19; Ezekiel 1:28 - Ezekiel 2:1; Mark 16:8; Luke 1:13; Luke 2:10; Revelation 1:17.
 Joshua 22:34; Genesis 31:48; Genesis 26:25; Exodus 17:15; Genesis 22:14; Exodus 17:15; Jeremiah 23:6; Ezekiel 48:35.
 Exodus 32:13; Deuteronomy 7:5; 1 Kings 16:32; Judges 3:7; 1 Kings 16:31-32; 2 Kings 13:6; 2 Kings 18:16; 2 Kings 24:3-6.
 Leviticus 24:6; 2 Chronicles 2:4; 1 Kings 15:22.
 Judges 6:27; Genesis 38:24; 1 Kings 21:10; Luke 19:27.
 1 Kings 18:21; 1 Kings 18:27.
 2 Samuel 11:21; Exodus 23:13; Joshua 23:7; Hosea 9:10; Jeremiah 11:13; 1 Chronicles 8:33-34; 2 Samuel 2:10; 2 Samuel 4:4; 2 Samuel 5:20; 1 Chronicles 8:30.
 Judges 6:3; 1 Samuel 29:1; 1 Samuel 29:11; Hosea 2:22.
 Judges 3:10; Judges 11:29; Judges 13:25; 1 Chronicles 12:18; 2 Chronicles 24:20; Psalm 59:17; Luke 24:49; Galatians 3:27; 1 Peter 5:5.
 Joshua 17:6; Judges 5:18.
 Judges 6:11; Psalm 1:4; Hosea 13:3; Psalm 72:6; Amos 7:1.
 Judges 5:25.
 Genesis 18:32.
 Hosea 14:5; Micah 5:7; Matthew 3:12.
-- From Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers ]
[ CHRONOLOGY: GENERAL. Patriarchs (Traditional). Judges # 1. Judges # 2. Kings # 1. Kings # 2. Prophets # 1. Prophets # 2. NT # 1. NT # 2. NT # 3. ]
[ MAPS: Maps # 1. Maps # 2. Maps # 3. Maps # 4. Maps # 5. ]
[ COMMENTARIES, ETC: GENERAL: Bible Study Tools; Bible Hub: Study Light; Blue Letter Bible // PSALMS: Monergism: Precept Austin: The Treasury of David; John Gill; John Calvin - Volumes 1, 2, 3, 4, 5]
[ MUSIC: GENERAL: The Cyber Hymnal // PSALMS: Genevan Psalter (Instrumental). VARIOUS ARTISTS: Micha'el Ben David. Sons of Korah. Fernando Ortega. Janet Isaac Morrison. Music of the Bible Revealed - Suzanne Haik-Vantoura. Dr. David Erb. Gregorian Chants. ]
HARMONY OF THE LAW
HEBREW AND GREEK INTERLINEAR BIBLES
Judges Detailed Outline
Note: The Book of Judges teaches Israel's unfaithfulness. (The previous book, The Book of Joshua, teaches the Lord's faithfulness.)
Note: Some of the Judges may overlap each other chronologically and may have served in only part of the country.
1. The Historical Setting (1:1 - 3:6) - (1390 - 1377 B.C. Israel)
A. The Present Setting [in the Time of the Judges - This is the Second Campaign of Judah] (1:1-7)
B. The Past Setting [in Joshua's Time - First Campaigns of 6 Tribes] (1:8 - 3:6)
2. The History of the Judges (3:7 - 16:31) - (1377 - 1055 B.C. Israel)
1 And the children of Israel did evil in the sight of the LORD: and the LORD delivered them into the hand of Midian seven years.
2 And the hand of Midian prevailed against Israel: and because of the Midianites the children of Israel made them the dens which are in the mountains, and caves, and strong holds.
3 And so it was, when Israel had sown, that the Midianites came up, and the a Amalekites, and the children of the east, even they came up against them;
4 And they encamped against them, and destroyed the increase of the earth, till thou come unto Gaza, and left no sustenance for Israel, neither sheep, nor ox, nor ass.
5 For they came up with their cattle and their tents, and they came as grasshoppers for multitude; for both they and their camels were without number: and they entered into the land to destroy it.
6 And Israel was greatly impoverished because of the Midianites; and the children of Israel cried unto the LORD.
7 And it came to pass, when the children of Israel cried unto the LORD because of the Midianites,
8 That the LORD sent a prophet unto the children of Israel, which said unto them, Thus saith the LORD God of Israel, I bought you up from Egypt, and bought you forth out of the house of bondage;
9 And I delivered you out of the hand of the Egyptians, and out of the hand of all that oppressed you, and drave them out from before you, and gave you their land;
10 And I said unto you, I am the LORD your God; fear not the gods of the Amorites, in whose land ye dwell: but ye have not obeyed my voice.
11 And there came an angel of the LORD, and sat under an oak which was in Ophrah, that pertained unto Joash the Abiezrite: and his son Gideon threshed wheat by the winepress, to hide it from [from the face of] the Midianites.
12 And the angel of the LORD appeared unto him, and said unto him, The LORD is with thee, thou mighty man of valour.
13 And Gideon said unto him, Oh my Lord, if the LORD be with us, why then is all this befallen us? and where be all his miracles which our fathers told us of, saying, Did not the LORD bring us up from Egypt? but now the LORD hath forsaken us, and delivered us into the hands of the Midianites.
14 And the LORD looked upon him, and said, Go in this thy might, and thou shalt save Israel from the hand of the Midianites: have not I sent thee?
15 And he said unto him, Oh my Lord, wherewith shall I save Israel? behold, my family is poor in Manasseh, and I am the least in my father's house.
16 And the LORD said unto him, Surely I will be with thee, and thou shalt smite the Midianites as one man.
17 And he said unto him, If now I have found grace in thy sight, then shew me a sign that thou talkest with me.
18 Depart not hence, I pray thee, until come unto thee, and bring forth my present, and set it before thee. And he said, I will tarry until thou come again.
19 And Gideon went in, and made ready a kid [a kid of goats], and unleavened cakes of an ephah of flour: the flesh he put in a basket, and put the broth in a pot, and bought it out unto him under the oak, and presented it.
20 And the angel of God said unto him, Take the flesh and the unleavened cakes, and lay them upon this rock, and pour out the broth. And he did so.
21 Then the angel of the LORD put forth the end of the staff that was in his hand, and touched the flesh and the unleavened cakes; and there rose up fire out of the rock, and consumed the flesh and the unleavened cakes. Then the angel of the LORD departed out of his sight.
22 And when Gideon perceived that he was an angel of the LORD, Gideon said, Alas, O Lord GOD! for because I have seen an angel of the LORD face to face.
23 And the LORD said unto him, Peace be unto thee; fear not: thou shalt not die.
24 Then Gideon built an altar there unto the LORD, and called it Jehovahshalom: unto this day it is yet in Ophrah of the Abiezrites.
25 And it came to pass the same night, that the LORD said unto him, Take thy father's young bullock, even the second bullock of seven years old, and throw down the altar of Baal that thy father hath, and cut down the grove that is by it:
26 And build an altar unto the LORD thy God upon the top of this rock, in the ordered place, and take the second bullock, and offer a burnt sacrifice with the wood of the grove which thou shalt cut down.
27 Then Gideon took ten men of his servants, and did as the LORD had said unto him: and so it was, because he feared his father's household, and the men of the city, that he could not do it by day, that he did it by night.
28 And when the men of the city arose early in the morning, behold, the altar of Baal was cast down, and the grove was cut down that was by it, and the second bullock was offered upon the altar that was built.
29 And they said one to another, Who hath done this thing? And when they enquired and asked, they said, Gideon the son of Joash hath done this thing.
30 Then the men of the city said unto Joash, Bring out thy son, that he may die: because he hath cast down the altar of Baal, and because he hath cut down the grove that was by it.
31 And Joash said unto all that stood against him, Will ye plead for Baal? will ye save him? he that will plead for him, let him be put to death whilst it is yet morning: if he be a god, let him plead for himself, because one hath cast down his altar.
32 Therefore on that day he called him Jerubbaal, saying, Let Baal plead against him, because he hath thrown down his altar.
33 Then all the Midianites and the Amalekites and the children of the east were gathered together, and went over, and pitched in the valley of Jezreel.
34 But the Spirit of the LORD came upon Gideon, and he blew a trumpet; and Abiezer was gathered after him.
35 And he sent messengers throughout all Manasseh; who also was gathered after him: and he sent messengers unto Asher, and unto Zebulun, and unto Naphtali; and they came up to meet them.
36 And Gideon said unto God, If thou wilt save Israel by mine hand, as thou hast said,
37 Behold, I will put a fleece of wool in the floor; and if the dew be on the fleece only, and it be dry upon all the earth beside, then shall I know that thou wilt save Israel by mine hand, as thou hast said.
38 And it was so: for he rose up early on the morrow, and thrust the fleece together, and wringed the dew out of the fleece, a bowl full of water.
39 And Gideon said unto God, Let not thine anger be hot against me, and I will speak but this once: let me prove, I pray thee, but this once with the fleece; let it now be dry only upon the fleece, and upon all the ground let there be dew.
40 And God did so that night: for it was dry upon the fleece only, and there was dew on all the ground.
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