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plus an explanation with links
2017 August 25
Samson and the Lion (c. 1620)
Peter Paul Rubens (1577-1640)
Flemish Baroque Style
Palais des Beaux-Arts de Lille, Lille, France
Image Source: Wikimedia
[ I will again be working through the Scriptures from Genesis to Revelation. I will be adding links, resources, images, and the like, upgrading the former work-through which began with the 2013-10-12 posting which can be found, along with the full Genesis to Revelation postings, in the Archive Page. Postings will be at midnight Eastern Time, as I am able. However, no chapters will be skipped, even though a posting may be late. And all postings will be housed in the Archive Page. ]
Explanation: Judges 14 contains the narrative of Samson and his wife. Samson fell in love with a Philistine woman from the city of Timnath. Against his Parent's objections, he insisted that they arrange a marriage for him with the woman (1-3).
But this thing was from the LORD because he sought an occasion against the Philistines who had dominion over Israel (4).
On his way to Timnath to visit the woman he loved, Samson was attacked by a young lion. But the Spirit of the LORD came upon him and he tore it apart. He did not tell his father and mother about the incident; and he spent time with his bride to be (5-7).
Later, he went again to Timnath to take his wife; and he found that a swarm of bees had made honey in the carcass of the lion. So he took some of the honey and gave it to his father and mother. But he did not tell them were the honey came from (8-9).
In Timnath, Samson made a seven day wedding feast. Thirty companions (friends of the bride) also came. So Samson proposed to give them thirty sheets and thirty changes of garments if they could solve a riddle; if not, they were to give him thirty sheets and thirty changes of garments. They agreed. The riddle was this: "Out of the eater came forth meat, and out of the strong came forth sweetness." For the first three days of the feast, the Philistines could not expound the riddle (10-14).
On the seventh day of the feast, they threatened Samson's wife and her father's house with death if she did not entice him to reveal the riddle. She did so and the men told Samson that the strong was a lion and the sweetness was honey. Samson realized that his wife had told them the truth. And the Spirit of the LORD came upon Samson; and he went to Ashkelon and killed thirty men, took their spoil, and gave changes of garments to the friends of the bride. So he returned to his fathers house. But Samson's wife was given to his best man (15-20).
[ Sermons: William Still. Various. ]
[ Illustration: Today's painting illustrates Samson killing the lion, which is the pivotal incident in today's chapter. The narrative leads up to it and flows from it. ]
PLEASE NOTE: Use the resources on this and other sites thoughtfully, particularly the commentaries and encyclopedias. I have attempted to list conservative, scholarly resources. However, some providers use liberal or liberal-influenced commentaries such as the Cambridge Bible for Schools and Colleges (in Bible Hub). Such commentaries are undoubtedly included by the provider for the wealth of useful information and comments which they provide. By consulting several commentaries, it should be fairly easy to sort out the wheat from the chaff. If, however, you would like personal assistance, write to me at AD LIB ARTS EMAIL.
[ THEMATICALLY AND CHRONOLOGICALLY RELATED SCRIPTURES: Judges 14
 Genesis 38:12; Joshua 15:10; Joshua 19:45; Joshua 24:30; Exodus 34:16; Deuteronomy 7:3-4; 2 Corinthians 6:14.
 Genesis 34:4-12; Judges 12:9; Nehemiah 10:30.
 1 Samuel 17:36.
 Joshua 11:10; 2 Chronicles 25:20; 1 Kings 12:15; 2 Kings 6:33.
 Judges 16:4; Isaiah 5:2; Jeremiah 2:21; Genesis 49:11; Judges 13; Judges 15; 1 Kings 10:19; 2 Kings 17:25; 1 Samuel 17:34; 2 Samuel 23:20; 1 Kings 13:25; 1 Kings 20:36; 2 Kings 15:6; Joshua 15:32; Joshua 19:6.
 Judges 15:14; 1 Samuel 10:10; 1 Samuel 18:10; 1 Samuel 17:54; 2 Samuel 23:28.
 Genesis 29:22; Revelation 19:9; Genesis 29:27.
 Judges 15:6.
 Micah 7:5.
 John 3:29.
-- From Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers ]
[ CHRONOLOGY: GENERAL. Patriarchs (Traditional). Judges # 1. Judges # 2. Kings # 1. Kings # 2. Prophets # 1. Prophets # 2. NT # 1. NT # 2. NT # 3. ]
[ MAPS: Maps # 1. Maps # 2. Maps # 3. Maps # 4. Maps # 5. ]
[ COMMENTARIES, ETC: GENERAL: Bible Study Tools; Bible Hub: Study Light; Blue Letter Bible // PSALMS: Monergism: Precept Austin: The Treasury of David; John Gill; John Calvin - Volumes 1, 2, 3, 4, 5]
[ MUSIC: GENERAL: The Cyber Hymnal // PSALMS: Genevan Psalter (Instrumental). VARIOUS ARTISTS: Micha'el Ben David. Sons of Korah. Fernando Ortega. Janet Isaac Morrison. Music of the Bible Revealed - Suzanne Haik-Vantoura. Dr. David Erb. Gregorian Chants. ]
HARMONY OF THE LAW
HEBREW AND GREEK INTERLINEAR BIBLES
Judges Detailed Outline
Note: The Book of Judges teaches Israel's unfaithfulness. (The previous book, The Book of Joshua, teaches the Lord's faithfulness.)
Note: Some of the Judges may overlap each other chronologically and may have served in only part of the country.
1. The Historical Setting (1:1 - 3:6) - (1390 - 1377 B.C. Israel)
A. The Present Setting [in the Time of the Judges - This is the Second Campaign of Judah] (1:1-7)
B. The Past Setting [in Joshua's Time - First Campaigns of 6 Tribes] (1:8 - 3:6)
2. The History of the Judges (3:7 - 16:31) - (1377 - 1055 B.C. Israel)
1 And Samson went down to Timnath, and saw a woman in Timnath of the daughters of the Philistines.
2 And he came up, and told his father and his mother, and said, I have seen a woman in Timnath of the daughters of the Philistines: now therefore get her for me to wife.
3 Then his father and his mother said unto him, Is there never a woman among the daughters of thy brethren, or among all my people, that thou goest to take a wife of the uncircumcised Philistines? And Samson said unto his father, Get her for me; for she pleaseth me well [she is right in my eyes].
4 But his father and his mother knew not that it was of the LORD, that he sought an occasion against the Philistines: for at that time the Philistines had dominion over Israel.
5 Then went Samson down, and his father and his mother, to Timnath, and came to the vineyards of Timnath: and, behold, a young lion roared against him.
6 And the Spirit of the LORD came mightily upon him, and he rent him as he would have rent a kid, and he had nothing in his hand: but he told not his father or his mother what he had done.
7 And he went down, and talked with the woman; and she pleased Samson well [she is right in the eyes of Samson ].
8 And after a time he returned to take her, and he turned aside to see the carcase of the lion: and, behold, there was a swarm of bees and honey in the carcase of the lion.
9 And he took thereof in his hands, and went on [walking he walked] eating, and came to his father and mother, and he gave them, and they did eat: but he told not them that he had taken the honey out of the carcase of the lion.
10 So his father went down unto the woman: and Samson made there a feast; for so used the young men to do.
11 And it came to pass, when they saw him, that they bought thirty companions to be with him.
12 And Samson said unto them, I will now put forth a riddle unto you: if ye can certainly declare [explaining you are explaining] it me within the seven days of the feast, and find it out, then I will give you thirty sheets and thirty change of garments:
13 But if ye cannot [not able to] declare it me, then shall ye give me thirty sheets and thirty change of garments. And they said unto him, Put forth thy riddle, that we may hear it.
14 And he said unto them, Out of the eater came forth meat, and out of the strong came forth sweetness. And they could not in three days expound the riddle.
15 And it came to pass on the seventh day, that they said unto Samson's wife, Entice thy husband, that he may declare unto us the riddle, lest we burn thee and thy father's house with fire: have ye called us to take that we have? is it not so?
16 And Samson's wife wept before him, and said, Thou dost but hate me, and lovest me not: thou hast put forth a riddle unto the children of my people, and hast not told it me. And he said unto her, Behold, I have not told it my father nor my mother, and shall I tell it thee?
17 And she wept before him the seven days, while their feast lasted: and it came to pass on the seventh day, that he told her, because she lay sore upon him: and she told the riddle to the children of her people.
18 And the men of the city said unto him on the seventh day before the sun went down, What is sweeter than honey? and what is stronger than a lion? And he said unto them, If ye had not plowed with my heifer, ye had not found out my riddle.
19 And the Spirit of the LORD came upon him, and he went down to Ashkelon, and slew thirty men of them, and took their spoil, and gave change of garments unto them which expounded the riddle. And his anger was kindled, and he went up to his father's house.
20 But Samson's wife was given to his companion, whom he had used as his friend.
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