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Each day a different image from the Literary, Performing, or Visual Arts representing a portion of Scripture
plus an explanation with links
2017 September 19
The Honey Seeker (or Man of Bicorp) -- (c. 13,000, 8,000, or 6,000 BC -- by Various Estimates)
Unknown Artist (c. 13,000, 8,000, or 6,000 BC -- by Various Estimates)
Prehistoric Art Style
The Cave of the Spider (Cueve de la Arana, or Arana Caves), Bicorp Municipality, Valencia, Spain
Image Source: Wikipedia
[ I will again be working through the Scriptures from Genesis to Revelation. I will be adding links, resources, images, and the like, upgrading the former work-through which began with the 2013-10-12 posting which can be found, along with the full Genesis to Revelation postings, in the Archive Page. Postings will be at midnight Eastern Time, as I am able. However, no chapters will be skipped, even though a posting may be late. And all postings will be housed in the Archive Page. ]
Explanation: In 1 Samuel 14, Jonathan and his armor-bearer went to the Philistine garrison, but he said nothing to his father Saul. Saul and his six hundred troops were in Migron in Gibeah under a pomegranate tree. While they stayed there, Jonathan and the armor-bearer approached the Philistine garrison by going between two sharp, high crags (1-5).
Jonathan then suggested that they engage the enemy; and the armor-bearer agreed. So Jonathan proposed a test: if the Philistines called the two of them to stay where they were while they came down to them, then they would not engage them. But, if they called them to come up, that would be a sign that the LORD had delivered the Philistines to them. The Philistines called them up; and Jonathan and his armor-bearer killed about twenty men within a half acre of land. The Philistines trembled (6-15).
The watchmen in Saul's camp saw the Philistines melting away and fighting one another. After finding out who was missing from the camp and calling for the ark to be brought to him (to inquire of the LORD), Saul and his men joined the attack. Also, Israelites who had joined the Philistines, and Israelites who had hidden themselves, joined in the fight against the Philistines. And the LORD saved Israel; and the battle went on as the Philistines fled (16-23).
But Saul brought trouble to Israel by pronouncing a curse on any of them that tasted food until that evening. And when they came to a place where honey was dripping on the ground no one tasted it because of the oath. However, when Jonathan, who had not heard the curse, came into the camp he tasted the honey and regathered his strength. The people then told Jonathan of the curse; and Jonathan said that his father had troubled the land and that the slaughter among the Philistines would have been much greater if the people had been able to eat freely (24-30).
The slaughter continued among the Philistines, though the people were faint. And when they captured to spoil of sheep, oxen, and calves they slaughtered them and ate them with the blood, thus violating a strict prohibition from the LORD. When Saul heard of this he commanded them to bring the animals they had slain and prepare and eat them properly. And Saul built an altar to the LORD there (31-35).
Saul wanted to continue the fight against the Philistines during the night; but the priest suggested that they inquire of the LORD concerning the matter. But the LORD did not answer them. So Saul called for an inquiry as to where the sin was among them that was preventing an answer from the LORD. And he said that the person would die even if it was Jonathan, his son. But the people said nothing. And the lot fell on Saul and his son, and then on Jonathan (36-42).
When Saul demanded an explanation, Jonathan complained that he had only tasted a little honey and for this he must die. And Saul said, "you shall surely die." But the people refused to let their great delivered die. And Saul left the pursuit of the Philistines; and the Philistines returned home (43-46).
And, subsequently, Saul fought successfully against the Moabites, the Ammonites, the Edomites, the kings of Zobah, the Philistines, and the Amalekites (47-48). Saul's sons were Jonathan, Ishui, and Melchishua; his daughters were Merab and Michal. Saul's wife was Ahinoam; the captain of his host was his cousin Abner; Saul's father was Kish; and Ner the father of Abner was the son of Abiel (49-51).
And Saul had hard war against the Philistines all of his life. And when he saw any strong or valiant man he took him into his service (52).
[ Sermons: Phil Newton. Vern Picknally. Various. ]
[ Illustration: In today's chapter, a major crisis involves finding and eating honey; hence the illustration above. ]
PLEASE NOTE: Use the resources on this and other sites thoughtfully, particularly the commentaries and encyclopedias. I have attempted to list conservative, scholarly resources. However, some providers use liberal or liberal-influenced commentaries such as the Cambridge Bible for Schools and Colleges (in Bible Hub). Such commentaries are undoubtedly included by the provider for the wealth of useful information and comments which they provide. By consulting several commentaries, it should be fairly easy to sort out the wheat from the chaff. If, however, you would like personal assistance, write to me at AD LIB ARTS EMAIL.
[ THEMATICALLY AND CHRONOLOGICALLY RELATED SCRIPTURES: 1 Samuel 14:
 1 Samuel 22.
 1 Samuel 22:9.
 Judges 6:34; Judges 3:10.
 Exodus 14:26-27; Joshua 10:11; Judges 5:21.
 Leviticus 17:10-14; Leviticus 19:26.
 Judges 20:2.
 Genesis 46:17; 1 Chronicles 7:30; 1 Samuel 18:17-21.
 2 Samuel 21:8-12; 1 Chronicles 27:21.
 1 Chronicles 9:35-36.
-- From Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers ]
[ CHRONOLOGY: GENERAL. Patriarchs (Traditional). Judges # 1. Judges # 2. Kings # 1. Kings # 2. Prophets # 1. Prophets # 2. NT # 1. NT # 2. NT # 3. ]
[ MAPS: Maps # 1. Maps # 2. Maps # 3. Maps # 4. Maps # 5. ]
[ COMMENTARIES, ETC: GENERAL: Bible Study Tools; Bible Hub: Study Light; Blue Letter Bible // PSALMS: Monergism: Precept Austin: The Treasury of David; John Gill; John Calvin - Volumes 1, 2, 3, 4, 5]
[ MUSIC: GENERAL: The Cyber Hymnal // PSALMS: Genevan Psalter (Instrumental). VARIOUS ARTISTS: Micha'el Ben David. Sons of Korah. Fernando Ortega. Janet Isaac Morrison. Music of the Bible Revealed - Suzanne Haik-Vantoura. Dr. David Erb. Gregorian Chants. ]
HARMONY OF THE LAW
HEBREW AND GREEK INTERLINEAR BIBLES
1 Samuel Detailed Outline
1 Samuel 14
Note: In the Hebrew Bible 1 Samuel and 2 Samuel are one book. Also, 1 Kings and 2 Kings are one book.
Samuel and Kings reveal Israel's history from Samuel to the beginning of the Babylonian Captivity.
1 and 2 Chronicles, originally one book, trace the history of God's people from creation to the end of the Babylonian Captivity.
1. Samuel's Reign as the Last of the Judges (1 Samuel 1:1 - 8:22) - 1100 - 1050 B.C. Israel
A. Samuel's Early Life (1 Samuel 1:1 - 3:21)
B. Samuel's Life From Youth to Old Age (1 Samuel 4:1 - 8:22)
1. Samuel & the Philistines (1 Samuel 4:1 - 7:14)
2. Samuel & the Israelites (1 Samuel 7:15 - 8:22)
2. Saul's Reign as the First God-Given King over All of Israel (1 Samuel 9:1 - 31:13) - 1050 - 1010 B.C. Israel
A. Saul and Samuel (1 Samuel 9:1 - 14:52)
1 Now it came to pass upon a day, that Jonathan the son of Saul said unto the young man that bare his armour, Come, and let us go over to the Philistines' garrison, that is on the other side. But he told not his father.
2 And Saul tarried in the uttermost part of Gibeah under a pomegranate which is in Migron: and the people that were with him were about six hundred men;
3 And Ahiah, the son of Ahitub, Ichabod's brother, the son of Phinehas, the son of Eli, the LORD'S priest in Shiloh, wearing an ephod. And the people knew not that Jonathan was gone.
4 And between the passages, by which Jonathan sought to go over unto the Philistines' garrison, there was a sharp rock on the one side, and a sharp rock on the other side: and the name of the one was Bozez, and the name of the other Seneh.
5 The forefront of the one was situate northward over against Michmash, and the other southward over against Gibeah.
6 And Jonathan said to the young man that bare his armour, Come, and let us go over unto the garrison of these uncircumcised: it may be that the LORD will work for us: for there is no restraint to the LORD to save by many or by few.
7 And his armourbearer [armour bearer] said unto him, Do all that is in thine heart: turn thee; behold, I am with thee according to thy heart.
8 Then said Jonathan, Behold, we will pass over unto these men, and we will discover ourselves unto them.
9 If they say thus unto us, Tarry until we come to you; then we will stand still in our place, and will not go up unto them.
10 But if they say thus, Come up unto us; then we will go up: for the LORD hath delivered them into our hand: and this shall be a sign unto us.
11 And both of them discovered themselves unto the garrison of the Philistines: and the Philistines said, Behold, the Hebrews come forth out of the holes where they had hid themselves.
12 And the men of the garrison answered Jonathan and his armourbearer [armour bearer], and said, Come up to us, and we will shew you a thing. And Jonathan said unto his armourbearer [armour bearer], Come up after me: for the LORD hath delivered them into the hand of Israel.
13 And Jonathan climbed up upon his hands and upon his feet, and his armourbearer [armour bearer] after him: and they fell before Jonathan; and his armourbearer [armour bearer] slew after him.
14 And that first slaughter, which Jonathan and his armourbearer [armour bearer] made, was about twenty men, within as it were an half acre of land, which a yoke of oxen might plow.
15 And there was trembling in the host, in the field, and among all the people: the garrison, and the spoilers, they also trembled, and the earth quaked: so it was a very great trembling.
16 And the watchmen of Saul in Gibeah of Benjamin looked; and, behold, the multitude melted away, and they went on beating down one another.
17 Then said Saul unto the people that were with him, Number now, and see who is gone from us. And when they had numbered, behold, Jonathan and his armourbearer [armour bearer] were not there.
18 And Saul said unto Ahiah, Bring hither the ark of God. For the ark of God was at that time with the children of Israel.
19 And it came to pass, while Saul talked unto the priest, that the noise that was in the host of the Philistines went on and increased [and it went on much]: and Saul said unto the priest, Withdraw thine hand.
20 And Saul and all the people that were with him assembled themselves, and they came to the battle: and, behold, every man's sword was against his fellow, and there was a very great discomfiture.
21 Moreover the Hebrews that were with the Philistines before that time, which went up with them into the camp from the country round about, even they also turned to be with the Israelites that were with Saul and Jonathan.
22 Likewise all the men of Israel which had hid themselves in mount Ephraim, when they heard that the Philistines fled, even they also followed hard after them in the battle.
23 So the LORD saved Israel that day: and the battle passed over unto Bethaven.
24 And the men of Israel were distressed that day: for Saul had adjured the people, saying, Cursed be the man that eateth any food until evening, that I may be avenged on mine enemies. So none of the people tasted any food.
25 And all they of the land came to a wood: and there was honey upon the ground.
26 And when the people were come into the wood, behold, the honey dropped; but no man put his hand to his mouth: for the people feared the oath.
27 But Jonathan heard not when his father charged the people with the oath [charged with an oath the people]: wherefore he put forth the end of the rod that was in his hand, and dipped it in an honeycomb [wildwood honey], and put his hand to his mouth; and his eyes were enlightened.
28 Then answered one of the people, and said, Thy father straitly charged the people with an oath [charging with an oath he charged with an oath the people], saying, Cursed be the man that eateth any food this day. And the people were faint.
29 Then said Jonathan, My father hath troubled the land: see, I pray you, how mine eyes have been enlightened, because I tasted a little of this honey.
30 How much more, if haply the people had eaten freely [eating they ate] to day of the spoil of their enemies which they found? for had there not been now a much greater slaughter among the Philistines?
31 And they smote the Philistines that day from Michmash to Aijalon: and the people were very faint.
32 And the people flew upon the spoil, and took sheep, and oxen, and calves [sons of a herd], and slew them on the ground: and the people did eat them with the blood.
33 Then they told Saul, saying, Behold, the people sin against the LORD, in that they eat with the blood. And he said, Ye have transgressed: roll a great stone unto me this day.
34 And Saul said, Disperse yourselves among the people, and say unto them, bring me hither every man his ox, and every man his sheep, and slay them here, and eat; and sin not against the LORD in eating with the blood. And all the people bought every man his ox with him that night, and slew them there.
35 And Saul built an altar unto the LORD: the same was the first altar that he built unto the LORD.
36 And Saul said, Let us go down after the Philistines by night, and spoil them until the morning light, and let us not leave a man of them. And they said, Do whatsoever seemeth good unto thee. Then said the priest, Let us draw near hither unto God.
37 And Saul asked counsel of God, Shall I go down after the Philistines? wilt thou deliver them into the hand of Israel? But he answered him not that day.
38 And Saul said, Draw ye near hither, all the chief of the people: and know and see wherein this sin hath been this day.
39 For, as the LORD liveth, which saveth Israel, though it be in Jonathan my son, he shall surely die [dying he shall die]. But there was not a man among all the people that answered him.
40 Then said he unto all Israel, Be ye on one side, and I and Jonathan my son will be on the other side. And the people said unto Saul, Do what seemeth good unto thee.
41 Therefore Saul said unto the LORD God of Israel, Give a perfect lot. And Saul and Jonathan were taken: but the people escaped.
42 And Saul said, Cast lots between me and Jonathan my son. And Jonathan was taken.
43 Then Saul said to Jonathan, Tell me what thou hast done. And Jonathan told him, and said, I did but taste [tasting I tasted] a little honey with the end of the rod that was in mine hand, and, lo, I must die.
44 And Saul answered, God do so and more also: for thou shalt surely die [dying you shall die], Jonathan.
45 And the people said unto Saul, Shall Jonathan die, who hath wrought this great salvation in Israel? God forbid: as the LORD liveth, there shall not one hair of his head fall to the ground; for he hath wrought with God this day. So the people rescued Jonathan, that he died not.
46 Then Saul went up from following the Philistines: and the Philistines went to their own place.
47 So Saul took the kingdom over Israel, and fought against all his enemies on every side, against Moab, and against the children of Ammon, and against Edom, and against the kings of Zobah, and against the Philistines: and whithersoever he turned himself, he vexed them.
48 And he gathered an host, and smote the a Amalekites, and delivered Israel out of the hands of them that spoiled them.
49 Now the sons of Saul were Jonathan, and Ishui, and Melchishua: and the names of his two daughters were these; the name of the firstborn Merab, and the name of the younger Michal:
50 And the name of Saul's wife was Ahinoam, the daughter of Ahimaaz: and the name of the captain of his host was Abner, the son of Ner, Saul's uncle.
51 And Kish was the father of Saul; and Ner the father of Abner was the son of Abiel.
52 And there was sore war against the Philistines all the days of Saul: and when Saul saw any strong man, or any valiant man, he took him unto him.
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