Daily Arts Web Nucleus


Discover the Arts! Each day a different image from the Literary, Performing, or Visual Arts representing a portion of Scripture
plus an explanation with links

2017 October 27

The Tree of Crows (c. 1822)
Caspar David Friedrich (1774-1840)
German Romanticism Style
Musee du Louvre, Paris, France
Image Source: Web Gallery of Art


[ I will again be working through the Scriptures from Genesis to Revelation. I will be adding links, resources, images, and the like, upgrading the former work-through which began with the 2013-10-12 posting which can be found, along with the full Genesis to Revelation postings, in the Archive Page. Postings will be at midnight Eastern Time, as I am able. However, no chapters will be skipped, even though a posting may be late. And all postings will be housed in the Archive Page. ]

     Explanation: 2 Samuel 21 contains the accounts of a famine, an execution, and 4 battles with the Philistines. The famine narrative features Rizpah who guarded the bodies of those of the house of Saul who were executed for their sins against the Gibeonites.
      Israel suffered a three year famine. When David asked the LORD about it, the LORD said that it was for Saul and his bloody house because he slew the Gibeonites. So David asked the Gibeonites how he could rectify the wrong done to them. They asked that seven men of Saul's sons be given to them (1-6).
     David spared Mephibosheth who was the son of Jonathan, with whom he had an oath. But he delivered two sons of Saul's concubine, Rizpah. These were Armoni and Mephibosheth. Mephibosheth, Rizpah's son, was the son of Saul, and is not to be confused with Jonathan's son who bore the same name and was the grandson of Saul. David also delivered five unnamed sons of Michal or, in the opinion of some commentators, Merab. The various Hebrew texts consistently name Michal as the mother; but Merab (her sister) was the wife of Adriel, who is called the father of the five. The simplest explanation seems to be that Michal raised the boys on behalf of Merab, possibly because Merab was unwilling, unable, or dead -- the latter being the more common supposition. The seven were hanged on a hill near the beginning of the barley harvest (7-9).
     Rizpah stayed at the spot and drove away the birds and the animals form the bodies until the rains returned -- perhaps six months. When David learned what Rizpah did he gathered the bones of Saul and Jonathan from Jabeshgilead, gathered the bones of the seven who were hanged, and buried the bones of Saul and Jonathan in the tomb of Kish, Saul's father. Afterward God had mercy on the land (10-14).
     The Philistines again went to war with Israel. Four battles are recorded. In the first battle, David became faint and was delivered from one of the giant Philistines by Abishai. David's soldiers then demanded that David stay hone in future battles lest he bring trouble upon Israel (15-17).
     The next two battles were in Gob. The fourth was in Gath. Giants fell in all of these battles (18-22).
     [ Sermons: William Still. Phil Newton. Various. ]
     [ Illustration: The painting above symbolizes the desolation that came to the house of Saul. At the execution site, while the bodies stayed exposed, Rizpah drove away birds (like those pictured) and animals from the remains -- perhaps for six months. ]


PLEASE NOTE: Use the resources on this and other sites thoughtfully, particularly the commentaries and encyclopedias. I have attempted to list conservative, scholarly resources. However, some providers use liberal or liberal-influenced commentaries such as the Cambridge Bible for Schools and Colleges (in Bible Hub). Such commentaries are undoubtedly included by the provider for the wealth of useful information and comments which they provide. By consulting several commentaries, it should be fairly easy to sort out the wheat from the chaff. If, however, you would like personal assistance, write to me at AD LIB ARTS EMAIL.

     [Chronologically and Thematically Related Psalms: Psalm 29; Psalm 65; Psalm 36.
     [1] 2 Samuel 16:7.
     [2] Joshua 9:7.
     [4] Numbers 35:31.
     [6] Numbers 25:4.
     [8] Numbers 35:33; 2 Samuel 3:7; 1 Samuel 18:17-19; 1 Samuel 18:19; 2 Samuel 6:23.
     [9] Leviticus 23:10-11; 1 Samuel 31:10.
     [14] Joshua 18:28.
     [15] 1 Chronicles 20:4-8.
     [16] 1 Samuel 17:7.
     [18] 1 Chronicles 20:4; 1 Chronicles 11:29; 2 Samuel 23:27; 1 Chronicles 26:11.
     [19] 1 Chronicles 20:5; 2 Samuel 23:24.
     [21] 1 Chronicles 20:7; 2 Samuel 13:3.
     -- From Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers ]

          [ CHRONOLOGY: GENERAL. Patriarchs (Traditional). Judges # 1. Judges # 2. Kings # 1. Kings # 2. Prophets # 1. Prophets # 2. NT # 1. NT # 2. NT # 3. ]

          [ MAPS: Maps # 1. Maps # 2. Maps # 3. Maps # 4. Maps # 5. ]

          [ COMMENTARIES, ETC: GENERAL: Bible Study Tools; Bible Hub: Study Light; Blue Letter Bible // PSALMS: Monergism: Precept Austin: The Treasury of David; John Gill; John Calvin - Volumes 1, 2, 3, 4, 5]

          [ MUSIC: GENERAL: The Cyber Hymnal // PSALMS: Genevan Psalter (Instrumental). VARIOUS ARTISTS: Micha'el Ben David. Sons of Korah. Fernando Ortega. Janet Isaac Morrison. Music of the Bible Revealed - Suzanne Haik-Vantoura. Dr. David Erb. Gregorian Chants. ]


John Calvin - CCEL | Analytical Chart - BLB


Gospel Harmony - Summary | The Harmony of the Gospels - Augustine | Gospel Harmony Chart - Online Bible

Greek Harmony of the Gospels - Robertson - (Downloadable PDF) | Gospel Harmony in English - Robertson - (Downloadable PDF)


Hebrew and Greek Interlinear Download - Scripture 4 All

Bible Hub Interlinear Hebrew and Greek Bible

Bible Hub Hebrew Interlinear | Scripture 4 All Hebrew Interlinear

Mounce Interlinear | Bible Hub Greek Interlinear | Scripture 4 All Greek Interlinear Bible

2 Samuel Detailed Outline

2 Samuel 21

Note: In the Hebrew Bible 1 Samuel and 2 Samuel are one book. Also, 1 Kings and 2 Kings are one book.
Samuel and Kings reveal Israel's history from Samuel to the beginning of the Babylonian Captivity.
1 and 2 Chronicles, originally one book, trace the history of God's people from creation to the end of the Babylonian Captivity.

David's Reign as God's Chosen Dynastic King (2 Samuel 1:1 - 24:25) - 1010 - 971 B.C. Israel

A. Phase 1: As King Over Judah (2 Samuel 1:1 - 4:12) - 1010 - 1003? B.C. Judah

B. Phase 2: As King Over Israel (2 Samuel 5:1 - 24:25) - 1003? - 971 B.C. Israel (United Kingdom)

1. Initial Consolidation of His Rule (2 Samuel 5:1 - 7:29)

2. Full Consolidation of His Rule (2 Samuel 8:1 - 24:25)

Map | Time Line

     1 Then there was a famine in the days of David three years, year after year; and David enquired [sought the face of] of the LORD. And the LORD answered, It is for Saul, and for his bloody house, because he slew the Gibeonites. 2 And the king called the Gibeonites, and said unto them; (now the Gibeonites were not of the children of Israel, but of the remnant of the Amorites; and the children of Israel had sworn unto them: and Saul sought to slay them in his zeal to the children of Israel and Judah.) 3 Wherefore David said unto the Gibeonites, What shall I do for you? and wherewith shall I make the atonement, that ye may bless the inheritance of the LORD? 4 And the Gibeonites said unto him, We will have no silver nor gold of Saul, nor of his house; neither for us shalt thou kill any man in Israel. And he said, What ye shall say, that will I do for you. 5 And they answered the king, The man that consumed us, and that devised against us that we should be destroyed from remaining in any of the coasts of Israel, 6 Let seven men of his sons be delivered unto us, and we will hang them up unto the LORD in Gibeah of Saul, whom the LORD did choose. And the king said, I will give them.
     7 But the king spared Mephibosheth, the son of Jonathan the son of Saul, because of the LORD'S oath that was between them, between David and Jonathan the son of Saul. 8 But the king took the two sons of Rizpah the daughter of Aiah, whom she bare unto Saul, Armoni and Mephibosheth; and the five sons of Michal the daughter of Saul, whom she bought up for Adriel the son of Barzillai the Meholathite: 9 And he delivered them into the hands of the Gibeonites, and they hanged them in the hill before the LORD: and they fell all seven together, and were put to death in the days of harvest, in the first days, in the beginning of barley harvest.
     10 And Rizpah the daughter of Aiah took sackcloth, and spread it for her upon the rock, from the beginning of harvest until water dropped upon them out of heaven, and suffered neither the birds of the air to rest on them by day, nor the beasts of the field by night. 11 And it was told David what Rizpah the daughter of Aiah, the concubine of Saul, had done. 12 And David went and took the bones of Saul and the bones of Jonathan his son from the men of Jabeshgilead, which had stolen them from the street of Bethshan, where the Philistines had hanged them, when the Philistines had slain Saul in Gilboa: 13 And he bought up from thence the bones of Saul and the bones of Jonathan his son; and they gathered the bones of them that were hanged. 14 And the bones of Saul and Jonathan his son buried they in the country of Benjamin in Zelah, in the sepulchre of Kish his father: and they performed all that the king commanded. And after that God was intreated for the land.
     15 Moreover the Philistines had yet war again with Israel; and David went down, and his servants with him, and fought against the Philistines: and David waxed faint. 16 And Ishbibenob, which was of the sons of the giant, the weight of whose spear weighed three hundred shekels of brass in weight, he being girded with a new sword, thought to have slain [spoke of slaying] David. 17 But Abishai the son of Zeruiah succoured him, and smote the Philistine, and killed him. Then the men of David sware unto him, saying, Thou shalt go no more out with us to battle, that thou quench not the light of Israel.
     18 And it came to pass after this, that there was again a battle with the Philistines at Gob: then Sibbechai the Hushathite slew Saph, which was of the sons of the giant. 19 And there was again a battle in Gob with the Philistines, where Elhanan the son of Jaareoregim, a Bethlehemite, slew the brother of Goliath the Gittite, the staff of whose spear was like a weaver's beam. 20 And there was yet a battle in Gath, where was a man of great stature, that had on every hand six fingers, and on every foot six toes, four and twenty in number; and he also was born to the giant. 21 And when he defied Israel, Jonathan the son of Shimea the brother of David slew him. 22 These four were born to the giant in Gath, and fell by the hand of David, and by the hand of his servants.

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