Daily Arts Web Nucleus


Discover the Arts! Each day a different image from the Literary, Performing, or Visual Arts representing a portion of Scripture
plus an explanation with links

2017 November 18

Image 1: Jezebel and Ahab Met by Elijah (c. 1862)
Frederic Leighton (1830-1896)
Academicism Style
Scarborough Borough Council, North Yorkshire, UK
Image Source: WikiArt


Image 2: Elijah Fed by an Angel (1660-1663)
Ferdinand Bol (1616-1680)
Dutch Golden Age Baroque Style
Private Collection
Image Source: Bible Library


Image 3: Peasant Wedding (c. 1567)
Pieter Bruegel the Elder (c. 1525 - 1569)
Dutch and Flemish Renaissance Style
Kunsthistorisches Museum, Vienna, Austria
Image Source: Web Gallery of Art


[ I will again be working through the Scriptures from Genesis to Revelation. I will be adding links, resources, images, and the like, upgrading the former work-through which began with the 2013-10-12 posting which can be found, along with the full Genesis to Revelation postings, in the Archive Page. Postings will be at midnight Eastern Time, as I am able. However, no chapters will be skipped, even though a posting may be late. And all postings will be housed in the Archive Page. ]

     Explanation: In 1 Kings 19, when Jezebel heard what Elijah had done to the pagan prophets, she threatened his life, causing him to flee. After his great victories, he must have expected more and greater things, particularly a national conversion in which the people would flock to the LORD just as they had when they turned to the LORD and killed the prophets of Baal. Jezebel's reaction disoriented and demoralized him and convinced him that he had failed. And so he ran (1-3).
     After a day's journey, he rested under a juniper tree and asked God to take his life. He slept for a while and was awakened by an angel who fed him with bread and water. He fell asleep again and was again awakened to take nourishment. Afterwards he went in the strength which the food provided for forty days and forty nights to Horeb (4-8).
     There he lodged in a cave; and the LORD asked him why he was there. Elijah complained that he was alone in the struggle against evil and that his life was being threatened. In response, the LORD told him to go stand before him on the mountain. The LORD passed by and sent a wind, an earthquake, and a fire. But the LORD was not in these. Then the LORD spoke in "a still small voice." Again the LORD asked Elijah why he was there. And again Elijah gave the same answer. And the LORD told him to return and anoint Hazael as king over Syria, to anoint Jehu as king of Israel, and to anoint Elisha to be his replacement as prophet. He then told Elijah that he would bring judgment by Hazael, Jehu, and Elisha. Finally, he told Elijah that he was not alone, saying, "Yet I have left me seven thousand in Israel, all the knees which have not bowed unto Baal, and every mouth which has not kissed him" (9-18).
     So Elijah found Elisha and told him to follow him. Elisha made sacrifices to the LORD, gave a feast, and went to minister to Elijah (19-21).
     [ Sermons: William Still. Eric Alexander. Various. ]
     [ Illustration: Today's chapter contains the account of the flight of Elijah and the commissioning of Elisha as a prophet and protege of Elijah. The scene in the First Painting, though it did not did not occur in the Scriptural account, nevertheless accurately represents the reactions of Ahab (intimidation) and Jezebel (anger) to the prophecies of Elijah. The incident in the Second Painting occurred after Elijah fled form Jezebel. The wedding feast in the Third Painting represents the feast (though it was of a different kind) which Elisha gave to celebrate his inauguration as a prophet and understudy of Elijah. [Kings of Judah and Israel Chart]. ]


PLEASE NOTE: Use the resources on this and other sites thoughtfully, particularly the commentaries and encyclopedias. I have attempted to list conservative, scholarly resources. However, some providers use liberal or liberal-influenced commentaries such as the Cambridge Bible for Schools and Colleges (in Bible Hub). Such commentaries are undoubtedly included by the provider for the wealth of useful information and comments which they provide. By consulting several commentaries, it should be fairly easy to sort out the wheat from the chaff. If, however, you would like personal assistance, write to me at AD LIB ARTS EMAIL.

     [Chapter 19: Related Scriptures: 1 Kings 18.] .
     [1] 1 Kings 18:46.
     [3] Genesis 21:14; Genesis 21:33; Genesis 22:19; Genesis 28:10; Genesis 46:1.
     [4] 1 Kings 18:22; 1 Kings 19:10-14.
     [5] 2 Samuel 24:16-17; 2 Kings 6:17.
     [8] Exodus 24:18; Matthew 4:2; Deuteronomy 8:3.
     [10] Isaiah 64:1; Jonah 4:1-3.
     [11] Exodus 34:5-8; Zechariah 4:6.
     [16] 2 Kings 8:8-13; 2 Kings 9:1-6; Psalm 105:15; Exodus 40:15; Numbers 3:3; 1 Kings 4:12.
     [17] 2 Corinthians 10:3-6.
     [18] Ezekiel 9:4-6; Revelation 7:3-8; Job 31:26-27; Hosea 13:2.
     [20] Luke 9:61-62.
     [21] Luke 9:27-29; 2 Samuel 24:22; 2 Kings 3:11.
     -- From Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers ]

          [ CHRONOLOGY: GENERAL. Patriarchs (Traditional). Judges # 1. Judges # 2. Kings # 1. Kings # 2. Prophets # 1. Prophets # 2. NT # 1. NT # 2. NT # 3. ]

          [ MAPS: Maps # 1. Maps # 2. Maps # 3. Maps # 4. Maps # 5. ]

          [ COMMENTARIES, ETC: GENERAL: Bible Study Tools; Bible Hub: Study Light; Blue Letter Bible // PSALMS: Monergism: Precept Austin: The Treasury of David; John Gill; John Calvin - Volumes 1, 2, 3, 4, 5]

          [ MUSIC: GENERAL: The Cyber Hymnal // PSALMS: Genevan Psalter (Instrumental). VARIOUS ARTISTS: Micha'el Ben David. Sons of Korah. Fernando Ortega. Janet Isaac Morrison. Music of the Bible Revealed - Suzanne Haik-Vantoura. Dr. David Erb. Gregorian Chants. ]


John Calvin - CCEL | Analytical Chart - BLB


Gospel Harmony - Summary | The Harmony of the Gospels - Augustine | Gospel Harmony Chart - Online Bible

Greek Harmony of the Gospels - Robertson - (Downloadable PDF) | Gospel Harmony in English - Robertson - (Downloadable PDF)


Hebrew and Greek Interlinear Download - Scripture 4 All

Bible Hub Interlinear Hebrew and Greek Bible

Bible Hub Hebrew Interlinear | Scripture 4 All Hebrew Interlinear

Mounce Interlinear | Bible Hub Greek Interlinear | Scripture 4 All Greek Interlinear Bible

1 Kings Detailed Outline

1 Kings 19

Notes: In the Hebrew Bible 1 Kings and 2 Kings were one Book. Overlapping dates for various kings indicate overlapping reigns (co-regencies).

1. The Reign of Solomon (1 Kings 1:1 - 1 Kings 11:43) - 971 - 931 B.C. Israel

2. The Divided Kingdom (1 Kings 12:1 - 2 Kings 25:30) - 931 - 560 B.C. Israel

J. Ahab of Israel (1 Kings 16:29 - 22:40) - {874-853 B.C.}

Map | Time Line

     1 And Ahab told Jezebel all that Elijah had done, and withal how he had slain all the prophets with the sword. 2 Then Jezebel sent a messenger unto Elijah, saying, So let the gods do to me, and more also, if I make not thy life as the life of one of them by to morrowabout this time. 3 And when he saw that, he arose, and went for his life, and came to Beersheba, which belongeth to Judah, and left his servant there.
     4 But he himself went a day's journey into the wilderness, and came and sat down under a juniper tree: and he requested for himself that he might die; and said, It is enough; now, O LORD, take away my life; for I am not better than my fathers. 5 And as he lay and slept under a juniper tree, behold, then an angel touched him, and said unto him, Arise and eat. 6 And he looked, and, behold, there was a cake baken on the coals, and a cruse of water at his head. And he did eat and drink, and laid him down again. 7 And the angel of the LORD came again the second time, and touched him, and said, Arise and eat; because the journey is too great for thee. 8 And he arose, and did eat and drink, and went in the strength of that meat forty days and forty nights unto Horeb the mount of God.
     9 And he came thither unto a cave, and lodged there; and, behold, the word of the LORD came to him, and he said unto him, What doest thou here, Elijah? 10 And he said, I have been very jealous [being jealous I was jealous] for the LORD God of hosts: for the children of Israel have forsaken thy covenant, thrown down thine altars, and slain thy prophets with the sword; and I, even I only, am left; and they seek my life, to take it away. 11 And he said, Go forth, and stand upon the mount before the LORD. And, behold, the LORD passed by, and a great and strong wind rent the mountains, and brake pieces the rocks before the LORD; but the LORD was not in the wind: and after the wind an earthquake; but the LORD was not in the earthquake: 12 And after the earthquake a fire; but the LORD was not in the fire: and after the fire a still small voice. 13 And it was so, when Elijah heard it, that wrapped his face in his mantle, and went out, and stood in the entering in of the cave. And, behold, there came a voice unto him, and said, What doest thou here, Elijah? 14 And he said, I have been very jealous [being jealous I was jealous] for the LORD God of hosts: because the children of Israel have forsaken thy covenant, thrown down thine altars, and slain thy prophets with the sword; and I, even I only, am left; and they seek my life, to take it away. 15 And the LORD said unto him, Go, return on thy way to the wilderness of Damascus: and when thou comest, anoint Hazael to be king over Syria: 16 And Jehu the son of Nimshi shalt thou anoint to be king over Israel: and Elisha the son of Shaphat of Abelmeholah shalt thou anoint to be prophet in thy room. 17 And it shall come to pass, that him that escapeth the sword of Hazael shall Jehu slay: and him that escapeth from the sword of Jehu shall Elisha slay. 18 Yet I have left me seven thousand in Israel, all the knees which have not bowed unto Baal, and every mouth which hath not kissed him.
     19 So he departed thence, and found Elisha the son of Shaphat, who was plowing with twelve yoke of oxen before him, and he with the twelfth: and Elijah passed by him, and cast his mantle upon him. 20 And he left the oxen, and ran after Elijah, and said, Let me, I pray thee, kiss my father and my mother, and then I will follow [I will walk behind] thee. And he said unto him, Go back again: for what have I done to thee? 21 And he returned back from him, and took a yoke of oxen, and slew them, and boiled their flesh with the instruments of the oxen, and gave unto the people, and they did eat. Then he arose, and went after Elijah, and ministered unto him.

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