Daily Arts Web Nucleus


Discover the Arts! Each day a different image from the Literary, Performing, or Visual Arts representing a portion of Scripture
plus an explanation with links

2017 December 4

Image 1: Joash Shoots the Arrow of the Lord's Deliverance (1844)
William Dyce (1806-1864)
Realist Style; Influenced by Renaissance and Nazarene Styles
Private Collection
Image Source: Anita Mathias


Image 2: A Miracle of the Prophet Elisha (1624)
Ghislain Vroilynck (1595-1635)
Baroque Style
Private Collection
Image Source: Art Renewal Org


[ I will again be working through the Scriptures from Genesis to Revelation. I will be adding links, resources, images, and the like, upgrading the former work-through which began with the 2013-10-12 posting which can be found, along with the full Genesis to Revelation postings, in the Archive Page. Postings will be at midnight Eastern Time, as I am able. However, no chapters will be skipped, even though a posting may be late. And all postings will be housed in the Archive Page. ]

     Explanation: 2 Kings 13 records the reigns of Jehoahaz and Joash in Israel, mentioning foreign kings and foreign nations, as well. [Kings of Judah and Israel Chart].
     Jehoahaz the son of Jehu had an evil reign over Israel; therefore the LORD delivered him into the hand of Hazael king of Syria and into the son of Benhadad, the son of Hazael. However, the LORD delivered Jehoahaz from Syria when Jehoahaz asked for help. Additional troubles befell him because he continued in the sins of Jeroboam the son of Nebat (1-9).
     After the death of Jehoahaz, Jehoash his son reigned over Israel for sixteen years. He also did evil in the sight of the LORD. His son Jeroboam II replaced him (10-13).
     Joash king of Israel visited Elisha during his final illness. As a symbol of the deliverance the LORD was willing to give, Elisha had Joash shoot an arrow out the window. He then had the king to strike some arrows on the ground; but he only struck them three times. And Elisha told him he would only smite Syria three times (14-19).
     When Elisha died, Moabites invaded the land. And someone buried a man in Elisha's tomb; and when the body touched Elisha's bones the man revived (20-21).
     Hazael king of Syria oppressed Israel during the reign of Jehoahaz; but the LORD did not destroy them because of his covenant with Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob (22-23).
     Benhadad replaced his father as king of Syria. "And Jehoash the son of Jehoahaz took again out of the hand of Benhadad the son of Hazael the cities, which he had taken out of the hand of Jehoahaz his father by war. Three times did Joash beat him, and recovered the cities of Israel" (24-25).
     [ Sermons: William Still. Sinclair B Ferguson. Various. ]
     [ Illustration: The two key spiritual incidents in today's chapter are reflected in the paintings above, both of which concern Elisha. ]


PLEASE NOTE: Use the resources on this and other sites thoughtfully, particularly the commentaries and encyclopedias. I have attempted to list conservative, scholarly resources. However, some providers use liberal or liberal-influenced commentaries such as the Cambridge Bible for Schools and Colleges (in Bible Hub). Such commentaries are undoubtedly included by the provider for the wealth of useful information and comments which they provide. By consulting several commentaries, it should be fairly easy to sort out the wheat from the chaff. If, however, you would like personal assistance, write to me at AD LIB ARTS EMAIL.

     [Chapter 13: Related Scriptures: 2 Kings 10:35; 2 Chronicles 24:20-24; 2 Kings 12:17-18; 2 Kings 12:19-21; 2 Chronicles 24:25-27; 2 Kings 12:21; 2 Kings 14:1-6; 2 Chronicles 25:1-5; 2 Kings 14:15-17, 22-27; 2 Chronicles 25:25-28; 2 Chronicles 26:2; 2 Kings 14:18-21.] .
     [1] 2 Kings 12:1; 2 Kings 10:36; 2 Kings 14:1; 2 Kings 3:3; 2 Kings 10:32; 2 Kings 8:15; 2 Kings 9:2.
     [4] Exodus 32:11; 2 Kings 14:25-28; Exodus 3:7; Deuteronomy 26:7.
     [5] 2 Kings 14:27; 1 Chronicles 11:2.
     [6] 2 Kings 17:16.
     [7] 1 Kings 16:15; 2 Kings 2:12; 2 Samuel 22:43; Isaiah 10:6.
     [9] 2 Kings 14:22.
     [12] 2 Kings 14:15-16; 2 Kings 14:18.
     [13] 2 Kings 14:16.
     [14] 2 Kings 5:24; 2 Kings 6:33; 2 Kings 2:12.
     [17] 2 Kings 10:33; Joshua 13:4; 1 Kings 20:26; 2 Kings 13:19.
     [20] 2 Kings 3:25; 2 Samuel 11:1.
     [24] 2 Kings 6:24.
     [25] 2 Kings 10:32; 2 Kings 14:25.
     -- From Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers ]

          [ CHRONOLOGY: GENERAL. Patriarchs (Traditional). Judges # 1. Judges # 2. Kings # 1. Kings # 2. Prophets # 1. Prophets # 2. NT # 1. NT # 2. NT # 3. ]

          [ MAPS: Maps # 1. Maps # 2. Maps # 3. Maps # 4. Maps # 5. ]

          [ COMMENTARIES, ETC: GENERAL: Bible Study Tools; Bible Hub: Study Light; Blue Letter Bible // PSALMS: Monergism: Precept Austin: The Treasury of David; John Gill; John Calvin - Volumes 1, 2, 3, 4, 5]

          [ MUSIC: GENERAL: The Cyber Hymnal // PSALMS: Genevan Psalter (Instrumental). VARIOUS ARTISTS: Micha'el Ben David. Sons of Korah. Fernando Ortega. Janet Isaac Morrison. Music of the Bible Revealed - Suzanne Haik-Vantoura. Dr. David Erb. Gregorian Chants. ]


John Calvin - CCEL | Analytical Chart - BLB


Gospel Harmony - Summary | The Harmony of the Gospels - Augustine | Gospel Harmony Chart - Online Bible

Greek Harmony of the Gospels - Robertson - (Downloadable PDF) | Gospel Harmony in English - Robertson - (Downloadable PDF)


Hebrew and Greek Interlinear Download - Scripture 4 All

Bible Hub Interlinear Hebrew and Greek Bible

Bible Hub Hebrew Interlinear | Scripture 4 All Hebrew Interlinear

Mounce Interlinear | Bible Hub Greek Interlinear | Scripture 4 All Greek Interlinear Bible

2 Kings Detailed Outline

2 Kings 13

Notes: In the Hebrew Bible 1 Kings and 2 Kings were one Book. Overlapping dates for various kings indicate overlapping reigns (co-regencies).

1. The Reign of Solomon (1 Kings 1:1 - 1 Kings 11:43) - 971 - 931 B.C. Israel

2. The Divided Kingdom (1 Kings 12:1 - 2 Kings 25:30) - 931 - 560 B.C. Israel

S. Jehoahaz of Israel (2 Kings 13:1-9) - {814-798 B.C.}

Map | Time Line

     1 In the three and twentieth year of Joash the son of Ahaziah king of Judah Jehoahaz the son of Jehu began to reign over Israel in Samaria, and reigned seventeen years. 2 And he did that which was evil in the sight of the LORD, and followed [walked behind] the sins of Jeroboam the son of Nebat, which made Israel to sin; he departed not therefrom. 3 And the anger of the LORD was kindled against Israel, and he delivered them into the hand of Hazael king of Syria, and into the hand of Benhadad the son of Hazael, all their days. 4 And Jehoahaz besought the LORD, and the LORD hearkened unto him: for he saw the oppression of Israel, because the king of Syria oppressed them. 5 (And the LORD gave Israel a saviour, so that they went out from under the hand of the Syrians: and the children of Israel dwelt in their tents, as beforetime [as yesterday a third day]. 6 Nevertheless they departed not from the sins of the house of Jeroboam, who made Israel sin, but walked therein: and there remained the grove also in Samaria.) 7 Neither did he leave of the people to Jehoahaz but fifty horsemen, and ten chariots, and ten thousand footmen; for the king of Syria had destroyed them, and had made them like the dust by threshing. 8 Now the rest of the acts of Jehoahaz, and all that he did, and his might, are they not written in the book of the chronicles [words of the days] of the kings of Israel? 9 And Jehoahaz slept with his fathers; and they buried him in Samaria: and Joash his son reigned in his stead.

T. Jehoash of Israel (2 Kings 13:10-25) - {798-782 B.C.}

     10 In the thirty and seventh year of Joash king of Judah began Jehoash the son of Jehoahaz to reign over Israel in Samaria, and reigned sixteen years. 11 And he did that which was evil in the sight of the LORD; he departed not from all the sins of Jeroboam the son of Nebat, who made Israel sin: but he walked therein. 12 And the rest of the acts of Joash, and all that he did, and his might wherewith he fought against Amaziah king of Judah, are they not written in the book of the chronicles [words of the days] of the kings of Israel? 13 And Joash slept with his fathers; and Jeroboam sat upon his throne: and Joash was buried in Samaria with the kings of Israel.
     14 Now Elisha was fallen sick of his sickness whereof he died. And Joash the king of Israel came down unto him, and wept over his face, and said, O my father, my father, the chariot of Israel, and the horsemen thereof. 15 And Elisha said unto him, Take bow and arrows. And he took unto him bow and arrows. 16 And he said to the king of Israel, Put thine hand upon the bow. And he put his hand upon it: and Elisha put his hands upon the king's hands. 17 And he said, Open the window eastward. And he opened it. Then Elisha said, Shoot. And he shot. And he said, The arrow of the LORD'S deliverance, and the arrow of deliverance from Syria: for thou shalt smite the Syrians in Aphek, till thou have consumed them. 18 And he said, Take the arrows. And he took them. And he said unto the king of Israel, Smite upon the ground. And he smote thrice, and stayed. 19 And the man of God was wroth with him, and said, Thou shouldest have smitten five or six times; then hadst thou smitten Syria till thou hadst consumed it: whereas now thou shalt smite Syria but thrice.
     20 And Elisha died, and they buried him. And the bands of the Moabites invaded the land at the coming in of the year. 21 And it came to pass, as they were burying a man, that, behold, they spied a band of men; and they cast the man into the sepulchre of Elisha: and when the man was let down, and touched the bones of Elisha, he revived, and stood up on his feet.
     22 But Hazael king of Syria oppressed Israel all the days of Jehoahaz. 23 And the LORD was gracious unto them, and had compassion on them, and had respect unto them, because of his covenant with Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, and would not destroy them, neither cast he them from his presence as yet.
     24 So Hazael king of Syria died; and Benhadad his son reigned in his stead. 25 And Jehoash the son of Jehoahaz took again out of the hand of Benhadad the son of Hazael the cities, which he had taken out of the hand of Jehoahaz his father by war. Three times did Joash beat him, and recovered the cities of Israel.

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