Daily Arts Web Nucleus


Discover the Arts! Each day a different image from the Literary, Performing, or Visual Arts representing a portion of Scripture
plus an explanation with links

2017 December 12

Orestes and Pylades Disputing at the Altar (1614)
Pieter Lastman (1583-1633)
Dutch Golden Age Baroque Style
Rijksmuseum, Amsterdam, Netherlands
Image Source: Web Gallery of Art


[ I will again be working through the Scriptures from Genesis to Revelation. I will be adding links, resources, images, and the like, upgrading the former work-through which began with the 2013-10-12 posting which can be found, along with the full Genesis to Revelation postings, in the Archive Page. Postings will be at midnight Eastern Time, as I am able. However, no chapters will be skipped, even though a posting may be late. And all postings will be housed in the Archive Page. ]

     Explanation: 2 Kings 21 . [Kings of Judah and Israel #1. Kings of Judah and Israel #2].
     Manasseh began to reign over Judah when he was 12; and he reigned for 55 years. He did evil by undoing all the reforms of his father Hezekiah and added many other forms of pagan worship (1-9).
     Because Judah followed Manasseh in his evil ways, the LORD condemned them to become a prey and a spoil before their enemies (10-15).
     Manasseh shed much innocent blood in Jerusalem (16).
     The rest of Manasseh's acts were written in his court records. In 2 Chronicles we have a record that Manasseh went into captivity, repented, was restored to his kingdom, and made vast reforms in bringing back the proper worship of the LORD. But his reforms did nothing to change the heart of his son, nor did it do anything to halt the extreme spiritual decline in Judah, although the people of Judah conformed outwardly during Manasseh's lifetime. When he died, his son Amon reigned in his stead (17-18).
     Amon was 22 when he began to reign in Judah; and he reigned for 2 years. He did the same kind of evil which his father Manasseh did. Some of his servants killed him; but the people killed the conspirators and made Josiah, Amon's son, king (19-26).
     [ Sermons: William Still 1. William Still 2. Various. ]
     [ Illustration: Today's painting depicts a deliverance from human sacrifice, a fate which many in Judah suffered, including the son of Manasseh when his father made him "pass through the fire" (verse 6) as a sacrifice to Moloch.]


PLEASE NOTE: Use the resources on this and other sites thoughtfully, particularly the commentaries and encyclopedias. I have attempted to list conservative, scholarly resources. However, some providers use liberal or liberal-influenced commentaries such as the Cambridge Bible for Schools and Colleges (in Bible Hub). Such commentaries are undoubtedly included by the provider for the wealth of useful information and comments which they provide. By consulting several commentaries, it should be fairly easy to sort out the wheat from the chaff. If, however, you would like personal assistance, write to me at AD LIB ARTS EMAIL.

     [Chapter 21: Related Scriptures: 2 Chronicles 33; 2 Chronicles 34:1.
     [1] 2 Chronicles 33:11; Isaiah 62:4.
     [2] Deuteronomy 29:17; 1 Kings 11:5; 2 Kings 17:8.
     [3] 1 Kings 16:32-33; 2 Kings 17:16; 2 Kings 23:12.
     [4] 1 Kings 14:21.
     [6] 1 Kings 12:31; 2 Kings 16:3; 2 Kings 17:17; 2 Chronicles 33:6.
     [7] 1 Kings 8:16; 1 Kings 9:3; 2 Kings 23:4; Ezekiel 43:7; Jeremiah 7:30.
     [8] 2 Samuel 7:10.
     [9] Jeremiah 2:11.
     [10] 2 Chronicles 33:18.
     [11] Amos 2:9; Ezekiel 16:3.
     [12] 1 Samuel 3:11; Jeremiah 19:3.
     [13] Amos 7:7-9; Isaiah 34:11; Lamentations 2:8.
     [14] Judges 6:13; Isaiah 42:22; Jeremiah 30:16.
     [16] Hebrews 11:37; Jeremiah 2:30; Psalm 141:7; Isaiah 53.
     [17] 2 Chronicles 33:11-19.
     [18] 2 Samuel 6:8; 1 Chronicles 8:7; Ezra 2:49; Nehemiah 7:51.
     [19] Isaiah 42:19; Numbers 33:33; Deuteronomy 10:7.
     [22] Zephaniah 1:4-5; Zephaniah 3:1-4; Micah 6:10; Micah 7:2-6.
     [23] 2 Chronicles 33:25.
     [24] 2 Kings 11:14.
     -- From Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers ]

          [ CHRONOLOGY: GENERAL. Patriarchs (Traditional). Judges # 1. Judges # 2. Kings # 1. Kings # 2. Prophets # 1. Prophets # 2. NT # 1. NT # 2. NT # 3. ]

          [ MAPS: Maps # 1. Maps # 2. Maps # 3. Maps # 4. Maps # 5. ]

          [ COMMENTARIES, ETC: GENERAL: Bible Study Tools; Bible Hub: Study Light; Blue Letter Bible // PSALMS: Monergism: Precept Austin: The Treasury of David; John Gill; John Calvin - Volumes 1, 2, 3, 4, 5]

          [ MUSIC: GENERAL: The Cyber Hymnal // PSALMS: Genevan Psalter (Instrumental). VARIOUS ARTISTS: Micha'el Ben David. Sons of Korah. Fernando Ortega. Janet Isaac Morrison. Music of the Bible Revealed - Suzanne Haik-Vantoura. Dr. David Erb. Gregorian Chants. ]


John Calvin - CCEL | Analytical Chart - BLB


Gospel Harmony - Summary | The Harmony of the Gospels - Augustine | Gospel Harmony Chart - Online Bible

Greek Harmony of the Gospels - Robertson - (Downloadable PDF) | Gospel Harmony in English - Robertson - (Downloadable PDF)


Hebrew and Greek Interlinear Download - Scripture 4 All

Bible Hub Interlinear Hebrew and Greek Bible

Bible Hub Hebrew Interlinear | Scripture 4 All Hebrew Interlinear

Mounce Interlinear | Bible Hub Greek Interlinear | Scripture 4 All Greek Interlinear Bible

2 Kings Detailed Outline

2 Kings 21

Notes: In the Hebrew Bible 1 Kings and 2 Kings were one Book. Overlapping dates for various kings indicate overlapping reigns (co-regencies).

1. The Reign of Solomon (1 Kings 1:1 - 1 Kings 11:43) - 971 - 931 B.C. Israel

2. The Divided Kingdom (1 Kings 12:1 - 2 Kings 25:30) - 931 - 560 B.C. Israel

GG. Manasseh of Judah (2 Kings 21:1-18) - [695-642 B.C.]

Map | Time Line

     1 Manasseh was twelve years old when he began to reign, and reigned fifty and five years in Jerusalem. And his mother's name was Hephzibah. 2 And he did that which was evil in the sight of the LORD, after the abominations of the heathen, whom the LORD cast out before the children of Israel. 3 For he built up again the high places which Hezekiah his father had destroyed; and he reared up altars for Baal, and made a grove, as did Ahab king of Israel; and worshipped all the host of heaven, and served them. 4 And he built altars in the house of the LORD, of which the LORD said, In Jerusalem will I put my name. 5 And he built altars for all the host of heaven in the two courts of the house of the LORD. 6 And he made his son pass through the fire, and observed times, and used enchantments, and dealt with familiar spirits and wizards: he wrought much wickedness in the sight of the LORD, to provoke him to anger. 7 And he set a graven image of the grove that he had made in the house, of which the LORD said to David, and to Solomon his son, In this house, and in Jerusalem, which I have chosen out of all tribes of Israel, will I put my name for ever: 8 Neither will I make the feet of Israel move any more out of the land which I gave their fathers; only if they will observe to do according to all that I have commanded them, and according to all the law that my servant Moses commanded them. 9 But they hearkened not: and Manasseh seduced them do more evil than did the nations whom the LORD destroyed before the children of Israel.
     10 And the LORD spake by his servants the prophets, saying, 11 Because Manasseh king of Judah hath done these abominations, and hath done wickedly above all that the Amorites did, which were before him, and hath made Judah also to sin with his idols: 12 Therefore thus saith the LORD God of Israel, Behold, I am bringing such evil upon Jerusalem and Judah, that whosoever heareth of it, both his ears shall tingle. 13 And I will stretch over Jerusalem the line of Samaria, and the plummet of the house of Ahab: and I will wipe Jerusalem as a man wipeth a dish, wiping it, and turning it upside down [upon her face]. 14 And I will forsake the remnant of mine inheritance, and deliver them into the hand of their enemies; and they shall become a prey and a spoil to all their enemies; 15 Because they have done that which was evil in my sight, and have provoked me to anger, since the day their fathers came forth out of Egypt, even unto this day.
     16 Moreover Manasseh shed innocent blood very much, till he had filled Jerusalem from one end to another [mouth to mouth]; beside his sin [apart from his sin] wherewith he made Judah to sin, in doing that which was evil in the sight of the LORD.
     17 Now the rest of the acts of Manasseh, and all that he did, and his sin that he sinned, are they not written in the book of the chronicles [words of the days] of the kings of Judah? 18 And Manasseh slept with his fathers, and was buried in the garden of his own house, in the garden of Uzza: and Amon his son reigned in his stead.

HH. Amon of Judah (2 Kings 21:19-26) - [642-640 B.C.]

     19 Amon was twenty and two years old when he began to reign, and he reigned two years in Jerusalem. And his mother's name was Meshullemeth, the daughter of Haruz of Jotbah. 20 And he did that which was evil in the sight of the LORD, as his father Manasseh did. 21 And he walked in all the way that his father walked in, and served the idols that his father served, and worshipped them: 22 And he forsook the LORD God of his fathers, and walked not in the way of the LORD. 23 And the servants of Amon conspired against him, and slew the king in his own house. 24 And the people of the land slew all them that had conspired against king Amon; and the people of the land made Josiah his son king in his stead. 25 Now the rest of the acts of Amon which he did, are they not written in the book of the chronicles [words of the days] of the kings of Judah? 26 And he was buried in his sepulchre in the garden of Uzza: and Josiah his son reigned in his stead.

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