Daily Arts Web Nucleus


Discover the Arts! Each day a different image from the Literary, Performing, or Visual Arts representing a portion of Scripture
plus an explanation with links

2017 December 21

The Age of Bronze (1637-1641)
Pietro da Cortona (1596/7 - 1669)
Baroque Style
Galleria Palatina (Palazzo Pitti), Sala della Stufa, Florence, Italy
Image Source: Web Gallery of Art

     [ Illustration: Today's painting illustrates a typical division of the spoils of war (in this case in Roman times); and, as such, it illustrates the kinds of spoils which the Reubenites, Gadaties, and the half tribe of Manasseh enjoyed, as described in verses 18-22. ]


[ I will again be working through the Scriptures from Genesis to Revelation. I will be adding links, resources, images, and the like, upgrading the former work-through which began with the 2013-10-12 posting which can be found, along with the full Genesis to Revelation postings, in the Archive Page. Postings will be at midnight Eastern Time, as I am able. However, no chapters will be skipped, even though a posting may be late. And all postings will be housed in the Archive Page. ]

     Explanation: 1 Chronicles 5 traces the lines of Reuben, Gad, and the Half-Tribe of Manasseh on the eastern side of the Jordan River till around the time of the Assyrian Dispersion. The conditions described continued (verse 26) after the time of the Babylonian Captivity. Traditional Patriarchal Timeline. Judges. Judges Period Chronology. Kings of Judah and Israel #1. Kings of Judah and Israel #2].
     The Reubenites were taken captive by Tilgathpilneser king of Assyria (1-10).
     The Gadites "were reckoned by genealogies in the days of Jotham king of Judah, and in the days of Jeroboam king of Israel." Since the reigns of these two kings did not overlap, this must mean that each conducted a census of the Gadites. The Gadites were in the territory of Jeroboam II or Israel, so a census would have been natural. Jotham, who reigned after Jeroboam II, and reigned in the rival kingdom of Judah, may have conducted his census as a way to try to assert a claim over the Gadites' territory and people (11-17).
     At a certain point in the history of Reuben, Gad, and the half-tribe of Manasseh, sometime before the Assyrian Dispersion, they called on the LORD to help them in a war against various enemies; and God helped them and gave them much spoil (18-22).
     The half-tribe of Manasseh prospered and grew until they fell into idolatry, as did Reuben and Gad. And, for this sin, God delivered all three tribes into the hand of Tilgathpilneser king of Assyria. And they remained dispersed and never returned, except in small numbers, to the land (23-26).
     [ Sermons: G I Williamson. Various. ]


PLEASE NOTE: Use the resources on this and other sites thoughtfully, particularly the commentaries and encyclopedias. I have attempted to list conservative, scholarly resources. However, some providers use liberal or liberal-influenced commentaries such as the Cambridge Bible for Schools and Colleges (in Bible Hub). Such commentaries are undoubtedly included by the provider for the wealth of useful information and comments which they provide. By consulting several commentaries, it should be fairly easy to sort out the wheat from the chaff. If, however, you would like personal assistance, write to me at AD LIB ARTS EMAIL.

          [ THEMATICALLY AND CHRONOLOGICALLY RELATED SCRIPTURES: 1 Chronicles 5: Exodus 6:14; Deuteronomy 21:17; Genesis 48:5; Hebrews 7:14; Deuteronomy 2:26; Psalm 83:6; 2 Kings 15:19-20; 2 Kings 15:29; 2 Kings 17:6; 2 Kings 18:9-12; 1 Chronicles 7:14-19].
     [1] Genesis 49:3; Genesis 29:32; Genesis 49:4-5; Genesis 35:22-26; Genesis 48:15-20; Judges 2:9; Judges 4:5; Judges 5:14; Judges 8:1-2; Judges 12:1; Judges 12:15; Deuteronomy 21:15-17.
     [2] Genesis 49:8-10; Judges 1:1-2; Numbers 1:27; Micah 5:1; 1 Samuel 13:14;Hebrews 7:4.
     [3] Genesis 46:9; Exodus 6:14; Numbers 26:5-7.
     [7] 2 Kings 15:29; Numbers 7:24; Numbers 7:30; Numbers 7:18; Numbers 2:34; Numbers 26:7.
     [8] Joshua 7:18; 1 Chronicles 6:33-47; Joshua 12:2; Deuteronomy 34:1; Numbers 32:38; 2 Kings 3:4-27.
     [9] Ezra 7:9; Ezra 8:22.
     [10] Psalm 83:7; Genesis 9:27.
     [11] Joshua 13:11; Numbers 21:33-35; Deuteronomy 3:1-12.
     [12] Genesis 46:15.
     [13] Genesis 22:21; Job 32:2.
     [16] Deuteronomy 3:9; Psalm 29:6; Numbers 34:4-5.
     [17] 2 Kings 14:25.
     [18] 1 Chronicles 12:8; 1 Chronicles 12:21; Joshua 4:13.
     [19] 1 Chronicles 1:31.
     [20] 1 Chronicles 15:26; Psalm 18:3-6; Psalm 18:41.
     [21] 2 Kings 3:4; Numbers 31:32-35.
     [22] 2 Chronicles 25:20;
     [23] Joshua 12:7; Joshua 13:5; Deuteronomy 3:9.
     [25] 2 Kings 17:6-18; Joshua 7:1; Hosea; 1 Chronicles 1; 1 Chronicles 2; 1 Chronicles 3; Numbers 21:21-35; Joshua 12:6; Psalm 135:10-12; Joshua 10:11-14; Isaiah 10:5-15.
     [26]2 Chronicles 21:16; Ezra 1:1; Ezra 1:5; Isaiah 44:28; Isaiah 45:1-13; 2 Kings 15:19; 2 Kings 15:29; 1 Chronicles 5:10; 2 Kings 17:6; 1 Chronicles 5:16.
     -- From Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers ]

          [ CHRONOLOGY: GENERAL. Patriarchs (Traditional). Judges # 1. Judges # 2. Kings # 1. Kings # 2. Prophets # 1. Prophets # 2. NT # 1. NT # 2. NT # 3. ]

          [ MAPS: Maps # 1. Maps # 2. Maps # 3. Maps # 4. Maps # 5. ]

          [ COMMENTARIES, ETC: GENERAL: Bible Study Tools; Bible Hub: Study Light; Blue Letter Bible // PSALMS: Monergism: Precept Austin: The Treasury of David; John Gill; John Calvin - Volumes 1, 2, 3, 4, 5]

          [ MUSIC: GENERAL: The Cyber Hymnal // PSALMS: Genevan Psalter (Instrumental). VARIOUS ARTISTS: Micha'el Ben David. Sons of Korah. Fernando Ortega. Janet Isaac Morrison. Music of the Bible Revealed - Suzanne Haik-Vantoura. Dr. David Erb. Gregorian Chants. ]


John Calvin - CCEL | Analytical Chart - BLB


Gospel Harmony - Summary | The Harmony of the Gospels - Augustine | Gospel Harmony Chart - Online Bible

Greek Harmony of the Gospels - Robertson - (Downloadable PDF) | Gospel Harmony in English - Robertson - (Downloadable PDF)


Hebrew and Greek Interlinear Download - Scripture 4 All

Bible Hub Interlinear Hebrew and Greek Bible

Bible Hub Hebrew Interlinear | Scripture 4 All Hebrew Interlinear

Mounce Interlinear | Bible Hub Greek Interlinear | Scripture 4 All Greek Interlinear Bible

1 Chronicles Detailed Outline

1 Chronicles 5

Notes: In the Hebrew Bible 1 & 2 Chronicles are one Book. The author may have been Ezra.

1. The Nation: The Genealogies (1 Chronicles 1:1 - 9:44)

B. The Narrowing Focus: Judah and the Other Tribes from the Time of Jacob till after the Exile (1 Chronicles 4:1 - 7:5)

Map 1: Bible Nations | Map 2: Empire of David and Solomon Map 3: Kingdoms of Judah and Israel | Time Line

     1 Now the sons of Reuben the firstborn of Israel, (for he was the firstborn; but, forasmuch as he defiled his father's bed, his birthright was given unto the sons of Joseph the son of Israel: and the genealogy is not to be reckoned after the birthright. 2 For Judah prevailed above his brethren, and of him came the chief ruler; but the birthright was Joseph's:) 3 The sons, I say, of Reuben the firstborn of Israel were, Hanoch, and Pallu, Hezron, and Carmi. 4 The sons of Joel; Shemaiah his son, Gog his son, Shimei his son, 5 Micah his son, Reaiah his son, Baal his son, 6 Beerah his son, whom Tilgathpilneser king of Assyria carried away captive: he was prince of the Reubenites. 7 And his brethren by their families, when the genealogy of their generations was reckoned, were the chief, Jeiel, and Zechariah, 8 And Bela the son of Azaz, the son of Shema, the son of Joel, who dwelt in Aroer, even unto Nebo and Baalmeon: 9 And eastward he inhabited unto the entering in of the wilderness from the river Euphrates: because their cattle were multiplied in the land of Gilead. 10 And in the days of Saul they made war with the Hagarites, who fell by their hand: and they dwelt in their tents throughout all the east land of Gilead.
     11 And the chikdren of Gad dwelt over against them, in the land of Bashan unto Salchah: 12 Joel the chief, and Shapham the next, and Jaanai, and Shaphat in Bashan. 13 And their brethren of the house of their fathers were, Michael, and Meshullam, and Sheba, and Jorai, and Jachan, and Zia, and Heber, seven. 14 These are the chikdren of Abihail the son of Huri, the son of Jaroah, the son of Gilead, the son of Michael, the son of Jeshishai, the son of Jahdo, the son of Buz; 15 Ahi the son of Abdiel, the son of Guni, chief of the house of their fathers. 16 And they dwelt in Gilead in Bashan, and in her towns, and in all the suburbs of Sharon, upon their borders. 17 All these were reckoned by genealogies in the days of Jotham king of Judah, and in the days of Jeroboam king of Israel.
     18 The sons of Reuben, and the Gadites, and half the tribe of Manasseh, of valiant men [sons of force], men able to bear buckler and sword, and to shoot with bow, and skilful in war, were four and forty thousand seven hundred and threescore, that went out to the war. 19 And they made war with the Hagarites, with Jetur, and Nephish, and Nodab. 20 And they were helped against them, and the Hagarites were delivered into their hand, and all that were with them: for they cried to God in the battle, and he was intreated of them; because they put their trust in him. 21 And they took away their cattle; of their camels fifty thousand, and of sheep two hundred and fifty thousand, and of asses two thousand, and of men an hundred thousand. 22 For there fell down many slain, because the war was of God. And they dwelt in their steads until the captiviy.
     23 And the chikdren of the half tribe of Manasseh dwelt in the land: they increased from Bashan unto Baalhermon and Senir, and unto mount Hermon. 24 And these were the heads of the house of their fathers, even Epher, and Ishi, and Eliel, and Azriel, and Jeremiah, and Hodaviah, and Jahdiel, mighty men of valour, famous men, and heads of the house of their fathers. 25 And they transgressed against the God of their fathers, and went a whoring after the gods of the people of the land, whom God destroyed before them. 26 And the God of Israel stirred up the spirit of Pul king of Assyria, and the spirit of Tilgathpilneser king of Assyria, and he carried them away, even the Reubenites, and the Gadites, and the half tribe of Manasseh, and bought them unto Halah, and Habor, and Hara, and to the river Gozan, unto this day.

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