Daily Arts Web Nucleus


Discover the Arts! Each day a different image from the Literary, Performing, or Visual Arts representing a portion of Scripture
plus an explanation with links

2017 December 28

David (1408-1410)
Lorenzo Monaco (c. 1370 - c. 1425)
Late Gothic / Early Renaissance Style
Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, New York, USA
Image Source: Web Gallery of Art

     [ Illustration: Today's illustration shows several aspects of David's life, focusing on David as king and musician. ]


[ I will again be working through the Scriptures from Genesis to Revelation. I will be adding links, resources, images, and the like, upgrading the former work-through which began with the 2013-10-12 posting which can be found, along with the full Genesis to Revelation postings, in the Archive Page. Postings will be at midnight Eastern Time, as I am able. However, no chapters will be skipped, even though a posting may be late. And all postings will be housed in the Archive Page. ]

     Explanation: 1 Chronicles 12 gives the account of those who rallied to David when he was installed as King of Israel. Traditional Patriarchal Timeline. Judges. Judges Period Chronology. Kings of Judah and Israel #1. Kings of Judah and Israel #2].
     The chapter opens with a list of some of David's best warriors who joined him in Ziklag while he was still avoiding Saul. They came from various areas. The list continues from the previous chapter (1-7).
     He was joined, also, in those early times, by warriors from the tribe of Gad. The greatest of them are mentioned by name together with some of their exploits (8-15).
     Some from Benjamin and Judah also came to David. David inquired of their loyalties; and the Spirit of God moved Amasai, their chief captain, to proclaim peace and blessing on David. Then David received them (16-18).
     Some from the tribe of Manasseh also came to David and helped him fight roving bands of men. The number who were with David increased greatly (19-22).
     The chapter then focuses on the period when David was residing in Hebron. It gives a tally of those who came to David from each of the 12 tribes. And it mentions special men among them plus various characteristics and exploits of the various tribes (23-37).
     When the time came, these warriors went to Hebron and proclaimed that David was king. To celebrate, they held a feast for three days (38-40).
     Omitted from the Chronicles account is the period of seven and a half years of rebellion by a faction of the tribe of Benjamin who supported Saul's son as king. Judah remained loyal to David together with the representatives of the other tribes mentioned above. But, officially, the tribes other than Judah supported Saul's son. This period is described in 2 Samuel 3, 4, and 5.
     [ Sermons: Ian Hamilton. Various. ]


PLEASE NOTE: Use the resources on this and other sites thoughtfully, particularly the commentaries and encyclopedias. I have attempted to list conservative, scholarly resources. However, some providers use liberal or liberal-influenced commentaries such as the Cambridge Bible for Schools and Colleges (in Bible Hub). Such commentaries are undoubtedly included by the provider for the wealth of useful information and comments which they provide. By consulting several commentaries, it should be fairly easy to sort out the wheat from the chaff. If, however, you would like personal assistance, write to me at AD LIB ARTS EMAIL.

          [ THEMATICALLY AND CHRONOLOGICALLY RELATED SCRIPTURES: 1 Chronicles 12: 1 Samuel 27; 2 Samuel 5:17; 1 Chronicles 14:8; 2 Samuel 5:18; 2 Samuel 23:13-17; 1 Chronicles 14:9; 1 Samuel 22:1-2; 1 Samuel 29:11; 2 Samuel 5:1-3; 1 Chronicles 11:1-3; 1 Samuel 22:1-2; 1 Samuel 28:1-2; 1 Samuel 29].
     [1] 1 Chronicles 11; 1 Samuel 22; Joshua 19:5; 1 Chronicles 4:30; 1 Samuel 27:8.
     [2] Judges 20:16; 1 Chronicles 3:15.
     [3] Isaiah 10:29; 1 Chronicles 11:31; Judges 20:4; 1 Chronicles 11:33; 1 Chronicles 11:28.
     [4] 1 Chronicles 9:35; 1 Chronicles 11:25; Joshua 15:36; 1 Chronicles 11:41.
     [5] 1 Chronicles 7:7-8; 1 Chronicles 8:33; Nehemiah 7:24.
     [6] 1 Chronicles 6:33; 1 Chronicles 6:22; Psalm 16:5; Nehemiah 11:13; 1 Chronicles 2:43; 1 Chronicles 11:11.
     [7] 1 Chronicles 8:27; 1 Chronicles 1; Chronicles 5:24; 1 Chronicles 7:28; 1 Chronicles 8:17; 1 Chronicles 4:4.
     [8] 1 Samuel 22:1; 1 Samuel 22:4; 1 Samuel 23:19; 1 Samuel 23:25; 1 Samuel 23:29; Judges 6:2; Jeremiah 46:3; 2 Samuel 1:23; 1 Chronicles 11:22; Isaiah 29:1; 2 Samuel 2:18.
     [14] Deuteronomy 32:30; Leviticus 26:8.
     [15] Joshua 3:15.
     [17] 1 Chronicles 14:8; Psalm 120:7; Psalm 133:1; Psalm 120:2; Job 16:17; Psalm 7:4; Isaiah 53:9; 2 Chronicles 24:22; Psalm 9:12; Psalm 10:14; Psalm 18:20.
     [18] 2 Chronicles 24:20; Judges 6:34; Isaiah 11:2; 1 Chronicles 2:17; 2 Samuel 17:25; 2 Samuel 20:4-10; 1 Chronicles 11:10; 1 Samuel 22:2; 1 Samuel 23:13.
     [19] 2 Kings 25:11; 1 Samuel 29:2-11; 1 Samuel 29:2; 1 Samuel 30:1; Proverbs 20:18; 1 Chronicles 11:19.
     [20] 1 Samuel 30:1; 1 Samuel 29:11; Numbers 31:14; 1 Chronicles 13:1; 1 Chronicles 15:25; 1 Chronicles 26:26.
     [21] 1 Samuel 30:8; 1 Samuel 30:15.
     [22] Genesis 32:1-2; Joshua 13:30; Psalm 36:6; Psalm 80:11.
     [23] Judges 5:30; Judges 7:16; 1 Chronicles 10:14; 1 Chronicles 11:3; 1 Chronicles 11:10.
     [26] 1 Chronicles 9:13; 1 Chronicles 9:19; 2 Chronicles 23.
     [27] 1 Chronicles 9:11; 1 Chronicles 9:20; 1 Chronicles 11:22; 1 Samuel 23:9.
     [28] 1 Kings 2:26-27; 1 Kings 4:4.
     [29] 1 Chronicles 9:18; Numbers 3:38.
     [30] Genesis 6:4; Numbers 1:33; Numbers 26:37; 2 Samuel 2:9.
     [31] 1 Chronicles 16:41; Numbers 1:17.
     [32] Numbers 4:27.
     [33] Psalm 12:3; Judges 5:18; Numbers 1:31; Numbers 1:43; Numbers 26:27; Numbers 26:50.
     [35] 1 Chronicles 7:12.
     [38] 2 Chronicles 30:12.
     [39] 1 Kings 1:9; 1 Kings 1:19; 1 Kings 1:25; 2 Chronicles 35:14.
     [40] 1 Samuel 25:18; Amos 8:11; 2 Samuel 6:1-11.
     -- From Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers ]

          [ CHRONOLOGY: GENERAL. Patriarchs (Traditional). Judges # 1. Judges # 2. Kings # 1. Kings # 2. Prophets # 1. Prophets # 2. NT # 1. NT # 2. NT # 3. ]

          [ MAPS: Maps # 1. Maps # 2. Maps # 3. Maps # 4. Maps # 5. ]

          [ COMMENTARIES, ETC: GENERAL: Bible Study Tools; Bible Hub: Study Light; Blue Letter Bible // PSALMS: Monergism: Precept Austin: The Treasury of David; John Gill; John Calvin - Volumes 1, 2, 3, 4, 5]

          [ MUSIC: GENERAL: The Cyber Hymnal // PSALMS: Genevan Psalter (Instrumental). VARIOUS ARTISTS: Micha'el Ben David. Sons of Korah. Fernando Ortega. Janet Isaac Morrison. Music of the Bible Revealed - Suzanne Haik-Vantoura. Dr. David Erb. Gregorian Chants. ]


John Calvin - CCEL | Analytical Chart - BLB


Gospel Harmony - Summary | The Harmony of the Gospels - Augustine | Gospel Harmony Chart - Online Bible

Greek Harmony of the Gospels - Robertson - (Downloadable PDF) | Gospel Harmony in English - Robertson - (Downloadable PDF)


Hebrew and Greek Interlinear Download - Scripture 4 All

Bible Hub Interlinear Hebrew and Greek Bible

Bible Hub Hebrew Interlinear | Scripture 4 All Hebrew Interlinear

Mounce Interlinear | Bible Hub Greek Interlinear | Scripture 4 All Greek Interlinear Bible

1 Chronicles Detailed Outline

1 Chronicles 12

Notes: In the Hebrew Bible 1 & 2 Chronicles are one Book. The author may have been Ezra.

2. The Kings: The Kings from the Tribes of Benjamin and Judah (1 Chronicles 10:1 - 2 Chronicles 36:14)

A. From the Tribe of Benjamin: Saul of the United Kingdom (1 Chronicles 10:1-14) - 1050 - 1010 B.C., Israel

[Note: Saul's son, Ishbosheth briefly reigned over 12 tribes, then 11 (1010-1003?) but he is not mentioned in Chronicles.]

B. From the Tribe of Judah (1 Chronicles 11:1 - 2 Chronicles 36:14)

1. David, First King of Judah and then all of Israel (1 Chronicles 11:1 - 29:30) - 1010 - 1003?; Judah; 1003? - 971, Israel

a. Secondary Projects (1 Chronicles 11:1 - 20:8)

Map 1: Bible Nations | Map 2: Empire of David and Solomon Map 3: Kingdoms of Judah and Israel | Time Line

     1 Now these are they that came to David to Ziklag, while he yet kept himself close because of [from the face of] Saul the son of Kish: and they were among the mighty men, helpers of the war. 2 They were armed with bows, and could use both the right hand and the left in hurling stones and shooting arrows out of a bow, even of Saul's brethren of Benjamin. 3 The chief was Ahiezer, then Joash, the sons of Shemaah the Gibeathite; and Jeziel, and Peleth, the sons of Azmaveth; and Berachah, and Jehu the Antothite, 4 And Ismaiah the Gibeonite, a mighty man among the thirty, and over the thirty; and Jeremiah, and Jahaziel, and Johanan, and Josabad the Gederathite, 5 Eluzai, and Jerimoth, and Bealiah, and Shemariah, and Shephatiah the Haruphite, 6 Elkanah, and Jesiah, and Azareel, and Joezer, and Jashobeam, the Korhites, 7 And Joelah, and Zebadiah, the sons of Jeroham of Gedor.
     8 And of the Gadites there separated themselves unto David into the hold to the wilderness men of might, and men of war fit for the battle, that could handle shield and buckler, whose faces were like the faces of lions, and were as swift as the roes upon the mountains; 9 Ezer the first, Obadiah the second, Eliab the third, 10 Mishmannah the fourth, Jeremiah the fifth, 11 Attai the sixth, Eliel the seventh, 12 Johanan the eighth, Elzabad the ninth, 13 Jeremiah the tenth, Machbanai the eleventh. 14 These were of the sons of Gad, captains of the host: one of the least was over an hundred, and the greatest over a thousand. 15 These are they that went over Jordan in the first month, when it had overflown [filled upon] all his banks; and they put to flight all them of the valleys, both toward the east, and toward the west.
     16 And there came of the children of Benjamin and Judah to the hold unto David. 17 And David went out to meet them, and answered and said unto them, If ye be come peaceably unto me to help me, mine heart shall be knit unto you: but if ye be come to betray me to mine enemies, seeing there is no wrong in mine hands, the God of our fathers look thereon, and rebuke it. 18 Then the spirit came upon Amasai, who was chief of the captains, and he said, Thine are we, David, and on thy side, thou son of Jesse: peace, peace be unto thee, and peace be to thine helpers; for thy God helpeth thee. Then David received them, and made them captains of the band.
     19 And there fell some of Manasseh to David, when he came with the Philistines against Saul to battle: but they helped them not: for the lords of the Philistines upon advisement sent him away, saying, He will fall to his master Saul to the jeopardy of our heads. 20 As he went to Ziklag, there fell to him of Manasseh, Adnah, and Jozabad, and Jediael, and Michael, and Jozabad, and Elihu, and Zilthai, captains of the thousands that were of Manasseh. 21 And they helped David against the band of the rovers: for they were all mighty men of valour, and were captains in the host. 22 For at that time day by day there came to David to help him, until it was a great host, like the host of God.
     23 And these are the numbers of the bands that were ready armed to the war, and came to David to Hebron, to turn the kingdom of Saul to him, according to the word of the LORD. 24 The children of Judah that bare shield and spear were six thousand and eight hundred, ready armed to the war. 25 Of the children of Simeon, mighty men of valour for the war, seven thousand and one hundred. 26 Of the children of Levi four thousand and six hundred. 27 And Jehoiada was the leader of the Aaronites, and with him were three thousand and seven hundred; 28 And Zadok, a young man mighty of valour, and of his father's house twenty and two captains. 29 And of the children of Benjamin, the kindred of Saul, three thousand: for hitherto the greatest part of them had kept the ward of the house of Saul. 30 And of the children of Ephraim twenty thousand and eight hundred, mighty men of valour, famous [men of names] throughout the house of their fathers. 31 And of the half tribe of Manasseh eighteen thousand, which were expressed by name, to come and make David king. 32 And of the children of Issachar, which were men that had understanding of the times, to know what Israel ought to do; the heads of them were two hundred; and all their brethren were at their commandment. 33 Of Zebulun, such as went forth to battle, expert in war, with all instruments of war, fifty thousand, which could keep rank: they were not of double heart [heart and heart]. 34 And of Naphtali a thousand captains, and with them with shield and spear thirty and seven thousand. 35 And of the Danites expert in war twenty and eight thousand and six hundred. 36 And of Asher, such as went forth to battle, expert in war, forty thousand. 37 And on the other side of Jordan, of the Reubenites, and the Gadites, and of the half tribe of Manasseh, with all manner of instruments of war for the battle, an hundred and twenty thousand.
     38 All these men of war, that could keep rank, came with a perfect heart to Hebron, to make David king over all Israel: and all the rest also of Israel were of one heart to make David king. 39 And there they were with David three days, eating and drinking: for their brethren had prepared for them. 40 Moreover they that were nigh them, even unto Issachar and Zebulun and Naphtali, bought bread on asses, and on camels, and on mules, and on oxen, and meat, meal, cakes of figs, and bunches of raisins, and wine, and oil, and oxen, and sheep abundantly: for there was joy in Israel.

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