Daily Arts Web Nucleus


Discover the Arts! Each day a different image from the Literary, Performing, or Visual Arts representing a portion of Scripture
plus an explanation with links

2018 January 27

An Officer Preparing His Troops for an Ambush (c. 1612)
David Vinckboons (1576 - c. 1632)
Dutch Golden Age Baroque Style
Private Collection
Image Source: Web Gallery of Art

     [ Illustration: Today's painting illustrates Jeroboam's key strategy against Abijah -- ambush. ]


[ I will again be working through the Scriptures from Genesis to Revelation. I will be adding links, resources, images, and the like, upgrading the former work-through which began with the 2013-10-12 posting which can be found, along with the full Genesis to Revelation postings, in the Archive Page. Postings will be at midnight Eastern Time, as I am able. However, no chapters will be skipped, even though a posting may be late. And all postings will be housed in the Archive Page. ]

     Explanation: 2 Chronicles 13 records the war between Abijah and Rehoboam. It was a war between those who worshipped the LORD and those who worshipped idols.

[Traditional Patriarchal Timeline. Judges. Judges Period Chronology. Kings of Judah and Israel #1. Kings of Judah and Israel #2].

     Abijah King of Judah (913-911 B.C.) began his reign during the 18th year of Jeroboam king of Israel (931-910 B.C.). They had war for the whole three years that Abijah reigned (1-2).
     Jeroboam had twice as many troops as Abijah. But when they met on the battlefield, Abijah was bold and rebuked Jeroboam for his rebellion against Solomon (970-930 B.C.) and against the house of David (1010-970 B.C.), Solomon's father (3-7).
     Abijah asked Jeroboam how he expected to defeat Judah when the priests and Levites and the people of Judah were serving the LORD, but Jeroboam and his people had forsaken God. So Abijah warned them not to fight against the LORD God (8-12).
     But Jeroboam sprang an ambush against Abijah and surrounded him and his troops. Nevertheless, when Judah fought back, "God smote Jeroboam and all Israel before Abijah and Judah." And Israel fled. Abijah captured various cities; and Jeroboam never recovered his strength; "and the LORD struck him, and he died." But Abijah grew mighty and had many wives and children. Iddo the prophet wrote about him (13-22).

     [ Sermons: Albert Mohler. Various. ]


PLEASE NOTE: Use the resources on this and other sites thoughtfully, particularly the commentaries and encyclopedias. I have attempted to list conservative, scholarly resources. However, some providers use liberal or liberal-influenced commentaries such as the Cambridge Bible for Schools and Colleges (in Bible Hub). Such commentaries are undoubtedly included by the provider for the wealth of useful information and comments which they provide. By consulting several commentaries, it should be fairly easy to sort out the wheat from the chaff. If, however, you would like personal assistance, write to me at AD LIB ARTS EMAIL.

          [ THEMATICALLY AND CHRONOLOGICALLY RELATED SCRIPTURES: 2 Chronicles 13: 1 Kings 15:1-5, 7-10; 1 Kings 14:19-20; 1 Kings 15:25-26. ]
     [1] 1 Kings 15:1-8.
     [2] 2 Chronicles 11:20-22; 2 Chronicles 15:16; 1 Kings 15:6.
     [3] 1 Kings 20:14; 1 Chronicles 21:5; 2 Samuel 24:9.
     [4] Judges 9:7; Joshua 18:22.
     [5] Numbers 18:19; Leviticus 2:13; Ezekiel 43:24; Leviticus 24:7.
     [6] 1 Kings 11:26-40.
     [7] Judges 9:4; Judges 11:3; Judges 19:22; Judges 20:13; 1 Kings 21:10; 1 Kings 21:13; 1 Chronicles 29:1; 2 Chronicles 12:13; 1 Chronicles 12:17.
     [8] 1 Chronicles 29:23; Isaiah 44:9-17.
     [9] Jeremiah 8:3; 1 Kings 12:31; 1 Kings 13:33;Exodus 28:41; Exodus 29:9; Judges 17:5; Exodus 29; Deuteronomy 32:17; Deuteronomy 32:21.
     [10] 1 Kings 15:3.
     [11] Exodus 29:38-42; Exodus 30:7; Exodus 25:30; Exodus 25:37; Leviticus 24:5-7; 2 Chronicles 4:7-8; 2 Chronicles 4:19; Leviticus 8:35.
     [12] Numbers 10:9; Numbers 31:6.
     [14] Joshua 8:20.
     [15] Judges 7:18-20; Judges 20:35; 2 Chronicles 14:12.
     [17] Numbers 11:33.
     [18] 2 Chronicles 12:6; Judges 3:30; Psalm 18:13; Genesis 25:23; Isaiah 10:20.
     [19] 1 Kings 15:17-21; Genesis 12:8; Joshua 7:2; Joshua 15:9; Judges 6:11; John 6:54.
     [20] 1 Kings 15:8-9; 1 Samuel 25:38; 1 Samuel 25:38; 2 Chronicles 13:15; 1 Kings 14:1-8.
     [21] 2 Chronicles 12:13; 2 Chronicles 11:21-23.
     -- From Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers ]

          [ CHRONOLOGY: GENERAL. Patriarchs (Traditional). Judges # 1. Judges # 2. Kings # 1. Kings # 2. Prophets # 1. Prophets # 2. NT # 1. NT # 2. NT # 3. ]

          [ MAPS: Maps # 1. Maps # 2. Maps # 3. Maps # 4. Maps # 5. ]

          [ COMMENTARIES, ETC: GENERAL: Bible Study Tools; Bible Hub: Study Light; Blue Letter Bible // PSALMS: Monergism: Precept Austin: The Treasury of David; John Gill; John Calvin - Volumes 1, 2, 3, 4, 5]

          [ MUSIC: GENERAL: The Cyber Hymnal // PSALMS: Genevan Psalter (Instrumental). VARIOUS ARTISTS: Micha'el Ben David. Sons of Korah. Fernando Ortega. Janet Isaac Morrison. Music of the Bible Revealed - Suzanne Haik-Vantoura. Dr. David Erb. Gregorian Chants. ]


John Calvin - CCEL | Analytical Chart - BLB


Gospel Harmony - Summary | The Harmony of the Gospels - Augustine | Gospel Harmony Chart - Online Bible

Greek Harmony of the Gospels - Robertson - (Downloadable PDF) | Gospel Harmony in English - Robertson - (Downloadable PDF)


Hebrew and Greek Interlinear Download - Scripture 4 All

Bible Hub Interlinear Hebrew and Greek Bible

Bible Hub Hebrew Interlinear | Scripture 4 All Hebrew Interlinear

Mounce Interlinear | Bible Hub Greek Interlinear | Scripture 4 All Greek Interlinear Bible

2 Chronicles Detailed Outline

2 Chronicles 13

Notes: In the Hebrew Bible 1 & 2 Chronicles are one Book. The author may have been Ezra.

2. The Kings: The Kings from the Tribes of Benjamin and Judah (1 Chronicles 10:1 - 2 Chronicles 36:14)

B. From the Tribe of Judah (1 Chronicles 11:1 - 2 Chronicles 36:14)

4. Abijah of Judah (2 Chronicles 13:1-22) - {913-911}

Map 1: Bible Nations | Map 2: Empire of David and Solomon Map 3: Kingdoms of Judah and Israel | Time Line

     1 Now in the eighteenth year of king Jeroboam began Abijah to reign over Judah. 2 He reigned three years in Jerusalem. His mother's name also was Michaiah the daughter of Uriel of Gibeah. And there was war between Abijah and Jeroboam.
     3 And Abijah set the battle in array [hitched the the battle] with an army of valiant men of war, even four hundred thousand chosen men: Jeroboam also set the battle in array [arranged the the battle] against him with eight hundred thousand chosen men, being mighty men of valour. 4 And Abijah stood up upon mount Zemaraim, which is in mount Ephraim, and said, Hear me, thou Jeroboam, and all Israel; 5 Ought ye not to know that the LORD God of Israel gave the kingdom over Israel to David for ever, even to him and to his sons by a covenant of salt? 6 Yet Jeroboam the son of Nebat, the servant of Solomon the son of David, is risen up, and hath rebelled against his lord. 7 And there are gathered unto him vain men, the children of Belial, and have strengthened themselves against Rehoboam the son of Solomon, when Rehoboam was young and tenderhearted [weak of heart], and could not withstand them [and not had he courage to their faces].
     8 And now ye think to withstand the kingdom of the LORD in the hand of the sons of David; and ye be a great multitude, and there are with you golden calves, which Jeroboam made you for gods. 9 Have ye not cast out the priests of the LORD, the sons of Aaron, and the Levites, and have made you priests after the manner of the nations of other lands? so that whosoever cometh to consecrate himself [to fill his hand] with a young bullock [with a young bull, a son of a herd] and seven rams, the same may be a priest of them that are no gods. 10 But as for us, the LORD is our God, and we have not forsaken him; and the priests, which minister unto the LORD, are the sons of Aaron, and the Levites wait upon their business ["work"]: 11 And they burn unto the LORD every morning [in morning in morning] and every evening [and in evening in evening] burnt sacrifices and sweet incense: the shewbread also set they in order upon the pure table; and the candlestick of gold with the lamps thereof, to burn every evening [and in evening in evening]: for we keep the charge of the LORD our God; but ye have forsaken him. 12 And, behold, God himself is with us for our captain, and his priests with sounding trumpets to cry alarm against you. O children of Israel, fight ye not against the LORD God of your fathers; for ye shall not prosper.
     13 But Jeroboam caused an ambushment to come about behind them: so they were before Judah, and the ambushment was behind them. 14 And when Judah looked back, behold, the battle was before and behind: and they cried unto the LORD, and the priests sounded with the trumpets. 15 Then the men of Judah gave a shout: and as the men of Judah shouted, it came to pass, that God smote Jeroboam and all Israel before Abijah and Judah. 16 And the children of Israel fled before Judah: and God delivered them into their hand. 17 And Abijah and his people slew them with a great slaughter: so there fell down slain of Israel five hundred thousand chosen men. 18 Thus the children of Israel were bought under at that time, and the children of Judah prevailed, because they relied upon the LORD God of their fathers. 19 And Abijah pursued after Jeroboam, and took cities from him, Bethel with the towns thereof, and Jeshanah with the towns thereof, and Ephrain with the towns thereof. 20 Neither did Jeroboam recover strength again in the days of Abijah: and the LORD struck him, and he died. 21 But Abijah waxed mighty, and married fourteen wives, and begat twenty and two sons, and sixteen daughters. 22 And the rest of the acts of Abijah, and his ways, and his sayings, are written in the story of the prophet Iddo.

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