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Discover the Arts! Each day a different image from the Literary, Performing, or Visual Arts representing a portion of Scripture
plus an explanation with links

2018 February 15

The Death of Sennacherib (c. 1300)
Unknown Illuminator (fl., c. 1300)
Byzantine Style
The J. Paul Getty Museum, Los Angeles, California, USA
Image Source: Goggle Art Project / Wikimedia

     [ Illustration: Today's image depicts the death of Sennacherib which happened in his own land after his army was destroyed at Jerusalem as recorded in today's chapter. ]


[ I will again be working through the Scriptures from Genesis to Revelation. I will be adding links, resources, images, and the like, upgrading the former work-through which began with the 2013-10-12 posting which can be found, along with the full Genesis to Revelation postings, in the Archive Page. Postings will be at midnight Eastern Time, as I am able. However, no chapters will be skipped, even though a posting may be late. And all postings will be housed in the Archive Page. ]

     Explanation: 2 Chronicles 32 tells of the miraculous deliverance of Hezekiah from Sennacherib and of his miraculous deliverance from a fatal illness.

[Traditional Patriarchal Timeline. Judges. Judges Period Chronology. Kings of Judah and Israel #1. Kings of Judah and Israel #2].

     After Hezekiah ( B.C.), King of Judah, restored and cleansed the temple, kept the Passover and related feasts, and cleansed the realm of idolatry, Sennacherib (705-681 B.C.), King of Assyria, came against him and fought against various cities in Judah. To hinder him, Hezekiah stopped up the fountains in the land. And he comforted his people, telling them not to be afraid because the LORD God was with them to help them and to fight their battles (1-8). While Sennacherib was besieging Lachish he sent messengers to Hezekiah and the people in Jerusalem telling them not to trust in the LORD because Hezekiah had taken away his altars and high places and because he and the Assyrian kings before him had conquered all the lands against whom they fought; and none of the gods of those lands had been able to deliver their people (9-15). Sennacherib also wrote letters which repeated his boasts and blasphemy; and he sent a spokesman with the same words to cry out to the defenders on the walls of Jerusalem, warning them to surrender (16-19). But Hezekiah and Isaiah cried out to the LORD. And the LORD sent an angel which devastated Sennacherib's army, forcing him to return home, where his son's killed him. And, afterward, many foreigners brought gifts to the LORD and to Hezekiah in acknowledgment of the great things which the LORD did (20-23). In those days Hezekiah had a deadly sickness; and, in response to his prayer for mercy, the LORD gave him a sign that he would be healed; and the sign was fulfilled when Hezekiah recovered. However Hezekiah and the inhabitants of Jerusalem became proud; and Hezekiah showed the ambassadors from Babylon all the treasures of the Temple and of his house; and the LORD prepared a judgment against Hezekiah and his people. But, when Hezekiah repented, the LORD delayed the judgment until after Hezekiah died (24-26). Hezekiah became quite rich. And he diverted the Gihon spring and made it flow into Jerusalem (27-31). Isaiah wrote about Hezekiah; and his deeds were also recorded in his royal records. When Hezekiah died, he was buried with great honors; and Manasseh his son succeeded him (32-33).
     Hezekiah began his reign during the reign of Hoshea (732-712 B.C.), the last king of Israel. Hosea's reign is described in the following DAWN page: 2 Kings 17. Also, Hezekiah's life and reign (741-687 B.C.) had overlaps with the ministries of the following prophets: Hosea (760-720 B.C.); Isaiah (740-681 B.C.); and Micah (737-690 B.C.).
     The present chapter (2 Chronicles 32) has parallels in 2 Kings and in Isaiah. These are described and illustrated in the following DAWN pages: 2 Kings 18; 2 Kings 19; 2 Kings 20; Isaiah 36; Isaiah 37; Isaiah 38; Isaiah 39

     [ Sermons: Terry Johnson. Various. ]


PLEASE NOTE: Use the resources on this and other sites thoughtfully, particularly the commentaries and encyclopedias. I have attempted to list conservative, scholarly resources. However, some providers use liberal or liberal-influenced commentaries such as the Cambridge Bible for Schools and Colleges (in Bible Hub). Such commentaries are undoubtedly included by the provider for the wealth of useful information and comments which they provide. By consulting several commentaries, it should be fairly easy to sort out the wheat from the chaff. If, however, you would like personal assistance, write to me at AD LIB ARTS EMAIL.

          [ THEMATICALLY AND CHRONOLOGICALLY RELATED SCRIPTURES: 2 Chronicles 32: 2 Kings 18:7-8; 2 Kings 18:13-37; 2 Kings 20:1-19; 2 Kings 19:1-36; 2 Kings 20:21; 2 Kings 21:1; 2 Kings 18; 2 Kings 19; 2 Kings 20; Isaiah 36; Isaiah 37; Isaiah 38; Isaiah 39].
     [1] 2 Kings 18:13 - 2 Kings 19:37; 2 Chronicles 31:20; 2 Chronicles 21:17; 2 Kings 18:14-16.
     [2] Isaiah 22:8-11; 2 Kings 20:20; 2 Chronicles 20:3; Luke 9:53; 2 Kings 3:19; 2 Kings 3:25.
     [4] 2 Kings 20:20; Isaiah 30:28; Isaiah 8:8; 2 Chronicles 28:16.
     [5] 2 Chronicles 15:8; 2 Chronicles 18:1; Isaiah 22:9-10; 2 Chronicles 26:9; Isaiah 22:11; 2 Chronicles 11:11; 1 Chronicles 11:8; 2 Chronicles 23:10; 2 Chronicles 26:14.
     [6] Nehemiah 8:1; Nehemiah 8:16; 2 Chronicles 30:22.
     [7] 2 Chronicles 20:15; Deuteronomy 31:6; 2 Kings 6:16.
     [8] Jeremiah 17:5; Isaiah 31:3; 1 Samuel 8:20; Isaiah 36:6; Isaiah 48:2.
     [9] 2 Kings 18:17; Jeremiah 34:1.
     [10] Jeremiah 10:17; Deuteronomy 28:53; 2 Kings 18:19-25; 2 Kings 18:28-35.
     [11] 2 Kings 18:32; 1 Chronicles 21:1; 2 Kings 18:27.
     [12] 2 Kings 18:22.
     [13] 2 Kings 18:34.
     [14] 2 Kings 18:35.
     [15] Isaiah 37:10-11.
     [16] Isaiah 37:23.
     [17] Isaiah 37:23; 2 Kings 19:8-14; 2 Kings 19:10; 2 Kings 19:12.
     [18] 2 Kings 18:26-35; Nehemiah 6:9; Nehemiah 6:14; Nehemiah 6:19; 2 Samuel 14:15.
     [19] Psalm 2:7; Psalm 3:2; 2 Kings 19:18.
     [20] 2 Kings 19:15-19; Isaiah 37:15-20;2 Kings 19:2-4; Isaiah 37:2-4; 2 Chronicles 30:27; 1 Samuel 5:12.
     [21] 2 Kings 19:35; Isaiah 37:36; Exodus 23:23; Psalm 76:5; Psalm 44:15; Ezra 9:7; 2 Kings 19:37; Genesis 15:4; 2 Samuel 7:12.
     [22] 2 Kings 18:7; 2 Chronicles 14:6; 2 Chronicles 15:15; 2 Chronicles 20:30; 1 Chronicles 22:18.
     [23] 2 Kings 20:12; 2 Chronicles 18:11.
     [24] 2 Kings 20:1-11; Isaiah 38.
     [25] 2 Kings 20:12-19; Isaiah 39; Isaiah 38:15; 2 Kings 20:16-18; Isaiah 39:5-7; 1 Chronicles 27:24; 2 Chronicles 19:10.
     [26] Isaiah 39:8; 2 Kings 20:19.
     [27] 1 Chronicles 29:28; 2 Chronicles 1:12; 2 Chronicles 17:5; 2 Chronicles 18:1; 2 Kings 20:13; Isaiah 39:2; Nahum 2:10.
     [28] 2 Chronicles 8:4; Exodus 1:11; 2 Chronicles 9:25.
     [29] Isaiah 1:8; 2 Kings 17:9; 2 Chronicles 26:10; 2 Chronicles 31:3.
     [30] 2 Kings 20:20; 2 Chronicles 31:21; 1 Chronicles 29:23.
     [31] 2 Chronicles 28:16; 2 Chronicles 30:6; 2 Chronicles 32:4; 2 Kings 20:12; Isaiah 39; Isaiah 7:12; Psalm 95:9.
     [32] 2 Kings 20:20-21; 2 Chronicles 35:26; Nehemiah 13:14.
     [33] 2 Chronicles 20:16; 1 Samuel 6:5; Psalm 29:1; 2 Chronicles 16:14; 2 Chronicles 21:19.
     -- From Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers ]

          [ CHRONOLOGY: GENERAL. Patriarchs (Traditional). Judges # 1. Judges # 2. Kings # 1. Kings # 2. Prophets # 1. Prophets # 2. NT # 1. NT # 2. NT # 3. ]

          [ MAPS: Maps # 1. Maps # 2. Maps # 3. Maps # 4. Maps # 5. ]

          [ COMMENTARIES, ETC: GENERAL: Bible Study Tools; Bible Hub: Study Light; Blue Letter Bible // PSALMS: Monergism: Precept Austin: The Treasury of David; John Gill; John Calvin - Volumes 1, 2, 3, 4, 5]

          [ MUSIC: GENERAL: The Cyber Hymnal // PSALMS: Genevan Psalter (Instrumental). VARIOUS ARTISTS: Micha'el Ben David. Sons of Korah. Fernando Ortega. Janet Isaac Morrison. Music of the Bible Revealed - Suzanne Haik-Vantoura. Dr. David Erb. Gregorian Chants. ]


John Calvin - CCEL | Analytical Chart - BLB


Gospel Harmony - Summary | The Harmony of the Gospels - Augustine | Gospel Harmony Chart - Online Bible

Greek Harmony of the Gospels - Robertson - (Downloadable PDF) | Gospel Harmony in English - Robertson - (Downloadable PDF)


Hebrew and Greek Interlinear Download - Scripture 4 All

Bible Hub Interlinear Hebrew and Greek Bible

Bible Hub Hebrew Interlinear | Scripture 4 All Hebrew Interlinear

Mounce Interlinear | Bible Hub Greek Interlinear | Scripture 4 All Greek Interlinear Bible

2 Chronicles Detailed Outline

2 Chronicles 32

Notes: In the Hebrew Bible 1 & 2 Chronicles are one Book. The author may have been Ezra.

2. The Kings: The Kings from the Tribes of Benjamin and Judah (1 Chronicles 10:1 - 2 Chronicles 36:14)

B. From the Tribe of Judah (1 Chronicles 11:1 - 2 Chronicles 36:14)

15. Hezekiah of Judah (2 Chronicles 29:1 - 32:33) - {715-686}

Map 1: Bible Nations | Map 2: Empire of David and Solomon Map 3: Kingdoms of Judah and Israel | Time Line

     1 After these things, and the establishment thereof, Sennacherib king of Assyria came, and entered into Judah, and encamped against the fenced cities, and thought to win them for himself. 2 And when Hezekiah saw that Sennacherib was come, and that he was purposed to fight against Jerusalem, 3 He took counsel with his princes and his mighty men to stop the waters of the fountains which were without the city: and they did help him. 4 So there was gathered much people together, who stopped all the fountains, and the brook that ran through the midst of the land, saying, Why should the kings of Assyria come, and find much water? 5 Also he strengthened himself, and built up all the wall that was broken, and raised it up to the towers, and another wall without, and repaired Millo in the city of David, and made darts and shields in abundance. 6 And he set captains of war over the people, and gathered them together to him in the street of the gate of the city, and spake comfortably [upon their heart] to them, saying, 7 Be strong and courageous, be not afraid nor dismayed for the king of Assyria, nor for all the multitude that is with him: for there be more with us than with him: 8 With him is an arm of flesh; but with us is the LORD our God to help us, and to fight our battles. And the people rested themselves upon the words of Hezekiah king of Judah.
     9 After this did Sennacherib king of Assyria send his servants to Jerusalem, (but he himself laid siege against Lachish, and all his power with him,) unto Hezekiah king of Judah, and unto all Judah that were at Jerusalem, saying, 10 Thus saith Sennacherib king of Assyria, Whereon do ye trust, that ye abide in the siege in Jerusalem? 11 Doth not Hezekiah persuade you to give over yourselves to die by famine and by thirst, saying, The LORD our God shall deliver us out of the hand of the king of Assyria? 12 Hath not the same Hezekiah taken away his high places and his altars, and commanded Judah and Jerusalem, saying, Ye shall worship before one altar, and burn incense upon it? 13 Know ye not what I and my fathers have done unto all the people of other lands? were the gods of the nations of those lands any ways able [being able they were able] to deliver their lands out of mine hand? 14 Who was there among all the gods of those nations that my fathers utterly destroyed, that could deliver his people out of mine hand, that your God should be able to deliver you out of mine hand? 15 Now therefore let not Hezekiah deceive you, nor persuade you on this manner, neither yet believe him: for no god of any nation or kingdom was able to deliver his people out of mine hand, and out of the hand of my fathers: how much less shall your God deliver you out of mine hand?
     16 And his servants spake yet more against the LORD God, and against his servant Hezekiah. 17 He wrote also letters to rail on the LORD God of Israel, and to speak against him, saying, As the gods of the nations of other lands have not delivered their people out of mine hand, so shall not the God of Hezekiah deliver his people out of mine hand. 18 Then they cried with a loud voice in the Jews' speech unto the people of Jerusalem that were on the wall, to affright them, and to trouble them; that they might take the city. 19 And they spake against the God of Jerusalem, as against the gods of the people of the earth, which were the work of the hands of man.
     20 And for this cause Hezekiah the king, and the prophet Isaiah the son of Amoz, prayed and cried to heaven. 21 And the LORD sent an angel, which cut off all the mighty men of valour, and the leaders and captains in the camp of the king of Assyria. So he returned with shame of face to his own land. And when he was come into the house of his god, they that came forth of his own bowels slew him there with the sword. 22 Thus the LORD saved Hezekiah and the inhabitants of Jerusalem from the hand of Sennacherib the king of Assyria, and from the hand of all other, and guided them on every side. 23 And many bought gifts unto the LORD to Jerusalem, and presents to Hezekiah king of Judah: so that he was magnified in the sight of all nations from thenceforth.
     24 In those days Hezekiah was sick to the death, and prayed unto the LORD: and he spake unto him, and he gave him a sign. 25 But Hezekiah rendered not again according to the benefit done unto him; for his heart was lifted up : therefore there was wrath upon him, and upon Judah and Jerusalem. 26 Notwithstanding Hezekiah humbled himself for the pride of his heart, both he and the inhabitants of Jerusalem, so that the wrath of the LORD came not upon them in the days of Hezekiah.
     27 And Hezekiah had exceeding much riches and honour: and he made himself treasuries for silver, and for gold, and for precious stones, and for spices, and for shields, and for all manner of pleasant jewels; 28 Storehouses also for the increase of corn, and wine, and oil; and stalls for all manner of beasts [beast and beast], and cotes for flocks. 29 Moreover he provided him cities, and possessions of flocks and herds in abundance: for God had given him substance very much. 30 This same Hezekiah also stopped the upper watercourse of Gihon, and bought it straight down to the west side of the city of David. And Hezekiah prospered in all his works. 31 Howbeit in the business of the ambassadors of the princes of Babylon, who sent unto him to enquire of the wonder that was done in the land, God left him, to try him, that he might know all that was in his heart.
     32 Now the rest of the acts of Hezekiah, and his goodness, behold, they are written in the vision of Isaiah the prophet, the son of Amoz, and in the book of the kings of Judah and Israel. 33 And Hezekiah slept with his fathers, and they buried him in the chiefest of the sepulchres of the sons of David: and all Judah and the inhabitants of Jerusalem did him honour at his death. And Manasseh his son reigned in his stead.

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