Daily Arts Web Nucleus


Discover the Arts! Each day a different image from the Literary, Performing, or Visual Arts representing a portion of Scripture
plus an explanation with links

2018 March 5

The Night Watch (1642)
Rembrandt van Rijn (1606-1669)
Dutch Golden Age Baroque Style
Rijksmuseum, Amsterdam, Netherlands
Image Source: Wikipedia

     [ Illustration: Today's painting depicts a small band of warriors going on night-watch. In similar fashion, Nehemiah dispatched the defenders of Jerusalem nightly. ]


[ I will again be working through the Scriptures from Genesis to Revelation. I will be adding links, resources, images, and the like, upgrading the former work-through which began with the 2013-10-12 posting which can be found, along with the full Genesis to Revelation postings, in the Archive Page. Postings will be at midnight Eastern Time, as I am able. However, no chapters will be skipped, even though a posting may be late. And all postings will be housed in the Archive Page. ]

     Explanation: In Nehemiah 4 Israel's enemies renew their attempts to stop Nehemiah from building the wall of Jerusalem.
     When Sanballat heard that the Jews were building the wall of Jerusalem he was indignant and mocked them. He spoke to the army of Samaria and pointed out the feebleness of the Jews and the difficulties they faced. Tobiah also mocked them, saying that a fox could break down their wall. Nehemiah called God's attention to their reproach and asked for judgment upon them (1-5).
     So the Jews worked and finished half of the wall (6).
     This angered their enemies; and they conspired to fight against Jerusalem; but the Jews set a watch against them (7-9).
     The strength of the workers began to wane; and their adversaries plotted to catch them unaware and kill them. When the Jews learned of this, Nehemiah put armed guards in various places; and he told the Jews not to be afraid of their enemies because God is great and terrifying (10-14).
     When their enemies learned that the Jews knew of their plot, the plot came to nothing, and the Jews returned to their work. From then on, the Jews posted extra armed guards and made provisions to signal danger by trumpets (15-20).
     They labored in half-day shifts and kept watch during the night. They changed clothes only when they washed them (21-23).
     NOTE: Nehemiah (served 445-425 B.C.) was contemporary with the following Biblical persons: Joel (580-450 B.C. -- if this late date applies, rather than a date in the 9th century B.C.); Haggai (520 B.C.); Zechariah (520-518 B.C.); Esther (483-473 B.C.); Ezra (538-456 B.C.).

[Traditional Patriarchal Chronology. Judges Period Chronology 1. Judges Period Chronology 2. Kings of Judah and Israel #1. Kings of Judah and Israel #2].

[Post Exile Chronology 1. Post Exile Chronology 2. Post Exile Chronology 3.]

[Prophets Chronology 1. Prophets Chronology 2. Prophets Chronology 3. Prophets Chronology 4.]

[Intertestamental Period Chronology 1. Intertestamental Period Chronology 2. Intertestamental Period Chronology 3.
Intertestamental Period Chronology 4. Intertestamental Period Chronology 5.]

[New Testament Chronology 1. New Testament Chronology 2. New Testament Chronology 3. New Testament Chronology 4. New Testament Chronology 5.]

     [ Sermons: Eric Alexander. William Still. Various. ]


PLEASE NOTE: Use the resources on this and other sites thoughtfully, particularly the commentaries and encyclopedias. I have attempted to list conservative, scholarly resources. However, some providers use liberal or liberal-influenced commentaries such as the Cambridge Bible for Schools and Colleges (in Bible Hub). Such commentaries are undoubtedly included by the provider for the wealth of useful information and comments which they provide. By consulting several commentaries, it should be fairly easy to sort out the wheat from the chaff. If, however, you would like personal assistance, write to me at AD LIB ARTS EMAIL.

          [ THEMATICALLY AND CHRONOLOGICALLY RELATED SCRIPTURES: Nehemiah 4: Nehemiah 1, Nehemiah 2, Nehemiah 3].
     [1] Nehemiah 2:10,19; Acts 5:17; Psalm 35:15-16; Psalm 44:13-14; Matthew 27:29; Hebrews 11:36.
     [2] Zechariah 12:8; 1 Corinthians 1:27; Nehemiah 12:27,43; Ezekiel 37:3-13; Habakkuk 3:2.
     [3] Nehemiah 2:10,19; Nehemiah 6:1.
     [4] Psalm 123:3-4; Psalm 79:12; Proverbs 3:34; Hosea 12:14.
     [5] Jeremiah 18:23; 2 Timothy 4:14; Isaiah 36:11-12.
     [6] Nehemiah 6:15; 1 Chronicles 29:3, 14, 17-18; 2 Chronicles 29:36.
     [7] Nehemiah 2:10, 19; Judges 10:7; Amos 1:13; Nehemiah 13:23-24; Jeremiah 25:20; Amos 1:8; Amos 3:9; Zechariah 9:5-6; Ezra 5:8.
     [8] Isaiah 8:9-10; Jeremiah 20:10.
     [9] 1 Peter 5:8.
     [10] Psalm 11:1-2; Haggai 1:2; 2 Chronicles 2:18; Ezekiel 29:18.
     [11] Psalm 56:6.
     [13] Nehemiah 4:17-18.
     [14] Numbers 14:9; Psalm 27:1; Isaiah 41:10-14; Isaiah 51:12-13; Isaiah 64:1-3.
     [15] Job 5:12-13; Psalm 33:10-11; Proverbs 21:30; Lamentations 3:37-38; 1 Corinthians 3:19-20.
     [20] Exodus 14:14, 25; Deuteronomy 1:30; Deuteronomy 3:22; Deuteronomy 20:4; Joshua 23:10; Zechariah 14:3.
     [22] Nehemiah 11:1-2.
     [23] Nehemiah 5:16; Nehemiah 7:2; Judges 9:48.
     -- Selections From Treasury of Scripture Knowledge ]

          [ CHRONOLOGY: GENERAL. Patriarchs (Traditional). Judges # 1. Judges # 2. Kings # 1. Kings # 2. Prophets # 1. Prophets # 2. NT # 1. NT # 2. NT # 3. ]

          [ MAPS: Maps # 1. Maps # 2. Maps # 3. Maps # 4. Maps # 5. ]

          [ COMMENTARIES, ETC: GENERAL: Bible Study Tools; Bible Hub: Study Light; Blue Letter Bible // PSALMS: Monergism: Precept Austin: The Treasury of David; John Gill; John Calvin - Volumes 1, 2, 3, 4, 5]

          [ MUSIC: GENERAL: The Cyber Hymnal // PSALMS: Genevan Psalter (Instrumental). VARIOUS ARTISTS: Micha'el Ben David. Sons of Korah. Fernando Ortega. Janet Isaac Morrison. Music of the Bible Revealed - Suzanne Haik-Vantoura. Dr. David Erb. Gregorian Chants. ]


John Calvin - CCEL | Analytical Chart - BLB


Gospel Harmony - Summary | The Harmony of the Gospels - Augustine | Gospel Harmony Chart - Online Bible

Greek Harmony of the Gospels - Robertson - (Downloadable PDF) | Gospel Harmony in English - Robertson - (Downloadable PDF)


Hebrew and Greek Interlinear Download - Scripture 4 All

Bible Hub Interlinear Hebrew and Greek Bible

Bible Hub Hebrew Interlinear | Scripture 4 All Hebrew Interlinear

Mounce Interlinear | Bible Hub Greek Interlinear | Scripture 4 All Greek Interlinear Bible

Nehemiah Detailed Outline

Nehemiah 4

2. During the Rebuilding of Jerusalem's Wall (3:1 - 6:19)

B. Continuing Opposition of Sanballat & Tobiah (4:1-23)

Map 1: Bible Nations | Map 2: Empire of David and Solomon Map 3: Kingdoms of Judah and Israel | Post Exile Chronology.

     1 But it came to pass, that when Sanballat heard that we builded the wall, he was wroth, and took great indignation, and mocked [derided upon] the Jews. 2 And he spake before his brethren and the army of Samaria, and said, What do these feeble Jews? will they fortify themselves? will they sacrifice? will they make an end in a day? will they revive the stones out of the heaps of the rubbish which are burned? 3 Now Tobiah the Ammonite was by him, and he said, Even that which they build, if a fox go up, he shall even break down their stone wall. 4 Hear, O our God; for we are despised: and turn their reproach upon their own head, and give them for a prey in the land of captiviy: 5 And cover [cover over] not their iniquity, and let not their sin be blotted out from before thee: for they have provoked thee to anger before the builders.
     6 So built we the wall; and all the wall was joined together unto the half thereof: for the people had a mind to work.
     7 But it came to pass, that when Sanballat, and Tobiah, and the Arabians, and the Ammonites, and the Ashdodites, heard that the walls of Jerusalem were made up [ascended to wholeness], and that the breaches began to be stopped, then they were very wroth, 8 And conspired all of them together to come and to fight against Jerusalem, and to hinder it [and to do injury]. 9 Nevertheless we made our prayer unto our God, and set a watch against them day and night, because of them.
     10 And Judah said, The strength of the bearers of burdens is decayed, and there is much rubbish; so that we are not able to build the wall. 11 And our adversaries said, They shall not know, neither see, till we come in the midst among them, and slay them, and cause the work to cease. 12 And it came to pass, that when the Jews which dwelt by them came, they said unto us ten times, From all places whence ye shall return unto us they will be upon you. 13 Therefore set I in the lower places behind the wall, and on the higher places, I even set the people after their families with their swords, their spears, and their bows. 14 And I looked, and rose up, and said unto the nobles, and to the rulers, and to the rest of the people, Be not ye afraid of them: remember the Lord, which is great and terrible, and fight for your brethren, your sons, and your daughters, your wives, and your houses.
     15 And it came to pass, when our enemies heard that it was known unto us, and God had brought their counsel to nought [broke their counsel], that we returned all of us to the wall, every one unto his work. 16 And it came to pass from that time forth, that the half of my servants wrought in the work, and the other half of them held both the spears, the shields, and the bows, and the habergeons; and the rulers were behind all the house of Judah. 17 They which builded on the wall, and they that bare burdens, with those that laded, every one with one of his hands wrought in the work, and with the other hand held a weapon. 18 For the builders, every one had his sword girded by his side, and so builded. And he that sounded the trumpet was by me. 19 And I said unto the nobles, and to the rulers, and to the rest of the people, The work is great and large, and we are separated upon the wall, one far from another [a brother]. 20 In what place therefore ye hear the sound of the trumpet, resort ye thither unto us: our God shall fight for us.
     21 So we laboured in the work: and half of them held the spears from the rising of the morning till the stars appeared. 22 Likewise at the same time said I unto the people, Let every one with his servant lodge within Jerusalem, that in the night they may be a guard to us, and labour on the day. 23 So neither I, nor my brethren, nor my servants, nor the men of the guard which followed me, none of us put off our clothes, saving that every one put them off for washing.

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