Daily Arts Web Nucleus


Discover the Arts! Each day a different image from the Literary, Performing, or Visual Arts representing a portion of Scripture
plus an explanation with links

2018 April 4

Gilles (or "Pierrot") - (1718-1720)
Jean-Antoine Watteau (1684-1721)
Rococo Style
Musee du Louvre, Paris, France
Image Source: Wikimedia

     [ Illustration: Like Job, the clown ("fool") in today's painting feels a sense of isolation, though moments before he had been able to share in the enjoyment of those in the background who are still in good spirits. In a similar but harsher way, the severity of Zophar's words would have heightened Job's sense of isolation from his friends -- isolation of which Job had complained several times in the preceding chapters. ]


[ I will again be working through the Scriptures from Genesis to Revelation. I will be adding links, resources, images, and the like, upgrading the former work-through which began with the 2013-10-12 posting which can be found, along with the full Genesis to Revelation postings, in the Archive Page. Postings will be at midnight Eastern Time, as I am able. However, no chapters will be skipped, even though a posting may be late. And all postings will be housed in the Archive Page. ]

     Explanation: Job 11 contains Zophar's accusations that Job was an immoral fool.
     Zophar was the third of Job's friends to reply against Job. His accusations are of two sorts: Job is a fool; and Job is wicked. The previous two friends who spoke to Job, Eliphaz and Bildad, reasoned by analogy to make their points, offering typical examples of the kinds of things which happen to sinners who commit various kinds of sins. Zophar does little of that. Instead, he makes accusations without evidence. In terms of logic, he begs the question (1).
     Zophar begins by saying that Job is full of talk and is a liar and a mocker. He wishes that God would speak and teach Job wisdom and show Job how impure is his doctrine and how unclean he is. Job would then know that God has punished him far less than his iniquity deserves (2-6).
     Zophar then notes that Job cannot understand God to perfection. Such knowledge is higher than heaven, deeper than hell, longer than the earth, and broader than the sea (7-9).
     Furthermore, says Zophar, God is irresistibly strong; he cuts off, shuts up, or gathers together, and no one can hinder him. And he is wise. He knows who is vain. He knows who is wicked (10-11).
     Vainly man tries to be wise although he is born like a wild donkey's colt (isolated from wisdom as the colt is from civilization; or as isolated from wisdom as is a beast). [The ESV translates this verse in the following, striking manner: "But a stupid man will get understanding when a wild donkey's colt is born a man!"]. The import of Zophar's metaphor is that man does not have the capacity for wisdom (12).
     However, says Zophar, if Job would appeal to God and put away his iniquity and wickedness, he would then be able to be confident, steadfast, and unafraid. He would forget his misery, live his latter years in light -- securely, hopefully, and restfully. He would be unafraid; and many would court his favor. But the eyes of the wicked will fail; they will not escape; and their hope will perish (13-20).

     [ Sermons: Brian Borgman. Various. ]

Bile Chronologies -- Genesis to Revelation

[Traditional Patriarchal Chronology. Judges Period Chronology 1. Judges Period Chronology 2. Kings of Judah and Israel #1. Kings of Judah and Israel #2].

[Post Exile Chronology 1. Post Exile Chronology 2. Post Exile Chronology 3.]

[Prophets Chronology 1. Prophets Chronology 2. Prophets Chronology 3. Prophets Chronology 4.]

[Intertestamental Period Chronology 1. Intertestamental Period Chronology 2. Intertestamental Period Chronology 3.
Intertestamental Period Chronology 4. Intertestamental Period Chronology 5.]

[New Testament Chronology 1. New Testament Chronology 2. New Testament Chronology 3. New Testament Chronology 4. New Testament Chronology 5.]


PLEASE NOTE: Use the resources on this and other sites thoughtfully, particularly the commentaries and encyclopedias. I have attempted to list conservative, scholarly resources. However, some providers use liberal or liberal-influenced commentaries such as the Cambridge Bible for Schools and Colleges (in Bible Hub). Such commentaries are undoubtedly included by the provider for the wealth of useful information and comments which they provide. By consulting several commentaries, it should be fairly easy to sort out the wheat from the chaff. If, however, you would like personal assistance, write to me at AD LIB ARTS EMAIL.

[1] Job 9:32.
[4] Job 11:3; Job 32:1; Job 10:15; Job 9:30.
[10] Job 4:15; Job 9:11; Job 9:11-12; Job 10:17; Job 9:12.
[12] Job 11:11.
[17] Psalm 139:9; Malachi 4:2.
[18] Joshua 2:2; Job 39:29.
     -- From Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers ]

          [ CHRONOLOGY: GENERAL. Patriarchs (Traditional). Judges # 1. Judges # 2. Kings # 1. Kings # 2. Prophets # 1. Prophets # 2. NT # 1. NT # 2. NT # 3. ]

          [ MAPS: Maps # 1. Maps # 2. Maps # 3. Maps # 4. Maps # 5. ]

          [ COMMENTARIES, ETC: GENERAL: Bible Study Tools; Bible Hub: Study Light; Blue Letter Bible // PSALMS: Monergism: Precept Austin: The Treasury of David; John Gill; John Calvin - Volumes 1, 2, 3, 4, 5]

          [ MUSIC: GENERAL: The Cyber Hymnal // PSALMS: Genevan Psalter (Instrumental). VARIOUS ARTISTS: Micha'el Ben David. Sons of Korah. Fernando Ortega. Janet Isaac Morrison. Music of the Bible Revealed - Suzanne Haik-Vantoura. Dr. David Erb. Gregorian Chants. ]


John Calvin - CCEL | Analytical Chart - BLB


Gospel Harmony - Summary | The Harmony of the Gospels - Augustine | Gospel Harmony Chart - Online Bible

Greek Harmony of the Gospels - Robertson - (Downloadable PDF) | Gospel Harmony in English - Robertson - (Downloadable PDF)


Hebrew and Greek Interlinear Download - Scripture 4 All

Bible Hub Interlinear Hebrew and Greek Bible

Bible Hub Hebrew Interlinear | Scripture 4 All Hebrew Interlinear

Mounce Interlinear | Bible Hub Greek Interlinear | Scripture 4 All Greek Interlinear Bible

Job Detailed Outline

The Book of Job


2085 B.C., Uz

The wisdom and blessing of exercising faith during undeserved suffering

Job 11

Map 1: Bible Nations | Map 2: Empire of David and Solomon Map 3: Kingdoms of Judah and Israel | Post Exile Chronology.

1. The Affliction of Job (Job 1:1 - Job 2:10)

2. The Second Affliction (Job 2:1 - Job 2:10)
(His health is destroyed)

2. The Debate About Job's Affliction (Job 2:11 - Job 37:24)

A. The 3 Debaters: Their Week of Silence(Job 2:11 - Job 2:13)
(Eliphaz the Temanite, Bildad the Shuhite, Zophar the Naamathite)

B. The Debate (Job 3:1 - Job 37:24)

1. The 3 Rounds of Accusations and Answers (Job 3:1 - Job 31:40)
[They try to accuse Job by comparing his condition to various judgments brought
on various kinds of evil men. They speak in poetical metaphors.]

a. Round 1 (Job 3:1 - Job 14:22)

1). Job Speaks His Lament (Job 3:1 - Job 3:26)
(I long for death.)

2). Eliphaz Replies (Job 4:1 - Job 5:27)
(Accept God's correction.)

3). Job Replies to Eliphaz (Job 6:1 - Job 7:27)
(I need your pity, not your accusations.)

4). Bildad Replies to Job (Job 8:1 - Job 8:22)
(Repentance will restore your fortunes.)

5). Job Replies to Bildad (Job 9:1 - Job 10:22)
(God will not listen to me in spite of my innocence.)

6). Zophar Replies to Job (Job 11:1 - Job 11:20)
(Repentance will deliver you from shame.)

     1 Then answered Zophar the Naamathite, and said,
     2 Should not the multitude of words be answered? and should a man full of talk be justified? 3 Should thy lies make men hold their peace? and when thou mockest, shall no man make thee ashamed? 4 For thou hast said, My doctrine is pure, and I am clean in thine eyes. 5 But oh that God would speak, and open his lips against thee; 6 And that he would shew thee the secrets of wisdom, that they are double to that which is! Know therefore that God exacteth of thee less than thine iniquity deserveth.
     7 Canst thou by searching find out God? canst thou find out the Almighty unto perfection? 8 It is as high as heaven; what canst thou do? deeper than hell; what canst thou know? 9 The measure thereof is longer than the earth, and broader than the sea. 10 If he cut off, and shut up, or gather together, then who can hinder him? 11 For he knoweth vain men: he seeth wickedness also; will he not then consider it? 12 For vain man would be wise, though man be born like a wild ass's colt.
     13 If thou prepare thine heart, and stretch out thine hands toward him; 14 If iniquity be in thine hand, put it far away, and let not wickedness dwell in thy tabernacles. 15 For then shalt thou lift up thy face without spot; yea, thou shalt be stedfast, and shalt not fear: 16 Because thou shalt forget thy misery, and remember it as waters that pass away: 17 And thine age shall be clearer than the noonday; thou shalt shine forth, thou shalt be as the morning. 18 And thou shalt be secure, because there is hope; yea, thou shalt dig about thee, and thou shalt take thy rest in safety. 19 Also thou shalt lie down, and none shall make thee afraid; yea, many shall make suit unto thee. 20 But the eyes of the wicked shall fail, and they shall not escape [and flight perishes from them], and their hope shall be as the giving up of the ghost.

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