Daily Arts Web Nucleus


Discover the Arts! Each day a different image from the Literary, Performing, or Visual Arts representing a portion of Scripture
plus an explanation with links

2018 May 5

Image 1: The Vision of Christ, The Butts Set (c. 1805-1806)
William Blake (1757-1827)
Romanticism Style
Morgan Library and Museum, New York, New York, USA
Image Credit: The William Blake Archive


Image 2: Job's Sacrifice, The Butts Set (c. 1805-1806)
William Blake (1757-1827)
Romanticism Style
Morgan Library and Museum, New York, New York, USA
Image Credit: The William Blake Archive


Image 3: Every Man Also Gave Him a Piece of Money, The Butts Set (c. 1805-1806)
William Blake (1757-1827)
Romanticism Style
Morgan Library and Museum, New York, New York, USA
Image Credit: The William Blake Archive


Image 4: Job and His Daughters, The Butts Set (c. 1805-1806)
William Blake (1757-1827)
Romanticism Style
Morgan Library and Museum, New York, New York, USA
Image Credit: The William Blake Archive


Image 5: Job and His Family Restored to Prosperity, The Butts Set (c. 1805-1806)
William Blake (1757-1827)
Romanticism Style
Morgan Library and Museum, New York, New York, USA
Image Credit: The William Blake Archive

     [ Illustration: The illustrations above trace the narrative of chapter 42 from beginning to end. The First Image depicts the LORD (Jehovah) as Christ, as is common in the New Testament. The Rest of the Images are self-explanatory. ]


[ I will again be working through the Scriptures from Genesis to Revelation. I will be adding links, resources, images, and the like, upgrading the former work-through which began with the 2013-10-12 posting which can be found, along with the full Genesis to Revelation postings, in the Archive Page. Postings will be at midnight Eastern Time, as I am able. However, no chapters will be skipped, even though a posting may be late. And all postings will be housed in the Archive Page. ]

     Explanation: In Job 42, the LORD concludes his rebuke of Job; and Job repents, is restored, and lives a long and prosperous life.
     After hearing the LORD's expostulations in the previous 4 chapters, and offering a preliminary repentance in chapter 40, Job now repents fully and deeply, with a clarity of understanding which he did not have until this point in the narrative. These are the words (from the ESV) of Job's confession: 1 Then Job answered the LORD and said: 2 "I know that you can do all things, and that no purpose of yours can be thwarted. 3 'Who is this that hides counsel without knowledge?' Therefore I have uttered what I did not understand, things too wonderful for me, which I did not know. 4 'Hear, and I will speak; I will question you, and you make it known to me.' 5 I had heard of you by the hearing of the ear, but now my eye sees you; 6 therefore I despise myself, and repent in dust and ashes" (1-6).
     What Job finally realized is that he had no power to disannul God's judgment; and he had no wisdom to do it. He received no information from God, that we know of, concerning the transaction in Job 1 and in Job 2 between God and Satan which precipitated the test that came upon him. If he had received this information, the mystery would not have been solved; it would have deepened. Why? Because, in both cases, when Satan appeared before God (Job 1:6-12; Job 2:1-6), it was God, not Satan, who brought up the subject of Job and his righteousness and asked Satan for his opinion of Job, thus opening the door for a challenge, and thus giving God, not Satan, the initiative in the test of Job. Job knew by training and by instinct that God was in control of all that happened to him, as shown by many of his statements in the book. But the type of information which we have in the first two chapters would have brought this fact into a much clearer and sharper focus in the mind of Job and may have aggravated his distress even more deeply. And, if Job had analyzed the information, he would have found profound implications which go far beyond human ability to fathom -- questions of the justice of God (Theodicy). The problem, however, is not resolved by information. It is resolved by trust -- humble, quiet, and loving trust -- which is a gift of God, and which, alone, satisfies the soul.
     After speaking to Job and accepting his repentance, the LORD then rebuked Eliphaz and his two friends for saying false things about God. He therefore commanded them to take seven bulls and seven rams, present them to Job, and ask Job to offer them as a burnt offering on their behalf, because he would not accept their sacrifice otherwise. So Eliphaz, Bildad, and Zophar did so (7-9).
     The LORD then released Job from his affliction when he prayed for his friends. The LORD gave him twice as much as before. Then his brothers and sisters and his friends came to him, ate with him, bemoaned him, comforted him, and gave him a piece of money and a gold earring (10-11).
     So the LORD blessed Job in his latter days more than in his former days. Job also had seven sons and three very beautiful daughters; and Job gave his daughters an inheritance along with their brothers, a very unusual practice in those days. Job lived for 140 years and saw four generations of his descendants. This may mean 140 additional years, making him over 200 years old (the Septuagint says 240) when he died. Others think that his years were doubled and that he was 70 when afflicted and 140 when he died. He lived to see 4 generations; and that would give a short (but plausible) average of 17.5 years per generation in 70 years, or 20 years if Job was around 60 when he was afflicted. Whatever the case, the fact is that Job received great grace from God. And, as the Bible sometimes says of those who lived and died in favor with God, "So Job died, being old and full of days" (12-17).

     [ Sermons: Joseph Pipa 1. Joseph Pipa 2. Various. ]

Bile Chronologies -- Genesis to Revelation

[Traditional Patriarchal Chronology. Judges Period Chronology 1. Judges Period Chronology 2. Kings of Judah and Israel #1. Kings of Judah and Israel #2].

[Post Exile Chronology 1. Post Exile Chronology 2. Post Exile Chronology 3.]

[Prophets Chronology 1. Prophets Chronology 2. Prophets Chronology 3. Prophets Chronology 4.]

[Intertestamental Period Chronology 1. Intertestamental Period Chronology 2. Intertestamental Period Chronology 3.
Intertestamental Period Chronology 4. Intertestamental Period Chronology 5.]

[New Testament Chronology 1. New Testament Chronology 2. New Testament Chronology 3. New Testament Chronology 4. New Testament Chronology 5.]


PLEASE NOTE: Use the resources on this and other sites thoughtfully, particularly the commentaries and encyclopedias. I have attempted to list conservative, scholarly resources. However, some providers use liberal or liberal-influenced commentaries such as the Cambridge Bible for Schools and Colleges (in Bible Hub). Such commentaries are undoubtedly included by the provider for the wealth of useful information and comments which they provide. By consulting several commentaries, it should be fairly easy to sort out the wheat from the chaff. If, however, you would like personal assistance, write to me at AD LIB ARTS EMAIL.

          [ THEMATICALLY AND CHRONOLOGICALLY RELATED SCRIPTURES: Job 42: Job 38; Job 39; Job 40; Job 41. ]
[3] Isaiah 63:1-6; Job 38:2.
[4] Job 38:3; Job 40:7; Galatians 1:16.
[7] Job 13:7.
[8] Numbers 23:2-29.
[11] Genesis 33:19; Genesis 23:16.
[12] Job 1:3; Job 5:24; Job 8:7-20; Job 11:16; Job 22:27.
[14] Psalm 45:9; 2 Kings 9:30; Jeremiah 4:30.
[17] Job 14:14; Job 14:20; Job 5:11.
     -- From Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers ]

          [ CHRONOLOGY: GENERAL. Patriarchs (Traditional). Judges # 1. Judges # 2. Kings # 1. Kings # 2. Prophets # 1. Prophets # 2. NT # 1. NT # 2. NT # 3. ]

          [ MAPS: Maps # 1. Maps # 2. Maps # 3. Maps # 4. Maps # 5. ]

          [ COMMENTARIES, ETC: GENERAL: Bible Study Tools; Bible Hub: Study Light; Blue Letter Bible // PSALMS: Monergism: Precept Austin: The Treasury of David; John Gill; John Calvin - Volumes 1, 2, 3, 4, 5]

          [ MUSIC: GENERAL: The Cyber Hymnal // PSALMS: Genevan Psalter (Instrumental). VARIOUS ARTISTS: Micha'el Ben David. Sons of Korah. Fernando Ortega. Janet Isaac Morrison. Music of the Bible Revealed - Suzanne Haik-Vantoura. Dr. David Erb. Gregorian Chants. ]


John Calvin - CCEL | Analytical Chart - BLB


Gospel Harmony - Summary | The Harmony of the Gospels - Augustine | Gospel Harmony Chart - Online Bible

Greek Harmony of the Gospels - Robertson - (Downloadable PDF) | Gospel Harmony in English - Robertson - (Downloadable PDF)


Hebrew and Greek Interlinear Download - Scripture 4 All

Bible Hub Interlinear Hebrew and Greek Bible

Bible Hub Hebrew Interlinear | Scripture 4 All Hebrew Interlinear

Mounce Interlinear | Bible Hub Greek Interlinear | Scripture 4 All Greek Interlinear Bible

Job Detailed Outline

The Book of Job


2085 B.C., Uz

The wisdom and blessing of exercising faith during undeserved suffering

Job 42

Map 1: Bible Nations | Map 2: Empire of David and Solomon Map 3: Kingdoms of Judah and Israel | Post Exile Chronology.

3. The Blessed Outcome of Job's Affliction (Job 38:1 - Job 42:17)

A. He Becomes Humbled (Job 38:1 - Job 42:6)

1. The First Step (Job 38:1 - Job 40:5)

a. The LORD's First Reply (Job 38:1 - Job 40:2)
(Your words are without knowledge. You do not know even the things of Earth, and you cannot control even the things of Earth.)

b. Job's Answer (Job 40:3 - Job 40:5)
(I am unworthy.)

2. The Second Step (Job 40:6 - Job 42:6)

a. The LORD's Second Reply (Job 40:6 - 41:34)
(Can you discredit my justice? Are you as powerful as me or even as powerful as my creatures?)

b. Job's Answer (Job 42:1 - Job 42:6)
(I did not understand. I repent in dust in ashes.)

     1 Then Job answered the LORD, and said,
     2 I know that thou canst do every thing, and that no thought can be withholden from thee. 3 Who is he that hideth counsel without knowledge? therefore have I uttered that I understood not; things too wonderful for me, which I knew not. 4 Hear, I beseech thee, and I will speak: I will demand of thee, and declare thou unto me. 5 I have heard of thee by the hearing of the ear: but now mine eye seeth thee. 6 Wherefore I abhor myself, and repent in dust and ashes.

B. He Atones for His Friend's Sins (Job 42:7 - Job 42:9)

     7 And it was so, that after the LORD had spoken these words unto Job, the LORD said to Eliphaz the Temanite, My wrath is kindled against thee, and against thy two friends: for ye have not spoken of me the thing that is right, as my servant Job hath. 8 Therefore take unto you now seven bullocks and seven rams, and go to my servant Job, and offer up for yourselves a burnt offering; and my servant Job shall pray for you: for him will I accept: lest I deal with you after your folly, in that ye have not spoken of me the thing which is right, like my servant Job.

C. His Affliction Ends (Job 42:10 - Job 42:17)

1. His Riches Double (Job 42:10 - Job 42:12)

9 So Eliphaz the Temanite and Bildad the Shuhite and Zophar the Naamathite went, and did according as the LORD commanded them: the LORD also accepted [is lifting the face] Job.
     10 And the LORD turned the captivity of Job, when he prayed for his friends: also the LORD gave Job twice as much as he had before. 11 Then came there unto him all his brethren, and all his sisters, and all they that had been of his acquaintance before, and did eat bread with him in his house: and they bemoaned him, and comforted him over all the evil that the LORD had bought upon him: every man also gave him a piece of money, and every one an earring of gold.
     12 So the LORD blessed the latter end of Job more than his beginning: for he had fourteen thousand sheep, and six thousand camels, and a thousand yoke of oxen, and a thousand she asses.

2. He Has 10 More Children (Job 42:13 - Job 42:15)

13 He had also seven sons and three daughters. 14 And he called the name of the first, Jemima; and the name of the second, Kezia; and the name of the third, Kerenhappuch. 15 And in all the land were no women found so fair as the daughters of Job: and their father gave them inheritance among their brethren.

3. He Lives to be 140 (Job 42:16 - Job 42:17)

16 After this lived Job an hundred and forty years, and saw his sons, and his sons' sons, even four generations. 17 So Job died, being old and full of days.

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copyright 2018, Scott Souza