Daily Arts Web Nucleus


Discover the Arts! Each day a different image from the Literary, Performing, or Visual Arts representing a portion of Scripture
plus an explanation with links

2018 June 16

Deer Beside a Lake (1888)
Carl Frederik Aagaard (1833-1895)
Realism Style
Private Collection
Image Source: Web Gallery of Art

     [ Illustration: The painting above depicts the kind of tranquility and refreshment for which David longs in today's Chapter. ]


[ I will again be working through the Scriptures from Genesis to Revelation. I will be adding links, resources, images, and the like, upgrading the former work-through which began with the 2013-10-12 posting which can be found, along with the full Genesis to Revelation postings, in the Archive Page. Postings will be at midnight Eastern Time, as I am able. However, no chapters will be skipped, even though a posting may be late. And all postings will be housed in the Archive Page. ]

     Explanation: In Psalm 42, the Psalmist, presumably David, alternates between depression and hope, closing the Psalm with words of hope. The occasion for the Psalm is unknown; but the two most troublesome times in David's life came at the hands of Saul and of Absalom. David learned much about trusting God during his persecution by Saul. He may be may be remembering these lessons in the distress he is experiencing in this Psalm. And this distress may be coming from Absalom's coup.
     David says that he longs for God like a deer which thirsts for water (1-2).
     His desire was increased by the mockery of his enemies who asked him where his God was. His soul felt drained when he remembered how he had gone with the multitude to the house of God, joyful and filled with praise, observing the holy days (3-4).
     So he asked his soul why it was cast down and disquieted. He encouraged himself to hope in God because he would yet praise him for the help of his countenance (5).
     He told God about his downcast soul; and he promised to remember him from far away. He compared his affliction to being in a sea with waves and billows going over him (6-7).
     But he expressed his trust that the LORD's would send his lovingkindness to him, giving him a song in the night, and receiving his prayer. But immediately his depression returned, and he asked the LORD why he had forgotten him and why he went mourning because of the oppression of the enemy. He said that the reproach of his enemies was like a sword in his bones when they mockingly asked him where his God was (8-10).
     But, again, he encouraged himself to hope in God because he would yet praise God (11).

     [ Sermons: Joe Morecraft III. Various. ]

Bible Chronologies -- Genesis to Revelation

[Traditional Patriarchal Chronology. Judges Period Chronology 1. Judges Period Chronology 2. Kings of Judah and Israel #1. Kings of Judah and Israel #2].

[Post Exile Chronology 1. Post Exile Chronology 2. Post Exile Chronology 3.]

[Prophets Chronology 1. Prophets Chronology 2. Prophets Chronology 3. Prophets Chronology 4.]

[Intertestamental Period Chronology 1. Intertestamental Period Chronology 2. Intertestamental Period Chronology 3.
Intertestamental Period Chronology 4. Intertestamental Period Chronology 5.]

[New Testament Chronology 1. New Testament Chronology 2. New Testament Chronology 3. New Testament Chronology 4. New Testament Chronology 5.]


PLEASE NOTE: Use the resources on this and other sites thoughtfully, particularly the commentaries and encyclopedias. I have attempted to list conservative, scholarly resources. However, some providers use liberal or liberal-influenced commentaries such as the Cambridge Bible for Schools and Colleges (in Bible Hub). Such commentaries are undoubtedly included by the provider for the wealth of useful information and comments which they provide. By consulting several commentaries, it should be fairly easy to sort out the wheat from the chaff. If, however, you would like personal assistance, write to me at AD LIB ARTS EMAIL.

          [ THEMATICALLY AND CHRONOLOGICALLY RELATED SCRIPTURES: Psalm 42: Psalm 43. Psalm 18. 1 Samuel 19-31. 2 Samuel 15-18. ]
[1] Psalm 43:2, 4; 1 Chronicles 6:16-33; Ezra 7:7; Ezra 7:24; Ezra 10:23-24; Nehemiah 7:1; 2 Chronicles 20:19; Numbers 16:1.
[2] Psalm 63:1; Psalm 84:2; Psalm 36:9; Exodus 23:17; Psalm 84:7.
[3] Psalm 80:5; Psalm 102:9; Psalm 79:10; Psalm 115:2; Joel 2:17.
[4] Exodus 5:1; Leviticus 23:41; 2 Samuel 6:16.
[5] Isaiah 16:11; Psalm 43:5; Psalm 24:8; Psalm 24:10; Psalm 49:12; Psalm 49:20; Psalm 56:4; Psalm 56:10; Psalm 59:9; Psalm 59:17.
[6] John 12:27; Matthew 26:38; Jonah 2:7; Genesis 19:22.
[7] 2 Samuel 5:8.
     -- From Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers ]

          [ CHRONOLOGY: GENERAL. Patriarchs (Traditional). Judges # 1. Judges # 2. Kings # 1. Kings # 2. Prophets # 1. Prophets # 2. NT # 1. NT # 2. NT # 3. ]

          [ MAPS: Maps # 1. Maps # 2. Maps # 3. Maps # 4. Maps # 5. ]

          [ COMMENTARIES, ETC: GENERAL: Bible Study Tools; Bible Hub: Study Light; Blue Letter Bible // PSALMS: Monergism: Precept Austin: The Treasury of David; John Gill; John Calvin - Volumes 1, 2, 3, 4, 5]

          [ MUSIC: GENERAL: The Cyber Hymnal // PSALMS: Psalm 42 - #1. Psalm 42 - #2. Psalm 42 - #3. Psalm 42 - #4. Psalm 42 - #5. Psalm 42 - #6. Genevan Psalter (Instrumental). VARIOUS ARTISTS: Micha'el Ben David. Sons of Korah. Fernando Ortega. Janet Isaac Morrison. Music of the Bible Revealed - Suzanne Haik-Vantoura. Dr. David Erb. Gregorian Chants. ]


John Calvin - CCEL | Analytical Chart - BLB


Gospel Harmony - Summary | The Harmony of the Gospels - Augustine | Gospel Harmony Chart - Online Bible

Greek Harmony of the Gospels - Robertson - (Downloadable PDF) | Gospel Harmony in English - Robertson - (Downloadable PDF)


Hebrew and Greek Interlinear Download - Scripture 4 All

Bible Hub Interlinear Hebrew and Greek Bible

Bible Hub Hebrew Interlinear | Scripture 4 All Hebrew Interlinear

Mounce Interlinear | Bible Hub Greek Interlinear | Scripture 4 All Greek Interlinear Bible

Psalm Detailed Outline


Deliverance from Sinners and from Sin

Nearly all the Psalms (except Psalm 90) were written during the 612 year period
from the time of David around 1016 B. C. to the close of the Canon in about 404 B. C.
Psalm 90, according to its superscription, was written by Moses; this may have been around 1406 B. C.

PSALMS 42-72.
1016 - 586 B.C. Israel
God is Merciful to the Righteous

Psalm 42
My soul thirsts for God.

Map 1: Bible Nations | Map 2: Empire of David and Solomon Map 3: Kingdoms of Judah and Israel | Post Exile Chronology.

1 To the chief Musician, Maschil, for the sons of Korah. [Transposed To Psalm 41 ] *

As the hart panteth after the water brooks,
so panteth my soul after thee, O God.
2 My soul thirsteth for God,
for the living God:
when shall I come and appear before God?

3 My tears have been my meat day and night,
while they continually [all of the day] say unto me, Where is thy God?
4 When I remember these things, I pour out my soul in me:
for I had gone with the multitude,
I went with them to the house of God,
with the voice of joy and praise,
with a multitude that kept holyday.

5 Why art thou cast down, O my soul?
and why art thou disquieted in me?
hope thou in God:
for I shall yet praise him for the help of his countenance.

6 O my God,
my soul is cast down within me:
therefore will I remember thee from the land of Jordan,
and of the Hermonites,
from the hill Mizar.
7 Deep calleth unto deep at the noise of thy waterspouts:
all thy waves and thy billows are gone over me.

8 Yet the LORD will command his lovingkindness in the daytime,
and in the night his song shall be with me,
and my prayer unto the God of my life.
9 I will say unto God my rock,
Why hast thou forgotten me?
why go I mourning because of the oppression of the enemy?
10 As with a sword in my bones,
mine enemies reproach me;
while they say daily [all of the day] unto me,
Where is thy God?

11 Why art thou cast down, O my soul?
and why art thou disquieted within me?
hope thou in God:
for I shall yet praise him,
who is the health of my countenance,
and my God.

* NOTE: On Opening and Closing Comments in the Psalms.
[Some commentators take the Psalm in Habakkuk 3 to be a standard model for the Psalms.
Habakkuk's Psalm begins with the name of the composer (Habakkuk) and a musical notation ("upon Shigionoth").
It closes with a dedication or a "send to" notice ("To the chief singer on my stringed instruments").
I have arranged similar material, where it is found in the Psalter, in accord with the model in Habakkuk.]

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