Daily Arts Web Nucleus


Discover the Arts! Each day a different image from the Literary, Performing, or Visual Arts representing a portion of Scripture
plus an explanation with links

2018 June 20

Volterra, the Citadel (1834)
Jean-Baptiste Camille Corot (1796-1875)
Romanticism Style
Musee du Louvre, Paris, France
Image Source: Web Gallery of Art

     [ Illustration: The emphasis in today's Psalm is on God as Israel's true refuge -- i.e., her well-secured citadel, as in the painting above. ]


[ I will again be working through the Scriptures from Genesis to Revelation. I will be adding links, resources, images, and the like, upgrading the former work-through which began with the 2013-10-12 posting which can be found, along with the full Genesis to Revelation postings, in the Archive Page. Postings will be at midnight Eastern Time, as I am able. However, no chapters will be skipped, even though a posting may be late. And all postings will be housed in the Archive Page. ]

     Explanation: In Psalm 46, the Psalmist speaks of God as the refuge for the nation of Israel. This thought occurs in the beginning, middle, and end of the Psalm, tying it together like the links of a chain. Strangely, some commentators believe that a reference to God as a refuge may have been lost from the end of the first stanza (verse 3). They think that the stanzas are therefore not parallel to one another. However, the technique that Psalmist uses is framing, in which the parallel statements occur at the beginning and the end of a passage, as they do in this Psalm. In addition, the Psalm contains a reference to God as a refuge in the middle of the Psalm, and therefore it becomes the central thought of the Psalm. As mentioned, these three parallel statements tie the Psalm together like links of a chain, or they might be compared to a string of pearls.
     The author is unknown and the occasion is unknown. Some attribute it to David in celebration of his victory over several nations in 2 Samuel 8. Others attribute it to the Sons of Korah in regard to the defeat of Moab [2 Chronicles 20] -- [c. 852 B.C.] in the time of Jehoshaphat. Others attribute it to the Sons of Korah or to Isaiah on the occasion of the destruction of Sennacherib [2 Kings 19; 2 Chronicles 32; Isaiah 37] -- [c. 702 B.C.]. Psalm 47 and Psalm 48 have similar themes and may refer to the same event(s) as Psalm 46. The commentaries linked below may be consulted for further information.
     The Psalmist begins by stating that God is or refuge and strength (or shelter and security). He is a very present help (literally, a vehement coming) in time of trouble. Therefore we will not fear even though the earth is removed (altered) and the mountains (the mountain range) is carried (slips away) into the sea; though its waters roar and are troubled (roar and boil) and the mountains undulate (1-3).
     There is a river, says the Psalmist, which makes glad (brightens up) the city of God and the Tabernacle of God. God is in her midst; and she will not be moved (waver). God will help her early (at the face of or the turning of the dawn). The heathen raged and the kingdoms were moved (wavered) -- unlike God's people who do not waver, due to his protection. When God uttered his voice against the nations they melted (or dissolved). The LORD of hosts, as stated in the beginning of the Psalm, is with us; the God of Jacob is our refuge -- our cliff or tower (4-7).
     So the Psalmist invites us to come and behold the works of the LORD -- his desolations, his destruction of the warriors and the weapons of war which come against his people. And the LORD himself speaks, saying "Be still, and know that I am God. I will be exalted among the nations, I will be exalted in the earth!" And, as he did in the beginning and in the middle of the Psalm, the Psalmist concludes with the assurance that the LORD of hosts is with us; and he is our refuge (8-11).

     [ Sermons: Joe Morecraft III. Various. ]

Bible Chronologies -- Genesis to Revelation

[Traditional Patriarchal Chronology. Judges Period Chronology 1. Judges Period Chronology 2. Kings of Judah and Israel #1. Kings of Judah and Israel #2].

[Post Exile Chronology 1. Post Exile Chronology 2. Post Exile Chronology 3.]

[Prophets Chronology 1. Prophets Chronology 2. Prophets Chronology 3. Prophets Chronology 4.]

[Intertestamental Period Chronology 1. Intertestamental Period Chronology 2. Intertestamental Period Chronology 3.
Intertestamental Period Chronology 4. Intertestamental Period Chronology 5.]

[New Testament Chronology 1. New Testament Chronology 2. New Testament Chronology 3. New Testament Chronology 4. New Testament Chronology 5.]


PLEASE NOTE: Use the resources on this and other sites thoughtfully, particularly the commentaries and encyclopedias. I have attempted to list conservative, scholarly resources. However, some providers use liberal or liberal-influenced commentaries such as the Cambridge Bible for Schools and Colleges (in Bible Hub). Such commentaries are undoubtedly included by the provider for the wealth of useful information and comments which they provide. By consulting several commentaries, it should be fairly easy to sort out the wheat from the chaff. If, however, you would like personal assistance, write to me at AD LIB ARTS EMAIL.

          [ THEMATICALLY AND CHRONOLOGICALLY RELATED SCRIPTURES: Psalm 46: Psalm 47. Psalm 48. 2 Samuel 8. 2 Chronicles 20. 2 Kings 19. 2 Chronicles 32. Isaiah 37.].
[2] Psalm 102:26.
[3] Job 38:11.
[4] Isaiah 12:3; Ezekiel 47:1-5; John 7:37; Psalm 1:3.
[7] Psalm 24:10.
[8] Jeremiah 19:8.
     -- From Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers ]

          [ CHRONOLOGY: GENERAL. Patriarchs (Traditional). Judges # 1. Judges # 2. Kings # 1. Kings # 2. Prophets # 1. Prophets # 2. NT # 1. NT # 2. NT # 3. ]

          [ MAPS: Maps # 1. Maps # 2. Maps # 3. Maps # 4. Maps # 5. ]

          [ COMMENTARIES, ETC: GENERAL: Bible Study Tools; Bible Hub: Study Light; Blue Letter Bible // PSALMS: Monergism: Precept Austin: The Treasury of David; John Gill; John Calvin - Volumes 1, 2, 3, 4, 5]

          [ MUSIC: GENERAL: The Cyber Hymnal // PSALMS: Psalm 46 - #1. Psalm 46 - #2. Psalm 46 - #3. Genevan Psalter (Instrumental). VARIOUS ARTISTS: Micha'el Ben David. Sons of Korah. Fernando Ortega. Janet Isaac Morrison. Music of the Bible Revealed - Suzanne Haik-Vantoura. Dr. David Erb. Gregorian Chants. ]


John Calvin - CCEL | Analytical Chart - BLB


Gospel Harmony - Summary | The Harmony of the Gospels - Augustine | Gospel Harmony Chart - Online Bible

Greek Harmony of the Gospels - Robertson - (Downloadable PDF) | Gospel Harmony in English - Robertson - (Downloadable PDF)


Hebrew and Greek Interlinear Download - Scripture 4 All

Bible Hub Interlinear Hebrew and Greek Bible

Bible Hub Hebrew Interlinear | Scripture 4 All Hebrew Interlinear

Mounce Interlinear | Bible Hub Greek Interlinear | Scripture 4 All Greek Interlinear Bible

Psalm Detailed Outline


Deliverance from Sinners and from Sin

Nearly all the Psalms (except Psalm 90) were written during the 612 year period
from the time of David around 1016 B. C. to the close of the Canon in about 404 B. C.
Psalm 90, according to its superscription, was written by Moses; this may have been around 1406 B. C.

PSALMS 42-72.
1016 - 586 B.C. Israel
God is Merciful to the Righteous

Psalm 46
God is our refuge and strength and delivers us from war.

Map 1: Bible Nations | Map 2: Empire of David and Solomon Map 3: Kingdoms of Judah and Israel | Post Exile Chronology.

1 To the chief Musician for the sons of Korah, [Transposed To Psalm 45] *

A Song upon Alamoth.

God is our refuge and strength,
a very present help in trouble.
2 Therefore will not we fear, though the earth be removed,
and though the mountains be carried into the midst of the sea;
3 Though the waters thereof roar and be troubled,
though the mountains shake with the swelling thereof.

4 There is a river,
the streams whereof shall make glad the city of God,
the holy place of the tabernacles of the most High.
5 God is in the midst of her;
she shall not be moved:
God shall help her,
and that right early [at the turning of dawn].
6 The heathen raged,
the kingdoms were moved:
he uttered his voice,
the earth melted.
7 The LORD of hosts is with us;
the God of Jacob is our refuge.

8 Come, behold the works of the LORD,
what desolations he hath made in the earth.
9 He maketh wars to cease unto the end of the earth;
he breaketh the bow, and cutteth the spear in sunder;
he burneth the chariot in the fire.
10 Be still,
and know that I am God:
I will be exalted among the heathen,
I will be exalted in the earth.
11 The LORD of hosts is with us;
the God of Jacob is our refuge.

1 To the chief Musician A Psalm for the sons of Korah. [Transposed From Psalm 47:1] *

* NOTE: On Opening and Closing Comments in the Psalms.
[Some commentators take the Psalm in Habakkuk 3 to be a standard model for the Psalms.
Habakkuk's Psalm begins with the name of the composer (Habakkuk) and a musical notation ("upon Shigionoth").
It closes with a dedication or a "send to" notice ("To the chief singer on my stringed instruments").
I have arranged similar material, where it is found in the Psalter, in accord with the model in Habakkuk.]

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