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Discover the Arts! Each day a different image from the Literary, Performing, or Visual Arts representing a portion of Scripture
plus an explanation with links

2018 June 27

The Fool from the Psalter of Duc de Berry (after 1386) - Psalm 53:4
Jacquemart de Hesdin (c. 1355 - c. 1414)
International Gothic Style
Bibliotheque Nationale de France, Paris, France
Image Source: Web Gallery of Art

     [ Illustration: Today's image illustrates the fool who eats God's people as if they were bread. ]


[ I will again be working through the Scriptures from Genesis to Revelation. I will be adding links, resources, images, and the like, upgrading the former work-through which began with the 2013-10-12 posting which can be found, along with the full Genesis to Revelation postings, in the Archive Page. Postings will be at midnight Eastern Time, as I am able. However, no chapters will be skipped, even though a posting may be late. And all postings will be housed in the Archive Page. ]

     Explanation: The key idea of Psalm 53 is that everyone turns away from God to pursue their own way. It almost completely identical to Psalm 14, except that the header material is slightly different; and Psalm 53 calls God Elohim but Psalms 14 uses both Yahweh and Elohim as God's name. Today's image illustrates the fool who eats God's people as if they were bread.
     David tells us that it is a (immoral) fool who says in his heart that there is no God (or no God for him). Such people are corrupt (decayed, or ruined). They have done abominable iniquity (loathsome perverseness); none of them do good (1).
     God looked down from heaven to see if anyone understood or sought God (2).
     But everyone went back (turned away from God). They all became filthy. None do good. No, not one (3).
     Those who practice iniquity (wickedness) have no knowledge (by implication, no knowledge of what is right and wrong). They eat God's people like bread. They have not called upon God (4).
     They were in great fear (startled by alarm), even though there was nothing to fear. God scattered their bones and enabled his people to put them to shame, because God despised (spurned) them (5).
     David closes by expressing his desire to see salvation (deliverance) come out of Zion (the main fortress of Jerusalem). And he expresses his confidence that when God brings back his people from captivity that they will rejoice and be glad. This may be prophetic of Israel's release from the Babylonian Captivity centuries after David's time; or it may refer to a time in David's reign when God consolidated David's power, ended the civil war in Israel, and established him securely on his throne -- perhaps both (6).

     [ Sermons: Douglas F Kelly. Various. ]

Bible Chronologies -- Genesis to Revelation

[Traditional Patriarchal Chronology. Judges Period Chronology 1. Judges Period Chronology 2. Kings of Judah and Israel #1. Kings of Judah and Israel #2].

[Post Exile Chronology 1. Post Exile Chronology 2. Post Exile Chronology 3.]

[Prophets Chronology 1. Prophets Chronology 2. Prophets Chronology 3. Prophets Chronology 4.]

[Intertestamental Period Chronology 1. Intertestamental Period Chronology 2. Intertestamental Period Chronology 3.
Intertestamental Period Chronology 4. Intertestamental Period Chronology 5.]

[New Testament Chronology 1. New Testament Chronology 2. New Testament Chronology 3. New Testament Chronology 4. New Testament Chronology 5.]


PLEASE NOTE: Use the resources on this and other sites thoughtfully, particularly the commentaries and encyclopedias. I have attempted to list conservative, scholarly resources. However, some providers use liberal or liberal-influenced commentaries such as the Cambridge Bible for Schools and Colleges (in Bible Hub). Such commentaries are undoubtedly included by the provider for the wealth of useful information and comments which they provide. By consulting several commentaries, it should be fairly easy to sort out the wheat from the chaff. If, however, you would like personal assistance, write to me at AD LIB ARTS EMAIL.

          [ THEMATICALLY AND CHRONOLOGICALLY RELATED SCRIPTURES: Psalm 53: Psalm 14. WISDOM PSALMS. Psalm 1. Psalm 10. Psalm 12. Psalm 15. Psalm 19. Psalm 32. Psalm 34. Psalm 36. Psalm 37. Psalm 49. Psalm 50. Psalm 52. Psalm 53. Psalm 73. Psalm 78. Psalm 82. Psalm 91. Psalm 92. Psalm 94. Psalm 111. Psalm 112. Psalm 119. Psalm 127. Psalm 128. Psalm 133. Psalm 139. ]
[1] Psalm 14:1; Psalm 92:6; Luke 12:20; Psalm 10:4,6,11,13; Romans 1:21,28; Genesis 6:5-6, 11-13; Job 15:16; Romans 3:10.
[2] Psalm 11:4; Psalm 33:13-14; Psalm 102:19; Jeremiah 16:17; Jeremiah 23:24; Psalm 111:10; Deuteronomy 4:6; Job 28:28; Psalm 27:8; 1 Chronicles 28:9; 2 Chronicles 15:2; 2 Chronicles 19:3; Isaiah 55:6.
[3] Psalm 14:3; Isaiah 53:6; Isaiah 64:6; Jeremiah 8:5-6; Zephaniah 1:6; Ezekiel 36:25; 2 Corinthians 7:1; Revelation 22:11; Romans 3:12; 1 John 2:29; 3 John 1:11.
[4] Psalm 94:8; Isaiah 27:11; Jeremiah 4:22; Matthew 23:17; Psalm 27:2.
[5] Leviticus 26:17,36; Deuteronomy 28:65-67; Proverbs 28:1; Psalm 14:5; Psalm 35:4,26; Psalm 40:14; Psalm 83:16-17; Psalm 2:4; Psalm 73:20; Jeremiah 6:30.
[6] Psalm 14:7; Psalm 50:2; Psalm 85:1; Psalm 126:1-4; Jeremiah 30:18; Jeremiah 31:23; Joel 3:1; Amos 9:14; Psalm 106:46-48; Ezra 3:11; Nehemiah 12:43; Isaiah 12:1-3.
     -- From Treasury of Scripture Knowledge ]

          [ CHRONOLOGY: GENERAL. Patriarchs (Traditional). Judges # 1. Judges # 2. Kings # 1. Kings # 2. Prophets # 1. Prophets # 2. NT # 1. NT # 2. NT # 3. ]

          [ MAPS: Maps # 1. Maps # 2. Maps # 3. Maps # 4. Maps # 5. ]

          [ COMMENTARIES, ETC: GENERAL: Bible Study Tools; Bible Hub: Study Light; Blue Letter Bible // PSALMS: Monergism: Precept Austin: The Treasury of David; John Gill; John Calvin - Volumes 1, 2, 3, 4, 5]

          [ MUSIC: GENERAL: The Cyber Hymnal // PSALMS: Psalm 53 - #1. Psalm 53 - #2. Genevan Psalter (Instrumental). VARIOUS ARTISTS: Micha'el Ben David. Sons of Korah. Fernando Ortega. Janet Isaac Morrison. Music of the Bible Revealed - Suzanne Haik-Vantoura. Dr. David Erb. Gregorian Chants. ]


John Calvin - CCEL | Analytical Chart - BLB


Gospel Harmony - Summary | The Harmony of the Gospels - Augustine | Gospel Harmony Chart - Online Bible

Greek Harmony of the Gospels - Robertson - (Downloadable PDF) | Gospel Harmony in English - Robertson - (Downloadable PDF)


Hebrew and Greek Interlinear Download - Scripture 4 All

Bible Hub Interlinear Hebrew and Greek Bible

Bible Hub Hebrew Interlinear | Scripture 4 All Hebrew Interlinear

Mounce Interlinear | Bible Hub Greek Interlinear | Scripture 4 All Greek Interlinear Bible

Psalm Detailed Outline


Deliverance from Sinners and from Sin

Nearly all the Psalms (except Psalm 90) were written during the 612 year period
from the time of David around 1016 B. C. to the close of the Canon in about 404 B. C.
Psalm 90, according to its superscription, was written by Moses; this may have been around 1406 B. C.

PSALMS 42-72.
1016 - 586 B.C. Israel
God is Merciful to the Righteous

Psalm 53
None seek God.

Map 1: Bible Nations | Map 2: Empire of David and Solomon Map 3: Kingdoms of Judah and Israel | Post Exile Chronology.

1 To the chief Musician upon Mahalath, Maschil, [Transposed To Psalm 52]*

1A Psalm of David. *

The fool hath said in his heart,
There is no [nothing of] God.
Corrupt are they,
and have done abominable iniquity:
there is none that doeth good.

2 God looked down from heaven upon the children of men,
to see if there were any that did understand,
that did seek God.

3 Every one of them is gone back:
they are altogether become filthy;
there is none that doeth good, no, not one.

4 Have the workers of iniquity no knowledge?
who eat up my people as they eat bread:
they have not called upon God.

5 There were they in great fear [they feared a fear],
where no fear was:
for God hath scattered the bones of him that encampeth against thee:
thou hast put them to shame,
because God hath despised them.

6 Oh that the salvation of Israel were come out of Zion!
When God bringeth back the captiviy of his people,
Jacob shall rejoice,
and Israel shall be glad.

1 To the chief Musician on Neginoth, Maschil, [Transposed From Psalm 54:1 *

* NOTE: On Opening and Closing Comments in the Psalms.
[Some commentators take the Psalm in Habakkuk 3 to be a standard model for the Psalms.
Habakkuk's Psalm begins with the name of the composer (Habakkuk) and a musical notation ("upon Shigionoth").
It closes with a dedication or a "send to" notice ("To the chief singer on my stringed instruments").
I have arranged similar material, where it is found in the Psalter, in accord with the model in Habakkuk.]

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