Daily Arts Web Nucleus
Discover the Arts! Each day a different image from the Literary, Performing, or Visual Arts representing a portion of Scripture
plus an explanation with links
2018 July 18
The Burning of the Houses of Lords and Commons, October 16, 1834 (1834-1835)
Joseph Mallord William Turner (1775-1851)
Philadelphia Museum of Art, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA
Image Source: Web Gallery of Art
[ Illustration: The painting above depicts a great blaze of a type which the author of today's Psalm seems to have witnessed. ]
[ I will again be working through the Scriptures from Genesis to Revelation. I will be adding links, resources, images, and the like, upgrading the former work-through which began with the 2013-10-12 posting which can be found, along with the full Genesis to Revelation postings, in the Archive Page. Postings will be at midnight Eastern Time, as I am able. However, no chapters will be skipped, even though a posting may be late. And all postings will be housed in the Archive Page. ]
Explanation: In Psalm 74, the Psalmist prays for deliverance from a wicked, oppressive nation. The circumstances described in the Psalm fit the destruction of the Temple by Nebuchadnezzar and the subsequent Babylonian Captivity in 586 B. C. For other interpretations check the commentaries linked below. The authorship is uncertain (again, see the commentaries). The Psalm is designated "to Asaph," which could also be translated "for Asaph;" so the author (perhaps Jeremiah) gave it to Asaph. If the Psalm was written at the time of the destruction of the Temple, as mentioned previously, then the "Asaph" in question would probably be one of the descendants of the Asaph who lived in David's time (c. 1000 B. C.) and who bore the same name.
The Psalmist begins by asserting the fundamentals of the relationship between Israel and God. He asks God why he cast off his people forever and why his anger smoked against the sheep or his pasture (1).
He asked him to remember his congregation which he purchased long ago -- his inheritance, his redeemed -- and mount Zion where he has dwelt (2).
He asked him to visit to the perpetual desolations where the enemy had done wicked things in his sanctuary (3).
He pointed out that the enemies roar in the midst of the Jewish "congregations" (their places of assembly); and they replace the identifying placards or signs with markers of their own, changing the ownership of these places, and removing any memory of those who had been there before (4).
In former days, the ax-men who cut down great trees which were brought to Jerusalem to build the Temple, were famous; but now the carved work which was made from those trees is broken, and cut into pieces, and burned in the fire, defiling the sanctuary, the dwelling place of God, which they burned to the ground (5-7).
Their desire was to destroy everything; and they burned down all of the "synagogues" (assembly houses) in the land (8).
And there is neither prophet nor anyone else who could tell them how long these things would go on (9).
So the Psalmist asked God how long the adversary will reproach them and blaspheme God (10).
He asks God why he will not raise his hand to help (11).
He reminds God of his kingly rule in the past -- parting the Red Sea, giving food and water in the wilderness, and parting the Jordan (12-15).
And, God is even stronger than this: God owns the day and the night; he sets the borders of the earth; he makes summer and winter (16-17).
And again the Psalmist asks God to remember that the enemy has reproached and blasphemed the name of the LORD (18).
He pleads with God to treat his people as his dove, to not forget them, to have respect to his covenant, and to deliver them from the dark places of the earth which are filled with cruelty (19-20).
He asks that the oppressed will not return ashamed and that the poor and needy will praise God's name (21).
He asks God to arise, to plead his own cause, and to remember how fools reproach him (22).
He asks God not to forget the voice of his enemies and the tumult of those who rise up against him and who increase daily (23).
[ Sermons: J Ligon Duncan III. Various. ]
Bible Chronologies -- Genesis to Revelation
[Traditional Patriarchal Chronology. Judges Period Chronology 1. Judges Period Chronology 2. Kings of Judah and Israel #1. Kings of Judah and Israel #2].
[Intertestamental Period Chronology 1. Intertestamental Period Chronology 2. Intertestamental Period Chronology 3.
Intertestamental Period Chronology 4. Intertestamental Period Chronology 5.]
[New Testament Chronology 1. New Testament Chronology 2. New Testament Chronology 3. New Testament Chronology 4. New Testament Chronology 5.]
PLEASE NOTE: Use the resources on this and other sites thoughtfully, particularly the commentaries and encyclopedias. I have attempted to list conservative, scholarly resources. However, some providers use liberal or liberal-influenced commentaries such as the Cambridge Bible for Schools and Colleges (in Bible Hub). Such commentaries are undoubtedly included by the provider for the wealth of useful information and comments which they provide. By consulting several commentaries, it should be fairly easy to sort out the wheat from the chaff. If, however, you would like personal assistance, write to me at AD LIB ARTS EMAIL.
[ THEMATICALLY AND CHRONOLOGICALLY RELATED SCRIPTURES: Psalm 74: Psalm 73. Lamentations. ]
 Psalm 18:8; Jeremiah 23:1.
 Exodus 15; Jeremiah 10:16; Jeremiah 51:19; Isaiah 63:17; Exodus 28:21; Judges 20:2.
 Genesis 29:1; Psalm 73:18; Isaiah 11:4.
 Psalm 22:1; Lamentations 2:7.
 1 Kings 6:29.
 Lamentations 2:9; Ezekiel 7:26.
 Exodus 5:22.
 Exodus 4:7; Psalm 59:13.
 Psalm 44:4; Habakkuk 1:12.
 Psalm 44:19; Genesis 1:21; Ezekiel 29:3; Ezekiel 32:2; Isaiah 27:1; Isaiah 51:9.
 Ezekiel 29:3-5; Proverbs 30:25-26.
 Exodus 14:27; Joshua 2:10; Joshua 4:23; Joshua 5:1.
 Genesis 1:14; Genesis 1:16.
 Psalm 17:9.
 Psalm 9:9; Psalm 10:18.
-- From Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers ]
[ CHRONOLOGY: GENERAL. Patriarchs (Traditional). Judges # 1. Judges # 2. Kings # 1. Kings # 2. Prophets # 1. Prophets # 2. NT # 1. NT # 2. NT # 3. ]
[ MAPS: Maps # 1. Maps # 2. Maps # 3. Maps # 4. Maps # 5. ]
[ COMMENTARIES, ETC: GENERAL: Bible Study Tools; Bible Hub: Study Light; Blue Letter Bible // PSALMS: Monergism: Precept Austin: The Treasury of David; John Gill; John Calvin - Volumes 1, 2, 3, 4, 5]
[ MUSIC: GENERAL: The Cyber Hymnal // PSALMS: Psalm 74 - #1. Psalm 74 - #2. Psalm 74 - #3. Genevan Psalter (Instrumental). VARIOUS ARTISTS: Micha'el Ben David. Sons of Korah. Fernando Ortega. Janet Isaac Morrison. Music of the Bible Revealed - Suzanne Haik-Vantoura. Dr. David Erb. Gregorian Chants. ]
HARMONY OF THE LAW
Gospel Harmony - Summary | The Harmony of the Gospels - Augustine | Gospel Harmony Chart - Online Bible
Greek Harmony of the Gospels - Robertson - (Downloadable PDF) | Gospel Harmony in English - Robertson - (Downloadable PDF)
HEBREW AND GREEK INTERLINEAR BIBLES
Psalm Detailed Outline
(SONGS FOR COVENANT WORSHIP)
Deliverance from Sinners and from Sin
Nearly all the Psalms (except Psalm 90) were written during the 612 year period
from the time of David around 1016 B. C. to the close of the Canon in about 404 B. C.
Psalm 90, according to its superscription, was written by Moses; this may have been around 1406 B. C.
BOOK THREE OF FIVE:
1002 - 404 B.C. Israel
God is the Protector of Israel
Israel prays for deliverance from national captivity.
Map 1: Bible Nations | Map 2: Empire of David and Solomon Map 3: Kingdoms of Judah and Israel | Post Exile Chronology.
why hast thou cast us off for ever?
why doth thine anger [nose] smoke against the sheep of thy pasture?
2 Remember thy congregation,
which thou hast purchased of old;
the rod of thine inheritance,
which thou hast redeemed;
this mount Zion,
wherein thou hast dwelt.
3 Lift up thy feet unto the perpetual desolations;
even all that the enemy hath done wickedly in the sanctuary.
4 Thine enemies roar in the midst of thy congregations;
they set up their ensigns for signs.
5 A man was famous
according as he had lifted up [as one sending up] axes upon the thick trees.
6 But now they break down the carved work thereof at once
with axes and hammers.
7 They have cast fire into thy sanctuary,
they have defiled by casting down the dwelling place of thy name to the ground.
8 They said in their hearts,
Let us destroy them together:
they have burned up all the synagogues of God in the land.
9 We see not our signs:
there is no more any prophet:
neither is there among us any that knoweth how long [until when].
10 O God,
how long [until long] shall the adversary reproach?
shall the enemy blaspheme thy name for ever?
11 Why withdrawest thou thy hand,
even thy right hand?
pluck it out of thy bosom.
12 For God is my King of old,
working salvation in the midst of the earth.
13 Thou didst divide the sea by thy strength:
thou brakest the heads of the dragons in the waters.
14 Thou brakest the heads of leviathan in pieces,
and gavest him to be meat to the people inhabiting the wilderness.
15 Thou didst cleave the fountain and the flood:
thou driedst up mighty rivers.
16 The day is thine,
the night also is thine:
thou hast prepared the light and the sun.
17 Thou hast set all the borders of the earth:
thou hast made summer and winter.
18 Remember this,
that the enemy hath reproached, O LORD,
and that the foolish people have blasphemed thy name.
19 O deliver not the soul of thy turtledove unto the multitude of the wicked:
forget not the congregation of thy poor for ever.
20 Have respect unto the covenant:
for the dark places of the earth are full of the habitations of cruelty.
21 O let not the oppressed return ashamed:
let the poor and needy praise thy name.
22 Arise, O God,
plead thine own cause [contend your contentions]:
remember how the foolish man reproacheth thee daily [all of the day].
23 Forget not the voice of thine enemies:
the tumult of those that rise up against thee increaseth continually.
* NOTE: On Opening and Closing Comments in the Psalms.
[Some commentators take the Psalm in Habakkuk 3 to be a standard model for the Psalms.
Habakkuk's Psalm begins with the name of the composer (Habakkuk) and a musical notation ("upon Shigionoth").
It closes with a dedication or a "send to" notice ("To the chief singer on my stringed instruments").
I have arranged similar material, where it is found in the Psalter, in accord with the model in Habakkuk.]
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