Daily Arts Web Nucleus
Discover the Arts! Each day a different image from the Literary, Performing, or Visual Arts representing a portion of Scripture
plus an explanation with links
2018 July 23
The Bard (c. 1817)
John Martin (1789-1854)
Yale Center for British Art, New Haven, Connecticut, USA
Image Source: Web Gallery of Art
[ Illustration: I've chosen today's painting to depict the plight of a lone bard, like Asaph, who was an isolated voice crying out against his enemies. ]
[ I will again be working through the Scriptures from Genesis to Revelation. I will be adding links, resources, images, and the like, upgrading the former work-through which began with the 2013-10-12 posting which can be found, along with the full Genesis to Revelation postings, in the Archive Page. Postings will be at midnight Eastern Time, as I am able. However, no chapters will be skipped, even though a posting may be late. And all postings will be housed in the Archive Page. ]
Explanation: In Psalm 79, the Psalmist pleads for deliverance for Israel from their foreign enemies. Asaph is the author of the Psalm. And, judging from the circumstances described, the Psalm seems to have been written at the time of the Babylonian Captivity. If so, then the Asaph mentioned would probably be a descendant of the Asaph of David's day.
Today's Psalm is chiastic (elements in the first part repeat in reverse order in the second part) and imprecatory (cursing). See the links in "Thematically and Chronologically Related Scriptures" for further information.
Harm Was Done To Judah. Asaph cries out to God about the heathen who have come and defiled his Temple and laid waste to Jerusalem. They left dead bodies in the street; and the birds and the beasts ate them. Their blood flowed like water. They were reproached, scorned, and derided by their neighbors (1-4).
Deliver and Forgive Judah. He asks the LORD how long he will be angry with his people. He asks him, instead, to pour out his wrath on those who do not know him. They deserve to be judged because they have devoured Jacob and laid waste to his dwelling place. Asaph then pleads with God to forgive the iniquity of his people and to be merciful for the glory of his name(5-9).
Harm Those Who Harmed Judah. Lest the heathen continue to say, "Where is their God?" the Psalmist asks that God will make himself known by avenging the blood of his people. He asks him to hear the sighing of the prisoner and to preserve those who are appointed to die. He asks that God's judgment on the heathen will be sevenfold so that his people might give him thanks forever and show forth his praise to all generations (10-13).
NOTE. The structure presented above is based on The Literary Structure of the Old Testament, David A. Dorsey, 1999, p. 175.
[ Sermons: J Ligon Duncan III. Various. ]
Bible Chronologies -- Genesis to Revelation
[Traditional Patriarchal Chronology. Judges Period Chronology 1. Judges Period Chronology 2. Kings of Judah and Israel #1. Kings of Judah and Israel #2].
[Intertestamental Period Chronology 1. Intertestamental Period Chronology 2. Intertestamental Period Chronology 3.
Intertestamental Period Chronology 4. Intertestamental Period Chronology 5.]
[New Testament Chronology 1. New Testament Chronology 2. New Testament Chronology 3. New Testament Chronology 4. New Testament Chronology 5.]
PLEASE NOTE: Use the resources on this and other sites thoughtfully, particularly the commentaries and encyclopedias. I have attempted to list conservative, scholarly resources. However, some providers use liberal or liberal-influenced commentaries such as the Cambridge Bible for Schools and Colleges (in Bible Hub). Such commentaries are undoubtedly included by the provider for the wealth of useful information and comments which they provide. By consulting several commentaries, it should be fairly easy to sort out the wheat from the chaff. If, however, you would like personal assistance, write to me at AD LIB ARTS EMAIL.
[ THEMATICALLY AND CHRONOLOGICALLY RELATED SCRIPTURES: Psalm 79: Psalm 74. CHIASTIC PSALMS. Psalm 1. Psalm 2. Psalm 3. Psalm 6. Psalm 7. Psalm 8. Psalm 11. Psalm 15. Psalm 18. Psalm 22. Psalm 25. Psalm 26. Psalm 27. Psalm 30. Psalm 44. Psalm 51. Psalm 54. Psalm 56. Psalm 57. Psalm 58. Psalm 67. Psalm 70. Psalm 71. Psalm 72. Psalm 79. Psalm 86. Psalm 100. Psalm 106. Psalm 115. Psalm 126. Psalm 130. Psalm 135. Psalm 137. Psalm 139. Psalm 148. Psalm 150. 2 Samuel 12. IMPRECATORY PSALMS: Psalm 5. Psalm 10. Psalm 17. Psalm 35. Psalm 58. Psalm 59. Psalm 69. Psalm 70. Psalm 79. Psalm 83. Psalm 109. Psalm 129. Psalm 137. Psalm 140. ]
 Exodus 15:17; Psalm 74:2; Micah 3:12; Jeremiah 26:18; Micah 1:6.
 Deuteronomy 28:26; Psalm 16:10.
 Jeremiah 14:16; Jeremiah 22:18-19.
 Psalm 44:13.
 Psalm 74:9.
 Jeremiah 10:25.
 Jeremiah 23:3; Jeremiah 49:20; Jeremiah 1:19; Leviticus 26:45; Exodus 20:5; Leviticus 26:39; Daniel 9:16.
 Joel 2:17.
 Psalm 102:20.
 Genesis 4:15; Ruth 3:15; Isaiah 65:7; Jeremiah 32:18; Luke 6:38.
-- From Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers ]
[ CHRONOLOGY: GENERAL. Patriarchs (Traditional). Judges # 1. Judges # 2. Kings # 1. Kings # 2. Prophets # 1. Prophets # 2. NT # 1. NT # 2. NT # 3. ]
[ MAPS: Maps # 1. Maps # 2. Maps # 3. Maps # 4. Maps # 5. ]
[ COMMENTARIES, ETC: GENERAL: Bible Study Tools; Bible Hub: Study Light; Blue Letter Bible // PSALMS: Monergism: Precept Austin: The Treasury of David; John Gill; John Calvin - Volumes 1, 2, 3, 4, 5]
[ MUSIC: GENERAL: The Cyber Hymnal // PSALMS: Psalm 79 - #1. Psalm 79 - #2. Psalm 79 - #3. Psalm 79 - #4. Psalm 79 - #5. Genevan Psalter (Instrumental). VARIOUS ARTISTS: Micha'el Ben David. Sons of Korah. Fernando Ortega. Janet Isaac Morrison. Music of the Bible Revealed - Suzanne Haik-Vantoura. Dr. David Erb. Gregorian Chants. ]
HARMONY OF THE LAW
Gospel Harmony - Summary | The Harmony of the Gospels - Augustine | Gospel Harmony Chart - Online Bible
Greek Harmony of the Gospels - Robertson - (Downloadable PDF) | Gospel Harmony in English - Robertson - (Downloadable PDF)
HEBREW AND GREEK INTERLINEAR BIBLES
Psalm Detailed Outline
(SONGS FOR COVENANT WORSHIP)
Deliverance from Sinners and from Sin
Nearly all the Psalms (except Psalm 90) were written during the 612 year period
from the time of David around 1016 B. C. to the close of the Canon in about 404 B. C.
Psalm 90, according to its superscription, was written by Moses; this may have been around 1406 B. C.
BOOK THREE OF FIVE:
1002 - 404 B.C. Israel
God is the Protector of Israel
Israel prays for deliverance from national captivity.
Map 1: Bible Nations | Map 2: Empire of David and Solomon Map 3: Kingdoms of Judah and Israel | Post Exile Chronology.
O God, the heathen are come into thine inheritance;
thy holy temple have they defiled;
they have laid Jerusalem on heaps.
2 The dead bodies of thy servants
have they given to be meat unto the fowls of the heaven,
the flesh of thy saints unto the beasts of the earth.
3 Their blood have they shed like water round about Jerusalem;
and there was none to bury them.
4 We are become a reproach to our neighbours,
a scorn and derision to them that are round about us.
5 How long [Until when], LORD?
wilt thou be angry for ever?
shall thy jealousy burn like fire?
6 Pour out thy wrath upon the heathen that have not known thee,
and upon the kingdoms that have not called upon thy name.
7 For they have devoured Jacob,
and laid waste his dwelling place.
8 O remember not against us former iniquities:
let thy tender mercies speedily prevent us:
for we are bought very low [for we are enfeebled exceedingly].
9 Help us, O God of our salvation,
for the glory of thy name:
and deliver us,
and purge away [cover over] our sins,
for thy name's sake [because of your name].
10 Wherefore should the heathen say,
Where is their God?
let him be known among the heathen in our sight
by the revenging of the blood of thy servants which is shed.
11 Let the sighing of the prisoner come before thee;
according to the greatness of thy power
preserve thou those that are appointed to die;
12 And render unto our neighbours
sevenfold into their bosom their reproach,
wherewith they have reproached thee, O Lord.
13 So we thy people and sheep of thy pasture
will give thee thanks for ever:
we will shew forth thy praise to all generations [for generation and generation].
* NOTE: On Opening and Closing Comments in the Psalms.
[Some commentators take the Psalm in Habakkuk 3 to be a standard model for the Psalms.
Habakkuk's Psalm begins with the name of the composer (Habakkuk) and a musical notation ("upon Shigionoth").
It closes with a dedication or a "send to" notice ("To the chief singer on my stringed instruments").
I have arranged similar material, where it is found in the Psalter, in accord with the model in Habakkuk.]
Tomorrow's Picture: TBA
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copyright 2018, Scott Souza