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Discover the Arts! Each day a different image from the Literary, Performing, or Visual Arts representing a portion of Scripture
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2018 July 26
Psalm 82

Mankind's Eternal Dilemma - The Choice Between Virtue and Vice (1633)
Frans Francken the Younger (1581-1642)
Baroque Style
Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
Image Source: Wikipedia

     [ Illustration: Today's painting describes the dilemma between sin and obedience which mankind faces, as described in today's Psalm. ]


[ I will again be working through the Scriptures from Genesis to Revelation. I will be adding links, resources, images, and the like, upgrading the former work-through which began with the 2013-10-12 posting which can be found, along with the full Genesis to Revelation postings, in the Archive Page. Postings will be at midnight Eastern Time, as I am able. However, no chapters will be skipped, even though a posting may be late. And all postings will be housed in the Archive Page. ]

     Explanation: Psalm 82 points us to God who stands as judge; and he demands that those who live sinfully before him repent and live justly.
     The Psalm contains a three-part play on the Hebrew root word "mighty" (el). This is done in a way which indicates degrees of might. The first use of this root word is in the first word of the Psalm -- "God" (Elohim). The second use is in the word "mighty" (el). And the third use is in the word "gods" (elohim -- the same word used for the true God at the beginning of the verse). The three uses can be translated as "Almighty," "mighty," and "mightiest." In Hebrew, the plural ending can be used to indicate more than one; or it can be used as a superlative, as is the case in this Psalm, where it indicates "mightiest" when it applies to men, and Almighty when it applies to God. Scripture uses the word "elohim" to indicate men or angels in certain contexts; and in this Psalm it indicates men, as shown by the seventh verse.
     In the first verse of Psalm 82, Asaph directs our attention to God who is standing in the congregation of the mighty where he judges among the gods -- men who are rulers, as shown by the context (1).
     God (or Asaph) asks these mighty rulers how long they will judge unjustly and play favorites with the wicked (2).
     God (or Asaph) demands that these rulers defend and deliver the poor and afflicted (3-4).
     But, says Asaph (or God), they do not know what he is saying to them; they do not understand it; they walk on in darkness; and they overturn the foundations of the earth (5).
     God called them "gods" (supremely mighty ones) and children [literally, "sons"] of the most High, but they will die like men and fall like the princes (6-7).
     Asaph closes the Psalm by calling on God to judge the earth; because he will inherit the nations. This is a clear reference to the end times when the Messiah (John 10:22-42) will conquer the earth (8).

     [ Sermons: J Ligon Duncan III. Various. ]

Bible Chronologies -- Genesis to Revelation

[Traditional Patriarchal Chronology. Judges Period Chronology 1. Judges Period Chronology 2. Kings of Judah and Israel #1. Kings of Judah and Israel #2].

[Post Exile Chronology 1. Post Exile Chronology 2. Post Exile Chronology 3.]

[Prophets Chronology 1. Prophets Chronology 2. Prophets Chronology 3. Prophets Chronology 4.]

[Intertestamental Period Chronology 1. Intertestamental Period Chronology 2. Intertestamental Period Chronology 3.
Intertestamental Period Chronology 4. Intertestamental Period Chronology 5.]

[New Testament Chronology 1. New Testament Chronology 2. New Testament Chronology 3. New Testament Chronology 4. New Testament Chronology 5.]


PLEASE NOTE: Use the resources on this and other sites thoughtfully, particularly the commentaries and encyclopedias. I have attempted to list conservative, scholarly resources. However, some providers use liberal or liberal-influenced commentaries such as the Cambridge Bible for Schools and Colleges (in Bible Hub). Such commentaries are undoubtedly included by the provider for the wealth of useful information and comments which they provide. By consulting several commentaries, it should be fairly easy to sort out the wheat from the chaff. If, however, you would like personal assistance, write to me at AD LIB ARTS EMAIL.

          [ THEMATICALLY AND CHRONOLOGICALLY RELATED SCRIPTURES: Psalm 82: WISDOM PSALMS. Psalm 1. Psalm 10. Psalm 12. Psalm 15. Psalm 19. Psalm 32. Psalm 34. Psalm 36. Psalm 37. Psalm 49. Psalm 50. Psalm 52. Psalm 53. Psalm 73. Psalm 78. Psalm 82. Psalm 91. Psalm 92. Psalm 94. Psalm 111. Psalm 112. Psalm 119. Psalm 127. Psalm 128. Psalm 133. Psalm 139. ]
[1] Isaiah 3:13; 1 Kings 4:5; 1 Kings 4:7; 1 Kings 4:27; 1 Kings 9:23; 1 Samuel 22:9; Ruth 2:5-6; Numbers 27:17; Numbers 31:16; Joshua 22:16-18; Exodus 21:6; Exodus 22:8-9; Psalm 8:5; Exodus 4:16; Exodus 7:1; Psalm 82:6.
[2] Psalm 58:1; Leviticus 19:15; Proverbs 18:5; 2 Chronicles 19:7.
[3] Psalm 41:1; Deuteronomy 27:19.
[5] Psalm 58:4.
[6] Ezra 2:64; Ezra 3:9; John 10:34.
     -- From Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers ]

          [ CHRONOLOGY: GENERAL. Patriarchs (Traditional). Judges # 1. Judges # 2. Kings # 1. Kings # 2. Prophets # 1. Prophets # 2. NT # 1. NT # 2. NT # 3. ]

          [ MAPS: Maps # 1. Maps # 2. Maps # 3. Maps # 4. Maps # 5. ]

          [ COMMENTARIES, ETC: GENERAL: Bible Study Tools; Bible Hub: Study Light; Blue Letter Bible // PSALMS: Monergism: Precept Austin: The Treasury of David; John Gill; John Calvin - Volumes 1, 2, 3, 4, 5]

          [ MUSIC: GENERAL: The Cyber Hymnal // PSALMS: Genevan Psalter (Instrumental). VARIOUS ARTISTS: Psalm 82 - #1. Psalm 82 - #2. Psalm 82 - #3. Psalm 82 - #4. Genevan Psalter (Instrumental). VARIOUS ARTISTS: Micha'el Ben David. Sons of Korah. Fernando Ortega. Janet Isaac Morrison. Music of the Bible Revealed - Suzanne Haik-Vantoura. Dr. David Erb. Gregorian Chants. ]


John Calvin - CCEL | Analytical Chart - BLB


Gospel Harmony - Summary | The Harmony of the Gospels - Augustine | Gospel Harmony Chart - Online Bible

Greek Harmony of the Gospels - Robertson - (Downloadable PDF) | Gospel Harmony in English - Robertson - (Downloadable PDF)


Hebrew and Greek Interlinear Download - Scripture 4 All

Bible Hub Interlinear Hebrew and Greek Bible

Bible Hub Hebrew Interlinear | Scripture 4 All Hebrew Interlinear

Mounce Interlinear | Bible Hub Greek Interlinear | Scripture 4 All Greek Interlinear Bible

Psalm Detailed Outline


Deliverance from Sinners and from Sin

Nearly all the Psalms (except Psalm 90) were written during the 612 year period
from the time of David around 1016 B. C. to the close of the Canon in about 404 B. C.
Psalm 90, according to its superscription, was written by Moses; this may have been around 1406 B. C.

PSALMS 73-89.
1002 - 404 B.C. Israel
God is the Protector of Israel

Psalm 82
God rebukes injustice and oppression.

Map 1: Bible Nations | Map 2: Empire of David and Solomon Map 3: Kingdoms of Judah and Israel | Post Exile Chronology.

1A Psalm of Asaph.

2 How long [Until when] will ye judge unjustly,
and accept the persons of the wicked?

3 Defend the poor and fatherless:
do justice to the afflicted and needy.
4 Deliver the poor and needy:
rid them out of the hand of the wicked.

5 They know not,
neither will they understand;
they walk on in darkness:
all the foundations of the earth are out of course.

6 I have said,
Ye are gods;
and all of you are children [sons] of the most High.
7 But ye shall die like men,
and fall like one of the princes.

* NOTE: On Opening and Closing Comments in the Psalms.
[Some commentators take the Psalm in Habakkuk 3 to be a standard model for the Psalms.
Habakkuk's Psalm begins with the name of the composer (Habakkuk) and a musical notation ("upon Shigionoth").
It closes with a dedication or a "send to" notice ("To the chief singer on my stringed instruments").
I have arranged similar material, where it is found in the Psalter, in accord with the model in Habakkuk.]

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