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plus an explanation with links

2018 August 3
Psalm 90

God the Father over the Piazza San Marco (1540s)
Bonifazio Veronese (1487-1553)
High Renaissance Style
Gallerie dell'Accademia, Venice, Italy
Image Source: Web Gallery of Art

     [ Illustration: The painting above depicts God hovering above the people. But what is his intention? He may be there merely to observe, perhaps to judge, or perhaps to pass by. It was the second and third concerns which were on the heart of Moses in today's chapter. He was afraid that God would not turn again to the people in blessing but would continue to judge them. ]


[ I will again be working through the Scriptures from Genesis to Revelation. I will be adding links, resources, images, and the like, upgrading the former work-through which began with the 2013-10-12 posting which can be found, along with the full Genesis to Revelation postings, in the Archive Page. Postings will be at midnight Eastern Time, as I am able. However, no chapters will be skipped, even though a posting may be late. And all postings will be housed in the Archive Page. ]

     Explanation: In Psalm 90, Moses asks God, who has been our helper in days past, to help us again during our short life. The occasion for the Psalm may have been the rebellion of Israel in the wilderness when they refused to enter the Promised Land, were sentenced to wander for forty years, lost many in a plague, and were defeated by the Amalekites and the Canaanites.
     Moses begins his prayer to God by acknowledging that God has been our dwelling place in all generations, and that he himself is everlasting (1-2).
     He then contrasts God and man. God endures; man is ephemeral in power and in endurance. God sends man into destruction with a mere word; but with God a thousand years is as a day or as a watch in the night. God sweeps man away as with a flood, like a sleep in the night, or like grass which grows in the morning and is cut down in the evening. We are consumed by God's anger and troubled by his wrath. God sets our iniquities before his eyes; our days are passed away in God's wrath and like a tale that is told. Our days are 70 years, or 80 if we are strong; but our strength is drained by labor and sorrow; it is soon cut off; and we fly away. We can hardly understand God's anger and his wrath; they are fearful (3-11).
     So Moses asks God to teach us to number our days that we may apply our heart to wisdom. He asks God to return with mercy and make them rejoice and be glad in accord with the years in which they have been afflicted. He asks for mercy to them and to their children. And he asks that the beauty (delightfulness) of the LORD would be upon them and that he would establish the work of their hands (12-17).

     [ Sermons: J Ligon Duncan III. Various. ]

Bible Chronologies -- Genesis to Revelation

[Traditional Patriarchal Chronology. Judges Period Chronology 1. Judges Period Chronology 2. Kings of Judah and Israel #1. Kings of Judah and Israel #2].

[Post Exile Chronology 1. Post Exile Chronology 2. Post Exile Chronology 3.]

[Prophets Chronology 1. Prophets Chronology 2. Prophets Chronology 3. Prophets Chronology 4.]

[Intertestamental Period Chronology 1. Intertestamental Period Chronology 2. Intertestamental Period Chronology 3.
Intertestamental Period Chronology 4. Intertestamental Period Chronology 5.]

[New Testament Chronology 1. New Testament Chronology 2. New Testament Chronology 3. New Testament Chronology 4. New Testament Chronology 5.]


PLEASE NOTE: Use the resources on this and other sites thoughtfully, particularly the commentaries and encyclopedias. I have attempted to list conservative, scholarly resources. However, some providers use liberal or liberal-influenced commentaries such as the Cambridge Bible for Schools and Colleges (in Bible Hub). Such commentaries are undoubtedly included by the provider for the wealth of useful information and comments which they provide. By consulting several commentaries, it should be fairly easy to sort out the wheat from the chaff. If, however, you would like personal assistance, write to me at AD LIB ARTS EMAIL.

[1] Deuteronomy 33:1; Joshua 14:6; 1 Chronicles 23:14; 2 Chronicles 30:16Ezra 3:2; Psalm 37:39; Deuteronomy 33:17; Deuteronomy 32:7.
[2] Job 15:7; Genesis 49:26; Proverbs 8:25; Proverbs 8:31.
[3] Psalm 104:29-30.
[4] Psalm 63:6.
[5] Psalm 77:17; Isaiah 4:6; Job 24:24.
[7] Psalm 48:6.
[9] Psalm 1:2; Ezekiel 2:10; .
[12] Isaiah 65:12.
[13] Exodus 32:12; Psalm 6:4; Psalm 74:9; Deuteronomy 32:36.
[14] Psalm 46:5.
     -- From Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers ]

          [ CHRONOLOGY: GENERAL. Patriarchs (Traditional). Judges # 1. Judges # 2. Kings # 1. Kings # 2. Prophets # 1. Prophets # 2. NT # 1. NT # 2. NT # 3. ]

          [ MAPS: Maps # 1. Maps # 2. Maps # 3. Maps # 4. Maps # 5. ]

          [ COMMENTARIES, ETC: GENERAL: Bible Study Tools; Bible Hub: Study Light; Blue Letter Bible // PSALMS: Monergism: Precept Austin: The Treasury of David; John Gill; John Calvin - Volumes 1, 2, 3, 4, 5]

          [ MUSIC: GENERAL: The Cyber Hymnal // PSALMS: Psalm 90 - #1. Psalm 90 - #2. Psalm 90 - #3. Psalm 90 - #4. Psalm 90 - #5. Genevan Psalter (Instrumental). VARIOUS ARTISTS: Micha'el Ben David. Sons of Korah. Fernando Ortega. Janet Isaac Morrison. Music of the Bible Revealed - Suzanne Haik-Vantoura. Dr. David Erb. Gregorian Chants. ]


John Calvin - CCEL | Analytical Chart - BLB


Gospel Harmony - Summary | The Harmony of the Gospels - Augustine | Gospel Harmony Chart - Online Bible

Greek Harmony of the Gospels - Robertson - (Downloadable PDF) | Gospel Harmony in English - Robertson - (Downloadable PDF)


Hebrew and Greek Interlinear Download - Scripture 4 All

Bible Hub Interlinear Hebrew and Greek Bible

Bible Hub Hebrew Interlinear | Scripture 4 All Hebrew Interlinear

Mounce Interlinear | Bible Hub Greek Interlinear | Scripture 4 All Greek Interlinear Bible

Psalm Detailed Outline


Deliverance from Sinners and from Sin

Nearly all the Psalms (except Psalm 90) were written during the 612 year period
from the time of David around 1016 B. C. to the close of the Canon in about 404 B. C.
Psalm 90, according to its superscription, was written by Moses; this may have been around 1406 B. C.

PSALMS 90-106.
1406 - 539 B.C. Israel
God's Greatness Among the Nations

Psalm 90
Because our days are few, let us be wise, & let God be merciful.

Map 1: Bible Nations | Map 2: Empire of David and Solomon Map 3: Kingdoms of Judah and Israel | Post Exile Chronology.

1 A Prayer of Moses the man of God.

3 Thou turnest man to destruction;
and sayest, Return, ye children of men.
4 For a thousand years in thy sight
are but as yesterday [as a day of yesterday]
when it is past,
and as a watch in the night.
5 Thou carriest them away as with a flood;
they are as a sleep:
in the morning they are like grass which groweth up.
6 In the morning it flourisheth,
and groweth up;
in the evening it is cut down,
and withereth.
7 For we are consumed by thine anger,
and by thy wrath are we troubled.
8 Thou hast set our iniquities before thee,
our secret sins in the light of thy countenance.
9 For all our days are passed away in thy wrath:
we spend our years as a tale that is told.
10 The days of our years are threescore years and ten;
and if by reason of strength they be fourscore years,
yet is their strength labour and sorrow;
for it is soon cut off,
and we fly away.
11 Who knoweth the power of thine anger?
even according to thy fear,
so is thy wrath.

12 So teach us to number our days,
that we may apply our hearts unto wisdom.
13 Return, O LORD,
how long?
and let it repent thee concerning thy servants.
14 O satisfy us early with thy mercy;
that we may rejoice and be glad all our days.
15 Make us glad
according to the days wherein thou hast afflicted us,
and the years wherein we have seen evil.
16 Let thy work appear unto thy servants,
and thy glory unto their children.
17 And let the beauty of the LORD our God be upon us:
and establish thou the work of our hands upon us;
yea, the work of our hands
establish thou it.

* NOTE: On Opening and Closing Comments in the Psalms.
[Some commentators take the Psalm in Habakkuk 3 to be a standard model for the Psalms.
Habakkuk's Psalm begins with the name of the composer (Habakkuk) and a musical notation ("upon Shigionoth").
It closes with a dedication or a "send to" notice ("To the chief singer on my stringed instruments").
I have arranged similar material, where it is found in the Psalter, in accord with the model in Habakkuk.]

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