Daily Arts Web Nucleus


Discover the Arts! Each day a different image from the Literary, Performing, or Visual Arts representing a portion of Scripture
plus an explanation with links

2018 August 27
Psalm 114

Image 1: Crossing of the Red Sea (1481-1482)
Cosimo Rosselli (1439-1507)
Italian Renaissance Style
Cappella Sistina, Vatican, Rome, Italy
Image Source: Web Gallery of Art


Image 2: Moses Draws Water from the Rock (1642)
Francois Perrier (1590-1650)
French Academic Baroque Classicism Style
Capitoline Museums, Rome, Italy
Image Source: Wikimedia


Image 3: The Giving of the Law on Mount Sinai (1866)
Gustave Dore (1832-1883)
Romanticism Style
Dore's English Bible (1866)
Image Source: King James Bible Online


Image 4: Moses Striking the Rock (1630)
Pieter de Grebber (c. 1600 - 1652/1653
Dutch Golden Age Baroque Style
MUba Eugene Leroy, Tourcoing, France
Image Source: Web Gallery of Art


Image 5: Joshua Passing the River Jordan with the Ark of the Covenant (1800)
Benjamin West (1738-1820)
Neoclassical Style
Art Gallery of New South Wales, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
Image Source: Wikimedia

     [ Illustration: The Psalm lists events thematically; the paintings which illustrate them, however, are in chronological order.
     The First Painting depicts the Exodus from Egypt, mentioned in the first part of the Psalm.
     The Second Painting depicts one of two episodes in which the LORD provided water from a rock for Israel.
The treasures which are depicted in the painting mark it as a representation of the first of these miraculous provisions of water (Exodus 17),
because, at the time of the incident, Israel had departed form Egypt only a few weeks before (about a month-and-a-half),
and quite possibly they still had the treasures they took from Egypt readily available to unload when they found a suitable place to stay,
the availability of water being a chief consideration. This seems to be the implication of the artist's depiction of the treasures.
     The Third Painting depicts Israel receiving the law at Sinai.
It was on this occasion that "the whole mount quaked greatly, as mentioned in Exodus 19:18".
In the Psalm below (verses 4 & 6) this is described as the "mountains" and the "little hills" skipping like "rams" and "little lambs."
     The Fourth Painting depicts the second miraculous provision of water (about 39 years after the Exodus).
This interpretation of the painting is obvious from the proximity (and participation) of Aaron (Numbers 20),
who was mentioned as a key participant in this incident, but was not mentioned in the prior incident.
     The Fifth Painting depicts the crossing of the Jordan 40 years after the Exodus as a prelude to conquering the Promised Land. ]


[ I will again be working through the Scriptures from Genesis to Revelation. I will be adding links, resources, images, and the like, upgrading the former work-through which began with the 2013-10-12 posting which can be found, along with the full Genesis to Revelation postings, in the Archive Page. Postings will be at midnight Eastern Time, as I am able. However, no chapters will be skipped, even though a posting may be late. And all postings will be housed in the Archive Page. ]

     Explanation: In Psalm 114, the Psalmist describes how God brought Israel out of Egypt and into the promised land by his wonders.
     When Israel left Egypt the Holy Land became its sanctuary and its dominion(1-2).
     The sea saw it and fled. Likewise, later, the Jordan river was driven back. The mountains skipped like rams, and the little hills like lambs (3-4).
     What ailed the sea, the Jordan, and the hills that they behaved in such a manner (5-6)?
     It was The LORD who made the earth to tremble at his presence. It was he who turned the rock into a pool of water and into a fountain of waters (7-8).

     [ Sermons: J Ligon Duncan III. Various. ]

Bible Chronologies -- Genesis to Revelation

[Traditional Patriarchal Chronology. Judges Period Chronology 1. Judges Period Chronology 2. Kings of Judah and Israel #1. Kings of Judah and Israel #2].

[Post Exile Chronology 1. Post Exile Chronology 2. Post Exile Chronology 3.]

[Prophets Chronology 1. Prophets Chronology 2. Prophets Chronology 3. Prophets Chronology 4.]

[Intertestamental Period Chronology 1. Intertestamental Period Chronology 2. Intertestamental Period Chronology 3.
Intertestamental Period Chronology 4. Intertestamental Period Chronology 5.]

[New Testament Chronology 1. New Testament Chronology 2. New Testament Chronology 3. New Testament Chronology 4. New Testament Chronology 5.]


PLEASE NOTE: Use the resources on this and other sites thoughtfully, particularly the commentaries and encyclopedias. I have attempted to list conservative, scholarly resources. However, some providers use liberal or liberal-influenced commentaries such as the Cambridge Bible for Schools and Colleges (in Bible Hub). Such commentaries are undoubtedly included by the provider for the wealth of useful information and comments which they provide. By consulting several commentaries, it should be fairly easy to sort out the wheat from the chaff. If, however, you would like personal assistance, write to me at AD LIB ARTS EMAIL.

          [ THEMATICALLY AND CHRONOLOGICALLY RELATED SCRIPTURES: Psalm 114: Hallel Psalms: The Egyptian Hallel -- Psalms 113-118: Psalm 113. Psalm 114. Psalm 115. Psalm 116. Psalm 117. Psalm 118. The Great Hallel [Group of Psalms] -- Psalms 118-136: Psalm 118. Psalm 119. Psalm 120. Psalm 121. Psalm 122. Psalm 123. Psalm 124. Psalm 125. Psalm 126. Psalm 127. Psalm 128. Psalm 129. Psalm 130. Psalm 131. Psalm 132. Psalm 133. Psalm 134. Psalm 135. Psalm 136. The Great Hallel [Single Psalm] -- Psalm 136. An Individual Hallel -- Psalm 145. The Concluding Hallel -- Psalms 146-150: Psalm 146. Psalm 147. Psalm 148. Psalm 149. Psalm 150. ]
[2] Exodus 19:6.
[3] Joshua 3:16.
[4] Ecclesiastes 3:4; Psalm 18:7; Exodus 19:18.
     -- From Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers ]

          [ CHRONOLOGY: GENERAL. Patriarchs (Traditional). Judges # 1. Judges # 2. Kings # 1. Kings # 2. Prophets # 1. Prophets # 2. NT # 1. NT # 2. NT # 3. ]

          [ MAPS: Maps # 1. Maps # 2. Maps # 3. Maps # 4. Maps # 5. ]

          [ COMMENTARIES, ETC: GENERAL: Bible Study Tools; Bible Hub: Study Light; Blue Letter Bible // PSALMS: Monergism: Precept Austin: The Treasury of David; John Gill; John Calvin - Volumes 1, 2, 3, 4, 5]

          [ MUSIC: GENERAL: The Cyber Hymnal // PSALMS: Psalm 114 - #1. Psalm 114 - #2. Psalm 114 - #3. Psalm 114 - #4. Psalm 114 - #5. Psalm 114 - #6. Psalm 114 - #7. Psalm 114 - #8. Psalm 114 - #9. Psalm 114 - #10. Psalm 114 - #11. Psalm 114 - #12. Psalm 114 - #13. Genevan Psalter (Instrumental). VARIOUS ARTISTS: Micha'el Ben David. Sons of Korah. Fernando Ortega. Janet Isaac Morrison. Music of the Bible Revealed - Suzanne Haik-Vantoura. Dr. David Erb. Gregorian Chants. ]


John Calvin - CCEL | Analytical Chart - BLB


Gospel Harmony - Summary | The Harmony of the Gospels - Augustine | Gospel Harmony Chart - Online Bible

Greek Harmony of the Gospels - Robertson - (Downloadable PDF) | Gospel Harmony in English - Robertson - (Downloadable PDF)


Hebrew and Greek Interlinear Download - Scripture 4 All

Bible Hub Interlinear Hebrew and Greek Bible

Bible Hub Hebrew Interlinear | Scripture 4 All Hebrew Interlinear

Mounce Interlinear | Bible Hub Greek Interlinear | Scripture 4 All Greek Interlinear Bible

Psalm Detailed Outline


Deliverance from Sinners and from Sin

Nearly all the Psalms (except Psalm 90) were written during the 612 year period
from the time of David around 1016 B. C. to the close of the Canon in about 404 B. C.
Psalm 90, according to its superscription, was written by Moses; this may have been around 1406 B. C.

PSALMS 107-150.
1016 - 404 B.C. Israel
God Praised & Thanked for His Goodness

Psalm 114
God helped Israel, his chosen people, at the Red Sea & the Jordan.

Map 1: Bible Nations | Map 2: Empire of David and Solomon Map 3: Kingdoms of Judah and Israel | Post Exile Chronology.

1 When Israel went out of Egypt,
the house of Jacob from a people of strange language;
2 Judah was [became] his sanctuary,
and Israel his dominion.

3 The sea saw it,
and fled:
Jordan was driven back.
4 The mountains skipped like rams,
and the little hills like lambs [as sons of a flock].

5 What ailed thee, O thou sea,
that thou fleddest?
thou Jordan,
that thou wast driven back?
6 Ye mountains,
that ye skipped like rams;
and ye little hills,
like lambs [as sons of a flock]?

7 Tremble, thou earth,
at the presence of the Lord,
at the presence of the God of Jacob;
8 Which turned the rock into a standing water,
the flint into a fountain of waters.

* NOTE: On Opening and Closing Comments in the Psalms.
[Some commentators take the Psalm in Habakkuk 3 to be a standard model for the Psalms.
Habakkuk's Psalm begins with the name of the composer (Habakkuk) and a musical notation ("upon Shigionoth").
It closes with a dedication or a "send to" notice ("To the chief singer on my stringed instruments").
I have arranged similar material, where it is found in the Psalter, in accord with the model in Habakkuk.]

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copyright 2018, Scott Souza