Daily Arts Web Nucleus
Discover the Arts! Each day a different image from the Literary, Performing, or Visual Arts representing a portion of Scripture
plus an explanation with links
2018 August 31
A Prison Scene (1810-1814 or 1793-1794)
Francisco de Goya y Lucientes (1746-1828)
Bowes Museum, Barnard Castle, Teesdale, County Durham, England, United Kingdom Image Source: Web Gallery of Art
[ Illustration: Today's painting is of imprisonment showing prison's power over the prisoners -- binding the body and producing a mood of gloom. From the reference in verse 18 to a severe chastening from the LORD, we may postulate that the Psalmist experienced a similar gloomy mood before the LORD delivered him. ]
[ I will again be working through the Scriptures from Genesis to Revelation. I will be adding links, resources, images, and the like, upgrading the former work-through which began with the 2013-10-12 posting which can be found, along with the full Genesis to Revelation postings, in the Archive Page. Postings will be at midnight Eastern Time, as I am able. However, no chapters will be skipped, even though a posting may be late. And all postings will be housed in the Archive Page. ]
Explanation: In Psalm 118, the Psalmist praises the LORD for his enduring mercy, his deliverance, and his forgiveness.
The Psalmist opens and closes his Psalm with the words " O give thanks unto the Lord; for he is good: because his mercy endureth for ever." He calls upon Israel in general, the house of Aaron (the priests and Levites), and all who fear the LORD to agree that the mercy of the LORD endures forever (1-4).
The Psalmist then offers his personal testimony. He says that he called on the LORD in his distress, and the LORD answered him and set him in a large place. He acknowledges that the LORD is on his side and that he therefore does not fear what man can do to him. The LORD takes his part as his helper; therefore he shall see his desire upon his enemies (5-7).
He notes that it is better to put trust in the LORD than to put confidence in man, even in princes (8-9).
He speaks of a time when he was surrounded by the nations, as if by a swarm of bees; but he is confident that he will destroy them in the name of the LORD (10-12).
He then speaks to someone (perhaps the nations personified as a single person), saying that someone made a thrust at him in order to make him fall; but the LORD helped him (13).
He says that the LORD is his strength, his song, and his salvation. Also the righteous rejoice in their tents at the salvation of the LORD and his valiant acts. The LORD is powerful and valiant. Therefore, the Psalmist will not die; instead, he will declare the works of the LORD (14-17).
The LORD chastened him severely but did not give him over to death. So he calls upon the doorkeeper of the LORD's house to open the gates of righteousness; and he will go into them and will praise the LORD. This gate is the gate of the LORD into which the righteous shall enter. He tells the LORD that he will praise him because he has heard him and has become his salvation (18-21).
He then, in the next 3 verses, offers a Messianic reference. He says that "The stone which the builders refused is become the head stone of the corner. (22)."
This refers to the rejection of Christ by the Jews, particularly the Jewish rulers -- a decision which was overturned by God the Father when he raised Christ from the dead and exalted him to his right hand where he reigns over all [Matthew 21:42-46; Mark 12:10-12; Acts 4:10-12; Acts 5:31; Ephesians 2:18-22; 1 Peter 2:4, 7]. "This," says the Psalmist "is the Lord's doing; it is marvellous in our eyes. (23)."
The prophecy then says, "This is the day which the Lord has made; we will rejoice and be glad in it. (24)." This verse is frequently misconstrued to mean that "today" (any day, every day) is a good day because the LORD made it. The correct meaning is that the day that Christ was exalted over all the earth was a special day, made especially by the LORD, a marvelous day, worthy of rejoicing.
The Psalmist then pleads with the LORD to save him and send prosperity (25).
In another Messianic reference, the Psalmist says "blessed is he that comes in the name of the LORD: we have blessed you out of the house of the Lord. (26)" God has shown us light, he says (27a). He therefore commands that the appropriate sacrifice be made ready (26b). Then, addressing God personally, he says that he is his God, and he will praise him and exalt him (28).
The Psalm closes as it opened: "O give thanks unto the Lord; for he is good: for his mercy endures for ever. (29)."
[ Sermons: J Ligon Duncan III. Various. ]
Bible Chronologies -- Genesis to Revelation
[Traditional Patriarchal Chronology. Judges Period Chronology 1. Judges Period Chronology 2. Kings of Judah and Israel #1. Kings of Judah and Israel #2].
[Intertestamental Period Chronology 1. Intertestamental Period Chronology 2. Intertestamental Period Chronology 3.
Intertestamental Period Chronology 4. Intertestamental Period Chronology 5.]
[New Testament Chronology 1. New Testament Chronology 2. New Testament Chronology 3. New Testament Chronology 4. New Testament Chronology 5.]
PLEASE NOTE: Use the resources on this and other sites thoughtfully, particularly the commentaries and encyclopedias. I have attempted to list conservative, scholarly resources. However, some providers use liberal or liberal-influenced commentaries such as the Cambridge Bible for Schools and Colleges (in Bible Hub). Such commentaries are undoubtedly included by the provider for the wealth of useful information and comments which they provide. By consulting several commentaries, it should be fairly easy to sort out the wheat from the chaff. If, however, you would like personal assistance, write to me at AD LIB ARTS EMAIL.
[ THEMATICALLY AND CHRONOLOGICALLY RELATED SCRIPTURES: Psalm 118: Matthew 21:42-46; Mark 12:10-12; Acts 4:10-12; Acts 5:31; Ephesians 2:18-22; 1 Peter 2:4, 7. COMMUNAL PSALMS OF THANKSGIVING: Psalm 65. Psalm 66. Psalm 67. Psalm 75. Psalm 107. Psalm 118. Psalm 124. Psalm 129. Psalm 136. Hallel Psalms: The Egyptian Hallel -- Psalms 113-118: Psalm 113. Psalm 114. Psalm 115. Psalm 116. Psalm 117. Psalm 118. The Great Hallel [Group of Psalms] -- Psalms 118-136: Psalm 118. Psalm 119. Psalm 120. Psalm 121. Psalm 122. Psalm 123. Psalm 124. Psalm 125. Psalm 126. Psalm 127. Psalm 128. Psalm 129. Psalm 130. Psalm 131. Psalm 132. Psalm 133. Psalm 134. Psalm 135. Psalm 136. The Great Hallel [Single Psalm] -- Psalm 136. An Individual Hallel -- Psalm 145. The Concluding Hallel -- Psalms 146-150: Psalm 146. Psalm 147. Psalm 148. Psalm 149. Psalm 150. MESSIANIC PSALMS: Psalm 2. Psalm 8. Psalm 16. Psalm 22. Psalm 31. Psalm 34. Psalm 35. Psalm 40. Psalm 41. Psalm 45. Psalm 68. Psalm 69. Psalm 89. Psalm 102. Psalm 109. Psalm 110. Psalm 118. ]
 Nehemiah 8:13-18; Psalm 115:9-13.
 Psalm 18:19.
 Psalm 56:9-11.
 Psalm 54:4-7.
 Deuteronomy 1:44; Isaiah 7:18; Psalm 58:9.
 Isaiah 28:16-17; Matthew 21:42-44; Acts 4:11; 1 Peter 2:7; Ephesians 2:20.
 Matthew 21:9.
 Numbers 6:25.
-- From Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers ]
[ CHRONOLOGY: GENERAL. Patriarchs (Traditional). Judges # 1. Judges # 2. Kings # 1. Kings # 2. Prophets # 1. Prophets # 2. NT # 1. NT # 2. NT # 3. ]
[ MAPS: Maps # 1. Maps # 2. Maps # 3. Maps # 4. Maps # 5. ]
[ COMMENTARIES, ETC: GENERAL: Bible Study Tools; Bible Hub: Study Light; Blue Letter Bible // PSALMS: Monergism: Precept Austin: The Treasury of David; John Gill; John Calvin - Volumes 1, 2, 3, 4, 5]
[ MUSIC: GENERAL: The Cyber Hymnal // PSALMS: Psalm 118 - #1. Psalm 118 - #2. Psalm 118 - #3. Psalm 118 - #4. Psalm 118 - #5. Genevan Psalter (Instrumental). VARIOUS ARTISTS: Micha'el Ben David. Sons of Korah. Fernando Ortega. Janet Isaac Morrison. Music of the Bible Revealed - Suzanne Haik-Vantoura. Dr. David Erb. Gregorian Chants. ]
HARMONY OF THE LAW
Gospel Harmony - Summary | The Harmony of the Gospels - Augustine | Gospel Harmony Chart - Online Bible
Greek Harmony of the Gospels - Robertson - (Downloadable PDF) | Gospel Harmony in English - Robertson - (Downloadable PDF)
HEBREW AND GREEK INTERLINEAR BIBLES
Psalm Detailed Outline
(SONGS FOR COVENANT WORSHIP)
Deliverance from Sinners and from Sin
Nearly all the Psalms (except Psalm 90) were written during the 612 year period
from the time of David around 1016 B. C. to the close of the Canon in about 404 B. C.
Psalm 90, according to its superscription, was written by Moses; this may have been around 1406 B. C.
BOOK FIVE OF FIVE:
1016 - 404 B.C. Israel
God Praised & Thanked for His Goodness
We remember the LORD's deliverance and praise him for it.
Map 1: Bible Nations | Map 2: Empire of David and Solomon Map 3: Kingdoms of Judah and Israel | Post Exile Chronology.
1 O give thanks unto the LORD;
for he is good:
because his mercy endureth for ever.
2 Let Israel now [I pray] say,
that his mercy endureth for ever.
3 Let the house of Aaron now [I pray] say,
that his mercy endureth for ever.
4 Let them now [I pray] that fear the LORD say,
that his mercy endureth for ever.
5 I called upon the LORD in distress:
the LORD answered me,
and set me in a large place.
6 The LORD is on my side [for me];
I will not fear:
what can man do unto me?
7 The LORD taketh my part with them that help me:
therefore shall I see my desire upon them that hate me.
8 It is better to trust in the LORD
than to put confidence in man.
9 It is better to trust in the LORD
than to put confidence in princes.
10 All nations compassed me about:
but in the name of the LORD will I destroy them.
11 They compassed me about;
yea, they compassed me about:
but in the name of the LORD I will destroy them.
12 They compassed me about like bees;
they are quenched as the fire of thorns:
for in the name of the LORD I will destroy them.
14 The LORD is my strength and song,
and is become my salvation.
15 The voice of rejoicing and salvation
is in the tabernacles of the righteous:
the right hand of the LORD doeth valiantly.
16 The right hand of the LORD is exalted:
the right hand of the LORD doeth valiantly.
17 I shall not die,
and declare the works of the LORD.
18 The LORD hath chastened me sore [chastening he chastened me]:
but he hath not given me over unto death.
19 Open to me the gates of righteousness:
I will go into them,
and I will praise the LORD:
20 This gate of the LORD,
into which the righteous shall enter.
21 I will praise thee:
for thou hast heard me,
and art become my salvation.
22 The stone which the builders refused
is become the head stone of the corner.
23 This is the LORD'S doing [from near];
it is marvellous in our eyes.
24 This is the day which the LORD hath made;
we will rejoice and be glad in it.
25 Save now [I pray],
I beseech thee, O LORD:
O LORD, I beseech thee,
send now [I pray] prosperity.
26 Blessed be he that cometh in the name of the LORD:
we have blessed you out of the house of the LORD.
27 God is the LORD,
which hath shewed us light:
bind the sacrifice with cords,
even unto the horns of the altar.
28 Thou art my God,
and I will praise thee:
thou art my God,
I will exalt thee.
* NOTE: On Opening and Closing Comments in the Psalms.
[Some commentators take the Psalm in Habakkuk 3 to be a standard model for the Psalms.
Habakkuk's Psalm begins with the name of the composer (Habakkuk) and a musical notation ("upon Shigionoth").
It closes with a dedication or a "send to" notice ("To the chief singer on my stringed instruments").
I have arranged similar material, where it is found in the Psalter, in accord with the model in Habakkuk.]
Tomorrow's Picture: TBA
ADDITIONAL AD LIB MATERIAL: Prose, Poetry, Writers, Visual Artists, Music, DAWN, and ILLUMINATION. ILLUMINATION features a compact, Illuminated Bible. DAWN, the page you are presently visiting, features a new image and explanation daily.
AD LIB ARTS EMAIL
copyright 2018, Scott Souza